Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Microbiology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Microbiological Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 37, Issue 4 - Dec 2001
Volume 37, Issue 3 - Sep 2001
Volume 37, Issue 2 - Jun 2001
Volume 37, Issue 1 - Mar 2001
Selecting the target year
Identification and Characterization of Myxobacteria from Korean Soil
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 37, issue 4, 2001, Pages 239~244
We isolated a Myxobacteria strain from a soil sample obtained from Mt. Daedoon located in Choongnam, Korea. This strain, ARJ, secreted slime while swarmed on the surface of CT medium. It produced greenish yellow pigment in liquid or solid media, and the swarming edge showed green florescence under U. V. at 366 nm. It formed fruiting bodies when nutrient was exhausted, which is one of the most imkportant characteristics of Myxobacteria. The fruiting bodies did not have a stalk and consisted of naked myxospores when examined under the scanning electron microscope. These traits lead us to believe that this strain is very close to Myxococcus virescens. It showed antimicrobial activity, especially against Gram positive bacteria. Culture filtrate showed the activity but this was not due to protein. The culture filtrate also had proteolytic activity in which at least two enzymes are involved.
Domain Expression of ErmSF, MLS (macrolide-lincosamide-streptogramin B) Antibiotic Resistance Factor Protein
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 37, issue 4, 2001, Pages 245~252
Erm proteins, MLS (macrolide-lincosamide-streptogramin B) resistance factor proteins, show high degree of amino acid sequence homology and comprise of a group of structurally homologous N-methyltransferases. On the basis of the recently determined structures of ErmC` and ErmAM, ErmSF was divided into two domains, N-terminal end catalytic domain and C-terminal end substrate binding domain and attempted to overexpress catalytic domain in E. coli using various pET expression systems. Three DNA fragments were used to express the catalytic domain: DNA fragment 1 encoding Met 1 through Glu 186, DNA fragment 2 encoding Arg 60 to Glu 186 and DNA fragment 3 encoding Arg 60 through Arg 240. Among the pET expression vectors used, pET 19b successfully expressed the DNA fragment 3 and pET23b succeeded in expression of DNA fragment 1 and 2. But the overexpressed catalytic domains existed as inclusion body, a insoluble aggregate. To assist the soluble expression of ErmSF catalytic domains, Coexpression of chaperone GroESL or Thioredoxin and lowering the incubation temperature to
were attempted, as did in the soluble expression of the whole ErmSF protein. Both strategies did not seem to be helpful. Solubilization with guanidine-HCl and renaturation with gradual removal of denaturant and partial digestion of overexpressed whole ErmSF protein (expressed to the level of 126 mg/ι culture as a soluble protein) with proteinase K, nonspecific proteinase are under way.
Expression of a
-1,3-Glucanase Gene from Bacillus circulans in B. subtilis and B. megaterium
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 37, issue 4, 2001, Pages 253~258
A Bacillus circulans KCTC3004
-1,3-glucanase gene contained in a recombinant plasmid pLM460 derived from subcloning the original recombinant plasmid pLM530 was trasferred into a new shuttle vector plasmid pLMS1180 by ligating linearized DNAs of pLM460 and pUB110. B. subtilis RM125 and B. megaterium ATCC14945 transformed with pLMS1180 produced the
-1,3-glucanase substantially. Most of the enzyme was produced during the exponential growth period. The maxium activities of the
-1,3-glucanase produced by the Bacillus transformants were compared with that of the B. circulans gene donor strain. The B. subtilis RM125 (pLM1180) enzyme showed the activity 14 times higher than that of the gene donor cells, followed by the B. megaterium ATCC14945 (pLMS 1180) enzyme with activity 5 times higher than that of the gene donor cells. While E. coli secreted about 7% of the produced enzyme, B. subtilis excreted the enzyme into the medium wholly and B. megaterium about 97% of the total product. The SDS-PAGE of this enzyme produced in E. coli (pLMS1180), B subtilis (pLMS1180) or B. megaterium (pLMS1180) indicated a molecular weight of 38,000. The enzymes overproduced in three different host cells hydrolyzed laminarin to produce mainly laminaribiose, laminaritriose, and laminarioligosaccharides. The plasmid pLMS1180 was stable in B. megaterium, E. coli, but was unstable in B. subtilis.
