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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 4 - Dec 1977
Volume 5, Issue 3 - Sep 1977
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Mar 1977
Volume 5, Issue 2 - 00 1977
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Studies on the Fermentative Utilization of Cellulosic Wastes.(Part IV) Isolation and Identification of Cellulose Assimilating Bacteria.
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 5, issue 1, 1977, Pages 1~4
In order to produce cellulosic single cell protein from the cellulosic wastes, 252 strains of cellulose assimilating bacteria were isolated front 225 sources of microorganisms such as decomposed wood, compost soils, soils, cotton fabrics and useless paper. The isolates were investigated for their ability to utilize cellulose as carbon source. One of them was screened by its stong cellulose assimilating abililty, and was identified as Cellulomonas flavigena.
Studies on the Thermal Resistant Spore of Bacillus coagulance(Part I Sporulating Conditions of the Thermal Resistant spore)
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 5, issue 1, 1977, Pages 5~12
As a basic study for the application of the spore-tearing lactic acid bacteria to foods, the effects of the sporulating conditions on the growth and sporogenesis were studied were observed. The results obtained are as follow. 1. All carbohydrates added to sporulation media except dextrin decreased the sporulation rate and the thermal resistance of spores. Dextrin stimulated the growth, however, there in no effect on the thermal resistance. 2. As nitrogen source, the protein hydrolysates such as peptone, casamino acid were effective to obtain were spores of the increased thermal resistance. 3. Ca
＋＋/ of the metal ions added to casamino acid containing medium validly increased the total growth, sporulation rate and thermal resistance. Its optimum concentration was 40 ppm each. 4. Biotin of vitamines had an effect on the total growth, sporulation and thermal resistance of spores. Its optimum concentration was 30
/ml. 5. The resistant spores required the adequate maturation period, more than 36 hours, sufficient aeration. and optimum temperature, 37∼45
Studies on Lactobacillus Virulent Phage in Plantdrainage
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 5, issue 1, 1977, Pages 13~17
We isolated lactobacillus phage hosting L. casei strains, and examined distribution of the phages and resistance to the sanitary reagent treatment in drainages fo Korea plant. 1) There were Type 1, 11, 111, and 1v of the phage J
in plantdrainages and the order of distribution was Type 1v>Type 11>Type 1>
Type 111. 2) All the phages in plantdrainages were completely removed by spreading the invert soap. 3) Sodium hypochloride, invert soap and dresol were most effective sanitary reagents, and isopropyl alcohol and ethyl alcohol were sanitary reagents.
Studies on Microbial Utilization of Agricultural Wastes (Part IV) Cellulosic Waste Materials as Substrate on the Production of Cellulosic Single Cell Protein.
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 5, issue 1, 1977, Pages 18~23
Experiments were carried out to pursue the availability and the feasibility of utilizable cellulosic materials as substrate for the production of cellulosic single cell protein. The resuluts were obtained as fellows. 1. Effects of carbolydrates as a sole carton source on the growth of Cellulomonas flavigena KIST 321 were examined. The result showed that cellulose and xylose would be most utlizable for cell mass production. 2. Alkaline treated waste papers and clothes resulted in good growth of the organism than intact ones did. However the waste papers as substrate of cellulosic fermentation were not digestible, even if the meterial was treated with alkalies. 3. Rice straw, rape straw and panic grass appeared to be good substrates for the cell mass production. 4. Leaves were proved to be a good substrate for the cell mass production, but wood sawdust was hardly digested by merely alkaline treatment. 5. When cellulosic wastes as the substrate were examined into the concentration of alkaline solution, the result suggested that the best productivity of cell mass from cellulosic materials was obtained on treatment with 0.8∼1.0％ NaOH solution. 6. The productivity of cell mass was increased by washing out with water after alkaline treatment of newspaper, pine sawdust, lime sawdust and pine leaf.
Studies on the Fermentative Utilization of Cellulosic Wastes. (Part V) Utilization of Cellulomonas sp.
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 5, issue 1, 1977, Pages 24~28
For the production of microbial cells from cellulosie materials by cellulore-assimilating bacteria, Cellulomonas flavigena GFB 24-1, isolated by authors, utilization of this organism on some microbiological properties was investigated. The results of these studies were summarized at follows; 1. When the organism was incubated in the growth medium at pH 7.0 for 50 hours, its growth was the most effective and the level of excreted total protein in the menstruum increased continuously during the stationary phase of cell growth. 2. The optimal enzyme activity was observed in the pH region of 5 to 7 and culture period of 40 to 50 hours. 3. The microbial degestibility of cellulosic wastes such as sawdust, rice hull, rice straw, peanut hull and used newspaper was less than 30％, whereas that of cellulose powder was 47.1％ and rice straw was digested 77％ by NaOH treatment. 4. Bacterial cells incubated in the growth medium were increased up to 8％ of sustrate concentration and showed a decrease on further concentration. 5. The production of microbial cells from NaOH treated rice straw was obtained 10.6mg/ml of culture medium.
Studies on the Production of Yeast (Part. II) Yeasts Utilizing Methanol as Sole Carbon Source.
Yang, Han-Chul ; Shin, Kyu-Chul ;
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 5, issue 1, 1977, Pages 29~35
Seven strains of methanol assimilating yeasts were isolated from soil enriched with tetracycline. Among them two better growing strains were selected and partially identified as species belonging to genus Candida. The both Candida 1-B and 25-A, grew best under conditions of pH 5.0 and 28
. The optimal methol concentration in the medium was found to be 1％, Whereas the organism, could grow up to the 4％ level. Biotin was required by the organisms for growth and organic nitrogen sources raised the rate of growth. The field of biomass per unit weight of consumed methanol after 96 hours were 36.9％ by Candida 1-B and 39.2％ by 25-A.
Biological Active Substance Produced by a Strain of Streptomyces sp. (Part.III) Purification and Nutritional Requirement.
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters, volume 5, issue 1, 1977, Pages 36~45
A piscicidal substance was isolated from the culture medium of Streptomyces umbrosus by avicel column chromatography and avicel thin layer chromatography after extration with chroloform. Bluegreen fluorescence was emitted under UV irradiation. Factors which govern toxin production and nutrition requirement for high toxin titres were observed. Nutritional uptake for toxin production was not curresponded with that for cell growth. Alanine, valine, serine asparagine, arginine, histidine, urea and sodium nitrate as a carbon source and glucose, mannose, rhamnose, xylose, arabitol and starch as a carbon source were recognized as a favorable nutrient for high toxin production. Magnesium was essential factor whereas vitamins were not of effective. Most of toxin was formed simultaneously with cell growth in esponential phase. Maximal production was observed for six day culture at 3
. Tissues of gill, kidney and pnacreas in Cyprinus carpio were denatured extreamly after treating with the substance. Atrophied nucleous, indented membrane and degradated cytoplasm with necrotic affectness were noted on each tissue. The chemical formula of the substance was designated as