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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 35, Issue 4 - Dec 2007
Volume 35, Issue 3 - Sep 2007
Volume 35, Issue 2 - Jun 2007
Volume 35, Issue 1 - Mar 2007
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Isolation and Characterization of Endophytic Bacteria from Rice Root Cultivated in Korea
Park, Soo-Young ; Yang, Sung-Hyun ; Choi, Soo-Keun ; Kim, Ji-Hyeon ; Kim, Jong-Guk ; Park, Seung-Hwan ;
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 35, issue 1, 2007, Pages 1~10
The 44 endophytic bacterial strains were isolated from surface-sterilized root of rice cultivated in seven different locations of Chungcheong province, Korea. Each isolate was introduced into rice seedlings grown gnotobiotically by inoculating scissor-cut first true leaf with cell suspensions, and the colonization capacity of each isolate in root tissue was analyzed at 7 days after inoculation. Sixteen out of 44 isolates were re-isolated from root successfully with the frequency of
CFU/g tissue. Interestingly, seven out of 16 isolates were identified as Burkholderia species. The identity between inoculated strains and re-isolates was confirmed by genomic finger-printing and 16S rDNA sequence analysis. By a confocal laser scanning microscopic observation it was revealed that KJ001 strain, one of the sixteen isolates tagged with gfp colonized in root tissue especially around xylem. Six out of seven Burkholderia strains obtained in this study showed antagonizing activities against seven different fungal pathogens, contain nifH gene, and five of them enhanced growth of cucumber over 30%. The isolates showed no hypersensitive response on tobacco leaves and no pathogenecity in rice. From these results it was found that the endophytic Burkholderia strains will be useful in agriculture to develop a biocontrol agent or a bio-fertilizer.
Constitutive Expression of Arylsulfatase from Pseudoalteromonas carageenovora in E. coli and Its Application to Preparation of Agarose
Kim, Mi-Jin ; Jang, Yhon-Hwa ; Sung, Moon-Hee ; Kim, Yeon-Hee ; Nam, Soo-Wan ;
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 35, issue 1, 2007, Pages 11~16
The arylsulfatase gene (astA, 984 bp ORF) from Pseudoalteromonas carrageenovora genome was amplified by PCR and subcloned into the pHCE-IA vector, in which the hyper consitutive expression (HCE) promoter from the D-amino acid aminotransferase (D-AAT) gene of Geobacillus toevii was employed. The transformant cell, Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3)/pHCE-AST, on LB agar plate containig 4-methylumbelliferyl sulfate, showed an intense fluorescence at 360 nm, indicating that 4-methylumbelliferone was liberated by desulfatate activity. When BL21 (DE3)/pHCE-AST was grown on LB media containing 0.4% glucose or 0.4% glycerol, the arylsulfatase activity was higher at glycerol rather than at glucose. On 2% glycerol medium, the arylsulfatase activity reached 15.0 unit/ml, which was 2.6-fold higher expression level than that with 1% glycerol. The DNA ladder in agarose prepared from agar by this recombinant enzyme revealed similar resolution and migration patterns with a commercial agarose. This results suggests that arylsulfatase overexpressed in E. coli could be applicable to the economic production of electrophoretic-grade agarose.