Characterization of cadC and cadR Mutants in Mediating the Expression of the Salmonella typhimurium cadBA Operon
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 37, issue 4, 2001, Pages 259~264
It has been well known that the expression of S. typhimurium cadBA operon requires at least two extracellular signals: low pH and high concentration of lysine. To better understand the nature of pH-dependent and lysine dependent signal transduction, mutants were isolated in JF2238(cadA-lacZ) by Tn10 insertion, spontaneous mutagenesis, and EMS treatment. Two mutants were isolated from JF2238, expressed as a cadA-lacZ operon fusion in various growth conditions, and analyzed to have mutations in cadC, a gene encoding a function necessary for transcriptional activation of cadBA. One isolate (cadC6) conferred pH-independent and lysine-independent cadBA expression and the other(cadC4) showed pH-independent and lysine-dependent cadBA expression. cadR::Tn10 and cadR4 mutants were expressed in the absence of exogenously added lysine. They were also resistant to thiosine and complemented by lysP clone from E. coli. Thus, in the absence of exogenous lysine, cadR is a negative regulator of cadBA expression. Cadaverine, the product of lysine decarboxylation, was shown to inhibit expression of cadA-lacZ fusion in cad
Diversity of Acid-Tolerant Epiphytic Bacterial Communities on Plant Leaves in the Industrial Area and the Natural Forest Area Based on 16S rDNA
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 37, issue 4, 2001, Pages 265~272
The diversity of acid-tolerant epiphytic bacterial communities on deciduous oak tree (Quercus dentate Thunb.) leaves was examined both in the natural forest area with a clean air and in the industrial estate to assess effects of acidic depositions to the phyllosphere using 16S rDNA sequence data. A total of 444 acid-tolerant epiphytic bacterial clones were obtained, resulting in 17 phylotypes by performing a analysis of restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) for PCR-amplified 16S rDNA products. A very low diversity of dominating acid tolerant bacterial communities in both areas was found, just 2 subphyla groups,
-Proteobacteria and low-G+C gram-positive bacteria. As tree leaves grow older, diversities of acid-tolerant bacteria on them significantly increased. The community structure of acid-tolerant epiphytic bacteria consisted of Pseudomonas and Enterobacteriaceae groups in the
-Proteobacteria subphylum, and Streptococcaceae and Staphylococcus groups in the low-G+C gram-positive bacteria subphylum. The direct influence of acidic depositions on bacterial phylogenetic composition could not be detected especially when higher taxonomic levels such as subphylum, but at narrower or finer levels it could be observed by a detection of Xanthomonadales group belonged to the
-Proteobacteria only in the industrial area and of Acetobacteraceae group belonged to the
-Proteobacteria. There remains that these specific acid-tolerant epiphytic bacterial groups could be used as indicators for assessing effects of acidic depositions on the phyllosphere.
Characterization and Condition of Silver Accumulation Bacteria in Groundwater
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 37, issue 4, 2001, Pages 273~276
The strain which accumulate the silver in cell were isolated and characterized. And condition of accumulation of heavy metal was examined closely to investigate optimal condition of accumulation. Pseudomonas fluorescens and Bacillus cereus were Isolated from groundwater as the strain of silver accumulating bacteria. These strains did not grow in the medium at silver over the concentration 20 ppm. The largest accumulations of silver in the culture of Pseudomonas fluorescens and Bacillus cereus occurred within 24 hours. The amount of silver accumulation in Pseudomonas fluorescens and Bacillus cereus were 1.9 mg/g cell and 1.65 mg/g cell, repletively. In protein patterns of cell after the treatment of silver, three reducible proteins (126 KDa, 89 KDa, 25 KDa) in Bacillus cereus and one new protein (34 KDa) in Pseudomonas fluorescens were detected by SDS-PAGE.
