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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
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Korea Multimedia Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 6 - Dec 2000
Volume 3, Issue 5 - Oct 2000
Volume 3, Issue 4 - Aug 2000
Volume 3, Issue 3 - Jun 2000
Volume 3, Issue 2 - Apr 2000
Volume 3, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
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A Study on the Recognition of Car Plate using an Enhanced Fuzzy ART Algorithm
Journal of Korea Multimedia Society, volume 3, issue 5, 2000, Pages 433~444
The recognition of car plate was investigated by means of the enhanced fuzzy ART algorithm. The morphological information of horizontal and vertical edges was used to extract a plate area from a car image. In addition, the contour tracking algorithm by utilizing the SOFM was applied to extract the specific area which includes characters from an extracted plate area. The extracted characteristic area was recognized by using the enhanced fuzzy ART algorithm. In this study we propose the novel fuzzy ART algorithm different from the conventional fuzzy ART algorithm by the dynamical establishment of the vigilance threshold which shows a tolerance limit of unbalance between voluntary and saved patterns for clustering. The extraction rate obtained by using the morphological information of horizontal and vertical edges showed better results than that from the color information of RGB and HSI. Furthermore, the recognition rate of the enhanced fuzzy ART algorithm was improved much more than that of the conventional fuzzy ART and SOFM algorithms.
Lane Extraction Using Grouped Block Snake Algorithm
Journal of Korea Multimedia Society, volume 3, issue 5, 2000, Pages 445~453
In this paper we propose the method which extracts lane using the grouped block snake algorithm. In the proposed algorithm, input image is divided into
blocks and then noise-included blocks are removed by a probability-based method. And also, we use hough transform to separate lane from the background image and suggest a grouped block snake method to detect road lane blocks. The proposed method reduces computational complexity and removes the noise in a more effective way compared to the pixel-based snake method.
Implementation of System Retrieving Multi-Object Image Using Property of Moments
Journal of Korea Multimedia Society, volume 3, issue 5, 2000, Pages 454~460
To retrieve complex data such as images, the content-based retrieval method rather than keyword based method is required. In this paper, we implemented a content-based image retrieval system which retrieves object of user query effectively using invariant moments which have invariant properties about linear transformation like position transition, rotation and scaling. To extract the shape feature of objects in an image, we propose a labeling algorithm that extracts objects from an image and apply invariant moments to each object. Hashing method is also applied to reduce a retrieval time and index images effectively. The experimental results demonstrate the high retrieval efficiency i.e precision 85%, recall 23%. Consequently, our retrieval system shows better performance than the conventional system that cannot express the shale of objects exactly.
New Mexican Hat, a Discrete Reconstruction Theorem of
-Wavelets and Their Applications
Journal of Korea Multimedia Society, volume 3, issue 5, 2000, Pages 461~469
A wavelet analysis in a field of analytics is to create a reconstruction theorem of Plancherel form. And a series of wavelet is to create a discrete is to create a discrete reconstruction theorem for a frame theory and a multiresolution analysis theory. As a generation of reconstruction theorem, a wavelet correspond to it is generated. That is to be like a basic wavelet which is satisfied an admissibility condition in CWT and a Daubechies wavelet using MRA in wavelet series and a Meyer wavelet using a frame theory. In this paper, we discover a discrete reconstruction theorem which is superior to a conventional discrete reconstruction theorem by extending admissibility condition used in CWT and develop a New
-wavelet group. A new
-wavelet is applied to a signal reconstruction and a signal analysis in time-frequency region.
Region Segmentation of a Color Image using a Distributed Genetic Algorithm
Journal of Korea Multimedia Society, volume 3, issue 5, 2000, Pages 470~478
Color images from various application areas have their own characteristics. Practical segmentation systems need specialized methods to death with the characteristics. In this paper. we propose a distributed genetic algorithm based segmentation method for color breast carcinoma cell images. To extract positive nuclei and negative nuclei from the cell images, a distributed genetic algorithm with improved genetic operations and an evaluation function is used. As initial values, representative colors from images are introduced to work well with the cell images. A test to verify the validity of the proposed method shows well-segmented images. This result suggests that the method is pertinent to be but into practical use for the images haying limited objects with limited colors.
The QoS Filtering and Scalable Transmission Scheme of MPEG Data to Adapt Network Bandwidth Variation
Journal of Korea Multimedia Society, volume 3, issue 5, 2000, Pages 479~494
Although the proliferation of real-time multimedia services over the Internet might indicate its successfulness in dealing with heterogeneous environments, it is obvious, on the other hand, that the internet now has to cope with a flood of multimedia data which consumes most of network communication channels due to a great deal of video or audio streams. Therefore, for the purpose of an efficient and appropriate utilization of network resources, it requires to develop and deploy a new scalable transmission technique n consideration of respective network environment and individual clients computing power. Also, we can eliminate the waste effects of storage device and data transmission overhead in that the same video stream duplicated according to QoS. The purpose of this paper is to develop a technology that can adjust the amount of data transmitted as an MPEG video stream according to its given communication bandwidth, and technique that can reflect dynamic bandwidth while playing a video stream. For this purpose, we introduce a media scalable media decomposer working on server side, and a scalable media composer working o n a client side, and then propose a scalable transmission method and a media sender and a media receiver in consideration of dynamic QoS. Those methods proposed her can facilitate an effective use of network resources, and provide multimedia MPEG video services in real-time with respect to individual client computing environment.
