Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Microbiology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Microbiological Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 38, Issue 4 - Dec 2002
Volume 38, Issue 3 - Sep 2002
Volume 38, Issue 2 - Jun 2002
Volume 38, Issue 1 - Mar 2002
Selecting the target year
Characteristics of Carbon Source Utilization by Heterotrophic Bacteria Isolated from Internal Organs of Starfish (Asterias amurensis)
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 38, issue 2, 2002, Pages 57~61
To investigate the characteristics of carbon sources utilization by the intestinal microflora of starfish, starfishes (Asterias amurensis) were collected from the South Sea near Jangheung-gun sumun-ri of Jeollanam-do on July 14,2000. The population densities of heterotrophic bacteria were in the range of
in the interval organs of starfish. Total 24 strains (Gram-negative bacteria. 11 strains, Gram-positive bacteria: 13 strains) from the internal organs of starfish were isolated. Dominant bacteria were Genus nbrio, Staphylococcus, and Corynebacterium. A high percentage of isolates was Gram positive rods. The catalase and oxidase positive were shown 54.2% and 20.8% of isolated bacteria, respectively. Isolated Gram negative and positive bacteria utilized various carbon sources. Among them, glucose could be utilized by all the isolated Gram negative bacteria, and sucrose, mannose, and maltose were utilized by a relatively high percentage of isolates. On the other hands, adipate and phenyl acetate were shown no utilization. In case of Gram positive bacteria, glucose was shown the highest utilization and the next highest utilization was fructose, trehalose, and maltose.
Comparison of Automated Systems for Identification of Vibrio Species
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 38, issue 2, 2002, Pages 62~66
Twenty one Vibrio strains were isolated from costal water and their phenotypic properties were determined. We identified bacterial isolates by using automated identification systems, Vitek and MIDI, and compared their identification results with each other. The comparison of them provided identical species information for only one isolates, TL33( V. alginolyticus). From Vitek and MIDI,16 (76%), and 6 (29%) out of 21 isolates were identified to the species level, respectively. Vitek was more useful than MIDI for identification of Vibrio species.
Responses of Bacteria to TNT: Cells′Survival, SDS-PAGE and 2-D Electrophoretic Analyses of Stress-Induced Proteins
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 38, issue 2, 2002, Pages 67~73
The cellular responses of soil-borne bacterium, Pseudomonas sp. HK-6 to explosive 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) were examined. Two stress shock proteins (SSPs), approximately 70-kDa DnaK and a 60-kDa GroEL were found in HK-6 cells in response to TNT. Analyses of SDS-PAGE and Western blot using anti-DnaK and GroEL revealed that SSPs were induced in HK-6 cells exposed to 0.5 M of TNT far 6-12 hrs. The maximum induction of proteins was achieved at 8-hr incubation point after HK-6 cells'exposure to TNT. Similar SSPs were found to be induced in HK-6 cells by heat shock (shift of temperature, from
) or cold shock (shift of temperature,
).2D-PAGE of soluble protein tractions from the culture of Pseudomonas sp. HX-6 exposed to TNT demonstrated that approximately 450 spots were observed on the silver stained gels ranging from pH 3 to pH 10. Among them, 12 spots significantly induced and expressed in response to TNT were selected and analyzed. Approximately 60-kDa protein, which was assumed highly expressed on the gel, was used for amino acid sequencing. N-terminal microsequencing with in-gel digestion showed that N-terminal sequence of the TNT-induced protein, <
, shared extensive similarity with
, N-terminal sequence of (P48216) GroEL of Pseudomonas putida.
