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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Dec 1991
Volume 19, Issue 5 - Oct 1991
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Aug 1991
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Jun 1991
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Apr 1991
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Feb 1991
Selecting the target year
Screening of Bacillus sp. No. M-71 with High Alkaline Protease Productivity and Some Properties of the Enzyme
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 19, issue 1, 1991, Pages 1~7
A bacterial strain No.71, which produced alkaline protease, was isolated from soil and identified to the genus Bacillus. With the successive mutation, a mutant strain No. M-71, having high alkaline protease productivity, was obtanined from the parental strain No 71. Alkaline protease productivity of mutant strain No. M-71 was about 50 times as much as that of the parental strain No.71. The enzyme preparations showed strong activities toward casein, the optimum pH being 11.0 and the optimum temperature about
Isolation and Properties of Bacteriocin-producing Microorganisms
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 19, issue 1, 1991, Pages 8~13
Bacteriocin-producing microorganisms were screened from raw milk and tested their antimicrobial activities against Lactobacillus plantarum ATCC 8014 as target organism, Antimicrobial substances isolated showed broad antimicrobial spectra against Gram positives and negatives. Strain 1112-1 was selected as a test organism due to its highest antimicrobial activity among the isolates. Antimicrobial substance produced by 1112-1 completely suppressed the growth of Lactobacillus plantarum at 230 IUIml and showed 11% growth inhibition of E. coli at 500 IUIrnl level. The antimicrobial substance was found to be proteinaceous material which was inactivated by carboxypeptidase, elastase, alpha amylase, amyloglucosidase, pronase, protease IV, alpha chymotrypsin, ficin, cellulase, phosphatase and lipase. The molecular weight was estimated by SDS-PAGE as 5,900. The isolate 1112-1 was identified as one of the related strains of Lactococcus sp. The strain was different from Lactococcus lactis in the following characteristics: late positive in maltose and sucrose fermentation; positive in mannitol and salicin fermentation; negative in lactose fermentation.
Precursors for the Ethylene Evolution of Pseudornonas syringae pv. Phaseolicola
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 19, issue 1, 1991, Pages 14~20
- The purpose of this work is to investigate the effects of various substrates on biosynthesis of ethylene by the Kudzu strain of Pseudomonas syn'ngae pv. Phaseolicola causing halo blight. In the intact cell of P. sym'ngue, optimal condition for ethylene production was achieved at p1-I 7.5 and
for 9 to 10 hours of culture. Ethylene was most effectively produced from amino acids such as Asn, Gln, Asp ans Glu, compared to those of various kinds of sugars. While ethylene production from
-KG) was gradually increased throughout 51 hours incubation period tested. Ethylene production derived from citrate,
-KG and oxalacetate as well as a few amino acids was further enhanced by the addition of histidine or arginine. In cell-free ethylene-forming system, ethylene was most effectively produced from
-KG, compared to those from citrate, oxalacetate, Glu, Arg, or Asp, at 0.5 mM among the range from 0.25 mM to 5 mM. Anlinooxyacetate, an inhibitor of a pyridoxal phosphate-linked enzyme, completely inhibited ethylene evolution derived from Glu but not affect that derived from
-KG. The results obtained in this work suggest that
-KG might be a direct precursor of ethylene production in this organism than any other substrates tested.
Studies on the Properties of the Promoter from Alkali-Toleran t Bacillus sp.
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 19, issue 1, 1991, Pages 21~24
The promoter isolated from an alkali-tolerant Hwillus sp. chromosomal DNA was subcluned. The activity of promoter in B, subtilis and alkali-tolerant Bacillus sp. began to increase at the early stage. of spore formation. In the presence of 1% glucose, the promotcr activity repressed and was recovered by ;tddition of c-GMP in the medium.
Integration and Expression of BaciZlus thun'ngiensis Crystal Protein Gene in Chromosomal DNA of Pseudomonas Strains Using Transposon Tn5
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 19, issue 1, 1991, Pages 25~30
The crystal protein gene (cp) of Bacillus tizuringienszs subsp. liuvstaki (B.t.k.) HI173 was subcloned into HanzHI site of central region (Tn5-cp) or BglII site of IS50L region (IS50L-cp) in Tn5, and transposed into the chromosomal DNA of five strains of root-colonizing Pseudomonas. The expression of cp gene in Acwiomoncrs transconjugants was demonstrated by immunoblot analysis and bioassay against larvae of the Hyphantria cunea.
