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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Dec 1993
Volume 21, Issue 5 - Oct 1993
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Aug 1993
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Jun 1993
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Apr 1993
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Feb 1993
Selecting the target year
Growth and Production of Endotoxin of Bacillus thuringiensis Isolates
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 21, issue 3, 1993, Pages 193~199
Effects of the five fermenation media on the growth and the production of endotoxin of twenty-five Bacillus thuringiensis isolates were investigated. Among the five different media, the growth and the production of endotoxin of B. thuringiensis were highest in the M4 and M5 media containing high amounts of nitrogen and carbohydrate. But the production of endotoxin was highest in the M1 and M3 media containing high amounts of nitrogen sources limiting carbohydrate. The average number of endotoxin and growth(O.D.) in the M1 and M3 medial were 4.4*107/ml and 2.42 in M1 medium and 1.3*107/ml and 1.46, respectively.
Effect of pH and Nisin on Heat Resistance of Listeria monocytogenes Scott A
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 21, issue 3, 1993, Pages 200~206
The effect of pH (7, 5 and 4) and nisin (100 and 200IU/ml) on heat resistance of Listeria monocytogenes Scott A were determined using citrate-phosphate buffer system. Heat resistance of vegetative and starved cell was decreased as pH value was lower at 65 and 72C. Starved L. monocytogenes was more resistant than vegetative cell at both temperature. Heat resistance of vegetative and starved cell was decreased significantly with treatment of nisin. The effect of nisin was increased significantly at low pH(5, 4). Adherent microcolony was more resistant to heat and nisin than planktonic cell. Contamination of L. monocytogenes may be prevent by using nisin in food and food processing environments.
Isolation of Alginate-Degrading Bacteria and Production of Alginate-Degrading Activities by the Bacteria
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 21, issue 3, 1993, Pages 207~213
Total 176 alginate-degrading bacterial strains were isolated from marine moluscus, marine echonodermata, seaweed, and soils. Among the isolates, five strains (No. 28, 51, 79, 135, and 145) had higher level of alginate-degrading activity. The isolate No. 28, 51, 79, and 135 were identified as the genus Enterobacter and the strain No. 145 as the genus Vibrio. We used these strains to examine the optimal conditions for the production of alginate-degrading activity.
Construction of a Temperature Controlled Expression Ve e tor in Saccharumy ces cerevisiae
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 21, issue 3, 1993, Pages 214~220
The mating type a of yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutant with hmla2-102 and sir3-8ts was changed to type alpha by changing the growth temperature from 25C to 35C. A temperature-sensitive expression vector system was constructed using mating factor alpha1 (Mfalpha1) gene encoding alpha factor which is expressed in the type alpha cells. Vectors with different copy numbers were constructed by joining the promoter and pre or prepro-secretion single sequence of Mfalpha1 to promoterless PHO5' gene as a reporter gene.
Construction of the Recombinant phbCAB Operon of Alcaligenes eutvtrphus for Accumulation of Poly-
-hydroxybu tyric Acid in Escherichia coli
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 21, issue 3, 1993, Pages 221~228
In order to achieve poly-beta-hydroxybutyric acid (PHB) production using recombinant DNA in various host bacterial cells, the isolation of genes for PHB biosynthesis was attempted. As a result, a 5.2kb DNA fragment containing phbCAB operon of Alcaligenes eutrophus was isolated by colony hybridization using synthetic oligodeoxyribonucleotides as probes. The constructed recmbinant plasmid pSK(+)-phbCAB operon was transferred to Escherichia coli, and the obtained transformant accumulated considerable amount of PHB.
Analysis of the Molecular Mechanism of nlp Gene Involved in Transcriptional Regulation in Escherichia coli
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 21, issue 3, 1993, Pages 229~238
An nlp (Ner like protein) gene from E. coli was previously cloned and sequenced. Here we show that expression of the sugar metabolism related genes, lacZ, malQ and malP, increased 2.5-to 8.3-fold in the presence of a plasmid containing the nlp gene. This suggested that the nlp gene could induce maltose- and lactose-metabolism coordinately with crp*1 in the absence of cAMP. Using the nlp-lacZ fusion gene, it was possible to show the promoter of nlp was active in vivo.
Isolation of a Pseudomonas aeruginosa Strain Producing an Extracellular Alkaline Lipase Catabolitely Regulated by Glucose, and Purification of the Lipase
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 21, issue 3, 1993, Pages 239~246
Producing an extracellular alkaline lipase, this isolate JM123 was identified as a Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain from the results of the analyses of its morphological, biochemical and physiological properties. This strain showed the highest productivity of alkaline lipase when grown at pH 9.0 and 30C for 13-20 hours in the medium of 2% starch, 1% soytone, 0.5% peptone and 1% MgSO4.7H2O. However, this enzyme was greatly repressed when grown in the glucose containing medium. The culture broth was fractionated by the order of the ammonium sulfate precipitation, Sephadex G-200 gel filtration, DEAE-cellulose column chromatography, and Sephadex G-150 gel filtration.
