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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 6 - Dec 1999
Volume 27, Issue 5 - Oct 1999
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Aug 1999
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Jun 1999
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Apr 1999
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Feb 1999
Volume 9, Issue 6 - 00 1999
Volume 9, Issue 5 - 00 1999
Selecting the target year
Effect of Osmotic Pressure of Salts on Growth of Torula sp. and Erythritol Production
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 27, issue 2, 1999, Pages 91~95
To investigate the effect of salts on the production of erythritol by Torula sp., cells were grown on the media containing various concentrations of KCl or NaCl. Cell growth and glucose consumption rates decreased when KCl or NaCl concentration increased from 0.0 to 0.5M. The production of erythritol, however, was maximal at 0.3M aCl. The erythritol concentration of 54.3g/l in the medium containing 0.3M NaCl and 200g/l glucose was obtained after 120h. The production of erythritol decreased in cultures above 0.3M NaCl or 0.4M KCl due to the inhibition of cell growth. To elucidate the effect of salts more quantitatively, KCl and NaCl concentrations were converted to osmotic pressure. As the osmotic pressure increased, the yield of erythritol from glucose increased regardless of the kinds of salts and the yield of erythritol was approximately 49% at the osmolality of 2.4Os/kg. When the osmotic pressure increased to 2.5Os/kg, the specific growth rate of cells decreased but the production rate of erythritol increased. For the effective production of erythritol, osmotic pressure must be adjusted not to inhibit markedly the growth rate of cells and to stimulate the production rate of erythritol by supplementing salt.
Isolation and Identification of Serratia sp. Producing Cephalosporin C Amidase
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 27, issue 2, 1999, Pages 96~101
Various side-chains are introduced to the 7-amino position of 7-aminocepha-losporanic acid (7-ACA) to make semi-synthetic cephalosporin antibiotics. In order to convert cephalosporin C (CPC) to 7-ACA, two enzymatic reactions are generally imployed. Glutary1-7-aminocephalosporanic acid (Gl-7-ACA) acylase is involved in the second step where the reaction intermediate, Gl-7-ACa is converted into 7-ACA. It was recently reported that CPC amidase can convert CPC directly into 7-ACA in a single enzymatic reaction. A study was undertaken to screen microorganisms conferring enzyme activity to convert Gl-7-ACA or CPC into 7-ACA by one or two enzymatic reactions. In order to screen the microorganisms rapidly, a non-
-lactam model compund, glutaryl-
-nitroanilide, was utilized in an early stage, thereafter the selected microorganisms were examined with real substrates. One microorganism exhibiting both Gl-7-ACA acylase and CPC amidase activities was obtained by the colorimetry method and HPLC assay, and was identified as a strain of Serratia species, designated as Serratia sp. N14.4. The optimal fermentation conditions for Serratia sp. N14.4 was pH9.0 and 3
Effect of Wormwood Ethanol Extract on Human Intestinal Microorganisms.
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 27, issue 2, 1999, Pages 102~106
To investigate the effect of wormwood extract on intestinal Microorganisms of human, we examined the changes of the intestinal microflora of 6 volunteers for 13 days. Numbers of total anaerobes in feces of 6 volunteers showed 1010cfu/g before and after intake of wormwood extract. In case of beneficial Microorganisms, wormwood extract did not have an effect on the growth of bifidobacteria and Lactobacillus spp. On the other hand, the growth of C. perfringens and E. coli, the harmful Microorganisms of human intestines, was inhibited by the wormwood extract.
