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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Dec 2001
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Sep 2001
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Jun 2001
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Mar 2001
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Isolation and Growth Characteristics of Alkalophilic Bacillus sp. for Removal of Anthraquinone Dye.
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 29, issue 2, 2001, Pages 67~71
Isolation and Growth Characteristics of AIkalophilic Bacillus sp. for Removal of Anthraquinone Dye. Kim, Jeong-Mog. School of Environmental Information, Taekyeung College, Kyungsan, 712-850, Korea -Alkalophilic strain degrading and decolorizing anthraquinone dye, Remazol brilliant blue R was isolated from natural system and named as Bacillus sp. ARB!. The optimal temperature and pH of Bacillus sp. ARBI were 35°C and 9.0, respectively. The pH of culture media during the fermentation were changed from 10 and 10.5 of initial values to 9.3 and 9.4 after 40 hrs, respectively. Decolorization efficiency in aerobic shaking culture of Bacillus sp. ARBI was markedly higher than that in standing culture. At the optimal culture condition, decolorization efficiency by the Bacillus sp. ARBl was 93% after 32 hrs batch culture. In the case of batch culture using real dye processing wastewater, dye decolorization efficiency of Bacillus sp. ARBl was 78% after 40 hrs.
Expression of \beta-agarase Gene and Carabolite Repression in Escherichia coli by the Promoter of Alginate Lyase Gene Isolated from Marine Pseudomonas sp.
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 29, issue 2, 2001, Pages 72~77
Expression of f3 ~agarase Gene and Catabolite Repression in Escherichia coli by the Promoter of Alginate Lyase Gene Isolated from Marine Pseudomonas sp. Jin, Cheal~Ho, J~Hyeon Park, Jeong-Hyun Han, YoonM Hyeok Chae, Jong~Hee Lee, Jung-Kee Lee!, and In-800 Kong*. Faculty of Food Science and Biotechnology, Pukyong National UniversitYt Pusan 608-737, Korea, llnBioNet Co. 1690-3 Taejon 306-230, Korea - Promoter is a key factor for expression of the recombinant protein. There are many promoters for overexpression of protein in various organisms. The aly promoter of Pseudomonas sp. W7 isolated from marine environment was known to be a constitutive expression promoter of the alginate lyase gene, and it's promoter activity is repressed by glucose in Escherichia coli. To investigate the catabolite repression of the aly promoter ~md association between the promoter mutants, f3 agarase gene, which was also cloned from Pseudomonas sp. W7 was connected to the aly promoter with the sequence the coding 46 N-terminal amino acids ofthe alginate lyase gene. The constructed plasmid was introduced into E. coli and the agarase activity was measured. Fourty six amino acids of the alginate lyase gene was serially deleted using peR to the direction of 5' upstream region and subcloned. The agarase was overexpressed by the aly promoter and the production of agarase was repressed by the addition of glucose into culture media. Fourty six amino acids of alginate lyase did not affect the production of agarase at all. The deletion of a putative stem-loop structure in the aly promoter induced the decrease of f3 -agarase productivity
Isolation of Enterobacter Cloacae Producing Phytase and Medium Optimization of Its Production
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 29, issue 2, 2001, Pages 78~83
Phytase (myo-inositol hexakisphosphate phosphohydrolase: EC 126.96.36.199) hydrolyzes phytic acid (myo-inositol hexakisphosphate) to myo-inositol and monophosphates. In order to obtain phytase producing bacteria, many samples were collected from various soils. Among thirty-five phytase-producing strains, YH100 showed the highest phytase activity. In order to identify the selected YHlOO strain, the morphological and physiological characteristics were examined according to the method of Bergey's manual by 168 rRNA sequence, cellular fatty acids profile, O+C contents and physiological test using API 20E kit. The strain YH100 identified to be a genus of Enterobacter cloacae and was named as Enterobacter cloacae YHlOO. Optimum medium for the phytase production by the Entemhacter c!o([we YHlOO was composed of 2.0%(w/v) glucose, 1.0%(w/v) peptone, 1.0%(w/v) beef extract, 0.1 %(w/v) KCI. and 0.1 %( w/v) sodium phytate.
