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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Microbiology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Microbiological Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Oct 1967
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Apr 1967
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Studies on the Cellular Metabolism in Microorganisms as influenced by Gamma-irradiation(I) On environmental effects upon radiosensitivities of Lactobacillus and Saccharmyces cerevisiae.
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 5, issue 1, 1967, Pages 1~6
The environmental effects on radio-sensitivities of Lactobacillus and Saccharomyces cerevisiae were studied; Liquid suspensions of Lactobacillus and yeast were gamma-irradiated under various conditions; temperatures, hydrogen ion concentrations, amino acids and vitamins were treated seperately with variations of concentrations. (shown in figures) It is found that simultaneous heat treatment is effective to sterilize microorganisms than pre after treatment, and concentration of hydrogen ion does not affect the lethalty of yeast but or Lactobacilli was affect at the range of pH. 5.0 to 7.0. Ascorbic acid, thiamin and pyridoxine were protective dependently against lethal action of gamma-ray and its protective effects increase with the increasings of concentrations. Glutamic acid, aspartic acid, tyrosine and phenylalanine were proved to be protective for both strains at 0.1 between 1.0 percent. It can be suggested that industrial sterilizing doses of irradiation by gamma-ray for food should be applied more than those dose of saline or buffer suspension, because natural food stuffs are rich of vitamins and amino acids.
Studies on synergistic actions of some chemicals on radiation sterilization of Lactobacillus and yeast. "Synergistic actions of D.H.A., Sorbic acid and Menadion."
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 5, issue 1, 1967, Pages 7~14
The synergistic actions of certain antimetabolic agents for Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Lactobacillus plantarum on radiation sterilization have been studied. The used chemical agents are sorbic acid, vitamin-
, dehydroacetic acid, p-oxybutyl benzoate and nitrofurazone, those are the permitted as food preservatives. Experimental results are as following, 1) Survival fraction of yeast which was gamma-irradiated and influenced by sorbic acid or vitamin
is much reduced than that of only irradiated respectively. 2) It seems like that the used chemicals acts synergistically on radiation sterilization. Sodium-dehydroacetate and p-oxybutyl benzoate are proved to be also synergistic but weakly. 3) Survival fraction of Lact. plantarum which was gamma-irradiated and influenced by sorbic acid, dehydroacetic acid or nitrofurazone respectively much reduced than that of only irradiated group, it can be estimated as synergistic action of chemical affected on radiation sterilization. 4) It was found that nutrient componets can affect radiation sterilization of microorganisms protectively.
Effect of micronutritional-element deficienies on the metabolism of Chlorella cells. (I) -On the growth rate, respiation and photosynthesis-
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 5, issue 1, 1967, Pages 15~19
Chlorella ellipsoidea cells were cultured in an iron, copper, zinc, manganese, molybdenum or boron-free medium. Physiological activities such as growth rate, reproduction, endogenous and glucose respiration, photosynthetic activity and biosythesis of chlorophyll of the micro-element definition cells were measured. It generally, growth rate, respiratory and photosynthetic activities, and biosynthesis of chlorophyll of the micro-element deficient cells decreased more or less, compared with those of the normal cells. The growth of the algal cells in an iron-free medium were retarded severely with the chlorosis, and the photosynthetic activity of the cells decreased remarkably even though the low content of chlorophyll in the cells owing to the iron-deficiency is considered. Therefore, it is deduced that iron takes part in the photosynthetic process itself, possibly by its participation in the photo phosphorylation coupled with electron transport. Respiratory activity of boron-deficient cells showed the most severe decrease whereas those of the molybdenum-deficient cells showed very slight decrease in spite of severe growth retardation.
For the chlorophyll decrease and formation of Chlorolla variegata by Glucose-Culture (II) Influence of temperature and pH
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 5, issue 1, 1967, Pages 20~23
I studied about temperature and pH concentration having influence upon chlorophyll decrease on the Glucose culture of Chlorella variegata Beijerinck(211/10a). I cultured under
and compared with each other. The culture of
didn't have any large difference with the standard culture(
) but the culture of
had a large amount of chlorophyll decrease without carbohydrate accumulation, stimulation of cell division and nitrogen-deficiency. Chlorella variegata had optimum pH 6.5-7 and was a little weak in all phenomenon under pH 8 rather than under pH 6.5-7. Under pH 5 they had deep chlorophyll decrease without phephytin.
Unrecorded causal organisms of Korean Powdery
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 5, issue 1, 1967, Pages 24~33
Fifty-two specimens of the infected plants were collected from areas through the country during the year of 1965. We report here 14 unrecorded specoes which were identified in this work. The results are as follows: 1. Erysiphe cichoracearum DC. (Host: Artemisia princeps PAMPAN. var. orien-talls HARA.) 2. Erysiphe cichoracearum DC. (Host: Plantago sp.) 3. Erysiphe cichoracearum DC. (Host: Sonchus oleraceus L.) 4. Erysiphe pisi DE CANDOLLE. (Host: Lespedeza sp.) 5. Erysiphe polygoni DE CANDOLLE. (Host: Clematis patens MORR et DECAIS.) 6. Microsphaera alphitoides GRIFFITHS et MAUBLANCE (Uncinula bifurcata GERARD.) (Host: Quercus serrate GERARD) 7. Microsphaera baumleri MAGNUS. (Host: Robinia pseud-acacia L.) 8. Microsphaera coryli HOMMA. (Host: Corylus heterophylla FISCH. var. japonica KOIDZUMI) 9. Podosphaera tridactyla (WALLROTH) DE BARY. (Host: Prunus leveilleana KOEHN. var. typica NAKAI) 10. Sphaerotheca fuliginea (SCHLECHTENDAHL) POLLACI. (Host: Impatiens balsamina L.) 11. Sphaerotheca fuliginea (SCHLECHTENDAHL) POLLACI. (Host: Zinnia elegans JACQ) 12. Uncinula aceris SACCARDO (Host: Acer negundo L.) 13. Uncinula fraxini MIYABE(U. salmon SYDOW) (Host: Fraxinus rhynchophyllus HANCE.) 14. Uncinula salicis (DE CANDOLLE) WINTER. (Host: Salix gracilistyla MIQ.)
Theoretical analysis on the correlation between the amount of available phosphorus and the growth rate of Chlorella ellipsoidea.
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 5, issue 1, 1967, Pages 34~38
Theoretical analysis reported in this paper is on the varities of the growth rate of Chlorella ellipsoidea due to the amount of available phosphorus for the purpose of the continual mass culture. Available phosphorus in the culture media of the Chlorella was also estimated at a limiting factor as this experiment. The equation between the concentration of Chlorella n and growth period t is
, and the functional relation between the Specific growth rate K and steady state period T is the following: