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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 6 - Dec 2000
Volume 28, Issue 5 - Oct 2000
Volume 28, Issue 4 - Aug 2000
Volume 28, Issue 3 - Jun 2000
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Apr 2000
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
Selecting the target year
Characterization of a paraquat resistance of Ochrobactrum anthropi JW-2.
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 28, issue 1, 2000, Pages 1~7
The bacterial strain JW-2 which conferred resistance against paraquat (1,1'-dimethyl-4,4'-bipyridinium dichloride) was isolated from soil. The strain was identified as an Ochrobactrum anthropi based on its morphological, physiological, biological and fatty acid composition, and was designated as Ochrobactrum anthropi JW-2. We compard paraquat resistance of O. anthropi JW-2 with Escherichia coli J105. In the presence of 100mM paraquat, E. coli JM105 was not grown whereas the growth rate of O. anthropi was about 70% of control. We compared the sensitivity of O. anthropi JW-2 and E. coli J105 to redox-cycling compounds such as paraquat, plumbagin or menadione, which are known to exacebate wuperoxide generation. O. anthropi JW-2 did not show cross-resistance to plumbagin or menadione. superoxide dismutase activity was increased in paraqunt-treated E. coli JM105 while it was not increased in O.anthropi JW-2. These results suggest that the mechanism of paraquat resistance in O.anthropi JW-2 is probably due to selectively decreased permeability toward paraquat by membrane protein.
Probiotic Effect of Lactobacillus reutri BSA-131 on Piglets
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 28, issue 1, 2000, Pages 8~13
A study was carried out to determine the probiotic effect of Lactobacillus reuteri BSA-131 by investigating the growth performance and fecal microbial population of piglets. Five dietary treatment groups, the basal diet (control, BD), basal diet with antibiotics(BA), basal diet with 2
106/g of probiotics (BP6), 2
108/g of probiotics (BP8) and basal diet with antibiotics and 2
108/g probiot-ics(BAP8) were divised. Each dietary treatment group was consisted of 1 month of age piglets(male 13, female 12). Fecal micro-flora, body weights and feed consumption were measured at before, after and stop feeding of probiotics. The results showed that the CFU of fecal Enterobacteriaceae of piglets of the group BA, BP6, BP8 and BAP8, were reduced (P<0.05) compared to control BA. On the contrary, Lactobacillus counts were increased significan시 (P<0.001) in all groups fed probiotics dites, but not antibiotics. Body weight of probiotics treated piglets were improved 5% (p<0.001) in BP6 group than that of control group and antibiotic treated piglets BAP group was 27% (P<0.001) higher than BA group. The amount of feed consumption value of probiotics treated piglets showed 21-30% (P<0.001) lower intake than the control group, whereas antibiotic treated piglets BAP was 20% (P<0.001) higher than BA group. The results showed that body weights and feed to gain ratios were improves 19% when compared to control piglets for groups fed diets probiotic. It is very suggestive that productivity of probiotic piglets would be economical in pig farming.
Variation of fibrinolytic enzyme activity produced Bacillus subtilis by gene cloning
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 28, issue 1, 2000, Pages 14~20
The transformation of Bacillus subtilis K-54 and J-10 was carried out with constructed vectors containing structure and enhancer genes of aprN and prtR, to increase their fibrinolytic enzyme activity. Bands for the aprN and prtR genes were identified from B. subtilis J-10 by PCR that was carried out with the constructed primers for the genes. In addition, the gene fragments contained promoter site based on the results of analysing their nucleotide sequence. The two gene fragments, aprN and prtR, obtained by the PCR, were, then, inserted to vector such as T-vector and E.coli/Bacillus shuttle vector. The constructed vector were designated as pAPR2 (aprN), pENC2 (prtR) and pFLA1 (aprN and prtR), respectively. The constructed vector was used for transformation of the strains of B.subtilis J-10 and B. subtilis K-54 and the fribrinolytic activity of the transformed strains was investigated. The introduction of the vector, pAPR2 and the fibrinolytic activity of the transformed strains was investigated. The introduction of the vector, pAPR2 and pFLA1, resulted in the increase of fibrinolyitic enzyme activity in B. subtilis J-10 by 27.3% and 16%, respectively. However, the introduction of pENC2 to B. subtilis J-10 did not seem to induce increase of the enzyme activity. The strain of B.subtilis K-54 transformed with pENC2 showed an increased fibrinolytic activity by 5 folds compared with that of the original strain of B. subtilis K-54.