Isolation and Characterization of Cathepsin B inhilbitor Produced by Streptomyces luteogriseus KT-10
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 29, issue 2, 2001, Pages 84~89
Isolation and Characterization of Cathepsin B inhibitor Produced by Streptomyces luteogriseus KT-IO. Han, Kil~Hwan and Sang~Dal Kim*. Department of Applied Microbiology, Yeungnam Universit}/t Kyongsan 712749, Korea - The cathepsin B inhibitor produced by Streptomyces luteogriseus KT-IO was very stable in heat, acidic and alkaline conditions. The cathepsin B inhibitor was isolated from the extracted fraction of culture broth with butanol, methanol and chloroform subsequently, the inhibitor was purified with following several column chromatography sLlch as DEAE-Sephadex A-25, Sephadex G-15, silica gel 60, Sephadex LH-20, and preparative HPLC. The cathepsin B inhibitor showed positively to detective reaction of ninhydrine, 5% H2S04, iodine, but negatively to the reaction of Ehrlich's reagent, DNS, aniline. The molecular formular of cathepsin B inhibitor was elucidated by JR, lH and 13C-NMR, FAB mass and elemental analyzer. Consequently, it was identified as C4HlI04N6. The cathepsin B inhibitor had the mode of competitive inhibition with the reaction of cathepsin B.
Kinetic Analysis of Cathepsin B Inhibitor Using a Spectrophotometric Assay
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 29, issue 2, 2001, Pages 90~95
Kinetic Analysis of Cathepsin B Inhibitor Using a Spectrophotometric Assay. Han, Kil-Hwan and SangDal Kim*. Department of Applied MicrobioJ0f5Yt Yeungnam UniversitYt Kyongsan 77 2-749, Korea - The KHS 10, C4Hl10~6 formula produced from Streptomyces luteogriseus KT-] 0 effectively inhibited a lysosomal cysteine proteinase, cathepsin B. It inhibited the enzyme activity of cathepsin B competitively when the N a-CBZ-Llysine p-nitrophenyl ester HC] (CLN) was used as a substrate. The inhibition const:mt (Ki) of KHS 1 0 for cathepsin B detennined by spectrophotometeric assay was 430 nM. The effective inhibition of cathepsin B was observed at
:md pH 6.0. The cathepsin B inhibitor, KHSlO needed a preincubation of cathepsin B with the inhibitor for over 5 min. The KHS 10 preserved over 80% inhibition activity even after heat-treatment at
for ] hr.
Selection of mutant Phaffia rhodozyma and Determination of Optimum Culture Conditions for Astaxanthin Production
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 29, issue 2, 2001, Pages 96~103
Phaffia rhodozyma is the most promising microbial source of astaxanthin production, though wild-type strains are needed to increase the astaxanthin content for commercial production. To increase astaxanthin content for commercial production, a mutant strain of P. rhodozyma was selected and culture conditions of the mutant selected were optimized. P. rhodozyma was treated with mutagenic agent such as NTG, acriflavine, and UV in serial order and carotenoids hyper-producing mutant strain was selected based on the capabilities of cell growth on the agar plate containing chemical inhibitors and carotenoids production. Among the mutants tested, a mutant WS-2 was finally selected. Mutant WS-2 produced 1.26mg carotenoids/g-dry cell weight and this value was about- 4-folds higher than that of wild-type. The optimum culture conditions were
of temperature, 1.5vvm of aeration and 300rpm of agitation. In the optimized condition, cell and carotenoids concentrations were 7.62g/l and 14.9mg/l, respectively.