Monitoring of Antimicrobial Resistant Bacteria from Animal Farm Environments in Korea
Kwon, Young-Il ; Kim, Tae-Woon ; Kim, Hae-Yeong ; Chang, Yun-Hee ; Kwak, Hyo-Sun ; Woo, Gun-Jo ; Chung, Yun-Hee ;
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 35, issue 1, 2007, Pages 17~25
The kinds and quantity of antimicrobial agents used for cattle (animal industry) may be considerable, suggesting the possibility that pathogenic bacteria which cannot be extirpated by the existing antimicrobial agents could appear. Ten cattle, pig and chicken farms, respectively, were randomly selected from 5 provinces in Korea and the samples were collected from excrement, manure, underground water, farmers' hands and the neishboring environment. h total of 299 samples were examined and 197 of Escherichia coli, 13 of Campylobacter jejun/coli, 223 of Enterococcus faecium/faecalis and 42 of Staphylococcus aureus isolates were collected. All isolates were screened for antimicrobial resistance: 69.4% of E. coli (137/197 strains), 78.6% of S. aureus (33/42 strains), and 82.1% of E. faecium/faecalis (183/223 strains) were resistant to one antimicrobial agent and all of C. jejuni/coli Isolates showed the resistance to one antimicrobial agent. Meanwhile, the multiple resistance ratio for more than 4 lines of antimicrobial agent was 19.2% of E. coli (38/197 strains), 11.9% of S. aureus (5/42 strains), 15.4% of C. jejuni/coli (2/13 strains) and 6.2% of E. faecium/faecalis (14/223 strains). The antimicrobial resistance ratio of bacteria isolated from the cattle farm showed lower than that of bacteria isolated from the pig or chicken farm, which might be related to the quantify of antimicrobial agents consumed. And one strain of vancomycin resistant E..faecium (VREF) were isolated from the excrement of chicken and stream, respectively. Generally, the ratio of VREF collected in animal farm environments is lower than that of VREF collected in medical environment.
Solid Medium pH-Dependent Antifungal Activity of Streptomyces sp. Producing an Immunosuppressant, Tautomycetin
Hur, Yoon-Ah ; Choi, Si-Sun ; Chang, Yong-Keun ; Hong, Soon-Kwang ; Kim, Eung-Soo ;
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 35, issue 1, 2007, Pages 26~29
Tautomycetin (TMC), which is produced by Streptomyces sp. CK4412, is a novel activated T cell-specific immunosuppressive compound with an ester bond linkage between a terminal cyclic anhydride moiety and a linear polyketide chain bearing an unusual terminal alkene. Antifungal activity against Aspergillus niger and TMC productivity assayed by HPLC using culture extracts from Streptomyces sp. CK4412 grown on solid medium adjusted at various pH were measured. The cells cultured at acidic pH (pH 4-5) medium exhibited much stronger antifungal activity as well as higher TMC productivity than those cultured at neutral pH medium, implying that the acidic pH-shock should be an efficient strategy to induce the productivity of secondary metabolites in Streptomyces culture.
Antimicrobial Activity of the Aerial Part (Leaf and Stem) Extracts of Cnidium officinale Makino, a Korean Medicinal Herb
Jung, Dong-Sun ; Lee, Na-Hyun ;
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 35, issue 1, 2007, Pages 30~35
This study was carried out to investigate the usefulness of the aerial part of Cnidium officinale Makino as a bioactive material source. The aerial part(leaf and stem) of Cnidium officinale Makino was extracted with three kinds of solvents and determined their antimicrobial activities against several bacteria and yeast strains using the paper disc method and the microtiter dilution method. The extracts of the Cnidium offocinale aerial part exhibited the broad spectrum of antibacterial activity against Gram (+) and Gram (-) bacteria, including food-borne pathogens such as Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella typhimurium, and Staphylococcus aureus. The extracts of Cnidium officinale also showed antifungal activity against Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The ethyl acetate extracts completely inhibited the growth of Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aerogenes, and moderately inhibited the growth of Escherichia coli and Enterobacter cloacae at the concentration of 0.5 mg/mL. However, water extract of Cnidium officinale exhibited lower antimicrobial activity than ethyl acetate and methanol extracts. The inhibitory effect of the ethyl acetate extract of Cnidium officinale Makino was not destroyed by heating at
for 30 min or at
... for 15 min. These results suggest that the aerial part of Cnidium officinale Makino could be a useful source for a natural antimicrobial material.