Characterization and N Terminal Amino Acid Sequence Analysis of Catechol 1,2-Dioxy-genase from Benzoate Degrading Acinetobacter sp. KS-1
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 38, issue 2, 2002, Pages 74~80
The purpose of this work was to investigate the characterization and sequence of catechol 1,2-dioxygenase (Cl,2O) purified from Acinetobacter sp. KS-1 which was grown on benzoate as a sole carbon source. Cl,2O demonstrated its enzyme activity to catechol and 4-methylcatechol. The optimum temperature of Cl,2O was
, and the optimal pH was in the range from pH 7.5 to 9.0.
showed inhibitory effect on the activity of Cl,2O. Molecular weight of the enzyme was determined to approximately 36 kDa by SDS-PAGE and 7-terminal amino acid sequence of Cl,2O was analyzed as
and exhibited 95% sequence homology with that of Cl,2O from Acinetobacter radioresistens In addition, trypsin digestion and peptide mapping were performed for internal sequencing analysis. Molecular weights of three digested peptide fragments were analyzed as 966.3 Da, 1933.8 Da and 2081.7 Da by MALDI-TOF, which were matched with each internal sequences
) of. A. radioresistens. PCR product was amplified with the degenerated primers derived from N-terminal and each internal amino acid sequences.
Screening and Purification of Superoxide Dismutase Producing Marine Bacterium Using Photochemically Generated Superoxide Ion
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 38, issue 2, 2002, Pages 81~85
A marine bacterium producing superoxide dismutase, strain number B446, was screened with nitrite quantitation method using hydroxy amine and photochemically generated superoxide ion, and the superoxide dismutase was purified through 35-75% ammonium sulfate precipitation, DEAE-Sephadex A-25 ion exchange chromatography, Sephadex G-200 gel filtration chromatography, and High-Q anion exchange chromatography to a yield of 6% and purification fold of 32.3.
Generation of a Mammalian Gene Expression Vector Using Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 38, issue 2, 2002, Pages 86~95
As a result of genome projects, the research to elucidate the function of a protein of interest has recently been well-recognized. In order to facilitate functional genomics, a useful mammalian gene expression vector is required. Using an infectious CDNA clone of BVDV pNADLclns-, we have developed a mammalian gene expression vector. In this study, a replication-competent full-length infectious CDNA clone containing puremycin acetyltransferase (pac) gene (pNADLclns-/pac) was successfully generated. The viral RNA replication and viral protein NS3 synthesis were examined by detecting metabollically
-labelled genomic viral RNA and immunoblotting with a mouse anti-NS3 antibody. To generate viral replicon as an expression vector, we examine if the viral structural genes (C, E0, El, E2) are required for viral replication by deletion analysis. As a result, all of the structural proteins are dispensable for viral replication per se, but essential for infectious viral particle formation. Based on our deletion analysis, we have generated a replication-competent BVDV viral replicon (pNADLclns-/pac/
), whose structural genes are all deleted. In addition to NADLclns- /pac/
, NADLclns-/ luc/
viral replicon containing luciferase gene as a reporter was constructed and fecund to be replication-compotent in HeLa and BHK cells as well as MDBK cells. Therefore, BVDV viral replicon developed in our study will be a useful tool to express a protein of interest in various mammalian cells.
Effect of DPBll Gene for the Transcriptional Induction by DNA Damage During Cell Cycle in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 38, issue 2, 2002, Pages 96~102
The S-phase checkpoint mechanisms response to DNA damage or inhibition of DNA replication for maintenance of genetic stability in eukaryotic cells. These roles include cell cycle control arrest at S-phase and Iranscriptional induction of repair genes. To characterize the defects of dpbll mutant for both these responses, we examined the over-expression effect of DPBll gene, the sensitivity to HU, MMS, and the transcriptional pattern by DNA damage agent for RNRS mRNA. RNRS transcript is induced in response to a wide variety of agents that either damage D7A directly through chemical modification or induce stress by blocking DNA synthesis. As results, dpbll-1 cells are sensitive to DNA damage agents and the level of RNR3 mRNA is reduced approximately 40% than wild type cells. Moreover, we found the same results in dpb2-1 cells. Therefore, we propose that DPB2 and DPBll act as a sensor of replication that coordinates the transcriptional and cell cycle responses to replication blocks.
