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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 6 - Dec 1999
Volume 27, Issue 5 - Oct 1999
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Aug 1999
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Jun 1999
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Apr 1999
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Feb 1999
Volume 9, Issue 6 - 00 1999
Volume 9, Issue 5 - 00 1999
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Isolation of Siderophore-producing Pseudomonas fluorescens GL7 and Its Biocontrol Activity against Root-rot Disease
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 27, issue 6, 1999, Pages 427~432
For the development of a multifunctional biocontrol agent, the siderophore-producing strain GL7 was isolated from a rhizosphere on chrome azurol S agar. The GL7 was identified as a strain of Pseudomonas fluorescents on the basis of their reactions to standard physicochemcial tests from Bergey's manual, API diagnostic test, and fatty acid analysis. P. fluorescents GL7 considerably inhibited spore germination and hyphal growth of phytopathogenic fungus Funsarium solani in a dual culture. In pot trials of bean with P. fluorescens GL7, the disease incidence was significantly reduced down to 5% from 70% of incidence in the untreated control. P. fluorescens GL7 also enhanced plant growth to nearly 1.5 times than that of the untreated control, promoting elongation and development of the roots. These results suggest that the plant growth-promoting P. fluorescens GL7 can play an important role in the biological control of soil-borne plant disease in a rhizosphere.
Production Characteristics of Bioflocculant by Achromobacter sp. JY-66
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 27, issue 6, 1999, Pages 433~439
Among microorganisms isolated from soil, YJ-66 strain was the best producer of flocculant and was examined for flocculating ability in the active carbon and CaCl2. YJ-66 strain was the best producer of flocculant and was examined for flocculating ability in the active carbon and CaCl2. YJ-66 strain was identified to be a species belonging to the genus Achromobacter. The optimum culture condition for production of bioflocculant with the isolated strain was for 72hrs at 3
and pH7.5. The favorable carbon, nitrogen sources and inorganic salts for production of the flocculant were sucrose, peptone, MgSO4 and KH2PO4, whose optimal concentrations were 2%. 0.067%, 0.1% and 0.1%, respectively. Addition of the carbon and inorganic salts significantly increased the production of flocculant. Compositions of optimized culture medium for bioflocculant production by Achromobacter sp. YJ-66 were 2% sucrose, 0.067% peptone, 0.1% MgSO4 and 0.1% KH2PO4 in initial pH 7.5 during at 3
Structure-antibiotic Acitivity Relationships of Brevinin-1 and Thanatin Containing Rana Box
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 27, issue 6, 1999, Pages 440~445
In order to investigate structure-antibiotic activity relationships of brevinin-1 and thanatin containing Rana box composed of basic loop formed by disulfide bridge in their arboxy terminus, thanatin, brevinin 1 and their analogues (T-B1, T-B2 and B-T) in which their Rana box sequence exchanged was designed and synthesized by the solid phase method using Fmoc-chemistry. The basic sequence of Rana box of thanatin had more significant effect on both antibacterial and antifungal activity than that of brevinin 1. The tail sequence (QRM) of thanatin was found to be important in its antibacterial and antifungal activity. Rana box sequence of brevinin-1 did not have a significant effect on its antitumor and phospholipid vesicle-aggregating activities. Brevinin-1 showed stronger
-helical structure in the membrane-mimicking environment such as SDS micelle than thanatin. A remarkable increase in a-helicity of bervinin-1 plays more important role in antibiotic activity than that of thanatin. Furthermore, antibacterial activity of thanatin against E. coli resulted from the disruptive effect against the outer cell membrane of E. coli.
purification of Fungal Protease Produced by Mucor racemosus f. racemosus PDA 103 from Korean Traditional Meju
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 27, issue 6, 1999, Pages 446~451
The protease produced by Mucor racemosus f. racemosus PDA 103 from meju was purified by precipitating with 80% saturated ammonium sulfate, CM Sephadex C-50 ion-exchange chromatography, and secondary Sephadex G-100 gel filtration chromatography. The specific activity of the purified enzyme was 60.1unit/mg protein and the purification fold of the enzyme was 83.5. The molecular weight of the enzyme was estimated 33,746Da and the enzyme was elucidated as monomer by LC-MS and SDS-PAGE. The number of amino acids was evaluated about 330 residues.
