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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 6 - Dec 2000
Volume 28, Issue 5 - Oct 2000
Volume 28, Issue 4 - Aug 2000
Volume 28, Issue 3 - Jun 2000
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Apr 2000
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
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Genus Diversity of Soil Actinomycetes Isolated from Natural Lime Cave.
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 28, issue 3, 2000, Pages 129~133
Different actinomycete strains were isolated from natural lime caves of Ondal Chemongok Hwanseon and Yongyeon which are located at Kangwon or chungcheongbook province in Korea and were identified to the genus level. Soil sam-ples were collected at 6 sites inside and 2 sites outside of each natural lime cave, As the result the strains belonging to genus Streptomyces and rare actinomycetes were isolated at the average of 2.1 and 3.4 strains per g soil on inside cave whereas which were isolated at the 6.0 and 1.8 strains per g soil on outside cave. How-ever the generic distribution of Streptomyces and rare actinomycetes isolated from outside cave was quite dif-ferent from that of inside cave. It was shown that rare actinomycetes at natural lime caves is generally highly abundant than Streptomyces.
Isolation and Identification of Cellulose-Producing Bacteria
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 28, issue 3, 2000, Pages 134~138
Extensive screening for cellulose-producing bacteria was done using differential media. Fifty seven strains were isolated totally from the fruits and the vinegar, respectively; the isolate A9 strain from apples was selected and examined to determine its taxonomical characteristics. The bacterium was identified as the genus Acetobacter sp_ based on morphological, cultural and biochemical properties. A9 strain produced acetic acid from ethanol and decomposed acetic acid to
. They produced dihydroxyacetone from glycerol but did not produce y-pyrone from glucose and fructose. When A9 strain was cultivated statically in Hestrin and Schramm liquid medium(HS medium). thick cellulose pellicle was formed_ Higher cellulose production was obtained in the shaken culture using HS medium at 100 rpm.
Isolation and Identification of Acebacter xylinum GS11 Producing Cellulose
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 28, issue 3, 2000, Pages 139~146
Nucleotide Sequence of the Putative Gene Encoding 30S Ribosomal Protein S1 from Brevibacterium ammoniagenes
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 28, issue 3, 2000, Pages 147~151
School of Food Biotechnology, W0050ng University, San 7-6, Jayang~dong. Dong-ku1 Taejon 300-100, Korea - The nucleotide sequence of approximately 2.4 kb immediately adjacent to ptsG gene coding for the glucose permease of Brevibacterium ammoniagenes was detennined. A putative open reading frame (ORP) of 1.467 nucleotides encoding a polypeptide of 489 amino acid residues and a TAA stop codon was identified. The deduced amino acid sequence of the ORF product has a high homology with the 30S ribosomal protein S 1 of Mycohacteriwn tuberculosis (83 % ). M leprae (74%), Streptomyces coelicola (77%), and Escherichia coli (40%). suggesting that the predicted product of ORF is a ribosomal protein S 1. The ORF is located at a distance of 266 nucleotides upstream from ptsC gene with a same translational direction.
Cultural Conditions for the Improvement in Gibberellic Acid Productivity by a Mutant of Gibberella fujikuroi ATCC 12616-Gibberella fujikuroi G-36
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 28, issue 3, 2000, Pages 152~155
Cultural Conditions for the Improvement in Gibberellic Acid Productivity by a Mutant of Gibberellafujikuroi ATCC 12616-Gibberella fujikuroi G-36 . Dh, Young-Jun. Department of Food and Biotechnolog}'r Dongshm Umversity, Naju 520-714, Korea - A mutant Gibberella jujih/roi G- 36 was selected by metagenesis of G/bberella fitjikuroi ATCC 12616 with mutagens such as N-methy1-N'~nitro~N"nitrosoguanidine and hydroxylamine for improving productivity of gibberellic acid. The mutant strain produced gibberellic acid (70 mg/l) more than that of wilde type. A fermentation medium containing glucose,
and trace elements was deve]oped for the maximal production of a gibberellic acid by the mutanL The Guctuating cultural temperature that was vaded from 300e to 20DC resulted in higher GA yield than that of fixed cu1tura] temperature at
Screening and Identification of an Inulinase Producing Microorganism and Optimal Condition for the Enzyme Production
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 28, issue 3, 2000, Pages 156~160
In an attempt to develop an unique enzyme (inulinase) for fructan utilization. bacterial strains were isolated [yom soil. Stram 96-11 secreting inulinase o[ high activity was tentatively identificated as Arthrobacter protophmmiae/ranwsus. The optimum culture conditions o[the slnin for the production of the inulinase were as follow: inorganic saIl basal medium contained sources fl % (w/v) inulin, 1 % (w/v) tryptone, and 1 % (w/v)
, initial pH 7.5. aeration 1 vvm and agitation 200 rpm.
Antifumgal Activity and Identification of an Actinomycetes Strain Isolated from Mummified Peaches
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 28, issue 3, 2000, Pages 161~166
Antifungal Activity and Identification of an Actinomycetes Strain Isolated from Mummified Peaches. Lirn, Tae Heon*, Jung Mok Lee, Tae Hyun Chang, and Byeongjin Chal. *Research Institute of Plant Nutrient, Oaeyu Co, Inc. Kyongsan 712-820, Korea, 1 Department of Agricultural Bi%g'f Chungbul< NatJ"onal Univershy, Cheongju 367-763, Korea - An actinomycetes strain which produced chitinase, urease, and antifungal substances to MoniliniaJhtcticola was isolated from peaches mununified by Moniliniafructicola. The strain TH-04 was identified as Streptomyces sp. based on cultural and lTIOIphological characteristics, cell wall diaminopimelic acid, and sugar patterns ofwhole~cell extracts. Streptomyces sp. TH~04 showed antifungal activity to several fungi including Moniliniafructicola, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, Magnaponhe grisea, Rhizoctonia solani, Phytophthora capsici, Altemaria kikuchiana, Fusarium solani, and Fusarium O),ysporum. The optimum cultural conditions for the production of antifungal substances were
pH 7, and 7 days.