Thioredoxin-Mediated Regulation of Protein Synthesis by Redox in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Choi, Sang-Ki ;
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 35, issue 1, 2007, Pages 36~40
Redox signaling is one of way to regulate growth and death of cell in response to change of redox of proteins. To search whether translation is regulated by redox, we attempted in vitro translation assay under condition with or without DTT. Interestingly in vitro translation activity was increased up to 40% In the presence of dithiothreitol (DTT). Then we checked whether this positive effect by DTT was further accelerated by addition of thioredoxin (Trx). When a Trx purified from Saccharomyces cerevisiae was added to the in vitro translation extract, we observed a dose-dependent increase in translational activity. These results suggest the possibility of translation factors being redox-regulated via Trx in vivo.
The Effects of Wood Vinegar on Growth and Resistance of Peppers
Jeong, Ji-Hyun ; Jeong, Da-Eun ; Lee, Su-Jin ; Seul, Keyung-Jo ; Ryul, Choong-Min ; Park, Seung-Hwan ; Ghim, Sa-Youl ;
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 35, issue 1, 2007, Pages 41~44
This study was carried out to investigate the effects of wood vinegar on growth and resistance of peppers. It was observed that heights and dried weights of the peppers treated with diluted wood vinegar were increased, especially 1:500 diluted wood vinegar was the most effective. The Wood vinegar also showed antibacterial activity against Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. vesicatoria directly. The growth of X. axonopodis pv. vesicatoria was completely inhibited when incubated for 12 hours at
with non diluted wood vinegar. The peppers applied wood vinegar did not show induced systemic resistance after injecting X. axonopodis pv. vesicatoria.
Growth and r-Linolenic Acid Production of Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis in Heterotrophic Culture.
Choi, Gang-Guk ; Bae, Myoung-Sook ; Park, Je-Seop ; Park, Bok-Jun ; Ahn, Chi-Yong ; Oh, Hee-Mock ;
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 35, issue 1, 2007, Pages 45~51
Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis is one of the commercially important filamentous cyanobacteria. The heterotrophic cultivation of Arthrospira can be an alternative strategy for commercial mass production. In heterotrophic culture, the specific growth rate of A. platensis M9108, a glucose-resistant mutant of A. platensis PCC 9108, was
which was 1.8 higher than that oi the previous report. The mutant possessed the facility to assimilate and to metabolize glucose efficiently under heterotrophic condition. However, the r-linolenic acid content of 6 Arthrospira strains was not increased in heterotrophic culture. Four Arthrospira strains out of 6 tested strains were able to utilize maltose as a carbon source under heterotrophic condition. The biomass production of these strains on maltose was similar to that on glucose. The specific growth rate of A. platensis M9108 increased with glucose concentration up to 5.0 g/L and then decreased at a glucose concentration of 10.0 g/L. Additionally, A. platensis M9108 under heterotrophic condition showed no aggregation during the cultivation in contrast to A. platensis PCC 9108.
Development of Bioreactors for Enrichment of Chemolithotrophic Methanogen and Methane Production
Na, Byung-Kwan ; Hwang, Tae-Sik ; Lee, Sung-Hun ; Ju, Dong-Hun ; Sang, Byung-In ; Park, Doo-Hyun ;
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 35, issue 1, 2007, Pages 52~57
A gas-circulating bioreactor was used for enrichment of autotrophic methanogens. Mixture of hydrogen and carbon dioxide (5:1) was used as a sole energy and carbon source. Anaerobic digestive sludge isolated from wastewater treatment system was inoculated into the gas-circulating bioreactor. The enrichment of two chemolithotrophic methanogens, Methanobacterium curvum and Methanobacterium oryzae was accomplished in the gas-circulating bioreactor. The enriched bacteria were cultivated in a bioreactor equipped with hollow-fiber hydrogen-supplying system (hollow-fiber bioreactor), and a hybrid-type bioreactor equipped with hollow-fiber hydrogen-supplying system and electrochemical redox control system. The methane productivity was maximally 30% (V/V) in the hollow-fiber bioreactors and 50% (V/V) in the hybrid-type bioreactor.
