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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 6 - Dec 2000
Volume 28, Issue 5 - Oct 2000
Volume 28, Issue 4 - Aug 2000
Volume 28, Issue 3 - Jun 2000
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Apr 2000
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
Selecting the target year
Characteristics of Acid Tolerance of Adipic Acid-Resistant Mutant Strain, Leuconostoc mesenteroides
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 28, issue 2, 2000, Pages 63~70
To determine an increased acid tolerance of an adipic acid-resistant mutant Leuconostoc mesenteroides(ANaM100) developed for use as a Kimchi starter, proton permeability of cytoplasm, activities of H+-ATPase, Mg++ release and fatty acid composition of cytoplasmic membranes of strain ANaM100 were studied and compared with those of its wild type (LMw). The value of protons permeability of LMw after an acid shock at pH 5.0 was 5.4 min., while the value of ANaM100 cells was 8.4 min. at the same pH. The pH of maximal specific activ-ities of ATPase originated from the LMw and ANaM100 were 0.87 unit/mg protein at pH 6.0 and 0.92 unit/mg pro-tein at pH 5.5, respectively. The release of magnesium ion from ANaM100 was observed about 12.8% at pH 4 after 2 hours, while the wild strains of LMw released Mg++ about 27.6% under the same conditions. The content of C19:0,cyclo and C18:1 in a membrane fatty acid of ANaM100 was higher and lower, respectively than that of LMw. These results indicated that acid tolerance of adipic acid-resistant strain, ANaM100 was significantly improved in comparison with that of its wild type, LMw. In addition, the strain ANaM100 was adipic resistance based on the result of growth of the strain in comparison with that of strain LMw in a broth containing adipic acid.
Synthesis of Copolymeric PHA by Hydrogenophaga pseudoflava and Ralstonia eutropha H16 from Vari-ous Lactones and Their Microstructural Studies
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 28, issue 2, 2000, Pages 71~79
Two typess of copolyesters, poly(3-hydroxybutyric acid-co-4-hydroxy-butyric acid)[P(3HB-co-4HB] and poly(3-hydroxybutyric acid-co-3-hydroxyvaleric acid)[P(3HB-co-3HV)], with various monomer ratios and different degree of microstructural heterogeneity were synthesized from Ralstonia eutropha H16 and Hydrogenophaga pseudoflava by using
-valerolactone, respectively. The two bacteria showed a large difference in the utilization of
-butyrolactone for cell growth and PHA synthesis. H. pseudoflava synthesized P(3HB-co-4HB) copolyesters with a wide range of 4HB content from 13 to 96 mol% depending on culture conditions, whiel R. eutropha H16 was able to synthesize the copolyesters containing less than 20 mol% of 4HB. An increase in the 4HB content in the P(3HB-co-4HB) copolyesters synthesized by H. pseud-oflava induced an lowering of their melting temperatures as well as their enthalpies of fusion. The increase in the 4HB content, however, increased the rate of degradation by an extracellular P(3HB) depolymerase. NMR spectros-copy and differential scanning calorimetry showed that the P(3HB-co-4HB) copolyesters from H. pseudoflava were generally microstructurally heterogeneous. The P(3HB-co-4HB) copolyesters) synthesized by R. eutropha H16 were rather random copolymers showing less microstructural heterogeneity than those synthesized by H. pseudoflava. The NMR D value analysis suggested that the monomer distribution of the P(3HB-co-3HV) copolymers from the two bacteria were relatively random.
Protoplast Fusion of Saccharomyces and Kluyveromyces to Develop Thermotolerant Ethanol-Producing Yeast Strains
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 28, issue 2, 2000, Pages 80~86
To develop thermotolerant ethanol producing yeast strains, the protoplasts of Saccharomyces carlsbergensis having good fermentability at
and Kluyveromyces marxianus able to grow at
were fused. Under the optimal conditions for protoplast formation, the frequency of protoplast formation of S. carlsbergensis was 92 - 94% and that of K. marxianus was 98%. Fusion frequency between S. carlsbergensis and K. marxianus was
. Among the 27 fusants obtained, 6 fusants were able to grow at
. While the parental strains produced 3.2-3.4%(w/v) ethanol after 3 days from the fermentation medium containing glucose, fusants SK41-4 and SK53-22 produced 5.2%(w/v) ethanol in the same condition. The thermotolerance of SK53-22 was not high, but that of SK41-4 was quite high.
