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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Microbiology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Microbiological Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Dec 1970
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Sep 1970
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Jun 1970
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Mar 1970
Selecting the target year
A study on the microflora changes during Takju brewing
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 8, issue 2, 1970, Pages 53~64
In order to study ecology of microorganisms during Takju brewing, microflora changes were examined fromm the start to the sixth day of Takju fermentation in 24 hours intervals. Takju made from rice, flour and dried sweet potato in a liter volume open container at the laboratory and a sanple of Takju brewing factory were studied for their microflora and their changes during fermentationl together with a sample of Kokja. Results obtained were as follows ; 1. The followings were the identified microorganisms in Kokja. The molds ; Absidia spinosa, Aspergillus parasiticus. The yeasts ; Candida melinii, Candida Solani, Hansenula anomala. The bacteria ; Luctobacillus casei, Leuconostoc mesenteroides, Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus pumilus. 2. Torulopsis inconspicua, Lactobacillus casei, Leuconotoc mesenteroides, Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus pumilus were isolated from main mash of laboratory-made Takju samples. The yeast, Torupsis inconspicua which was not present in Kokja and, probably of a contaminant yeast, dominated the yeast flora of Takju mash of rice, flour and sweet potato of labotatory brewing. The laboratory brewing lost also always showed large population of lactic acid bacteria flora. 3. None of the wild yeasts which were present in Kokja appeared in Takju mashes. The Kokja appears to be of no use as the yeast source for Takju fermentation. Also the Kokja appears to be of not so effective amylolytic and proteolytic enzyme sources considering the microflora characteristics. Probably the major role of Kokja in Takju fermentation may be to contribute in taste formation. 4. Inoculation of Sacharomyces cerevisiae into the mash to the level of
ml at the start of fermentation greatly changed the ecological aspects eliminating conditions of rather slow rising of natural contaminant yeast populaiton and fermentation which might give rise to prosperity of lactic acid and Bacillus bacteria that would be avoidable. 5. Examination of microflora of the large factory scale Takju fermentation showed the quite similar pattern of microflora and their changes to that of the cultured yeast-inoculated laboratory batch Takju fermentation. The cultured yeast dominated as the only predominant microflora, and the lactic acid bacteria flora were completely suppressed and aerobic bacteria, greatly. Probably this may be the regular microflora pattern of normal Takju fermentation. The role of lactic acid bacteria and aerobic bacteria in Takju fermentation may not be clear yet from this experiment alone.
Hygienic studies on laver of korea (II)
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 8, issue 2, 1970, Pages 65~68
In continuation of the previous work (The New Medical Journal, Vol. 12, No. 3, 111, 1969), the effects on the bactericidal activity against coli form group, on vitamin C content and ascorbate oxidase activity of the purple laver due to the
gamma-irradiation were studied. The results obtained are ; 1) After the 0.1m rad./hr. doses treatment of gamma-irradiation for 1 hours to the laver, the coli form group was being remarkably destoryed and after the application for 10 hours the coli form group was completely destroyed. 2) The content of vitamin C was gradually decreased during the gamma-irradiation to the laver. According to the sensory test, no changes in flavor nad color were indicated for 9-10 hours treatment. But, the loss of ascorbic was much than that of dehydroascorbic acid after 10-hour treatment. 3) And also, the ascorbate oxidase activity due to the irradiation waas conspicuously decreased.
Studies on the differentiation and the population changes of Takju yeasts by the TTC-agar overlay technique
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 8, issue 2, 1970, Pages 69~76
1. The yeasts in the two samples of Nuruk (mold wheat) which one prepared at the College of Agriculture, Choong-Nam University (S) and the other purchased at a market(T), were examined and counted. The yeasts were differe entiated by the market (T), were examined and counted. The yeasts were differe entiated by the TTC(2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride)agar overlay technique that yields a varied shade of color. The results were : the population of yeasts in 1g of Nuruk S was about
, 56.5% of which were TTC-pink yeasts, 16% TTC-red pink yeasts, 8% were TTC-red yeasts, and 16.5% TTC-white yeasts. In Nuruk T(1g), the number of yeasts accounted for
and constituted of 42% TTC0pink, 21% TTC-red pink, 23% TTC-red and 9% TTC-white. 2. During the fermentation of Takju (Korean Sake) employing the Nuruk S and T the yeast flora throughout the brewing were observed in 12 hour intervals. TTC pink and red yeasts considered to be the major yeasts were isolated all cultured. The strains (
/ml) were added to the mashes S and T in which pH was adjusted to 4.2 and the change of yeast flora was examined during fermentation.
Taxonomical studies of yeasts in Korea
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 8, issue 2, 1970, Pages 77~84
The author attempted the taxonomical studies on yeasts in Takju mash. The samples used for the isolation of yeasts were collected from Takju breweries in Seoul. The yeasts obtained from Takju were identified as follows using the methods of Lodder et al. ; Saccaromyces cerevisiae group II, Saccharmyces cerevisiae group III, other group of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Hansenula anomala and Pichia polymorpha. Saccharomyces cerevisiae II & III and other group Saccharomyces cerevisiae which were considered as wild yeasts have shown their major role in the fermentation process of Takju brewing. It seems that Hansenula anomala has much connection with the flavour of Takju. Other strains which are poor in their acoholic fermentation and lower in activity of acid production are not considered to be important in Takju brewing.
Studies on the trehalose and other constituents of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Rasse O cultured on various molasses media
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 8, issue 2, 1970, Pages 85~89
Effects of the sugar content in molasses media and pH on cell constituents of produced yeast adopting Saccharomyces cerevisiae Rasse O as a seed organism were studied, and following results were obtained. 1. Trehalose accumulation of the yeast was reduced at lower range of pH, however protein was increased. 2. Trehalose content of the yeast enriched by feeding increased sugar at suitable pH. 3. There was no significant increase of thehalose content in the cell by feeding concentrated molasses at lower range of pH.