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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Microbiology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Microbiological Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Dec 1971
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Sep 1971
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Jun 1971
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Mar 1971
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Taxonomical studies of Korean aspergilli
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 9, issue 1, 1971, Pages 1~26
Intensive taxonomical studies of the Aspergilli have long been made. Altogether 132 species and 18 varieties are recognized in the book "The Genus Aspergillus" written by Raper and Fennell (1965), in contrast to 77 species, 8 varieties and 4 mutations in " A Manual of Aspergilli" written 20 years earlier by Thom and Raper (1945). Classification of the Asperilli by Thom and Raper (1945) and by Raper and Fenell (1965). Classification of the Aspergilli by Thom and Raper (1945) and by Rapher and Fenell (1965) have been based mainly upon morphological and cultural detail both physiological and biochemical activities. In Korean there are many kinds of foods fermented natrually without the employment of selected microorganisms, and there are, of course, many different microorganisms serving in the fermentation fermented foods than other countries, the distribution and biological properties of the Asperigilli, in Korea are more variable. Taxonominical studies with 36 strains of Asperilli were based upon the examinations of morphological, cultural, and physiological characteristics. nineteen strains indigenous to Korea were selected from a lot of strains which had been isolated from meju and kokja and one strain from soil. They were identified according to the group key of Raper and Fennell. Ten strains were donated by Dr.Hesseltine of the Northern Utilization Research and Development Division in the U.S.A. From the Asp. japonicus supplied by Dr.Hesseltine, a white mutant was isolated and also studied. Two strains were donated by Dr. Murakami of the Research Institute of Brewing in Japan, and four strains came from Korean industrial companies.ndustrial companies.
Studies on the Production of Fermented Feed (I)
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 9, issue 1, 1971, Pages 27~31
This experiment was carried out to research for the use of the mycelium and enzyme on the production of fermented feed. Among 354 strains isolated from natural sources, 3 strains of useful yeasts were selected and identified, and the cultural conditions of these strains were examined. The results obtained were as follows. 1) The strian No.55, No.112 and No. 340 selected were identified Endomycopsis fibuliger, Endomycopsis javanensis and Candida tropicalis, respectively. 2) The optimum pH and sugar concentration of the medium for the strain No.55, No.112 and 340 selected was around pH 6.5and Bllg.10.deg.. The optimum temperature for the growth of the strain No.55 and No.112 selected was 30.deg.C and was 25.deg.C of strain No.340. 3) The strain No.55 and No.112 were grown exceedingly well on the media containing 0.1 percent of (NH/sub 4/)/sub 2/SO/sub 4/.
Studies on the Production of Fermented Feed (2)
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 9, issue 1, 1971, Pages 32~38
In solid culture of Endomycopsis fibuliger No.55, Eudomuopsis javanensis No.112 and Candida tropicalis No.340, the conditions of enzyme (protease, anylase and cellulase) production and the influence of addition of
were examined, and the results obtained were as follows. 10 Wheat bran medium is found to be the best on the enzyme production in case of simple material. The optimum conditions ; are water content added 100 to 120%, temperature 25 to
and incubation times 2 to 3 days. 2) The cellulase production was scarely produced in the case of Endomyopsis fibuliger No.55, as well as, the amylase production was scarely producted in the case of Endomycopsis javanensis No.112 and Candida tropicalis No.340. 3) The enzyme production was remarkably increased when 5% of
as inorganic nitrogen sources was admixed to wheat bran. 4) When 5% of
was admixed to medium, the ratio of protein increase was 10.2 to 17.7% in wheat bran medium and 10.6 to 17.9% in sweet potato cake medium.
On the Mitochmria of Yeast and M-DNA
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 9, issue 1, 1971, Pages 39~45
During the sporulation stage in Saccharomyces cerevisiae J170, the incorporation of D
C-glucose into starved cells of sporulation stage as well as the vegetative one is appeared higher at pH 6.0. Glucose transport system, in both the vegetative and sporulation stage, is associated with "energy dependent" as the result of repression by such a respiratory inhibitor as 2,4-dinitrophenol. The Km value of glucose uptake in vegetative stage and sporulation stage was 2.1 mM and 2.5 mM respectively, indicating that the glucose is considerably reuqired for vegetative growth. Competition and countertranspoer of glucose by frutose and galactose are more distinct in vegetative stage, comparing with sporulation stage. The main sugar components of yeast cells consists of ribose, mannose, and .apha., .betha.-glucose. Amounts of mannose is lower in the aporulation stage than that in the vegetative stage.ive stage.