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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Dec 2001
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Sep 2001
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Jun 2001
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Mar 2001
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Antimicrobial Activity of Culture Filtrates from Pseudomonas aeruginosa KLP-2 Isolated from Cooling Tower-Water against Legionella pneumophila
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 29, issue 3, 2001, Pages 127~133
Pseudomonas aeruginosa KLP-2 possessing antimicro- bial activity against Legionella pneumophila was isolated from cooling tower-waters. The culture filtrates of P. aeruginosa KLP-2 showed antimicrobial activity against L. pneumophila Vibro cholerae non-Ol. Bacillus cereus, Bacillus subtilis and staphylococcus aureus. The culture filtrates of P. aeruginosa KLP-2 showed the highest anti-microbial activity against. L pneumophila among micoorganisms tested in this study. The optimal conditions of temperature, pH carbon source and nitogen source to obtain maximal antimicrobial activity from culture filtrates of P. aeruginosa KLP-2 were determined to be 35
pH 7.0 % of glycerol and 0.6% of proteose peptone respec- tively. The antimicrobial activity of culture filtrates from P. seruginosa KLP-2 was highest against L. pneumophila when cultivated with shaking for 24 h and without shaking for 4 day at 35
Isolation of Keratinolytic Protease Producing Microorganism and Its Cultivation Condition
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 29, issue 3, 2001, Pages 134~141
A bacterial strain KP-364 producing extracellular keratinolytic protease was isolated from the soil of the poultry fac-tory. It was identified as Pseudomonas sp. based on its morphological and physiological characteristics, The optimal culture conditions for the production of keratinolytic protease by Pseudomonas sp. KP-364 were investigated. The composition of optimal medium for the keratinolytic protease was 2.0% glucose, 0.5% soybean meal. 0.5%
and 0.2% KCI Optimal initial pH for production of Keratinolytic protease production were 6.5 and
respec- tively. The keratinolytic protease production reached a maximum of 1,270 U/ml/hr after 48 hours cultivation under the optimal culture conditions.
Chitinase of Multifunctional Antagonistic Bacterium Bacillus amyloliquefaciens 7079 against Phy-tophathogenic fungi
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 29, issue 3, 2001, Pages 142~148
An indigenous antagonistic bacterium Bacillus sp. 7079 was isolated from a local soil sampled at Kyongju area in Korea . The strain has strong antagonistic ability which was originated from multifunctional mechanisms of chitinase and antibiotic and is a powerful antagonistic biocontrol agent against red-pepper rotting fungus Phytophthora capsici and Wilt fungus Fusarium oxysporum. The chitinase might degrade the cell wasll for Fusarium species. The selected Bacilus sp. 7079 was identified as a Bacillus amyloliquefaciens 7079. The maximal production of the chitinase from B, amyloliquefaciens 7079 were obtained in chitin-yeast extract medium containing 0.7%,
, 0.1% (
, 0.05% sodium cirate, 0.01%
O, 0.1% yeast extract and 0.1% colloidal chitin after cultivation of 3 days at pH 7.0 and
. The best carbon and nitrogen sources for the production of the chitinase from B amyloliquefaciens 7079 were determined to be 0.1% colloi- dal chitin and 0.15% proteose peptone NO 3 respectively, The antagonistic activity of B amyloliquefaciens 7079 was confirmed using P. capsici by in vivo pot test with red-pepper plant.
Chemical Structures of Compounds Isolated from Mushroom Suillus granulatus
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 29, issue 3, 2001, Pages 149~154
We have investigated the secondary metabolites from the mushroom Suillus granulatus. The methanolic extract of fruit body was separated by silica gel and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatographies. TLC and HPLC were also used for the further purification on compounds from the extracts, Nine compounds were finally isolated and their structures were assigned as 4-hydroxyphenylacetic acid 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid methyl ester 5'-deoxy-5'methylthioadenosine. indole-3- carboxlic acid methyl ester indole 3-carboxaldehyde 1,3,5-trihydroxy 7-methylanthraquinone nicotinamide and 3-geranylgeranyl-4-hydroxybenzoic acid on the basis of NMR studies.
Purification and Partial Amino Acid Sequence of a Bacteriocin Produced by Lactococcus, sp. HY449
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 29, issue 3, 2001, Pages 155~161
A bactriocin produced by Lactrococcus sp. HY449 was purified by sequential purfication steps such as n-propanol-acetone precipitation ion -exchange chromatography using CM-Sequential CL6B. gel filtration chromatography using Sephacry HR100 and reverse-phase chromatography using pro RPC HR 5/10. Reverse-phase chromatography the final step of the purfication yielded a single symmetrical peak of bacteriocin activity The purification resulted in final yield of 3.25% and 413.35 fold increase of the specific activity of bacteriocin. The active fraction from reverse-phase chromatography was used for N-terminal amino acid analysis . The purified bacteriocin contained isoleucine, leucine, methionine, and glycine at but N-terminal end no aromatic amino acids. Calculation of the number of amino acid residues in the bacteriocin revealed that it is consisted of 32 residues assuming the molecular weight of bacteriocin to be about 3.6kDa. Edman degrandation elucidated amino acid residues of the first four of the N-terminus to be
Lactic Acid Fermentation of Chestnut Broth
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 29, issue 3, 2001, Pages 162~168
For lactic acid fermentation of chestnut broth,10 strains of bacteria were isolated from human feces and commercial yogurt,6 of which were identified to be Bifidobacterium and the rest isolated from Acidities of the chestnut broths fermented by these strains were lower than yogurt, but more than two times higher than yogurts made from seeds or vegetables including soy milk. To stimulate acidity of the fermented broths, addition of yeast extract and tryptone peptone were the most effective at the concentration of 0.2 and 0.4%, respectively, while glucose addition above 0.5% up to 8% did not increased the acid production except a few strains of Lactoba- Cillus. Among the tested fruits and vegetables, carrot juice supplementation was the most effective in acid produc- tion by most of the tested strains. Saccharification of chestnut broth by hydrolyzing process greatly increased the acid production at 25% of cooked chestnut. However, compared to the results from the 8% of unhydrolyzed chest- nut, the net increase in acid production by hydrolysis was not much stimulative.