Construction of a Corynebacteriurn glutarnicum-Escherichicr coli Shuttle Vector and Cloning the Homoserine ehydrogenase Gene from C. glutamicum
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 19, issue 1, 1991, Pages 31~36
A 7.5 kilobases hybrid plasmid, designated as pCE1301, was constructed by combining Eschurichia cwli plasmid pBELl which carries the kanamycin resistance gene of Tn5 with a cryptic plasmid, pSRl of Corynebacterium glutamicum. pCE1301 was transformed C. glutaicum by PEG-mediated protoplast method and its transformation efficiency was about
of the hybrid plasmid DNA. The physical map reveals that pCE1301 has single restriction sites for SalI and EcoRl, respectively. 'The kanamycin resistance of pCE1301 was stably maintained in C. glutamicum up to 25 generations and any segregation was not detected. pCI31301 was also introduced into Brevibacterium flavum and E coil, and replicated in those strains. pCE1301 was proved to be useiul in cloning the homoscrine dehydrogenase gene from C. glutamicum.
Elucidation of Function and Isolation of Trans-acting Factors Regulating the Basal Level Expression of Eukaryotic Genes
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 19, issue 1, 1991, Pages 37~44
- I aimed to isolate trans-acting factors involved in the basal expression level of eukaryotic genes. One of the yeast histidine biosynthetic gene, HIS5 was taken as a model for this study. HIS5 gene has a substantial basal level in amino acid rich medium and is derepressed if starved for any single amino acid. The derepression is mediated by cis-acting DNA sequences 5'-TGACTC-3' found in 5' non-transcribed region of the gene and trans-acting factors including GCN4 as positive factor and its negative factor GCDI 7, and GCNZ as a negative factor of GCD17. I first investigated the role of these trans-acting factors in HIS5 basal expression level by using HIS5-pH05 fusion in which expression of pH05 gene encoding inorganic phosphate-repressible acid phosphatase (APase) is regulated by HIS5 promoter. Strain with gcn2 or gcn4 mutation showed 3 to 4 fold lower APase activity than wild type. The level of APase activity was similar in gcn2 and gcn4 mutants. Trans-acting factors involved in basal level were identified by isolating 14 mutants showing increased expression of HISSPH05 fusion from gcn4 background. All the mutants carry a single nuclear recessive mutation and fall into four complementation groups, designated as bell (basal expression level), be12, be23 and be14.
Repressor Overproduction by tac Promoter in General E. coli
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 19, issue 1, 1991, Pages 45~51
structural gene in the downstream of the tac promoter for the overproduction of
repressor protein was studied. DNA fragment containing
; repressor gene was amplified by using plasmid pUC12, and partially digested with HphI. Only the
structural gene isolated was inserted in the downstream of the tac promoter. Plasmid pDR540-
having the tuc promoter-
structural gene insert could be isolated by the immunity of cells resistant at
and cell lysis at
. The amount of
repressor as 17% of total cellular protein were produced by using general E. coli as well as
JM103 having this plasmid.
Hydrolysis of Inulin by Endo- and Exo-Inulinase
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 19, issue 1, 1991, Pages 52~56
Inulin degradation was examined using patially puriiied enzyme mixtures of the Exo-inulinase from a Bacillus spp. and the Endo-inulinase from a Pseudomonas spp.. The highest synergistic xtion of the two cnzymcs was observcd when the Exo- and the Endo-inulinase werc mixed at the ratio of 1 to 13, and the rate of hydrolysis of the above process was enhanced approximately 1.6 times I1ight.1- than that of the reaction catalysed with a single enzyme of the same units. The enzymc mixture showed the maximal activity at pH 6.0 and
, and in the prescncc of 0.5 mM each of
. Under the optimal condition described above fructosu was accumulated with the overitll concentration of 84% after 36 hours of the reiiction.
