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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Microbiology
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Journal DOI :
The Microbiological Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Oct 1967
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Apr 1967
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Studies on Enzymic Sources and Method of effective Addition in Fermentation of Yack-Tack-Joo Korean liquors
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 5, issue 2, 1967, Pages 43~54
The characteristics of enzymic sources and its effective uses concerned with brewing of Yack-Tack Joo which is traditional and popular liquors for all Korean have been studied. Results obtained are as follows; 1)Kock Ja (enrich of fungi and yeast produced in Korean brewery) is found to be weak in its liquifying(600U.) and saccharifying activity(1300U.), so that it is useful to conbine two factors effectively for better brewing. 2) The additional ratio of Kok Ja per materials is seems proper at line of 20 percent for better fermentation and the enzymic preparations inoculated of microorganisms in wheat bran is seems proper at 25 percent line. 3) Adding the enzymic preperation in which the strain Rhyzopus had been inoculated to the experimental mash at 5 percent per material, the rate of fermentation was revealed highest degree than those of else. 4) It is not proper to add a single Bun Kok in fermentation, as it produce much acid in mash during brewing. 5) However, the enzymic preparation composed of Asp usami and Rhyzopus sp. produced less acid in brewing. 6) The increasing of temparature in enzymic samples, temparatures of the mixtured Kuk(Kok Ja and enzymic preparation) are higher than those of single addition at the first stage in pre-fermentation, but there are no differences at the late stage of post-fermentation. 7) Amount of amino acids in the plot of enzymic prepation are found much more than those of single use at late stage of post-fermentation. In the plot of single use of Kock Ja, the amount was the most than else, the proteinase activity is strongest more than else. 8) In the brewing of Korean Tack-Yack-Joo, it is desirable less amount of acidity, more amount of amino acid, stronger liquifaction of starch and vigorous saccharification. Thren it was found that the application of two prepations(Kock Ja and Bun kok) is most effective to get moderate quality in Tack-Yack-Joo brewing.
Studies on the changes of methanol content in manufacturing process of apple wine and it's brandy
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 5, issue 2, 1967, Pages 55~60
Studies on the changes of methanol content in the manufacturing process of apple wine and apple brandy. The results from the studies of transition and changes of methanol content in the fermentation of wine and brandy from Korean apple, Kugkwang and Iwai are as follows. 1) Pectin, the source of methanol, can be extracted as dregs more than 85% of its in the process of pressing to get juice. 2) In the process of fermenting wine, the occurence of methanol depends on the condition of the apple itself (i.e. species, freshness, change in quality, or corruption). It seems that the insoluble pectin in the fresh apples changes into the soluble pectin as time goes by. 3) The heating treatment of fresh apples produced more methanol compared with nonheating treatment. 4) The content of methanol in apple brandy can influence free methanol content in mash pulp.
Incorporation of phosphate into protein and other nitrogenous compounds in Chlorella cells
Lee, Yung-nok ;
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 5, issue 2, 1967, Pages 61~68
In the process of the incorporation of orthophsphate into protein and other cell constituents, the role of inorganic polyphosphate and RNA-polyphosphate complex and the correlation between them were pursued by analyzing the contents of
and total P in various fractions of Chlorella cells, which had been uniformly labeled with
before the inoculation in a normal "cold" medium or P-free medium during the culture. The effects of ionizing radiation and various micronutritional-element deficiencies on the phosphate incorporation into, and biosynthesis of, protein and other introgenus compounds in the cells were also observed. When the uniformly
-labeled algae were grown in a normal "cold" medium the contents of
P in the fractions of protein, DNA and RNA-polyphosphate complex increased, but those in the fraction of acid-insoluble polyphosphate decreased. On the other hand, amount of
in the fraction of RNA was almost unchanged in spite of rapid increase of the total P. In the growing period of
-labeled algae in a P-free medium, amounts of
in the fractions of DNA, protein and lipid increased, while those in the fractions of RNA-polyphosphate and inorganic polyphosphates decreased. When the algal cells were irradiated with about 70, 000r of gamma-rays before the inoculation in the medium, amounts of phosphate in the fractions of DNA, RNA, nucleotides and protein decreased during the culture, compared with those of the control. However, the phosphate content in the fraction of acid-insoluble polyphosphate of the irradiated cells increased than those of the control. In the growing period of the algae in a Mo-free, medium, amounts of acid-soluble total phosphate and nucleotides of the cells increased, while the amounts of residual protein and RNA decresed compared with those of the normal cells. Amounts of alkali-labile protein and phospholipid of the cells grown in a B-free medium decreased, whereas amount of phosphate in acid-soluble fraction increased compared with the control. In general, the contents of protein and RNA in each microelement deficient cells decreased more or less, compared with those in the normal cells.in the normal cells.