Optimization of PCR Condition with Conidiospore for Primary Screening of Aspergillus nidulans Transformants
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 38, issue 2, 2002, Pages 103~106
Direct PCR from intact fungal cells is not readily suitable to all fungi mainly because of difficulties in rupturing the cell walls. Microwave irradiation has been proven to be useful in fungal DNA extraction protocol. Here we describe a fast template preparation method for PCR amplification from Aspefillus nidulans conidiospores using microwave irradiation. We optimized the duration far microwave irradiation, and the amount of template DNA for PCR. Amplification from samples prepared in this manner was so efficient that we could get PCR products with size enough to identify transformants. We believe that this is a time-saving procedure for screening true transformants of A. nidulans.
Isolation and Identification of Bacteria Lysing Anabaena cylindrica
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 38, issue 2, 2002, Pages 107~112
To isolate the bacteria lysing cyanobacteria, the sediment samples were collected from Dochang and Pal'tang Reservoir and Seokchon Lake. Each sample was smeared on the Anabaena cylindrica lawn and incubated in light chamber for 11 days. Bacteria having cyanobacteria-Iysing activity were isolated from the samples of Seokchon reservoir. Confirmation of cyanobacteria-Iysing activity was carried out to measure chlorophyll a and bacterial cell counting in mixed culture of Anabaena cylindrica and bacteria. Lysis was detected when extracellular meterials was added to the Anabaena cylindrica culture. The isolate was identified by analysis based on 16S rDNA sequence and morphological and physiological properties. The bacterial strain was taxonomically studied by the phylogenetic analysis based on 165 rDNA sequence. This strain was identified as a member of the genus Bacillus and designated as Bacillus sp. CHS1
Nutrient Removal using the Denitrifying Phosphate Accumulating Organisms (dPAOs) and Microbial Community Analysis in Anaerobic-Anoxic Sequencing Batch Reactor
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 38, issue 2, 2002, Pages 113~118
Laboratory experiments were aimed to evaluate the effect of nitrate as a electron acceptor during the biological phosphorus uptake and to investigate the microbial community. Anaerobic-anoxic sequencing batch reactor (SBR) compared the removal behaviour to anaerobic-oxic SBR, both SBRs maintained lower effluent quality with 1.0 mgp/1. Anaerobic-anoxic SBR was able to remove additional 5.0 to 7.0 mg (P+N)/ι than other biological nutrient removal (BM) system. Therefore, it was proposed that the anaerobic-anoxic SBR was more effective at weak sewage. From the results of the maicrobial community analysis, it can be inferred that denitrifying bacteria and polyphosphate accumulating bacteria coexist in anaerobic-anoxic SBR during stable condition for removing the nitrogen and phosphorus. Particularly, it was suggested that the Zoogloea ramigera in the
-subclass of proteobacteria and the Alcaligenes defragrans of the Rhodocyclus group in the
-subclass of proteobacteria played a major role for removing the nitrogen and phosphorus as dPAOs (denitrifying phosphate accumulating organisms).
Total Microbial Biomass Measured by ATP in Three Marine Sedimentary Environments
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 38, issue 2, 2002, Pages 119~126
ATP concentrations far estimating total microbial biomass in the sediment were measured in three different marine sedimentary environments. ATP concentrations were highest in the surface sediment and decreased with increasing sediment depth and distance from the land. The results indicated that the benthic microbial biomass is primarily controlled by nutrient inputs from the overlying water column. Because of the longer residence time and adsorption to the sediment, the variations in organic carbon (OC) contents with sites and depths were not as distinct as that of ATP, and the correlation between OC and ATP was not significant in the coastal sediments. No significant correlation between OC and ATP in the coastal sediments also suggested that microbial biomass in the labile organic-enriched coastal sediment is suppressed by the grazing of higher trophic level such as meiofauna. Overall regional and vertical distribution of ATP indicated that h\`w can be a relevant tool for measuring total microbial biomass in various marine sedimentary environments.