Characterization of Extended-Spectrum
-Lactamases (ESBL) Producing Klebsiella and Enterobacter Isolated from Sewerage Plant Drain Water at Kwang-An in Pusan
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 37, issue 4, 2001, Pages 277~283
The emergence of extended spectrum beta-lactamase(ESBL) producing bacteria is causing very serious problems in Korea. Although there have been many reports about these bacteria isolated from patients and clinical specimens, there is no report of ESBL-producing organisms isolated from natural evironment in Korea. This is the first study on the ESBL producing bacteria out of the medical system in Korea. Twenty-six ESBL producing bacteria were isolated only from sewerage plant drain water at Kwang-an beach among the sampling collected sites including snakehead fish plants in Myungi, Aquaculture Engineering Lab. in Pukyong National University and two public-bathrooms in Pusan, Korea. ESBL producing bacteria were identified by double-disk synergy test, conjugation, isoelectric focusing values and PCR. The species of ESBL producing bacteria were Enterobacter cloacae(4 strains), E. sakazakii(8 strains), Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp. pneumoniae(8 strains) and K. pneumoniae subsp. ozaenae(6 strains). TEM and SHV specific PCR products were detected from all the ESBL strains produced TEM+SHV products on the PCR plates. The pI values of ESBL produced by Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp. pneumoniae, K. pneumoniae subsp. ozaenae, Enterobacter cloacae, and E. sakazakii were 5.9, 5.9+5.4; 5.9,
, 8.0+5.4, and 8.0+5.4, respectively on the IEF. Seven strains of the isolates were transfered their genes to E. coli RG488
Detection of Respiratoiry Tract Viruses in Busan, 1997-2000
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 37, issue 4, 2001, Pages 284~288
Respiratory viruses are one of the most infectious agent in human. Six different respiratory tract viruses were detected from Busan while working on the preventive surveillance in 1997-2000. The isolation rate from suspected specimens were 8.4%. Influenza virus A, B type, parainfluenza virus, adenovirus, mumps virus, and measles virus were examined from throat swabs, serum, and secretions of patients. Influenza A/Sydney/05/97(H3N2)-like, A/Johanesburg/33/94(H3N2)-like, A/Beijing/262/95(H1N1)-like and Influenza B/Beijing/262/95-like, B/Harbin/07/94-like, B/Guangdong/08/93-like were found. Adenovirus serotype 1, 2, 3 and 5 were detected, antibody of mumps both IgM and IgG were shown and outbreaks of measles were confirmed. Different antigenic types of influenza virus were detected every year, one outbreak of parainfluenza in 1999, mumps outbreak in 1999 and 2000, and incidence of measles in 2000 were noticeable. Monthly outbreaks were November through following March with influenza virus, January through June with adenovirus, February through May and December with mumps, April through August and November, December with measles, respectively. The size of isolated viruses were 130 nm with influenza virus B type, non-enveloped, icosahedron with 70 nm with adenovirus, 170 nm with mumps virus and 180 nm with parainfluenza virus in diameter, respectively.
Detection of Alimentary Tract Viruses in Busan: 1998-2000
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 37, issue 4, 2001, Pages 289~293
Incidence of infectious viruses is ensuing throughout the world and threatening the health of children as well as adults. The outbreaks of viral diseases of alimentary tract in Pusan from 1998 to 2000 were detected. Viruses were isolated from stool specimens, cerebrospinal fluid and throat swabs from suspicious patients and confirmed by cell culture, latex agglutination test, indirect immunofluorescent test and electron microscopic observation. The average isolation rate was 12.5% from the suspected specimens. From this work, 2 cases of enteric adenoviruses, 23 cases of echovirus, 31 cases of coxsackivirus 36 cases of rotavirus, 45 cases of SRSV, and 7 cases of poliovirus were detected. The major serotypes of coxsackievirus were B2, B3, B4, B6 and echovirus of serotypes 6, 9, 11, 25, and 30 were examined. Two cases of enteric adenovirus type 41 were also confirmed. The incidence of SRSV was mostly concentrated between December through following March, April through October with echovirus and coxsackievirus, and January through April with rotavirus, respectively. Electron micrograph of negative-stained viruses showed typical appearance with 30-80 nm in diameter.
Methods of in situ PCR to Retain the Amplification Products Inside the Cells
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 37, issue 4, 2001, Pages 294~298
Highly effective polymerase chain reaction (PCR) often brings about false positivity caused by contamination of the sample with target nucleic acids. To solve this problem, in situ PCR (ISPCR) has been developed and applied onto various tissue sections and suspension cultures. With combination of PCR and in situ hybridization, this method amplifies the nucleic acid targets in situ and detect the amplified products inside the cells over the background of various cell types. In order to amplify the nucleic acid targets inside the cells, permeabilisation of a sample is required for the entry of amplification reactants into a cell. Treatments of a sample for the purpose allow not only the entry of reactants into the cell but also the exit of amplification products out of the cell. As a means to reduce the leakage of the amplification products, two methods were applied to suspension cultures of HIV-infected Molt/LAV and U 1.1 cells, in which modified, tailed primers produced long linear amplificants whereas biotinylated dUTP instead of dTTP did bulky products.