Studies on the Cellular Metabolism in Microorganisms as Influenced by Gamma-irradiation.(II) - On the Respiration Rate and Dehydrogenase Actibity in Yeast Cells Irradiated by
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 5, issue 2, 1967, Pages 69~78
Kim, Jong Hyup, (Div. of Biology, Atomic Energy Research Institute.) Studies on the Cellular Metabolism in Microorganisms as influenced by Gamma-irradiation(II). On respiration rate and dehydrogenase activity of yeast cells irradiated by gamma ray from cobalt-60. 1. Oxygen uptake rate of the gamma irraiated yeast cells had been measured with Warburg's manometer, and the
-uptake was compared with those of normal cells. The rate of endogetious respiration increases in its
-uptake at 150, 000 rentgen dose, and at higher rentoen doses it was decreased. Exogenous respiration begin to decrease in its
-uptake at 5, 000r. doses of irradiation, further decrease with increasing of doses unproportionally. 2. It appears that plasma-membrane and nuclear membrane of yeast cells have changed and denatured by gamma-irradiation, as exogenous respiration of glucose had been decreased at a dose of 200, 000r's irradiation. 3. The activity of glucose, alcoholic, lactic, succinic and glutamic deliydrogenase (G.D.H., A.D.H., L.D.H., S.D.11., and GL.D.H.) in the gamma irradaited cells had been assayed by T.T.C.(Triphenyl tetrazolium chloride) method and spectrophotometry, the obtained results were compared with those of normal cells. 4. At a dose of and 10, 000 rentgens' irradiation of gamma ray, the activty of each debydrogenase (G.D.H., A.D.H., L.D.H., ) shows a sharp and highest peak in optical absorbalicy, but each abtivity of S.D.H and Gl.D.H shows its' maximum peak at a dose of 30, 000r. 5. The curve of each dehydrogenase activity was found to be rhythmical according to dose-rate of gamma irradiation. 6. Comparing with activity of debydrogenase each other, the maximum peak in optical absorbency can be arranged according to order as follows; glucose > alcoholoic > lactic > glutamic > succinic, this order is identical to the order of breakdown utility in respiration of normal yeast cells. 7. The activity of dehydrogenase experimented exhibit a resistance against gamma irradiation at lethal dose of cells, and the activity of dehydrogenase are found to be much resistant than those of respiratory system. We may assume that the membrane substrate of mitochondria or cytoplasm had been destructed by gamma-irradiation much more than that of dehydronase system.
Studies on the Cellular Metabolism in Microorganisms as Influenced by Gamma-irradiation.(III) On the Changes of Protein content and Free Amino acid Pool in Yeast cells irradiated by
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 5, issue 2, 1967, Pages 79~85
Kim, Jong Hyup., (Div. of Biology, Atomic Energy Research Institute,Korea.;) Studies on the Cellulor Metabolism in Microorganisms as influenced by Gamma-irradiation(III): On the Changes of Free Amino acid Pool and content of Protein in Yeast clls irradiated by .gamma.-ray. 1. The strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae had been cultured synchronously in aerobic condition and irradiatel by gamma-ray from the source of cobalt-60. Drying in vacuum oven at
C over 12 hours, then changes of protein content (Kjeldahl) and free amino acid pool have been assayed with use of spectrophotometer. Results obtained were compared with those of unirradiated normal cells. 2. It is proved that amount of protein content in the irradiated cells increases to seven percent more than those of normal cells in the same weight of dried samples. It seems like carbohydrate breakown had been stimulated by irradiation and that relative contents of protein shows higher values than those of normal in the same weight of samples. 3. The amount of free amino acid pool in the irradiated cells shows less value about ten percent than those of normal cells, and rate of decreasing is also weak than those of standard reagent solution of amino acid. We may assume that free amino acid pool would be protected against radiation damage in living cells and more stable than in vitro. 4. The component of free amino acid pool have been assayed on second dimensional paper chromatogram, and the identified amino acids are as follows; aspartic acid, serine, glutamic acid, cystine, lysine, glycine, threonine, histidine, arginine, tyrosine, phenylalanine, valine and leucine. 5. Distributional presence of free amino acids are identical to that of normal cells except arginine, it is cosumable that radiation effect is univerlsal to all amino acid. However it is obvious that there are differences in radiolabilities of amino acids in irradiated cells.