Anti-apoptotic Effects of Terrein on Etoposide-induced Apoptosis of U937 Human Leukemia Cells
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 28, issue 2, 2000, Pages 87~91
In the course of screening for the substances inhibiting apoptosis ofU937 human leukemia cell induced by etoposide, a fungal strain F80834 producing a high level of inhibitor was selected. The inhibitory substance was purified and identified as terrein by spectroscopic methods of UV, EI-MS, IH-NMR, 13C-NMR and DEPT. Terrein showed inhibitory activity of caspase 3, a major protease of apoptosis cascade, with an
after 7 hrs of treatment. It also showed protective effect against cell death with an
on U937 cells induced by etoposide after 24 hrs of treatment, but did not show any cytotoxicity at the same condition without etoposide.
Studies on Xanthine Oxidase Inhibitor Produced from Aspergillus sp. F184
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 28, issue 2, 2000, Pages 92~96
Aspergillus sp. F184 was isolated from soil for the development of new xanthine oxidase inhibitor. This xanthine oxidase inhibitor was sequentially purified by filtration, HP-20 adsorption column chromatography, ethyl acetate extraction, silica gel column chromatography and crystallization, and was named as YUX 104. YUX 104 was identified to be 5,6-epoxy-2-hydroxy-3-methyl-2-cyclohexene-1,4-dione(terreic acid) by NMR and mass spectroscopic sudies.
Screening of Biologically Active Essential Oils from Ligusticum tenuissimum
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 28, issue 2, 2000, Pages 97~104
Screening of Biologically Active Essential Oils from Ligusticum tenuissimum. Kim, Min-Hae, Young-Gil Kim, Jin-Ha Lee, Keo-Pyo Hong, Jung-Ki Hong, Young-Joon Kong, and Hyeon-Yong Lee*. Division of Food and Biotechnology, Kangwon National University, Chunchon 200-701, Korea, 1 Regional Crop Development Station, Kangwon Agricultural Research & Extension Services, Chunchon 200-150, Korea-The biological activities of the crude essential oils from Ligusticum tenuissimum and the control(phthalic anhydride) were compared. About 60% of the growth of MCF7, A549, and Rep3B cells were inhibited by adding 1.0 mg/ml of the crude essential oils and below 40% was observed by the control. Cytotoxicity on human normal lung cell(IMR90) was scored as 34.4% for the crude oil and 26.4% for control, respectively. It was found that the crude essential oils were more effective than the control in anti mutagenecity tested by both Rec-assay and CRG V79 cells. The growth of human T-cell(Jurkat) was enhanced up to 1.21 times by adding the crude essential oil compared with the control. 50% of a-glucosidase activity was inhibited by both the crude essential oil and the control. ACE activities were inhibited 80.1 % and 65.3% by adding 1.0 mg/ml of the crude oil and the control, respectively. The higher enhancement of glutathione-S-transferase activity was observed in the crude oil than those in the control: 301 % v.s 234% at 1.0 mg/ml of the treatment. Thrombolytic activity was measured as 42.9% and 28.6% for the crude oil and the standard, respectively. The effect of the oil on the nerve cells PCI2, was observed as follows: the neurite of PCl2 cells was lengthened up to 255 /-lm longer than 205 /-lm of control. The number of neurite-bearing cells were about two times higher than control. The survival ratio of the crude essential oil was also increased up to 56.4% which was about two fold higher than in control.