Purification and Properties of Alkaline Lipase from Pseudomonas sp. J-19
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 19, issue 1, 1991, Pages 57~63
A strain J-19 was isolated from soil, produced lipase which has resistant against alkali and linear alkylbenzene sulfonate. The strain was identified as Pseudornonns sp.. The enzyme was purified by ammonium sulfate precipitation, DEAE-Sephadex and Sephadex G- 100 column chromatography. The specific activity of the purified enzyme was 35 unit/mg protein and the yield of enzyme activity was 17%. The purified enzyme showed a single band on polyacrylamide disc gel electrophoresis. Mo1ecul;tr weight of the purified enzyme was estimated about 36,000 by Sephadex GI00 gel filtration and SDS-polyacrylarnide gel electrophoresis. The optimum pH and temperature were pH 10.0 and
, respectively. Activity of the purified enzyme was increased 2-fold by the addition of 0.1% linear alkylbenzene sulfonate and 2.5- fold by the addition of 0.05% Tide. This enzyme remained stable from pH 8.0 to 10.0 and stable up to
Effects of Sodium Acetate on the Production of
-Linolenic Acid by Mucor sp. KCTC 8405P and Secretion of Mycelial Lipid with Nonionic Surfactants
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 19, issue 1, 1991, Pages 64~69
- The effects of sodium acetate on the production of
-linolenic acid (GLA) and the secretion of the mycelial lipid into the culture medium with noninnic surfactants were studied with Mucor sp. KCTC 8405P. In the addition of 2.0%) sodium acetate to the basal medium, dry cell weight and total lipid content were increased from 7.8 g/l and 2.46 g/l to 16.0 g/1 and 4.77 g/l, but GLA content was decreased from 18.6% to 13.85%. The growth of Mucor sp. KCTC 8405P was greatly dependent on both the initial pH and the concentration of sodium acetate of culture medium, which was considered as the results of the formation of acetic acid because the fungal growth was completely inhibited at the concentration of acetic acid higher than 22 mM. With the decrease of the oxygen supply, the cell growth, total lipid, and GLA content were sharply decreased in the presence of 2.0% sodium acetate. For the secretion of mycelial lipid into the culture medium, the effects of the various nonionic surfactants were examined. In the addition of 0.5% Tween 80 or Span 80 to the basal medium, 194 mg/l or 263 mg/l of GLA was obtained in the culture medium.
Continuous Production of Gluconic Acid and Sorbitol from Glucose and Fructose using Perrneabilized cells of Zymomonas mobilis
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 19, issue 1, 1991, Pages 70~75
- Continuous and simultaneous production of gluconic acid and sorbitol from glucose and fructose was carried out by using glucose-fructose oxidoreductase and glucanolactonase of Zymomonas mobilis. In order to utilize the enzymes without purification, Zymomonas mobilis was permeabilized with toluene. Optimum conditions for permeabilization and reaction kinetics of permeabilized Zymomonas mobilis were studied. In batch operation with the permeabilized cells immobilized in alginate beads, about 90% conversion was obtained within 35 h reaction. Continuous production of gluconic acid and sorbitol using the immobilized permeabilized cells was carried out. Optimum conditions for continuous operation with the imn~obilized cells were; pH 6.2 and temperature
. Maximum productivities for gluconic acid and sorbitol were about 14.5 g/l/h and 14.8 g/l/h respectively at the dilution rate of 0.075
when 300 g/l each of substrates was fed
The Effect of Redox Potential on the Kinetics of Lysine Production by Corynebacterium glutamicum
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 19, issue 1, 1991, Pages 76~81
- The effect of redox potential (ORP) on lysine production by a leucine auxotrophic regulatory mutant of Corynebacterium glutclmicum on molasses medium was investigated in a 2-1 jar fermentor at pH 6.9 and
. At a dilution rate of D=O.l
, a maximum yield of Yr,,s=0.24 was obtained in either carbon- or leucine-limited chemostat where the redox potential was between -60 mV and - 100 mV. This level of redox potential corresponded to moderate oxygen deficiency. Under a high oxygen deficient condition of the redox potential of - 130 rnV (oxygen-limited chemostat), all the kinetic parameters such as
were decreased significantly and significant amounts of byproducts including glycine, alanine and valine were accumulated in the culture, indicating that the control of redox potential is important in lysine fermentation. At the redox potential of - 40 mV, on the other hand, large quantities of arginine (up to 0.38g/l) and glutamic acid (up to 0.12 g/l) were produced. A maximum lysine productivity of 2.41 g/l/h was achieved at - 66 mV under a carbon-limited condition.
