Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Rural Planning
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Dec 2005
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Sep 2005
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Jun 2005
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Mar 2005
Selecting the target year
Effect of Personal Character of Rural Residents on Management Activities for Amenity Oriented Waterside Area - A Case of Kazusa District, Chiba Pref, Japan -
Yang, Yong-Seok ; Kim, Sun-Joo ; Senga, Yutaro ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 11, issue 4, 2005, Pages 1~8
For the purpose of finding correlation between the characteristics of the rural residents and the maintenance activities of naturally favorable waterside spaces, this paper has conducted a research with the focus on the three model case regions in Japan. The methods of the research included surveys, interviews, and documents. The research confirmed that the three regions in focus have characteristics distinct from one another. The rate of participation in group activities was high in a region, with members that belong to groups most active in the maintenance activities. Reasons for their participation included: to manage the local area themselves; and to promote cooperation and friendships among the residents. This proves that participation in the maintenance activities has also attributed to the formation of close communities in the regions. According to the analytic conclusion of the factors related to participation, the residents' experience to have been involved in a professional education program which induces communal participation, acted more as the major factor than the individual ones.
Development of Surveying Tables and Items for Rural Amenity Resources Assessment
Jung, Nam-Su ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 11, issue 4, 2005, Pages 9~15
Rural amenity resources are damaged without organized management infra. National rural resources institute perform the project of developing rural amenity infra techniques from 2005 to 2009 targeting 1,230 eup-myun rural community. There are many resource surveying project in national level. For avoiding duplicated investment, clear definition of rural amenity and essential surveying items are needed. In this study, concept of rural amenity and relation with resource are considered and 10 rural amenity resource tables and items considering management, accessibility, and amenity period are developed. Finally, developed tables and items are compared with items in previous developed surveying system.
A Study on the Planning of Agropolis Framework
Choi, Soo-Myung ; Kim, Young-Joo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 11, issue 4, 2005, Pages 17~24
The sustainable development of local communities is faced with limitation due to poor infrastructure and lack of cooperation among stake-holders. To overcome such circumstances and thus to ensure balanced development of the local communities, the central government is driving construction of innovative cities mainly through transfer of public institutions to local cities. In this study, to contribute to the development of plans for the future agropolis' associated with the transfer of public institutions, efficient organization mechanisms of the agropolis such as basic structure and spatial allocation was examined through analyses of advanced cases(Sophia Antipolis, St. Hyacinthe Science Part Food Valley, Stoneleigh Park) of foreign countries. The analyses showed that the organization of agropolis were consisted of three main components; 1) agricultural and food industry complex conducting R&D, 2) service facilities(information, trade, consulting and advertisement) supporting agricultural and food industries and rural enterprise center in charge of a variety of events including exhibition, rural experience, education, and contest, 3) silver facilities such as hospital and town providing medical service and residence. Based on the results, inventories of facilities which are necessary in 'the future agropolis' and their spatial allocation were suggested.
Fractions of Phosphorus in the Surficial Sediment of Dongjin Sea Area
Lee, Hyun-Jeong ; Son, Jae-Gwon ; Park, Bong-Ju ; Cho, Jae-Young ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 11, issue 4, 2005, Pages 25~31
The present study was carried out to investigate the P fractions of surfical sediment of Dongjin sea area. Furthermore, potential released loading of adsorbed and non-apatite inorganic phosphorus were investigated in the sediment of Dongjin sea area. The contents of phosphorus fractions of the surficial sediment in Dongjin sea area were adsorbed-P 0.06%, nonapatite inorganic-P 13.02%, apatite-P 60.22%, and residual-P 26.70%. The most abundant fraction was apatite-P, residual-P, nonapatite inorganic-P, and adsorbed-P followed it. Potential released loading of adsorbed and non-apatite inorganic phosphorus surveyed 2.6 and 597ton respectively. These results show that sediment-managing and interception from external pollution are needed for water environmental maintenance of Dongjin sea area.
