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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korean Journal of Microbiology
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Journal DOI :
The Microbiological Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 2 - Oct 1966
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Apr 1966
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Studies of Plant Tumor Induction (Pat 1) Experiments on the Inoculation of Agrobacterium tumefaciens in out Field
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 4, issue 2, 1966, Pages 1~4
As a part of studies of plant tumor induction, this experiment was prepared for the purpose of studying the ability of tumor induction and the tendency of tumor initiation in some Korean plants using the various Agrobacterium tumefaciens strains. Results obtained from this experiment are as follows. The virulences of five strains used in this experiment were gradually decreased in order of strain A6Kl, B6, 11BV7, T37 and 11 BNV6. Especially strain T37 which is known to the host limited strain showed virulent effect to the most of plants given for the materials as well as strain A6Kl, B 6 and 11BV7. Concerning the grade of tumor development, in plants which has tough stem, for example, Glycine max Meer, tumor induction was not well developed after the inoculation of all strains. Particullary in Ricinus communes Linne all strains showed virulent effect but tumor tissues were declined in relation to the development of lignification. It was also confirmed that the induction of tumor tissues on plants is to delay according to the increase of the age of host plants.
Studies of Plant Tumor Induction (Pat 2) On the Study of Peroxidase Activities of Tumor Tissues Developed on Tomato Stem in Outdor Conditions.
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 4, issue 2, 1966, Pages 5~10
The relationships between tumor score and peroxidase activities of tomato stems infected with Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain A6Kl, B6, T372 11BNV6, 11BV7 and wounded stem as a control were examined in relation to crown gall tumor development on purpose to study the lignification of tumor tissue which is affected to the development of crown gall tumor. As the previous paper has been mentioned the fact that the induction of tumor tissues were inhibited or limited in the lignified stem of host plant. It was presumed that the activities of peroxidase related to the development of lignification were decreased during the period of tumor development. But the experimental result in this experiment shows that the peroxidase activities of crown gall tumor-tissues infected with the A. tumefaciens strains which are already known as virulent are increasing during four weeks, however, in the strain 11BNV6 and wound the peroxidase activities are decreasing on the second week after the inoculation of the bacteria strains. These results could be explained on the basis of that possible regulatory agents of lignification which were accumulated in tumor tissues, IAA, ascorbic acid, glutathion(GSH) and caffeic acid esters, were postulated to act as antioxidants which has been suggested by Stafford. Total nitrogen contents in relation to crown gall tumor development were determined for the detection of protein synthesis related to the enzyme activities which are increasing in the time of plant growth. Generally six groups are contained the largest amount of nitrogen on the second week after the inoculation of the bacterium. Comparing to the tumor score, it is presumed that the all of enzyme activities including peroxidase in tumor tissues are increasing from the second week through the third week after the inoculation of bacterium and the protein synthesis is stimulated under the most appropriated temperature during the above periods.
Studies on the Antifungal Action of Cotton Fabrics in Korea
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 4, issue 2, 1966, Pages 11~14
The deterioration of cellulosic materials due to the growth of mildew causes enormous loss to us. It is, therefore, necessary to give adequate protectional treatment against mildew spoilage on cellulosic materials. In this study, fourteen chemicals were treated to the strain of Chaetomium globosum A.T.C.C., then phenyl mercuric acetate (P.M.A) was proved to be a most effective fungicide out of various chemicals. Another chemicals, such as Na-pentachlorophenolate, tuget,
-naphthol, caprylic acid and orthocidc were also proved to be effective mildew-proofing agents.
Studies on Thermal Resistance Bacteria (Part 2) On the Thermal Resistance of Anaerobic Bacteria.
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 4, issue 2, 1966, Pages 15~18
The purpose of this paper is to study on the thermal death time curve and F-values, and morphological and physiological characteristics observed for the identification. The three strains of thermal resistancing anaerobic bacteria isolated from unheated various cans and swelled cans and the different soils collected from the wide area in Korea. The results obtained in the light of the manual of Bergeg's for the identification of the anareobic bacteria have been shown that the three strains of anaerobic bacteria are pertained to Cl. sporogenes B-41 Cl. butyricum B-72 & Cl.. botulinum Type E B-163. The optimum temperature, pH and thermal resistance, thermal death point of the anaerobic have been measured.
Musaic Disease of Black Locust (Robina pseudo-acacia L.) (Part 3) Insect Vectors
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 4, issue 2, 1966, Pages 19~21
For the purpose of determining possibility of aphid-transmission of mosaic disease of black locust, cowpea aphid (Aphis medicagnis Koch) and green peach aphid (Myzus persicae Sulzer) were experimented using cowpea as test plant, and both proved to be the vectors. As for transmission threshold period of cowpea aphid to the virus, the acquisition feeding period was five seconds and inoculation feeding period was two minutes. This black locust mosaic virus, therefore, is a nonpersistent virus.