Growth Optimization of Photorhabdus luminescens Isolated from Entomopathogenic Nematode Heterorhabditis bacteriophora
Yoo, Sun Kyun ; Randy Gaugler ; Christopher W. Brey ;
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 29, issue 2, 2001, Pages 104~109
The yield of infective juveniles of Heterorhabditis bacteriophora (Tf strain) in vitro monoxenic liquid culture was improved significantly as the amount of symbiont biomass, Photorhabdus sp. strain Tf, increased. To investigate the influence of abiotic factors on the growth and biomass production of Photorhabdus sp. strain Tf, triplicate flask cu1tmes were performed. The optinal temperature and medium pH for the growth of Photorhahdus sp. strain Tf were 30
C and between pH 5.5-7.3, respectively. Aeration also improved greatly growth and yield of biomass of Photorhabdus sp. strain Tf. Photorhabdus sp. strain Tf in batch fermentation showed growth-associated pattem in terms of pigment production, and the pH of culture medium rose steadily until growth stopped dUling the fermentation. Both pigment production and culture pH rise would be useful parameters indicating a reliable growth of Photorhabdus sp. strain Tf.
Isolation of Bacillus sp. Producing Multi-enzyme and Optimization of Medium Conditions for Its Production Using Feedstuffs for Probiotics
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 29, issue 2, 2001, Pages 110~114
Isolation of BacilLus sp. producing multi-enzyme and optimization of medium conditions for its production using feedstuffs for probiotics were carried out in this study. A bacterium isolated from natural resources, namely Bacillus subtilis 4-3, has multi-enzyme activity (phytase. cellulase, xylanasc, protease, and amylase. In the culture of B. subtilis 4-3 using soybean meal and rice bran. relatively low phytate degradation was noted using whereas high phytate degradability was observed with wheat bran (80.63%). The optimal composition of medium using feedstuffs was 1.0% (w/v) soybean meal and 2% (w/v) molasses to yield high cell growth.
Biological Treatment of Wastewater Containing Chlorinated Phenols by a Mixed Culture
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 29, issue 2, 2001, Pages 115~121
Biological Treatment of Wastewater Containing Chlorinated Phenols by a Mixed Culture. Lee, Wan-Seok1, Sang-Wook Jung, Chan-Sun Park, Byung-Dae Yoon, Jang-Eok Kim\ and Hee-Mock Oh*. Environmental Bioresources Laboratory, Korea Research Institute of Biosicence and Biotechnology, Taejon, Korea, 1 Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Kyungpool< National University, Taegu, Korea - The biodegradation of chlorinated phenols in an artificial wastewater was investigated using a mixed culture. The mixed culture was composed of 8 microorganisms isolated from the soil contaminated with various chlorinated phenols. Pseudomonas sp. BM as a main constituent of a mixed culture was Gram-negative, catalase- and oxidase-positive, and rod-shaped, and did not grow at 41°C. It degraded 99% of initial 500 mg!1 of pentachlorophenol (PCP) in the minimal salts medium as a sole source of carbon and energy within 3 days. The degradation efficiency of Pseu.domon.as sp. BM was not affected by the other organic carbon and nitrogen compounds. Pseudomonas sp. BM was able to grow in a broad range of pH 5 - 8, and degrade 2,000 mg/1 PCP. In the experiment with an artificial wastewater containing chlorinated phenols, the degradation efficiency of the mixed culture was the range of 73% (2,4-dichlorophenol) -96% (2-chlorophenol) during an incubation of 7 days. In a continuous culture experiment, the degradation efficiency of mixed culture plus activated sludge was about 2 times higher than that of the control containing only activated sludge. These results indicate that it is possible to apply the mixed culture to other wastewaters containing chlorinated phenols. Key words: Biodegradation, chlorinated phenols, pentachlorophenol, Pseudomonas sp. BM
Degradation of Phthalic Acid Isomers by Terephthalic Acid Degrading Bacteria Isolated from Kyonggi Area
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 29, issue 2, 2001, Pages 122~126
Eleven bacterial strains which were able to utilize terephthalic acid as a carbon and an energy source for growth were isolated from the soil of 7 water quality evaluation points in Kyonggi area of Korea. According to the report from the authorities, biochemical oxygen demands of the water at 4 points were reported over 20 ppm but those of 3 points were repOlted less than 2 ppm in 1997. Optimum temperatures of growth and terephthalic acid degrading activity of some isolates were not identical but optimum growth temperature was 30
C. Most of the isolates utilized one or two of the phthalate isomers as a carbon source for growth and the isolates from the 4 contaminated points showed higher terephthalic acid degrading activity than those from the 3 clean points.