Studies on the productivity of antibiotic produced by Aspergilli which were lsolated from "Meju".
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 5, issue 2, 1967, Pages 86~92
By cylinder-plate method was the antibiosis of 15 strains of Aspergilli examined, which were isolated from Korean "Meju" collected through all over South-Korea. The results are as follows; 1) Only two strains of Aspergilli (strain 1 and 9) sellected in screening test have antibiosis for the several gram positive and negative bacteria. 2) The activity of antibiotic produced by strain I was excellent, having been cultured at 25.deg.C in the Malt-infusion Czapek's medium of pH 3.5 to 7.5 for 6 days. 3) The activity of antibiotic produced by strain 9 was excellent, having been cultured at 25.deg.C in the Czapek's medium of pH 4.5 to 6.5 for 6 days. 4) When Aspergilli were cultured under optimum conditions which resulted, by experiments, the activity of antibiotic produced by Aspergilli was stronger than activity of 10.gamma./ml. streptomycin.eptomycin.
Studies on the industrialization of the Korean KockJa.(I) - It's Isolation and physiological characteristics of Mold from Kock Ja.
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 5, issue 2, 1967, Pages 93~96
Especially, we mainly dealt on the isolation of mold in the sample of the Korean products, Kock Ja. The kinds of the isolated strain are such as these, Rhizopus, Mucor, Aspergillus oryzae sp., aspergillus niger sp., Penicillum and Flungi Imperfecti. The action of the starch saccharification of isolated strain and the order of liquefying action are follows: The saccharification power was R-l>R-2>M-2> Kock Ja>M-1>O-2>N-1>O-4 The liquefying power was R-1, R-2>0-2>0-4>M-2, Kock Ja>M-1>N-1 We compared the pH's saccharification curve of each kind of strain with Kock Ja. The most suitable pH value of R-1, R-2 was the closest to pH 4. 0, close value with Kock Ja. The Rhizopus species on the saccharification action of each kind of strain in regard to raw wheat starch was stronger than other kinds of strain. We think that to generalize the above result, the Rhizopus species consists of an important strain of this Kock Ja, and is an important factor for the saccharification action of Kock Ja and the existence of Mucor species as well.
Studies of plant Tumor induction (III) - Antimicrobial action of some bacteriacidal agents to obtain Bacteria-Free Tumor tissue
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 5, issue 2, 1967, Pages 97~101
Up to the present time, there are only three methods by which we can obtain bacteria free crown gall tissue. According to some papers related to this field, the first method is based on the works of Braun(53') who maintained infected plants at 46-47'c for several days. But the method has a problem that very few plants can tolerate this temperature. The second method is based on the well known observation that old tumors appear to be bacteria free at least 1 or 2% of the explants. Also this method is known to us as laborious and time consuming. The third method is the one we were using that was attempting to kill the bacteria with bacteriacidal agent such as Antibiotics. In fact., it is reported that almost complete control of crown gall of tomato was obtained by Blanchard('51) when plants were grown in a nutrient containing Aureomycin(20
/ml) following needle puncture with the gall bacteria. We have been engaged in making the experiment by applying solution of Penicillin, Streptomycin and of Chloramphenicol(Succinate free) to find the strong bacteriacidal agent through the method of disc plate, and to confirm the effect of antimicrobial action through the method of plant tissue culture system without possible injury to the host plant. The result of this report is the fact the strongest bacteriacidal agent among the above three Antibiotics was Chloramphenicol(Succinate free 1000 p.p.m). and that there happened no injury to the tissue cultures in a White's 10X media containing 1000 p.p.m. of Chloramphenicol.