Antitumor Activity of Lactobacillus casei against Sarcoma 180 and Lewis Lung Carcinoma in Mice
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 21, issue 3, 1993, Pages 247~255
Antitumor activity of Lactobacillus casei YIP 9018(LC9018) was studied in mice by using sarcoma 180(S-180) and Lewis lung carcinoma (3LL). Following the eatablishment of in vivo tumor models such as ascites form S-180, solid form S-180 and 3LL for estimating antitumor activity of Lactobacilli, optimal dose and injection route of heat-killed LC9018 for supperssion of local tumor were examined. Administration of 100ng/mouse of LC9018 significantly inhibited the growth of ascites form S-180, solid form S-180 and 3LL.
Characterization of the Cyclodextrin Glycosyltransferase Produced by Bacillus acidocaldarius
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 21, issue 3, 1993, Pages 256~262
Nine novel cyclodextrin glycosytransferase-producing bacteria were isolated from soil in a low acidic pH (3-4) medium at high temperature (45-60C). The isolated acidophilic bacteria were identified as Bacillus acidocaldarius. Highest yield of enzyme was obtained by using the following medium: 4% raw potato, 1% peptone, 0.1% yeast extract, 0.02% (NH4)2SO4, 0.05% MgSO4, 0.02% CaCl2, 0.3% KH2PO4. The crude enzyme showed a very broad pH-activity curve and had two optium pH ranges at 30 and 5.0-6.0. The crude enzyme was most active at 90C.
-1,3 Glucanase from Microorganism and the Prodution of High Activity
-1,3 Glucanase for Hydrolysis of Dental Plaque
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 21, issue 3, 1993, Pages 263~268
Seventeen strains were isolated from soil, cattle rumen, cereal sewage dregs, insect on agar plate containing insoluble glucan as a sole carbon source from immobilized Streptococcus mutans, which produced alpha-1,3 glucanase for lysis of dental plaque. Among these strains isolated from soil, SW-522 and SW-713 that had appeared to produce the high level of alpha-1,3 glucanase, degraded insoluble glucan from S. mutans 97.6% and 49.4%, respectively in 5 hours. The activity of crude alpha-1,3 glucanase from SW-522 was 1.3mg insoluble glucan/min.mg protein. This enzyme was entirely degraded insoluble glucan on glass tube which produced by S. mutans in TH medium with 5% sucrose.
Precipitation of Soluble Uranium in Anaerobic Culture of Desulfovibrio desulfricans
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 21, issue 3, 1993, Pages 269~275
The aims of the present study are to examine the precipitation of uranyl ion in the culture of Desulfovibrio desulfricans for the sedimentary recovery of aqueous uranium. D. desulfricans had the highest utilization rate of lactate and precipitated iron ion in the three sulfate reducing bacteria. So, subsequent experiments were conducted using lactate as an energy source. The normal growth was observed with increased pH and lactate utilization. During the culture, the amounts of SO42- consumed and S2- produced in aqueous phase were 8.5 and 7.5 mmol/m3-broth, respectively.
Production of Brewer's Yeast Extract by Enzymatic Method
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 21, issue 3, 1993, Pages 276~280
Cell lytic enzyme, 5'-phosphodiesterase, and AMP-deaminase were used to produce yeast extract as a natural seasoning from beer yeast cells. Prior to the addition of cell lytic enzyme, heat treatment was performed to increase the cell wall degradation` the optimum condition of the cell lytic enzyme was 50C at pH 7.0. The production yields by the enzymatic method and conventional autolysis method were 42% and 35%, respectively. The total quantity of 5'-nucleotides, GMP and IMP, produced by enzymatic method was increased by 45% than that by the conventional method. Futhermore, the operation time of enzymatic method was only 6.5 hrs, significantly reduced from 24 hrs of the conventional method.
Application of Therrnotolerant Yeast, Candida rugosa for the Production of Yeast Protein from Rye Stillages
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 21, issue 3, 1993, Pages 281~287
Rye stillage was adopted as a substrate for the production of yeast biomass by a thermotolerant yeast Candida rugosa isolated from East Africa. In the batch fermentation, the yield of biomass and crude protein reached 4.9-8.4g/l and 2.2-3.5g/l, respectively, the rate of COD reduction was about 20%. Over 90% amount of main components such as glycerol and lactic acid were assimilated, but protein assimilation reached only to 38-45% of the initial content. Crude protein content of the dry yeast biomass produced was 42-47% and sulfur-containing amino acid was revealed as limiting essential amino acid.
Agar Medium for Screening of Urease-Producing Lactic Acid Bacteria
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 21, issue 3, 1993, Pages 288~292
An agar medium(HY) was developed to detect the urease-producing lactic acid bacteria. HY medium was prepared with the addition of tryptone, glucose and tween 80 to the supernatant of autoclaved skim milk and yeast extract mixture. There was no difference in eumeration of lactic acid bacteria between the HY and commercial media, such as M17, MRS and BCP agar. The urease activity of Streptococcus salivarius subsp. thermophilus was detected on the HY agar medium contained urea by the color change of bromocresol purple as the pH indicator, but not on the commerical agar media. Furthermore, it was succeeded to screen the urease activity of bacteria in skim milk used as a raw material in dairy product manufacture. Therefore, HY medium was proved to be suitable for the screening of urease-producing lactic acid bacteria.