Screening and Characteristics of a Mutant of Actinoplanes teichomyceticus ATCC31121 Highly Producing Teicoplanin
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 37, issue 4, 2001, Pages 299~304
Teicoplanin is a kind of glycopeptide antibiotics produced by Actinoplanes teichomyceticus, and used in the clinical antibiotic such as vancomycin against methicillin-resistant Stabphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Actino planes teichomyceticus ATCC 31121 was mutated with UV to obtain a superior mutant strain with increased level of teicoplanin production. In this investigation, lethal curve was obtained and the optimal condition to induce mutagenesis was determined to isolate the desirable mutant strain. It was also confirmed that teicoplanin activities by agar diffusion method was compared with the parent strain. One mutant strain, T991014-1 with the highest productivity, was finally selected, and was characterized through the various tests such as amylase activity, protease activity, halotolerance, antibiotic resistance, autotoxicity, and productivity. Ad fermentation characteristics of the mutant strain were also studied.
Characteristics of Antifungal Bacterium, Bacillus subtilis YS1 and It′s Mutant Induced by Gamma Radiation
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 37, issue 4, 2001, Pages 305~311
Antifungal bacterium, Bacillus subtilis YS1 was isolated from Yusong hot spring showed broad antifungal spectrum against 12 kinds of plant pathogenic fungi and Candida albicans, animal pathogen. From the gamma(
) radiation sensitivity test,
value was 2.08 kGy and it survived above 20 kGy of radiation dose. Several mutants were induced by gamma radiation. Among them, YS1-1009 mutant showed resistance against tebuconazole of herbicide, increased activity against Botryoshaeria dothidea and ligninase activity. YS67 mutant was antifungal deficient auxotrophic mutants(trp-pro-or arg-ura-). From this results, it suggested that gamma irradiation could be useful method for mutant induction.
Rare-Mating and Protoplast Fusion for the Improvement of Ethanol Producibility and Cell-Viability of Yeast
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 37, issue 4, 2001, Pages 312~316
To improve the ethanol fermentability, four Saccharomyces yeast strains with efficient ethanol fermentability were subjected to rare-mating and protoplast fusion. Using these 4 strains, 5 different combinations of mating-pair or fusion-pair were constructed and their hybrids or fusants were obtained. From the statistical analysis of the results of the ethanol fermentation by the hybrids of the different mating-pair or fusion-pair, no difference was found in ethanol production, but [S. kluveri
cerevisiae cp3] pair was shown to be the best combination which can produce high cell-viability. In fact, the clone No. 3 of the [S. kluveri
cerevisiae cp3] pair was selected as the best strain which produced ethanol of 10.11% (w/v) or 12.81% (v/v) from 25% (w/v) glucose at
for 3 days with the residual sugar of 3.53% (w/v), viability of 62.65%, fermentation efficiency of 92.2%.
Treatment of High Organic Wastewater Using Ecological Water Treatment System
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 37, issue 4, 2001, Pages 317~324
We have previously developed three stage methane fermentation system capable of digesting food wastes effectively and then releasing high organic wastewater as a final product. In this study, we tried to devise an ecological water treatment system, which can efficiently remove the nitrogen and phosphorus contained in the organic wastewater. The system was made of microbiological filters, algae, and waterfleas. Of two species of alga tested, Selenastrum capricornutum showed higher growth rate and more efficiently removed the nitrogen from the wastewater than by Chlorella sp. In addition, the highest growth rate and the nitrogen removal efficiency could be obtained when high concentrations of
were added to the diluted wastewater and the molar ratio of nitrogen to phosphorus was adjusted to 10 : 1. In this study the population relationship between alga and water flea was also examined in a test tube. The initial number of algal cells decreased as the waterflea population increased. However, the number of algal cells gradually increased again when waterflea population decreased partly due to the environmental resistance. From these results, it was believed that the ecological water treatment system could be used for removing the nitrogen and phosphorus from organic wastewater very effectively. Moreover, the waterflea cultured by this system as a final predator could be used as a good foodstuff for fishes.