Isolation and Characterization of Cyclohexanol-utilizing Bacteria
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 27, issue 2, 1999, Pages 107~112
A bacterium, which can utilize cyclohexanol as a sole source of carbon and energy, was isolated from sludge in sewage of Ulsan Industrial Complex for Petrochemicals, Korea and identified as Rhodococcus sp. TK6. The growth conditions of the bacteria were investigated in cyclohexanol containing media. The bacteria utilized cyclohexanol, cyclohexanone, cyclohexane-1,2=diol, cyclopentanol, cyclopentanone, and
-caprolactone but not cyclohexane, cyclohexane-1,2-dione, and cyclooctanone. The bacteria were able to utilize alcohols such as ethanol, 1-propanol, 1-butanol, 1-pentanol, 1-hexanol, 2-methyl-1-propanol, 3-methyl-1-butanol, 2-propanol, and 2-butanol as well as cyclohexanol, organic acids such as adipate, propionate, butyrate, valerate, n-caproate, and 6-hydroxycaproate, and aromatic compounds such as phenol, salicylate, p-hydroxbenzoate, and benzoate as a sole source of carbon and energy. Cyclohexanone as a degradation product of cyclohexanol by Rhodococcus sp. TK6 was determined with gas chromatography.
Isolation and Identification of Microorganisms in Korean Traditional Soybean Paste and Soybean Sauce
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 27, issue 2, 1999, Pages 113~117
As a basic study for quality improvement of Korean soybean paste and soybean sauce, we investigated on microflora of soybean paste and soybean sauce fermentation. Major Microorganisms were isolated from the sample pastes and sauces, and identified systematically. Selected Microorganisms were identified by MIS whole cell fatty acid analysis by gas chromatography. Identification results showed that Bacillus licheniformis, bacillus pumilis and Bacillus subtilis were dominant in soybean paste and Staphylococcus vitulus, Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus pumilus, and Lactobacillus fermentum were dominant in soybean sauce. It seemed that these Microorganisms played an important role in soybean paste and soybean sauce fermentation and could be used for the further studies such as protease and amylase activities.
Isolation and Characterization of Terephthalic Acid-degrading Bacteria
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 27, issue 2, 1999, Pages 118~123
A bacterial strain, designated T116, degrading terephthalic acid (TPA) was isolated from the soil around Taegu industrial area into which dye works wastewater flow. The isolate was identified as pseudomonas sp. based on its morphological and physiological characteristics. Degradation of TPA by the strain T116 was confirmed with UV scanning and HPLC. About 90% and 98% of TPA were degraded after 36 and 60 hours, respectively, during the culture in a liquid medium containing 0.1% TPA. Addition of KH2PO4 at a final concentration of 100ppm enhanced the chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal rate about 50% from dye works wastewater by Pseudomonas sp. T116. Optimum pH and temperature for COD reduction from wastewater were 7.0 and 3
, respectively. The bacterium was applied to the continuous culture for the treatment of dye works wastewater whose TPA concentration and CODMn were 2,200ppm and 1,620ppm, respectively. It was observed that 90-95% of COD was eliminated after 4 days culture in the continuous culture with a retention time of 37 or 47 hours.
Cyclohexanol Dehydrogenase isozymes produced by Rhodococcus sp. TK6
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 27, issue 2, 1999, Pages 124~128
TK6 was able to produce NAD+ dependent cyclohexanol dehydrogenase(CDH). The production of CDH was increased rapidly at the logarithmic phase and maintained constantly after that. In order to investigate the inductive production of CDH by various substrates, the bacteria were grown in the media containing alicyclic hydrocarbons and various alcohols as a sole crabon souce. CDH was induced most actively by cyclohexanol. Cyclohexanone and cyclohexane-1,2-diol also induced remarkable amount of CDH but it was induced weakly by 1-propanol, 1-butanol, 1-pentanol, 1-hexanol, 2-propanol, and 2-methyl-1-propanol. The dehydrogenase of the bacteria grown in the media containing cyclohexanol were weakly active for various alcohols, but the dehydrogenase activity for cyclohexane-1,2-diol was twice as much as that for cyclohexanol. Activity staining on PAGE of the cell free extract of Rhodococcus sp. TK6 grown in the media containing cyclohexanol reveals at least sever isozyme bands of CDH and we nominated the four major activity bands as CDH I, II, III, and IV. CDH I was strongly induced by cyclohexanol, cyclohexane-1,2-diok, but its activity was specific to cyclohexane-1,2-diol and 1-pentanol. CDH IV was strongly induced by cyclohexanol and cyclohexane-1,2-diol, and its activity was very specific to cyclohexane-1,2-diol.