Promoting Strategies by Development Stage of Region Based Agricultural Cluster Using a Multi-disciplinary Approach
Choi, Sang-Ho ; Choi, Hung-Kyu ; Lee, Min-Soo ; Choe, Young-Chan ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 11, issue 4, 2005, Pages 33~45
This study investigates the core elements of the formation and development of cluster using a multi-disciplinary approach and suggests a promoting strategy by development stage of cluster. As a sub-category of regional innovation system, the cluster has been considered as one of the most noticeable methodological argument to make the regional innovation system come true. In the meantime, this study examines the core elements of cluster shown in the theories and examples through six academic fields such as economics, geography, regional development, business administration, sociology and pedagogy and their educational back-ground. By means of establishing the incubation stage in the development of cluster, core elements are composed in the stages of birth, incubation and evolution in subsequent manner. A promoting strategy will be suggested through the implication of core elements in the reestablished stages.
Patterns of Forest Landscape Structure due to Landcover Change in the Nakdong River Basin
Park, Kyung-Hun ; Jung, Sung-Gwan ; Kwon, Jin-O ; Oh, Jeong-Hak ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 11, issue 4, 2005, Pages 47~57
The goal of this research is to evaluate landscape-ecological characteristics of watersheds in the Nakdong River Basin by using Geogaphic Information System (GIS) and landscape indices for integation of spatio-temporal informations and multivariate statistical techniques for quantitative analysis of forest landscape. Fragmentation index and change matrix techniques using factor analysis and grid overlay method were used to efficiently analyze and manage huge amount of information for ecological-environmental assessment (land-cover and forest landscape patterns). According to the results based on the pattern analysis of land-cover changes using the change detection matrix between 1980s and 1990s, addition on 750km
became urbanized areas. The altered 442.04km
was agricultural areas which is relatively easy for shifting of land-use, and 205.1km
of forests became urbanized areas, and average elevation and slope of the whole altered areas were 75m and 4
. On the other hand, 120km
of urban areas were changed into other areas (i.e., agricultural areas and green space), and fortunately, certain amount of naturalness had been recovered. But still those agricultural areas and fallow areas, which were previously urban areas, had high potential of re-development for urbanization due to their local conditions. According to the structural analysis of forest landscape using the landscape indices, the forest fragmentation of watersheds along the main stream of the Nakdong River was more severe than my other watersheds. Furthermore, the Nakdong-sangju and Nakdong-miryang watersheds had unstable forest structures as well as least amount of forest quantity. Thus, these areas need significant amount of forest through a new forest management policy considering local environmental conditions.
Framework of Watershed Management Organization Consortium for Water Environment Improvement of Small Rural Watershed
Lee, Ki-Wan ; Kim, Young-Joo ; Yoon, Kwang-Sik ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 11, issue 4, 2005, Pages 59~65
Proper management of small rural watershed is important since it does affect water quality improvement of larger scale watershed. Therefore, effective small watershed management guideline including participatory program of local people is required to achieve water environment improvement. Feasibility of water quality goal, short and long-term watershed management plan and funding sources were investigated by field monitoring of Hampyungchun watershed which has characteristics of rural stream, and literature review. The relevant parties and their roles fer watershed management were identified and suggested. A hybrid model, that is mixture of government driven model and NGO model, is recommended for watershed management organization in this study.
Evaluation of SWAT Applicability to Simulate Soil Erosion at Highland Agricultural Lands
Heo, Sung-Gu ; Kim, Ki-Sung ; Sa, Gong-Myong ; Ahn, Jce-Hun ; Lim, Kyoung-Jae ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 11, issue 4, 2005, Pages 67~74
The Doam watershed is located at alpine areas and the annual average precipitation, including snow accumulation, is significant higher than other areas. Thus, pollutant laden runoff and sediment discharge from the alpine agricultural fields are causing water quality degradation at the Doam watershed. To estimate soil erosion from the agricultural fields, the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) has been widely used because of its simplicity to use. In the early spring at the Doam watershed, the stream flow increases because of snow melt, which results in erosion of loosened soil experiencing freezing and thaw during the winter. Also, extremely torrential rainfall, such as the typhoons 'RUSA' in 2002 and 'MAEMI' in 2003, caused significant amounts of soil erosion and sediment at the Doam watershed. However, the USLE model cannot simulate impacts on soil erosion of freezing and thaw of the soil. It cannot estimate sediment yield from a single torrential rainfall event. Also, it cannot simulate temporal changes in USLE input parameters. Thus, the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) model was investigated for its applicability to estimate soil erosion at the Doam watershed, instead of the widely used USLE model. The SWAT hydrology and erosion/sediment components were validated after calibration of the hydrologic component. The R
and Nash-Sutcliffe coefficient values are higher enough, thus it is found the SWAT model can be efficiently used to simulate hydrology and sediment yield at the Doam watershed. The effects of snow melt on SWAT estimated stream flow and sediment were investigated using long-term precipitation and temperature data at the Doam watershed. It was found significant amount of flow and sediment in the spring are contributed by melting snow accumulated during the winter. Two typhoons in 2002 and 2003, MAEMI and RUSA, caused 33% and 22% of total sediment yields at the Doam watershed, respectively. Thus, it is recommended that the SWAT model, capable of simulating snow melt, sediment yield from a single storm event, and long-term weather data, needs to be used in estimating soil erosion at alpine agricultural areas to develop successful soil erosion management instead of the USLE.