Auto fitting Parameter Extraction for Digital Hearing Aids
Journal of Korea Multimedia Society, volume 3, issue 5, 2000, Pages 495~505
In this paper, we propose an efficient auto-fitting system for digital hearing-aids which automatically adjusts the fitting parameters according to the auditory characteristics of hearing handicapped person. The fitting parameters are extracted from audiogram of hearing handicapped and are applied to digital hearing-aid purposed GM3036 chip. The characteristics of each parameter are compared with those from theoretical 2cc graph. The purposed system has applied to 50 patients and their satisfaction ratios show to the very high. As results, it shows effectiveness of proposed system.
Development of an Interactive Real-time Education System for Distributed Environments
Journal of Korea Multimedia Society, volume 3, issue 5, 2000, Pages 506~515
In this paper a web-based real-time education system, which is able to support education through multimedia, is suggested for the expansion of learner's creative ability in the school. This system is designed so that it can support three things: 1) a real time interaction between interaction between instructors and learners, 2) individual learning through such an interaction, and 3) a coercive distribution of display by instructions for preventing the deviation of learners from learning. Also, the system, which UML is applied to, makers efficient interaction possible through the module for the real-time exchange and management of messages even in the multi-user environment. Through this system, not only the simulation by learners can be made for experiments and practices, but also questions and respondence can be supported on the procedure of experiments and the analysis of their results. This system is bulit on constructivism, and aimed at helping the learning progress and knowledge formation of learners.
Design and Implementation of Lecture Authoring Tool based on Multimedia Component
Journal of Korea Multimedia Society, volume 3, issue 5, 2000, Pages 516~525
A lot of efforts have been made to develop a new technology for efficient distance education based on a powerful Internet service like World Wide Web. By developed distance education systems, we can study something we want at anytime and anywhere. However in spite of the excellent achievements we have made, something insufficient still is remained. Distance education methods only depending on static homepages or voices and simple drawings may be insufficient to support as much effects as in real class. So it is necessary to develop a new method for teaching students more feasibly and efficiently In this paper, we try to design and implement a lecture authoring system that offers effective distance education with voices, animations, camera images, drawings and etc.. We can expect the designed system can give more efficient education effects like a face-to-face lecture in real class. The enclosed function of intense compression enables to transmit the lectures more speedily. Besides it has caption processing function to serve additional informations to students with caption texts, messages and hyperlinks.
An Implementation of 3D Graphic Accelerator for Phong Shading
Journal of Korea Multimedia Society, volume 3, issue 5, 2000, Pages 526~534
There have been many researches on the 3D graphic accelerator for high speed by needs of CAD/CAM,3D modeling, virtual reality or medical image. In this paper, an SIMD processor architecture for 3D graphic accelerator is proposed in order to improve the processing time of the 3D graphics, and a parallel Phong shading algorithm is presented to estimate performance of the proposed architecture. The proposed SIMD processor architecture for 3D graphic accelerator consists of PCI local bus interface, 16 Processing Elements (PE's), and Park's multi-access memory system (NAMS) that has 17 memory modules. A serial algorithm for Phong shading is modified for the architecture and the main key is to divide a polygon into
squares. And, for processing a square, 4 PE's are regarded as a PE Grou logically. Since MAMS can support block access type with interval 1, it is possible that 4 PE Groups process a square at a time. In consequence, 16 pixels are processed simultaneously. The proposed SIMD processor architecture is simulated by CADENCE Verilog-XL that is a package for the hardware simulation. With the same simulated results as that of the serial algorithm, the speed enhancement by the parallel algorithm to the serial one is 5.68.
The Modeling of ISL(Intergrated Schottky Logic) Characteristics by Computer Simulations
Journal of Korea Multimedia Society, volume 3, issue 5, 2000, Pages 535~541
In this paper, we analyzed the characteristics of schottky junction to develop the voltage swing of ISL, and simulated the characteristics with the programs at this junctions. Simulation programs for analytic characteristics are the SUPREM V, SPICE, Medichi, Matlab. The schottky junction is rectifier contact between platinum silicide and silicon, the characteristics with programs has simulated the same conditions. The analytic parameters were the turn-on voltage, saturation current, ideality factor in forward bias, and has shown the results of breakdown voltage between actual characteristics and simulation characteristics in reverse bias. As a result, th forward turn-on voltage, reverse breakdown voltage, barrier height were decreased but saturation current and ideality factor were increased by substrates increased concentration variations.
Multiresolution Model for Vector Fields Defined over Curvilinear Grids
Journal of Korea Multimedia Society, volume 3, issue 5, 2000, Pages 542~549
This Paper presents the development of multiresolution model for the analysis and visualization of two-dimensional flows over curvilinear grids. Multiresolution analysis provides a useful and efficient tool to represent shape and to analyze features at multiple level of detail. Applying multiresolution analysis to vector field visualization is very useful and powerful as the vector field's data sets are usually huge and complex. Using approximation at lower resolution, brief outline of topology can be extracted in short periods of time. Local reconstruction allows the user to zoom in or out, only by reconstructing the portion of interest. This new model is based upon nested spaces of piecewise defined function over nested curvilinear grid domains. The nested domains are selected so as to maintain the original geometry of the inner boundary. This paper presents the refinement and decomposition equations for Haar wavelet over these domains and shows some examples.
The Study on Information-Theoretic Measures of Incomplete Information based on Rough Sets
Journal of Korea Multimedia Society, volume 3, issue 5, 2000, Pages 550~556
This paper comes to derive optimal decision rule from incomplete information using the concept of indiscernibility relation and approximation space in Rough set. As there may be some errors in case that processing information contains multiple or missing data, the method of removing or minimizing these data is required. Entropy which is used to measure uncertainty or quantity in information processing field is utilized to remove the incomplete information of rough relation database. But this paper does not always deal with the information system which may be contained incomplete information. This paper is proposed object relation entropy and attribute relation entropy using Rough set as information theoretical measures in order to remove the incomplete information which may contain condition attribute and decision attribute of information system.