Analysis and cloning of the gene involved in activation of maltose metabolism in Serratia marcescens.
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 28, issue 1, 2000, Pages 21~25
We have got several clones from Serratia marcescens which stimulated the cells to use maltose as a carbon source in Escherichia. coli TP2139 ( lac, crp). One of the cloned genes, pCKB17, was further analyzed. In order to find whether the increased expression of the gent was under the direction of maltose metabolism, we constructed several recombinant subclones. We have found that the clone, pCKB17AV, codes maltose metabolism stimulation(mms) gene. E. coli transformed with the cloned gene showed increase in the activity of maltose utilzation, The recombinant proteins expressed by multicopy and induction with IPTG, one polypeptide of 29-kDa, was confirmed by SDS-PAGE. The overexpression of maltose-binding proter protein in the presence of mms gene was confirmed by Western blot analysis. Southern hybridization analysis confirmed that the cloned DNA fragment was originated from S. marcescens chromosomal DNA.
Effect of Pressure and Solvent Dielectric Constant on the Kinetic Constants of Trypsin-Catalyzed Reaction.
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 28, issue 1, 2000, Pages 26~32
Electrostatic forces contribute to the high degree of enzyme transition state complementarity in enzyme catalyzed reaction and such forces are modified by the solvent through its dielectric constant and polar properties. The contributions of electrostatic interaction to the formation of ES complex and the stabilization of transition state of the trypsin catalyzed reaction were probed by kinetic studied with high pressure and solvent dielectric constant. A good correlation has been observed between the increase of catalytic efficiency of trypsin and the decrease of solvent dielectric constant. Activation volume linearly decreased as the dielectric constant of solvent decreased, which means the increase in the reaction rae. Moreover, the decrease of activation volume by lowering the solvent dielectric constant implies a solvent penetration of the active with and a reduction of electrostatic energy for the formation of dipole of the active site oxyanion hole. When the 야electric constant of the solvents was lowered to 4.7 unit, the loss of activation energy and that of free energy of activation were 2.262 KJ/mol and 3.169 KJ/mol, respectively. The results of this study indicate that the high pressure kinetics combined with solvent effects can provide unique information on enzyme reaction mechanisms, and the controlling the solvent dielectric constant can stabilize the transition state of the trypsin-catalyzed reaction.
Production of Ascorbic acid-2-phosphate from Ascorbic acid by Pseudomonas sp..
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 28, issue 1, 2000, Pages 33~38
In order to produce ascorbic acid-2-phosphate from ascorbic acid, bacteria capable of transforming ascorbic acid to ascorbic acid-2-phosphate were isolated from soils and the stock cultures in our laboratory. Among them, a newly isolated bacterium LSH-3 having the best ability of producing ascorbic acid-2-phosphate was selected and partially identified as Pseudomonas sp. The optimum conditions for the production of ascorbic acid-2-phosphate from ascorbic acid and using its resting cells as the source os enzyme were investigated. The results were summarized as follows: The optimum cultivation time and the cell weight for the production of ascorbic acid-2-phosphate was 14 hours and 100g/I(wet weight), respectively. And 0.1%(v/v) Trition X-100 was the most effective surfactant. The optimum concentrations of ascorbic acid and pyrophosphate were 400mM and 500mM, respectively, which led to produce 14.54g/I of ascorbic acid-2-phosphate. The most effective buffer was 50mM sodium acetate. The optimum pH and temperature were 4.5 and
, respectively. Under the above conditions, 17.71 g/I of ascorbic acid-2-phosphate was produced from ascorbic acid after 32 hour-incubation, which corresponded to 17.5% of conversion rate based on ascorbic acid.