Molecular Analysis of Bacterial Communities Distributed in Sea Water of Whitening Areas of Jeju Coast
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 38, issue 2, 2002, Pages 127~132
In this study, the bacterial communities distributed in sea water of the whitening areas of Gangjeong and Seongsan, Jeju-do have been analysed using the PCR amplification of 16S rRNA to obtain fundamental data and information on relationship of the whitening phenomenon and microbial ecosystem. In Gangjeong, diverse bacteria such as Alcanivorax, Paracoccus, Damselae, Pseudomonas, Rhodowlum, Silicibacter, Suiftobacter, and Roseobacter have been found, and Alcanivorax was the most abundant clone. The most abundant clone from Seongsan was Pseudomonas, of which Pseudomonas tolaasii and Pseudomonas mandeli were most abundantly occurred in the frequency of approx44% and 24%, respectively. Approx4% of the bacterial clones closest to Verrucomicrobiales and other unidentified clones were also fecund in Seongsan, suggesting there is a great discrepancy between bacterial communities from the whitening areas of Seongsan and Gangjeong. The mean temperature, chlorine concentration, pH, and dissolved oxygen (DO) of the sea water of Gangieong and Seongsan in August of 2001 (sampling period) was
, 30.24~30.60%, pH 8.23~8.36,7 .20~7.28 mg/ι, suggesting other environmental factors except far the factors mentioned above might result in difference of bacterial communities distributed in both areas.
Characterization of Fe (III)-Reducing Bacteria Isolated from the Sediment of Chunho Reservoir
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 38, issue 2, 2002, Pages 133~138
Microbial Fe (III) reduction is important for the biogeochemical cycle in the sediment of freshwater system. Also, the Fe (III) reducing mechanism make a model of oxidizing organic compounds and reducing toxic heavy metals, such as chrome or uranium. Thirty-seven strains which have Fe (III) reducing activity were isolated from sediments in lake Soyang and Chunho reservoir. The initial concentration of Fe (II) was the highest in sediments of lake Soyang. However, the highest Fe (III) reducing activity was shown in Chunho reservoir. All isolates were tested for Fe (III) reducing activity. Strains C2 and C3, which were isolated from sediments of Chunho reservoir, showed the highest activity. These strains were tested to see if they utilize various electron donors such as glucose, yeast extract, acetate, ethanol and toluene. Significantly, glucose and yeast extract were used as electron donors. Also these strains were conformed to use humid acid and nitrate as electron accepters. The 16S rRNA sequences of strains C2 and C3 were closely related to Aeromonas hydrophila with 95% similarity.
-glucosiadase Inhibitor Producing Actinomycetes from Soil Sample
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 38, issue 2, 2002, Pages 139~143
-glucosidase inhibitors produced by Actinomycetes, bacteria belonging to Actinomycetes were isolated from soil sample using Bennett's medium. The inhibitory activity induced by these bacteria on
-glucosidase, which is the key enzymes far carbohydrates digestion and the prevention of diabetic complications, was investigated. A strain of these bacteria, PM718 potently inhibited
-glucosidase activity in vitro.
Biosynthesis of Polyhydroxyalkanoates and 5-Aminolevulinic Acid by Rhodopseudomonas sp. KCTC1437
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 38, issue 2, 2002, Pages 144~151
For elucidating the relationship between the biosynthetic pathways for polyhydroxyslkanoates (PHAs) and 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA), culture conditions for the production of these two biomaterials by Rhodopseudomonas sp. KCTC 1437 were investigated. Of the carbon substrates tested, acetic acid was the best carbon source for cell growth and PHA biosynthesis. When succinic acid was added as a co-substrate into culture medium, cell growth and PHA production were greatly increased up to 2.5 g/ι and 73% of dry cell weight, respectively. The PHA obtained from the carbon substrates tested was homopolyester of 3-hydroxybutyrate, while valeric acid was only effective for the production of copolyester consisting of 3-hydroxybutyrate and 3-hydroxyvalerate. Anaerobic light culture condition was better for PHA production and cell growth than anaerobic dark or aerobic dark culture condition. The organism was capable of synthesizing ALA when glycine and succinic acid were added to the culture medium. ALA was produced to ca.400 mg/ι when levulinic acid, soccinic acid, and glycine were repeatedly added with a reductant (sodim thioglycolate). However, the presence of glycine, levulinic acid and sodium glycolate inhibited the cell growth and the conversion of carbon substrates to PHA. From these results it is apparent that the production yields of PHA and ALA could not be increased simultaneously because the optimal conditions for the production of PHA and ALA are opposed to each other.