Purification and Characteristics of Amylase from Haloarcular sp. EH-1
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 27, issue 2, 1999, Pages 129~135
EH-1 was highest at 9 days of incubation. This regrowth and enzymatic activity of Haloarcular sp. EH-1 was highest at 9 days of incubation. This amylase was purified by acetone fractionation, DEAG-Cellulose column chromatography, 1st Sephadex G-75 gel filtration, CM-Cellulose column chromatography and 2nd Sephadex G-75 gel filtration. The amylase was purified about 98.64 fold with a yield of 11.75%. The molecular weight of amylase was estimated to be about 43,000and 40,000 by gel filtration and SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, respectively, suggesting that the enzyme was a monomer. Amylase had an optimal temperature of 4
, and an optimum pH of 7.0, and the thermal stability was observed the above 50% at 10
after 1 hour, and the stable range of pH was 6.0 to 8.0. The enzymatic activity was increased in the presence of 10 mM 2-mercaptoethanol, slightly by 10 mM SnCl2.2H2O.FeCl2.4H2O.CuCl2.2H2O.HgCl2.6H2O and SDS. End products from soluble starch were glucose, maltose and maltotriose, and Km value for soluble starch was 2.5mg/ml.
Optimization of the Condition of Immobilized Photobacterium phosphoreum with Strontium Alginate
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 27, issue 2, 1999, Pages 136~144
Since the condition of immobilization must be optimized, it is very important to know whether and on how conditions bacterial cells retain their metabolic activity during immobilization process. A bioluminescence intensity had the maximum value when cell concentrations were between 1.0 and 1.2 measured at O.D660. The strontium alginate was used as an immobilization matrix and two independent factors for immobilization of Photobacterium phosphoreum with strontium alginate were optimized with the response surface methodology(RSM) considering degree of bioluminescence. As a result, the optimum concentration for immobilization was found to be 2.4%(w/w) for sodium alginate and 0.31M for strontium chloride, respectively. A dilution was carried out with 2.5%(w/v) NaCl solution that is an optimum environmental condition for growth of P. phosphoreum. Under the such condition of immobilization, hardness could be predicted as 4.66
and it took different time according to the volume of matrix to be immobilized completely.
Development of Strain Fermenting the Glucose/Cellbiose Mixed Sugar for Simultaneous Saccharification of Fermentation of Cellulosic Materials
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 27, issue 2, 1999, Pages 145~152
Brettanomyces custersii CBS 5512 which has reported as a thermotolerant glucose-cellobiose co-fermentable yeast strain was mutated with UV and NTG to improve ethanol yield at higher than 4
B. custersii H1-23, H1-39, H1-55 and H1062 were finally selected for hyper-fermentable strains at higher than 4
from thermotolerant 7510 colonies through 5th selection. Among the selected strains, H1-39 mutant had better fermentability at 4
from different concentrations of glucose. H1-39 and H1-23 mutants yielded more than 70% of the theoretical ethanol yield in 4 and 8% mixed sugars at above 4
, which was 5-11% higher than those by original strain. Especially, H1-39 mutant had better fermentability in 4% mixed sugar. It showed 78.5% of the theoretical yield at 4
and 72.2% of the theoretical yield at 43
. On the other hand, theoretical yield of ethanol by H1-39 mutant in 8% mixed sugar at 4
were 75.2% and 70.2%, respectively. Theses values increased up to 7-11% as compared to those by orginal strain. By the simultaneous saccharification and fermentation, ethanol production by H1-39 mutant increased up to more than 23% as compared to that by original strain.
Advanced Treatment of Swine Wastewater by Botryococcus braunii in a Tubular Bioreactor
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 27, issue 2, 1999, Pages 153~158
This study was conducted to investigate the production of lipid, and removal of nitrogen and phosphorus from swine wastewater by Botryococcus braunii UTEX 572 in a tubular bioreactor. The rate of dry cell weight increase of B. braunii was highest at 20.1mg/l/din a modified Chu 13 medium at
. Under the above conditions, the rate of lipid content increase was also highest at 6.1mg/l/d. The lipid content of B. braunii on a dry weight basis ranged from 30.5 to 34.1% with an average value of 32.3%. When B. braunii was cultured in a secondary-treated swine wastewater diluted to 50% with tap water, the rate of dry cell weight increase was 18.6mg/l/d and the rate of lipid content increase was 6.0mg/l/d. The lipid content ranged from 30.3 to 34.2%. No significant difference was observed between lipid content and growth conditions. The removal rates of nitrogen and phosphorus in swine wastewater were 43.9% and 41.7%, respectively, after 14 days of incubation.