Characterization of Crude Oil Degradation by Klebsiella sp. KCL-1 Isolated from Sea Water
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 27, issue 6, 1999, Pages 452~457
Several bacterial strains utilizing crude oil as their sole carbon and energy sources were isolated from marine. One of the strains named KCL-1 showed the highest degradative activity for crude oil and the best growth rate. This strain was identified as a Klebsiella sp. based on the morphological, biochemical, and physiological characteristics. The optimum cultural conditions were as follows;
for temperature and 7.0 for initial pH. Additionally, the optimal concentration of sodium chloride was 3.0%, indicating that this strain was derived from seawater. KCL-1 could use several kinds of n-alkane hydrocarbons from octadecane to hexacosane as a sole carbon source. The degradation of crude oil by KCL-1 was stimulated by addition of octadecane in the culture. The emulsifying activity by KCL-1 was highest after 3 days of cultivation under the condition of 3.0% sodium chloride, pH 7.0 and
Production of Cathepsin B Inhibitor by Steptomyces luteogriseus KT-10
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 27, issue 6, 1999, Pages 458~465
Streptomyces luteogriseus KT-10 isolated from Korean farm soil produced a strong cathepsin B inhibitor. Optimal conditions for the cathepsin B inhibitor production by s. luteogriseus KT-10 were evaluated. The cathepsin B inhibitor was produced with maximal yield in the cultural condition of pH 7.0 and
for 4 days. Optimal medium for the cathepsin B inhibitor production was determined to be a medium containing 20g, peptone 3g, yeast extract 1g, K2HPO4 0.5g, MgSO4.7H2O 0.5g, NaNO3 0.5g, NaCl 0.5g per l. The cathepsin B inhibitor produced by S. luteogriseus KT-10 could also inhibit the other proteinases such as trypsin, papain, and cathepsin D.
Characteristics of Fungal Protease Produced by Mucor racemosus f. racemosus from Korean Traditional Meju
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 27, issue 6, 1999, Pages 466~470
Protease production and its characteristics were investigated with Mucor racemosus f. racemosus PDA 103 which was isolated from Korean traditional meju. Optimum culture conditions of the strain for the production of the protease in basic medium[bean(Baektae):H2O=1:1(w/v)] were as follows: pH 6, 3
and 72hrs. Optimum pH and temperature for the enzyme activity of the protease produced by Mucor racemosus f. racemosus were pH 5 and 5
, respectively. The enzyme was relatively stable a pH2.0~5.0 and at temperature below 4
. Phenylmethane-sulfonyl fluoride and Ag+ inhibited the enzyme activity. This indicates that the enzyme is serine protease. Km value was 0.9
10-4M and Vmax value was 5.93
/min. This enzyme hydrolyzed casein more rapidly than bovine albumin.
Purification and Properties of Inulase II from Arthrobacter ureafaciens KCTC 3387
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 27, issue 6, 1999, Pages 471~476
Inulin fructotransferase(depolymerizing)(EC 184.108.40.206)(inulaseII) which converts inulin into di-D-fructofuranose-1,2':2,3'-dianhydride (DFAIII) was purified from Arthrobacter ureafaciens KCTC 3387 using column chromatography on DEAE-Toyopearl 650M and gel filtration of Sephadex G-200. The enzyme was purified 7-fold with a yield of 11% from a culture supernatant. The purified enzyme gave a single band on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and the molecular weight of the enzyme was estimated to be 45,000 by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The optimum pH and temperature for the enzyme reaction were pH6.5~7.0 and
, respectively. The enzyme was stable within a pH range of 5.0 to 10.6 and up to
. The Km of this enzyme for DFAIII production was 11.9mM. The enzyme was inactivated by
and after exhaustive digestion of inulin by this enzyme, 1-kestose and nystose were produced in addition of DFAIII.
Production of Laccase by Trametes sp. CJ-105
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 27, issue 6, 1999, Pages 477~483
For Trametes sp. CJ-105, a kind of white-rot fungi which was collected from the mountain of Korea and was proven to be effective in decolorizing a wide range of structurally different synthetic dyes, the optimum conditions for mycelial growth and laccase(E.C. 220.127.116.11) production were investigated. Among various carbon sources, glucose showed the highest potential for the mycelial growth and laccase production, the optimum concentration being 2% glucose. For the nitrogen source, asparagine was good for the mycelial growth, while ammonium tartrate for laccase production(optimum concentration: 0.04%). The addition of thiamine and biotin increased both th emycelial growth and laccase production. When 2,5-xylidine was added as an inducer after the first day of culture, the production of alccase was seven-times higher than that in the absence of the inducer. The optimum pH and temperature conditions for laccase production by Trametes sp. CJ-105 were pH 5.0 and
, respectively. In the 5L fermentation, the production of laccase reached a maximum of 340U/ml at the time when the ammonium ion was being rapidly depleted.
Studies on the Response of Photobacterium phosphoreum to the Volatile Substances
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 27, issue 6, 1999, Pages 484~490
Various materials including sodium alginate, k-carrageenan, collagen and polyacrylamide were studied in order to maintain the stability of bioluminescence of Photobacterium for the monitoring of volatile toxic substances. Kinetic parameters of specific rate(
), and gamma(
) value were determined for the relationship between bioluminescence of immobilized P. phosphoreum and toxic substances. The bioluminescence intensity was found to be proportional to the concentration of toxic substances and the free cells were shown to be more sensitive than immobilized cells when volatile substances were exposed to the cells. Bioluminescence increased slightly after several minutes, which was due to the volatility of toxic compounds. Furthermore, P. phosphoreum immobilized on strontium alginate was better than cells immobilized on sodium alginate for the response to substances used.