Analysis of Producing of Thermostable Alkaline Protease using Thermoactinomyces sp. E79
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 28, issue 3, 2000, Pages 167~171
Analysis of Production of Thermostable Alkaline Protease using Thermoactinomyces sp. E79. Jung, Sang Won, Sung-Sik Park, Yong-Cheol Park" Tae Kwang Oh2, and Jin-Ho Seo*, Department of Food Science and Technology, Seoul National University, Suwon 441-744, Korea, 1lnterdisciplinary program [or Biochemical Engineering & Biotechnology, Seoul National Univer5it}~ Seoul 151 "7421 Koreal 2Microbial Enzyme RU, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience & Biotechnology, Po. Box 1151 Yusong, Taejon 305"6001 Korea - This research was undertaken to analyze fermentation properties of Thermoactinomyces sp. E79 for production of a thermostable alkaline protease, which is able to specifically hydrolyze defatted soybean meal (DSM) to amino acids. TIle optimum pH for cell growth and protease production was pH 6.7, Thermoactinomyces sp. E79 did not grow at pHlO Among carbon sources tested, soluble starch was the best for protease production, while glucose repressed protease production. Tryptone was found to be the best nitrogen source for cell growth and soytone was good tor protease production. Oxygen transfer rate played an important role in producing thermostable alkaline protease. Ma'<..imum values of 6.58 glL of dry cell weight and 43.0 UJmL of protease activity were obtained in a batch fermentation using a 2.5 L jar fermentor at 1.93 X 102 hr-l of volumetric oxygen transfer coeff'jcient (kLa). Addition of 200 mgIL humic acid to the growth medium resulted in 1.64 times higher protease activity and 1.77 times higher cell growth than the case without humic acid addition.
Ethanol Production an Immobilized Themotolerant Mutant of Brettanomyces custersii H1-39 from Wood Hydrolyzate Media
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 28, issue 3, 2000, Pages 172~179
Bretlanomyces C!tstersii Hl-39 mutant was immobilized with various caniers. Immobilized mutant Hl-39 produced more ethanol and showed higher productivity and cell concentration than those of free 81-39 in 3.4% hydrolyzate of wood-chips at different temperatures (
, ethanol concentration produced by mutant H1-39 immobilized in Ca-alginate and ARG(l % Ca-alginate, 1.67% bentonite, 0.33% glutaraldehyde) bead were higher than those produced by the other earners (ACG ; 1 % CaHalginate. ] .67% celite R-634 , 0.33% glutaraldehyde, ABP ; 1 % Ca-alginate. 1.67% bentonite, 0.33% pectin. ACP: 1 % Ca-alginate, ] .67% celiLe R-634, 0.33% pecLin). The highest value of productivity(l.23 ) was obtained by using ABG beads. At
, ethanol conccntration and productivity obtained by ABC beads ,>,"ere 15.2 glL and 0.84 gl L.h, respectively, which showed the highest value compared to other carriers. Particularly, productivity of ilmnobilized ceIl was increased up to 90% as compared to that offree cell. On the other hand, ABP(l % Ca-alginate+L67% bentonile+O.33% pectin) beads gave the best resulLs at
for production of ethanol and productivity, which were 13.8 g!l and 0.77 g/l h, respectively.ively.
Influence of Dispersed and Anaerobic Bacteria in Aerobic Paper-making Wastewater Treatment
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 28, issue 3, 2000, Pages 180~184
Tn order to be helpful to control dispersed microorganisms for stabLlization of wastewater treatment in a paper-makillg process, dominant strains were isolated aerobically and anaerobically. and identified and physiological characteristics were also analyzed. Pseudomonas carboxydohydrogena, Cardiobacten'm hominis, lvIicrococcus lylae, XanfomonCls campestris p" juglandis, Micrococcus diversus, and Comamonas terrigencl as aerobic dominants, and Streptococcus bovis and Prevotella buccae as anaerobIc dominants were identified fi'om the supernatent of the primary settling tank. It seemed that microflora in the treatment process would consist of many kinds of microorganisms, whose dominant would change easily according to environmental conditions, They all grew well at
and at different initial medium pH's. Especially, some of them required sulfate ion for their growth, which came from a chemical coagulant of aluminium sulfate in the primary settling tank. Interestingly. many anaerobes grew well even in the aerobic wastewater treatment process and seemed to have some functions. Population of anaerobes increased three times in the supematant of primary settling tank and ten times in Lhe bottom sludge of primary settling tank than in the prime wastewater. Therefore, these anaerobes contributed to the producH tion of offensive gases, which would make some microorganisms not precLpitate and be buoyant.
Analysis of Amino Acid Using Isocratic HPLC Pump
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 28, issue 3, 2000, Pages 185~187
Instead of using binary HPLC pump which is usually used for the generation of solvent gradient for the analysis of amino acid an isocratic HPLC pump and conventional gra-dient maker were demonstrated to perform such analysis withmuch lower expenses and similar efficiency.