Surface-activity and Environmental Characteristics of Biosurfactant Produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa JRT-4
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 27, issue 2, 1999, Pages 159~165
Pseudomonas aeruginosa JRT-4 strain was used as a biosurfactant-producing microorganism in this study. It was one of the microorganisms isolated from the sewage sludge, the main and branch streams of Han river. The surface tension of the culture broth of P. aeruginosa JRT-4 decreased to 30mN/m. The crude biosurfactant was obtained from the culture broth by acid precipitation, solvent extraction, evaporation, and freeze drying. The CMC value of the crude biosurfactant was 0.006%(w/v). From analysis of the chemical structure of biosurfactant, it was determined as rhamnolipid 1 and 3 structures by FAB mass spectrometer. In the washing test for artificially contaminated textiles, the biosurfactant showed better bleachness than the two chemically synthesized surfactant, LAS and SLES. Finally, the biodegradation and ecotoxidolorical tests showed that the biosurfactant was readily biodegradable in the environment and a mild material for microorganisms and green algae.
Mass Cultivation of Botryococcus braunii for the Advanced Treatment of Swine Wastewater and Lipid Production in a Photobioreactor
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 27, issue 2, 1999, Pages 166~171
This study was conducted to investigate the removal rate of nitrogen and phosphorus, and lipid production from a swine wastewater by Botryococcus braunii UTEX 572 in an outdoor photobioreactor. B. braunii successfully predominated in competition with bacteria and other algae, especially Oscillatoria, which were grown spontaneously in a secondary-treated swine wastewater, under the conditions of incubation temperature at
and increased inoculum amount at 287mg/l. There was a significant relationship between dry weight of B. braunii and absorbance of culture solution at 680mn(r2=0.967), suggesting that the latter is as good as the former commonly used for the measurement of algal biomass which is considerably time-consuming. The removal rates of COD, TOC, total nitrogen, and total phosphorus from the swine wastewater were 33.2
2.6% and 32.8
3.2, respectively, which showing no different between them. These results suggested that the mass cultivation of B. braunii in an outdoor photobioreactor could be used for the advanced treatment of swine wastewater and lipid production.
Optimization of Red Pigmentation and Effect of the Metabolites Produced by Monascus Strains on Microbial Inhibition and Colorization in Processed Ham
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 27, issue 2, 1999, Pages 172~178
In this study, we tested possibility of replacing nitrite salts, which were always added during the meat product processing, with the metabolites produced by antimicrobial and red pigment producing Monascus strains. We have already shown that Monascus No. 116 strain has the highest antimicrobial activity among the strains isolated from Ang-Khak. Monascus isolate No. 229 was chosen due to its outstanding red pigment producing ability. The red pigment production by No. 229 was highest in the medium containing 8% sucrose, 2% yeast extract, 0.1% K2HPO4, 0.5% MgSO4. Optimum pH and temperature for the red pigment production were pH 6.2 and 3
, was found in spot or Rf value 0.54 on TLC plate using ethyl acetate-acetone-water (4:4:1, v/v/v) as development solvent system. Isolate No. 116 and No. 229 were cultured in a optimal condition for the antimicrobial activity and red pigmentation. The culture concentrates were applied in situ to the production of instantly processed ham. Mixed application of 89 ppm Na-nitrite and 300 ppm of culture broth concentrate of Monascus isolate No. 116 and 500 ppm of red color produced by Monascus isolate No. 229 showed similar results with the single application of 94 ppm Na-nitrite. These results confirmed that the antimicrobial activity and red pigment of Monascus strains might be valuable to replace Na-nitrite salt in meat processing. bl