Nitrite depletion and Antimicrobial activity of lactic acid bacteria isolated from Kimchi.
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 28, issue 1, 2000, Pages 39~44
This study was carried out to develop a new starter culture for the fermented meat products. Nine strains of lactic acid bacteria isolated from kimchi inhibited the growth of Listeria monocytogenes. Among these nine strains, three strains showing antimicrobial activities against Escherichia coil, Staphylococcus aureus and Vibrio paraphaemolyticus were selected for further study. Growth of the strains was inhibited in MRS broth containing 5% of NaCl at
, but not at
. Nitrite depletion ratio of the strains was above 70% after 48h incubation at
, and above 90% after 48h at
in MRS broth containing
g/ml of nitrite, Nitrite concentration of cured meats and ground meats was depleted from 87.6% to 92.3% and from 45.5 to 640.6% by addition of the selected strains for 24h at
, respectively. Three strains were identified as Lactobacillus plantarum(N4) and Lactobacillus lactis ssp. lactis(N-7, an-8).
Respones of Photobacterium phosphoreum to toxic substances
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 28, issue 1, 2000, Pages 45~51
Photobacterium phosphoreum was used for the study of bioluminescence response to toxic substances including phenol, As2O3, SoO2, and CrO3 in view of developing monitoring system. measurement of inhibition of bioluminescence in P. phosphoreum has been proposed as a sensitive and raped procedure to monitor toxic substances. The concentration of toxic substance causing 50% light reduction(EC50) in bioluminescence intensity was determined with free and immobilized P. phosphoreum, The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) for bioluminescence emission were found to be 400ppm for As2O3, 800ppm for phenol, 60ppm for SeO2 and 60ppm for CrO3 , respectively. The linear correlation between Gamma value and the concentration of toxic substances was obtained and EC50 wa calculated from the linear correlation. The free cells were shown to be more sensitive to toxic substances than cells immobilized on Sr-alginate and Ca-alginate. However, the linear regression curves were derived from the Sr-alginate immobilized cells indicating the immobilization method in s useful tool for monitoring of toxic substances under the more stable condition of bioluminescence.
The effect of fibrinolytic enzyme produced from Bacillus subtilis K-54 on the thrombosis and stress in vivo.
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 28, issue 1, 2000, Pages 52~58
The effect of fivrinolytic enzyme produced from Bacillus subtilis K-54 on the thrombosis and stress in vivo was investigated. Each partially purified fibrinolytic enzyme of 4 protein casein unit was administered orally for 3 days before intravenously injection with collagen and epinephrine. In the mice group administered with the enzyme and increased life span of mice was observed in comparison with that of control. The result suggest that the enzyme may prevent the formation of thrombos in vivo. Administration of the enzyme did not influence to stress itself because 5-hydroxyindoleacetatic acid concentration of brain in the mice group with stress did not decreased after the administration of the enzyme. The value of lipid peroxide (LPO) of the liver and brain cells in the group treted with the enzyme was lower than that of control. However, protein degradation (PDP value showed no significant difference between treatment and control groups. In addition, the value of activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), protrombin time (PT0 and antiplasmin in blood were higher in the stress group than that of the enzyme treated group.
Extracellular enzyme activities of the lactic acid bacteria isolated from kimchi
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 28, issue 1, 2000, Pages 59~61
The various extracellular enzymes produced by lactic acid bacteria isolated from kimchi were assayed to improve the shelf-life of kimchi. Peroxidase was not detected in all tested lactic acid bacteria and small amount of ascorbic acid oxidase was detected in Pediococcus pentosaceus and Lactobacillus brevis. In case of
-amylase, 27.8 and 20.9 unit/mg were shown in Pediococcus acidilactici and Pediococcus pentosaceus, respectively but
-amylase and protease activities were very low. The enzyme related to textural property of kimchi, pectinesterase showed low activity but polygalacturonase activity was 0.28 unit/mg in Lactobacillus homohiochii and 0.27 unit/mg in Lactobacillus plantarum.