Changes of Volatile Flavor Compounds of Seibel Grape Must during Alcohol Fermentation and Aging
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 27, issue 6, 1999, Pages 491~499
A great variety of the volatile metabolic by-products was formed in yeast cell during alcohol fermentation. The seibel grape (Vitis labrasca) which was grown in the Southern Korea used for wines. The objective of this research was to identify the volatile flavor compounds during alcohol fermentation and aging at 12
. saccharomyces cerevisiae and Schizosaccharomyces pombe were inoculated and fermented in seibel grape must. The volatile flavor compounds of logarithmic, stationary and death phases were extracted, concentrated and identified by gas chromatography/mass spectrometer (GC/MS). The volatile flavor compounds were determined by a Hewlett-Packard 5890 II Plus GC which was equipped with Supelcowax 10 fused silica capillary column (60m
film thickness) wall coated with polyethyleneglycerol. The scan detection method allowed the comparison of the spectrum from the chromatogram of volatile flavor compounds to those in data Wileynbs base library. Among the volatile compounds collected by ether-hexane extraction method, the evolution of 20 main compounds, such as 9 esters (ethyl butyrate, isoamyl acetate, ethyl caproate, n-hexyl acetate, ethl caprylate, ethyl caprate, diethy succinate, ethyl hexadecanoate, 2-pheneethyl acetate), 4 alcohols (3-methyl-1-butanol, 1-hexanol, 1-heptanol, benzoethanol), 4 ketones and acids (2-octanone, caproic acid, caprylic acid, capric acid), 2 furan and phenol (2,6-bis(1,1-dimethyl ethyl)phenol, 2,3-dihydrobenzofuran) were observed during alcohol fermentation and aging. The production of the esters during alcohol fermentation with S. cerevisiae was higher than those of Sch. pombe. The sensory scores of the aged wine samples in aroma, taste and overall acceptability were not significantly different(p<0.05).
Isolation and Characterization of White Rot Fungi for Decolorization of Several Synthetic Dyes
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 27, issue 6, 1999, Pages 500~508
Several white-rot fungi collected from the mountains of Korea were evaluated for their ability to decolorize azo, polymeric, and reactive dyes. Strains CJ-105, CJ-212 and CJ-315, identified as Trametes sp., Pleurotus sp. and Fomes sp., respectively, showed higher potential for decolorization of those dyes in either solid or liquid media. For Trametes sp. CJ-105, 100ppm of Remazol Brilliant blue R and 500ppm of Acid Red 264 were completely decolorized after 2 days under liquid culture. The dominating ligninolytic enzyme existing in the culture broth was laccase (E.C. 18.104.22.168). Also, Pleurotus sp. CJ-212 and Fomes sp. CJ-315 showed similar patterns in decolorization of Remazol Brilliant Blue R and Acid Red 264. The extent of decolorization of the dyes in liquid culture was found to be proportional to the activities of the ligninolytic of decolorization of the dyes in liquid culture was found to be proportional to the activities of the ligninolytic enzymes produced by each strain. In addition to that Trametes sp. CJ-105 was highly effective in degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and pentachlorophenol by the activity of the ligninolytic enzymes produced. In this study, we found that white-rot fungi, Trametes sp. CJ-105(KFCC 10941), Pleurotus sp. CJ-212(KFCC 10943) and Fomes sp. CJ-315(KFCC 10942), were effective in decolorizing a wide range of structurally different synthetic dyes, as well as some chemical compounds which are known to be hardly degradable.
Isolation of Macrophage-activating Bifidobacterium for the Manufacture of Fermented Rice Products
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 27, issue 6, 1999, Pages 509~514
Forty seven amylolytic Bifidobacterium strains were isolated on starch-containing agar medium from the faecal samples of the various age groups of Korean. From these amyloytic Bifidobacterium spp., two strains of KFRI 1535, identified temporarily as Bifidobacterium longum, and KFRI 1550, identified as Bifidobacterium breve, showed great macrophage-stimulating activity for the production of tumor necrosis factor-
and inteleukin-6. As the cell concentration increased the cytokine production increased, although in some strains the cytokine levels started to decline over cell concentration increased the cytokine production increased, although in some strains the cytokine levels started to decline over cell concentration of
/ml. the strains which showed high cytokine-stimulating activity generally showed greater production of nitric oxide even though differences were less between strains. Selected Bifidobacterium strains were compared for their fermentation capability in saccharified rice solution and in apple pomace mixture.
Genus Diversity of Actinomyceted Isolated Seasonally from Riverside Soils
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 27, issue 6, 1999, Pages 515~517
From the soils collected seasonally at the 0.5~2cm and 50
1cm depths of riverside, different strains of actinomycetes were isolated and identified to the genus. At the 0.5~2cm depth, Streptomyces and rare actinomycetes were in total 73 and 62 strains, respectively. Streptomyces was approximately 2-fold more in spring and autumn than summer, and rare actinomycetes was at least 4-fold more in autumn and winter than spring. At the 50
1cm depth, Streptomyces and rare actinomycetes were in total isolated 53 and 41 strains, and these were at least 2-fold more diverse in autumn than spring, summer, and winter.