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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Microbiology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Microbiological Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 4 - Dec 1968
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Sep 1968
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Jun 1968
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Mar 1968
Selecting the target year
Comparative studies on free amino acid content between healthy leaves and blasted leaves of rice plants.
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 6, issue 1, 1968, Pages 1~5
This experiment was undertaken the purpose of investigating the difference of the content of free amino acids in the diseased and healthy leaves of the resistance and susceptible rice varieties, to blast by means of paper chromatography. The results obtained are summarized as follows. (1) In the healthy and diseased leaves, the former was founded nine to tell sorts of free amino acids and later was observed eleven. In the both of leaves, alanine and valine were contained in larger amount, and aspartic acid, glycine and arginine were found relatively less in general. (2) In the diseased leaves, the amino acids were increased in quantity, especially glutamine and aspartic acid were remarkable, and cystine were found only in the diseased ones. (3) It seems to that the health leaves in all varieties were observed the amino acid contents, in notably increase and decrease, but in the diseased ones were not changed in amount. Tatacho, susceptible variety was more contained the amount of glutamine and aspartic acid than Zenith, resistance one.
The taxonomical studies of Korean Aspergilli
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 6, issue 1, 1968, Pages 6~11
Through the present experiment the various Aspergilli have been isolated from 53 Meju specimens (fermented soy bean cake) which were collected from 43 local areas in Korea and those of them are arranged as 6 different groups: Asp. flavus-oryzae group (38 strains), Asp. niger group (11 strains) Asp. nidulans group (5 strains), Asp. clavatus group (4 strains), Asp. fumigatus group (3 strains), and Asp. ochraceus group (2 strains), as the result of identification of them by the group key of Thom and Raper. Further identifications of them according to the species keys of Thom and Raper, Yamata and Sakakuchi have been also conducted and the results obtained are following as: 1. Group members (38) of Asp. flavus-oryzae group are identified as. Asp. oryzae, Asp. oryzae var. fulvus, Asp. flavus. and Asp. parasiticus, not identified two different strains belong to this group. 2. Group members (11) of Asp. niger group are identified as Asp. niger and Asp. phoenicus. 3. Group members (5) of Asp. nidulans groups are identified as the same species, Asp. nidulans. 4. Group members (4) of Asp. clavatus group are identified as the same species, Asp. clavatits. 5. Group members (3) of Asp. fumigatus group are identified as the same species, Asp. fumigatus. 6. Group members (2) of Asp. ochraceits group are identified as the same species, Asp. sulphereus.
Stimulating effects of Chlorella and Scenedesmus cell upon the growth and fermentation of L. delbrukii and B. subtilis
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 6, issue 1, 1968, Pages 12~21
The accelerate effects on the growth rate and the capacity of fermentation of L. delbrukii and B. subtilis was investigated in the Henneberg's medium added by various amounts of cellular components of Chlorella and Scenedesmus and also was investigated in the media added micronutritional elements such as Mn, Fe and Mo, etc. The results in the comparative experiments are as follow; 1. Various amounts of Chlorella cell components in the media accelerated remarkably the lactic acid formation and growth of L. delbrukii. For example, lactic acid formation in the medium of contained 1 percent Chlorella cell components was promoted more than twice effects compare with control. 2. The formation of .alpha.-amylase by B. subtilis in the medium of 2 percent Chlorella cell contents was also promoted more than nine twice effects compare with control. 3. The formation of lactic acid of L. delbruckii in the medium of Scenedesmus cell contents was a little more than in the medium of Chlorella cell contents. 4. The lactic acid fermented level attained with the addition of 0.2-0.25 percent Chlorella cells was the effect of promoting fermentation attained of saturating level at 100
g. /ml. of Mn and 0. 1
g./ml. of Fe.
Effect of micronutritional-element deficiencies on the metabolism of Chlorella cells. (II) On the biosynthetic activities of protein, nucleic acids and phospholipid
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 6, issue 1, 1968, Pages 22~28
Chlorella ellipsoidea cells were cultured in an iron, copper, zinc, manganese, molybdenum or boron-free medium. Biosynthetic activities of nucleic acids, protein and phospholipid in chlorella cells, which were growing in a microelement deficient medium were compared with those of the normal cells by measuring the contents of phosphate, amino acids or UV-absorbing substances in the various cell fractions. When the algae were grown in a molybdenum-free medium, the amounts of phosphate in the acid-soluble fraction of the cells increased, whereas the amounts of alkali-stable protein and RNA decreased compared with the normal cells showing that the synthesis of protein and RNA from the early products of photosynthesis was inhibited. When the algae were grown in a boron-free medium, amounts of alkali-labile protein and phospholipid of the cells decreased, while the amount of phosphate in acid-soluble fraction increased compared with the normal cells showing that the biosynthesis of protein and phospholipid from the early products of photosynthesis was retarded. In general, amounts of protein and RNA in the microelement deficient cells significantly decreased compared with those of the normal cells. Phosphate content in the acid-soluble fraction of the algal cell grown in an zinc, copper, molybdenum, or boron-free medium increased considerably, whereas that of the algal cell grown in an iron or manganese-free medium decreased remarkably compared with that of the control. It is considered, therefore, that molybdenum, zinc, copper and boron etc. play an important role in the biosyntbesis of macromolecule from acid-soluble phosphate compounds, in contrast to the principal action of iron and manganese on the photosynthetic process itself.
The effect of the ammonium thiocyanate on the fermentation of the yeasts.(Saccharomyces brenerei-Hefe-Rasse XII, Saccharomyces formosensis No. 396 IAM) and Saccharomyces cerevisiae IAM)
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 6, issue 1, 1968, Pages 29~35
There are many reports on the effect of salts to the fermentation of the yeasts, but there are a few reports on the effect of the ammonium thiocyanate(
) on the fermentation of the yeasts(Saccharomyces brenerei-Hefe-Rasse X11, Saccharomyces formosensis No. 396 IAM and Saccharomyces cerevisiae IAM). A study has been made on the effects of the ammonium thiocyanate on the fermentation of the above yeasts. The results of the research are as belows: 1) The addition of 0. 00001 mol. of ammonium thiocyanate makes the fermentation of the yeast(Sacch. formosensis No. 39 IAM) facilitate, but has not influenced the another yeast (Sacch. brenerei-Hefe-Rasse XII). 2) The addition of 0. 001 mol. of ammonium thiocyanate makes fermentation of Rases XII the fastest, but the on other yeast (Sacch. formosensis No - 396 IAM) was accelerated by the addition of 0. 1 mol., and it seems to have abnormal fermentation by the addition of 0. 0001 mol. The addition of ammonium thiocyanate(0. 00001-0. 001 mol.) inhibited the fermentatirn of the yeast(Sacch. cerevisiae IAM), but the concentration of 0. 1 mol. does not interrupt the fermentation of Sacch. cerevisiae IAM and increased the fermentation. 3) The order of effects to the fermentation of each yeast is Sacch. brenerei-Hefe-Rasse XII, Sacch. formosensis No. 396 IAM, Sacch. cerevisiae IAM.