Studies on Cultural Characteristics for High Density Fermentation of Phellinus linteus WI-001
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 28, issue 2, 2000, Pages 105~110
Various environmental factors such as pH, temperature and initial glucose concentration were investigated for enhancing cell growth in fermentations of Phellinus linteus WI-OOl, a producer of polysaccarides with potent anticancer activities. Optimal pH and temperature were around 5.5 and
, respectively. Relatively little variation of pH was observed ranging between 5.5 and 6.5 during the whole fermentation period. Maximum cell concentration and specific growth rate were investigated in the media containing initial glucose concentrations of 0.5%, 1 %, 2%, 3% and 4%. High initial glucose concentration enhanced biomass production but showed negative effect on specific growth rate. In bioreactor experiments with various feeding strategies, increases of 28% and 42% in final cell concentration were obtaind as compared to conventional batch process, by adopting pulse and continuous supplement of 2% glucose solution, respectively.
Production of Water-Solubled Pigment from Mycelial Culture of Cordyceps scarabaeicola KEFC-C252 and Its Antimutagenic Effect
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 28, issue 2, 2000, Pages 111~116
Cultural conditions for the production of water-soluble pigment from mycelial culture of Cordyceps scarabaeicola KEFC-C252 and antimutagenic activity of the pigment were investigated. To obtain the maximum productivity of the pigment from mycelial culture of C. scarabaeicola KEFC-C252, the optimized medium was made with 1.5% sucrose, 2.5% yeast extract and initial pH 5.5. C. scarabaeicola KEFC-C252 was cultivated to reach the maximum concentration of the pigment at
for 108 hrs. C. scarabaeicola KEFC-C252 produced about 1.2 g/liter pigment under the optimized condition. The pigment was isolated from the culture filtrate by ethylacetate extraction, acidic precipitation and crystallization. The isolated pigment was scarlet hexagonal column crystal, and the color of the pigment was changed according to pH of the solution. The pigment showed violet in the alkaline water but showed red color in the acidic water. The pigment showed inhibitory activity against mutagenic activity induced by 4-nitroquinoline N-oxide. Furthermore, the pigment showed inhibitory activity against spontaneous mutation on Salmonella typhimurium TA98 and TAlOO.
Studies on the Maintenance of Bioluminescence from Stored Photobacterium phosphoreum
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 28, issue 2, 2000, Pages 117~123
The object of this work is to improve the maintenance of bioluminescence from stored Photobacterium phosphoreum in a view of developing continuous monitoring system for pollutants. The long-term experiments were performed to determine the effect of storage temperature and immobilization on the maintenance of bioluminescence and viability of P. phosphoreum. A naturally luminescent bacterium, P. phosphoreum was starved in 2.5% Nael solution at
for 30 days. In vivo luminescence was measured by luminometry, and total cell concentrations and concentrations of culturable and viable cells were determined by acridine orange staining, dilution plate counting, and direct viable counting, respectively. The bioluminescence emission from cells stored at 4De was maintained up to 10 days while those with starved cells at other temperature ranges decreased to background level within 3 days. In terms of viability of cells, concentrations of cells stored at
were rapidly decreased as a result of cell lysis, leading to a drop in culturable and viable counts while cells stored at
was shown viable but nonculturable state during starvation. With immobilized cells on strontium alginate, the bioluminescence showed higher maintenance than free cells and decreased with count number of nonculturable cells.
Microbiological Identification of Medical Probiotic Bisspan Strain
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 28, issue 2, 2000, Pages 124~127
Beneficial bacteria, which have been used for medical purpose and for medicines for treating intestinal disorders, include strains of Bifidobacterium sp., Lactobacillus sp., Enterococcus sp., Clostridium butyricum, Lactobacillus sporogenes, Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus polyfermenticus and the like. Bacillus polyfermenticuss SCD with is commonly called as Bispan strain has been appropriately used for the treatment of long-term intestinal disorders, since the live strains in the form of active endospores can successfully reach the target intestine. In this study, the identification and characterization of Bispan strain was done using SEM observation, API 50CHB kits, isoprenoid quinone analysis, and fatty acid analysis. These results suggest that Bispan strain is very similar to Bacillus subtilis.