Octane Biodegradability by Crude Oil4 tilizing Bacteria Carrying OCT Plasmid
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 19, issue 1, 1991, Pages 82~87
Xanthomonns curnpestris M12, Xunthornonas sp. M28, Acinetuhucter Iwofz GI, and Klebsiella pneumoniae L25, Pseudomonas rnaltophiliu N246 were screened to increase the ability for crude oil utilization. All of these could utilize hexadecane and octane with the exception of N246 strain for only octane biodegradation. Thus N246, M12, and M28, strains were specially examined for octane oxidation. Octane biodegradation by three strains showed the optimal conditions at
, pH 7.0~9.0, and 0.2~0.3% octane concentration as a substrate. It was found that P. multofihila N246 and X. curnpestns M12 had plasmid and the cured plasmid from N246 strain lost octane uitilization. Therefore, it was confirmed that certain genes for octane utilization were Iocated on OCT plasmid in N246 strain. The size of OCT plasmid in N246 strain was 118 kb. The N246 strain was resistant to ampicillin.
Microbial Degradation of Fats and Oils in Industrial Wastewater
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 19, issue 1, 1991, Pages 88~93
The biodegradable bacteria for fats and oils were isolatcd from soil and wastewater. The isolated strain was designated as LW-27 which had high COD removal rate and biodegr2idability on fats and oils, and was identified as pseudomonas chlrorapihis. The cell viability of LW-27 which produced by vacuum drying at
for 24 hours was 82%. When the wastewater was mixed with LW-27 agent (0.1g/ day) on the activated sludge unit, the removal rates of COD, BOD and n-hexanc extract of the effluents were about 92.9%, 94.8% and 98.0%, respectively.
Copolyester of 3-Hydroxybutyrate and 3-Hydroxyvalerate Produced by Methylobacterium sp. GL-10
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 19, issue 1, 1991, Pages 94~99
- The further study for the identification of the previously reported pink-pigmented facultative methylotrophic bacterium (PPFM) GL-10 was carried out. The PPFM GL-10 was Gram nagative, rod, and motile by a single polarly inserted flagellum. The colonies were smooth, pink, circular, along with convex with entire margin. The isolate could utilize C1 compounds and a variety of multicarbon substrates as sole carbon and energy source. The isolate was obligately aerobic, and exhibited both catalase and oxidase activities. The deoxyribonucleic acid base composition was 65-67 mol% guanine plus cytosine. The isolate was mostly identical with Methylobacterium extorquens and named Methylobacterium sp. strain GL-10. Methylobacterium GL-10 accumulated a copolyester of 3-hydroxybutyrate and 3-hydroxyvalerate (poly-3HB/3 HV) when grown in nitrogen-free culture media containing sodium propionate as substrate at the second polyester accumulation stage. The composition of copolyester, as determined from
NMR spectra, was 23 mol% of 3-hydroxyvalerate (3HV).
Some Molecular Characteristics and Improving Methods for Thermal Stability of Enzyme
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 19, issue 1, 1991, Pages 100~108
Molecular characteristics and improving methods for thermal stability of enzyme have been considered. Intrinsic and extrinsic stabilizing mechanisms are two governing principles for enhanced thermal stability of enzyme in molecular basis. Factors contributing to the former and the latter mechanisms may be involved in the enhanced thermal stability of enzyme complementarily. Also, the methods for improving thermal stability of enzyme which comprise reaction in organic solvent system, chemical modification, immobilization, sequential unfolding and refolding, gene manipulation techniques and enzyme-antibody complexing are reviewed.