Effects of Bifidobacteria on the Growth and Caco-2 Cell Adherence of E. coli O157:H7
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 29, issue 3, 2001, Pages 169~175
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of bifidobacteria on the growth and Caco-2 cell-adherence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 .Dur-ing momo-culture of E. coli O157:H7 and mixed culture with Bifidobacterium infantis K9, pH viable cell count, and ammonia concentration were measured Co-cultivation of E. coli O157:H7 with bifidobacteria. producing acidic metabolites rapidly decreased the viable cell count of E. coli O157:H7 In addition rapid decrease of ammo- nia concentration was observed during mixed culture after 8 hrs incubation compared to single culture of E. coli O157:H7 Therefore it is likely that bifidobacteria assimilate ammonia produced by E. coli O157:H7 P4 B, infantis K9 showed quite similar adherence on the Caco-2 cells in either case. On the other hand adherence of E. coli O157:H7 decreased from 2.6% to 1.86% when B infantis K9 was adhered to Caco-2 cell 2 hrs prior to the application of E. coli O157:H7 In conclusion in adherence of E coli O157:H7 to Caco -2 cell was inhibited by competition of its binding to the adherence site with bifidobacteria. In addition inhibitory effects of bifidobacteria on E coli O157:H7 appeared to be much higher with increae of the number of bifidobacteria and its ability of adherence to Caco-2 cells.
Production of Portopectinase from Bacillus subtilis EK11
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 29, issue 3, 2001, Pages 176~180
In plant tissues intercellular cementing portion called as middle lamella consists of high proportion of protopectin that is water insoluble form of pectin on their backbone Protopectinase (PPase) a heterogeneous group of enzymes that hydrolyze or dissolve the insoluble protopectin in plant tissues by restricted depolymerization liberates water solu- ble pectin with the resultant separation of plant tissues that have been protected against environmental shock by rigid cel wall . Bacillus subtilis EKll was most effective for PPase Production For increasing of PPase productivity effects of glucose concentrations, pHs and aeration rates were studied in batch culture The most proper concentra- tion of glucose pH and air condition for PPase Production were 1% 8.0 and lvvm respectively In these condi- tion PPase productivity was
and increased about 15.6 times than flask fermentation.
Inhibitory Mechanisms of Cell Cycle Regulation Induced by Indole-3-carbinol in Hepatocellular Carci-noma HepG2 Cells.
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 29, issue 3, 2001, Pages 181~185
The naturally occurring chemical indole-3-carbinol (13C), found in vegetables of the Brassica genus, is a promising anticancer agent that was shown previ- ously to induce a Gl cell cycle arrest of human breast cancer cell lines, independent of estrogen receptor signaling. The anticancer activity of 13C and the possible mechanisms of its action were explored in a human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line, HepG2. Treatment of HepG2 cells with 13C suppressed the growth of the cells. The growth sup- pression caused by 13C (
M) was found to be partially due to its ability to stop the cell cycle in HepG2 cells. Western blot analysis for the Gl phase artiest demonstrated that the expression-levels of cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk4, Cdk6) and cyclic D were reduced strongly after treatment of Hep72 cells with 13C (4007M) for 24- 72 hrs. Furthermore, I3C selectively abolished the expression of Cdk6 in a dose- and time-dependent manner, and accordingly, inhibited the phosphorylation of retinoblastoma. Interestingly, after the HepG2 cells reached their max- imal growth arrest, the level of the p21, a well-known Cdk inhibitor, increased significantly. Therefore, it could be considered that the Gl arrest of HepG2 cells treated with 13C was due to the indirect inhibition of Cdk4/6 activities by p21 Western blot analysis for G2/M phase arrest of demonstrated the levels of Cdc2 and cyclin Bl werer reduced dramatically after the treatment of HepG2 cells with 13C (
M) for 24-72 hrs. flow cytometry of propidium iodide-stained HepG2 cells revealed that 13C induces a Gl (53%,72hr incubation) and G2 (25%,24hr incubation) cell cycle arrest. Thus, our observations have uncovered a previously undefined antiproliferative pathway for r3C that implicates Cdk4/6 and Cdc2 as a target for cell cycle control in human HepG2 cells. However, the 13C-medi- ated cell cycle arrest and repression of Cdk4/6 production did not affect the apoptotic induction of HepG2 cell.
Identification and Antifungal Antagonism of Chryseomomas luteola 5042 against Phytophthora capsici
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 29, issue 3, 2001, Pages 186~193
A powerful antagonistic bacterium against Phytophthora capsici causing phytophthora blight of red pepper was isolated from the cultivated soil in Kyongju Korea, The bilogical control mechanisms of the isolated strain were caused by strong antifungal antibiotic, siderophore and cellulase. The strain was identified as Chryseomonas luteola by the cultural morphological and physiological characteristics. The opti- mal culture medium for the antibiotic production was determined as follows : 0.15%D(+) cellobiose, 0.55%
CI, 0.01% KCI 0.7%
and 0.5% sodium citrate at pH 7.0 The optimal incubation time was 84 hours at
In pot bioassay, the treatment of C luteola 5042 protected red pepper plant against the blight of Phytophthora capsici.