Construction of Integrated Agricultural Statistical System Architecture for Effective Policy
Lee, Min-Soo ; Chae, Young-Chan ; Hong, Hee-Yeon ; Kim, Sang-Ho ; Kim, Jeong-Seop ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 11, issue 4, 2005, Pages 75~91
This study designs an integrated data architecture to systematically manage the agricultural statistics database. Managing the agricultural statistics is important since it provides data for policies and decision making for agribusinesses. Ministry of Agriculture and the National Statistical Office collect the basic agricultural statistic data which provides the basis of logical decision making and agricultural policies. However, the agricultural statistic data has not well been used. The data has not been consistently collected nor managed. The raw data has not been organized nor processed to meet various demands. The needs has been arisen for a consistent agricultural statistics system to increase the relevance, accessibility, and efficiency of data for various users. There are massive amount of data accumulated over a long time period. Introducing the new system and reorganizing the data will bear large risks. A systematic method is required to reduce the risks in planing, building, and maintaining the database without hindering administration. This study provides a design of the agricultural statistics system architecture based on the user requirement analysis (URA) and similar systems abroad. We have also build a prototype to check the implementability of the system design.
Soil Aggregate Distribution in Reclaimed Tidelands and Tidelands of Southwest Coastal Area of Korea
Son, Jae-Gwon ; Choi, Jin-Kyu ; Hwang, Seon-Ah ; Park, Bong-Ju ; Cho, Jae-Young ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 11, issue 4, 2005, Pages 93~98
A aggregate size distribution of soils is an important in successful crop production in reclaimed tidelands. The aggregate size distribution for this study were determined of 0.1mm, 0.25mm, 0.5mm, 1.0mm, and 2.0mm by wet sieving method. Agricultural activity, period of reclamation showed significant effects on aggregate size distribution in reclaimed tidelands. Aggregate MWD was greater in SS and KH(above 1.0m) than in YSG, GHD, SMG, and DH(below 0.5mm) reclaimed tidelands and tidelands. The percentage of aggregates less than < 2mm for SMG, GHD, and SM reclaimed tidelands and tidelands were ranged 8.9%, 36.7%, and 38.0%, respectively. The percentage of > 0.1mm aggregates for SMG, GHD, and SM reclaimed tidelands were ranged 9.0%, 26.0%, and 48.9%, respectively. Results indicated that aggregate size distribution of reclaimed tidelands and tidelands under various agricultural systems vary with reclamation period and soil type.
Improvement Plan of Environment-Impacting Facilities by Inhabitants Consciousness and Spatial Characteristics in Rural Areas
Kim, Young-Joo ; Choi, Soo-Myung ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 11, issue 4, 2005, Pages 99~108
In this study, thirteen villages in Chonnam province were selected as case study sites and the spatial distribution of the facilities in the villages was examined to provide basic information fur the establishment of rural plans. According to the questionnaire survey, various problem such as environmental pollution, position, scene, management etc. was brought owing to cattle shed, and dissension was more or less seen by scale of facilities, management of facilities and waste, regional factor(stock farming management condition, life style and attitude of inhabitants) and topographical factor (height, position physical aspect of a mountain, distance with water resources etc.) etc.. The facilities could be classified into 6 types based on the their spatial locations: 1) Type 1, facilities located at the waterside; 2) Type 2, facilities located at the entrance of village; 3) Type 3 facilities, scattered in the residential area: 4) Type 4 facilities, collectivized in village; 5) Type 5 facilities, adjoining village; and 6) Type 6 facilities, scattered irregularly inside and outside of village. Based on the classification, possible implementations for the reduction of environmental impacts were suggested. The results of this study could be used as an example of study on the distribution, classification, and rearrangement of environment-impacting facilities in rural areas for improvement of their roles in providing amenity resources.