Characterization of a Heavy Metal-Resistant and Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacterium, Methylobacterium sp. SY-NiR1
Koo, So-Yeon ; Cho, Kyung-Suk ;
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 35, issue 1, 2007, Pages 58~65
The role of soil microorganisms, specifically rhizobacteria, in the development of rhizoremediation techniques is important to speed up the process and to increase the rate of mobilization or absorption of heavy metals to the plant. In this study, Methylobacterium sp. SY-NiR1 was isolated from the rhizosphere soils of plants in oil and heavy metal-contaminated soil. Based on its pink pigmented colony, rod-shape cells, and belonging in
, Methylobacterium sp. SY-NiR1 is considered a pink-pigmented facultative methylotroph. SY-NiR1 had the ability to produce indole acetic acid which is one of phytohormones. This bacterium showed resistance against multiple heavy metals such as Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb, Ni, Zn, and the order of its resistance based on
was Zn > Ni > Cu > Pb > Cd > Cr. Therefore, Methylobacterium sp. SY-NiR1 can stimulate seed germination and plant growth in soil contaminated with heavy metals.
Control of Yam-Putrefactive Psychrotrophic Bacterium Using Clove Oil and Preparation of Functional Fresh-Cut
Ryu, Hee-Young ; Park, Sang-Jo ; Lee, Bong-Ho ; Sohn, Ho-Yong ;
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 35, issue 1, 2007, Pages 66~72
Yam has been recognized as healthy food due to its various biological activities, such as anti-obesity, antimicrobial, anticancer and immune-stimulation activities. In this study, antibacterial activities of 800 more natural plant extracts against yam-putrefactive psychrotrophic bacterium, Pseudomonas rhodesiae YAM-12, were evaluated to select a natural preservative, which is useful to long-term storage of yam and fresh-cut production. Finally, the clove oil was selected, and applied for the production of yam fresh-cut. The 1% of clove oil treated fresh-cut showed minor color changes during 31 days storage at
and the microbial growth was not detected. When the artificially contaminated fresh cut by dipping with P. rhodesiae YAM-12 suspension for 3 min was treated 1% clove oil, the microbial growth was identified to
CFU/g with minor color changes. Whereas, treatment of sterilized water, or 100 ppm NaOCl into artificially contaminated fresh cut showed severe putrefaction
and color changes. Considering the previous reports that clove oil has antimicrobial, antioxidation, and antithrombosis activity, the use of clove oil into the yam fresh cut will provide market safety and consumer acceptability by prevention of microbial putrefaction and its biological activity.
Influence of Electrochemical Oxidation Potential on Biofilm Structure and Bacterial Dissimilation in Wastewater Treatment Bioreactor
Na, Byung-Kwan ; Park, Doo-Hyun ;
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 35, issue 1, 2007, Pages 73~80
Biofilm media was equipped in two-compartmented wastewater treatment bioreactor which was separated by porcelain septum. DC 2.0 volt of electric potential was charged to anodic (oxidative) biofilm media (ABM) to induce oxidation potential but not to that of carbon (neutral) biofilm media (CBM) that was used for control test. Biofilm structure, biomass variation, Off variation and wastewater treatment efficiency in the bioreactor equipped with ABM (ABM-bioreactor) and CBM (CBM-bioreactor). Time-coursed variation of biofilm structure forming on surface of ABM and CBM was observed by scanning electron microscopy. The biofilm growing on ABM was dispersed on surface and was not completely covered the media but the biofilm growing on CBM was continuously increased and finally covered the media. The ORP of CBM was decreased to 100 mV, which was reciprocally proportional to the biomass growth. However, the ORP of ABM was about 800 mV, which was maintained during operation for about 60 days. The treatment efficiency of COD in the ABM bioreactor was 2 times higher than those in the CBM bioreactor. From these results, we proposed that electrochemical oxidation potential charged to biofilm media may inhibit formation of biofilm extremely condensed and activate bacterial cell metabolism.