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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Rural Planning
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Dec 2008
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Sep 2008
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Jun 2008
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Mar 2008
Selecting the target year
Relation of the Natural Amenity and Population Change
Park, Mee-Jeong ; Nam, Nam-Su ; Jang, Min-Won ; Lee, Jeong-Jae ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 14, issue 4, 2008, Pages 1~9
Many urban people are attracted to the recreational opportunities and attractions of rural areas, such as beautiful scenery, lakes, mountains, forests, and resorts. Furthermore, rural development planning increasingly emphasizes the integration of resource extractive industries with non-market-based recreational and amenity values. This article outlines a method to estimate an amenity level of rural areas such as natural amenities index and shows the relation of the natural amenity and population growth. The results revealed that natural amenity classifying each region can be explained with geographical characteristics, temperature-humidity, and sunshine duration time. In analysis with population, natural amenity does not exactly explain that but can be one of the important factor of population change.
A Study on Planning Rural Landscape Based on the Layer Technique - Focusing on Anhyun Village in Gochang, Guwau Village in Taebaek and Mulgeon-ri in Namhae -
Park, Eun-Yeong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 14, issue 4, 2008, Pages 11~19
The layer technique is to produce many memorable scenes by generating layers of new experiences on the existing ones as it is adding the cognitive layers on to the visually seen landscape. Its need is high for places whose landscape itself influences perception, value or expression and which determines the spatial and quality standards. The existing floor plan-based design methods have failed to be useful in generating complex visual experiences. In order to maximize the aesthetical landscape experiences in landscape planning, cognitive layers are needed which complement the input of adequate cognitive elements and the inter-element relationships. Here, layers are utilized to change the arrangement of the landscape elements and coordinate the cognitive flow so that the images could be connected and imagination could occur. A case in point is Anhyun Village in Gochang where physically distinctive layers are additionally set to make a visual experience enriching. The new landscape layers discover the fact that it provides diversity in experiencing the village landscape and forming the sense of beauty and that it is deeply immersed into the daily life of the village. Meanwhile, Guwau Village in Taebaek is an example showing the usefulness of various-layer setting in landscape planning in setting effective circulation planning. That is, the bottom line is the spacing-starting where and making it stay where for a few seconds, and the visual layers. It is also critical to encourage inducing circulation so that layers of the senses stimulating five senses could intervene. Lastly, Mulgeon-ri in Namhae is a case which directly made a parallel of the physical layers of the landscape composition and the cognitive layers of the landscape experience. Artificial landscape planning is mostly about manipulating of visual traits that people feel beautiful, but the layer technique is linked to how to make experiences enriching and renewed.
Evaluation of Regional Rural Amenity Values on Living and Tourism Resource Characteristics
Oh, Yun-Gyeong ; Choi, Jin-Yong ; Bae, Seung-Jong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 14, issue 4, 2008, Pages 21~32
The rural area has kept traditions and green open spaces highlighted in these days since the life quality elevated. Institute of Rural Resources Development has been conducting nation-wide survey project for rural amenity resources to construct the databases of rural amenity distribution and richness. Using surveyed data from the project, this study was implemented to evaluate rural amenity values based on SAW (Simple Additive Weighting) method considering two aspects including living and tourism amenity. For defining the set of evaluation criteria, the rural amenity resources were classified into almost intact nature resources(natural resources), interaction between nature and man resources(cultural resources) and man-made resources(social resources). The weighting values of the criteria were evaluated from the step wise pair-comparison results by AHP(Analytic Hierarchy Process) method. In the results of weighting values related to living amenity, social resources was the hightest ranked criterion (0.512), followed by cultural resources (0.245) and natural resources (0.243). On the other hand, the results related to tourism amenity was that weighting values of natural resources, cultural resources and social resources were 0.481, 0.340 and 0.179, respectively. The two aspects evaluation methods was applied to the selected 18 areas (Myeon administration level) in Chungcheongbuk Do. The results demonstrated the differences of amenity values for living conditions and tourism conditions and could be used for prioritizing rural amenity planning.
Strategies to Improve Rural Amenity through Establishing Eco-village
Ban, Yong-Un ; Jung, Jae-Ho ; Baek, Jong-In ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 14, issue 4, 2008, Pages 33~45
This study has intended to find strategies improving rural amenity through establishing eco-village. This research presented eco-village establishment as an alternative to solve the problems that current rural villages face, such as FTA farming crisis, aging, weakening of farming competitiveness. Thus, this study has set up ecological rural amenity strategies, based on the principles and cases of both eco-village development and rural amenity through suitability analysis and statistical analysis with survey analysis. This study has defined the eco-rural amenity and set up such categories as environment, history-culture, society, image, and economy. Based on the definition and categories, this study has found the strategies to improve ecological rural amenity in accordance with categories.
Comparison between Landscape Photographic Albums in the Webpages of Agriculture and Mountain Villages Using a Content Analysis
Lee, Duk-Jae ; Lee, Jong-Sung ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 14, issue 4, 2008, Pages 47~56
This study aims to compare the revealed activities of visitors to rural tourism villages through photographic album in the internet homepage, and to give a suggestion for building new homepage showing the differences in mountain eco-tourism village. According to the different types of village development projects, photographs in internet homepage were analysed in order to compare the centered activities of visitors to agriculture and mountain tourism villages. Landscape types such as natural landscape, agricultural landscape, and village living landscape were classified to execute a content analysis on photographic album in the homepage. Reliability of the analysis between coder was achieved as 0.81. Results were summarized as follows. Firstly, village identity of homepage was mostly determined by the characteristics of internet portal involved. Secondly, adults were revealed as main subjects of tourism activities in mountain village, whereas lots of children were involved in agricultural village. Thirdly, natural landscape was used as a place of activities in mountain village, while village living landscape was photographed as a main background. It was suggested that the photographs revealing activities with children in the background of natural landscape should be uploaded to show the identity of mountain village regardless of the characteristics of internet portal.
A Survey on the Traditional Walls and Roofs Maintenance and the Rural Residents' Attitudes toward the Direct Payment Program for Traditional Walls and Roofs
Chae, Hye-Sung ; Min, So-Young ; Ryu, Sun-Jung ; Ahn, Tong-Mahn ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 14, issue 4, 2008, Pages 57~67
The Direct Payment Program for Rural Landscape Conservation (DPPRLC), introduced by the Korean government, currently offers subsidies to rural villages to encourage the growing of flower crops or wild flowers instead of common grain. However, in many of these villages, major landscape elements like walls and roofs of houses are built with cheap, urban materials, and kept in poor condition. This is a poor reflection of the DPPRLC goal to improve the aesthetic of korean rural landscape. This study surveyed and analyzed traditional style walls and roofs in ten selected villages taking part in the DPPRLC program. Villagers were interviewed for a proposed direct payment program for building and maintaining traditional walls and roofs. Major findings are: First, more than 86% of residents are willing to build and maintain traditional walls if subsidies are given. They would like to be reimbursed 75% to 100% of construction and maintenance costs. Second, about 64% of residents would be willing to build and maintain traditional roofs with the subsidies. They also would like to receive 75% to 100% of construction and maintenance costs. The policy implication of this study is that extending the DPPRLC program to include walls and roofs in rural villages will make rural landscape more attractive.
A Study for Rural Landscape Planning Criteria
Joo, Shin-Ha ; Im, Seung-Bin ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 14, issue 4, 2008, Pages 69~76
The purpose of this study is to propose the rural landscape planning criteria for Korean rural area. For this, the meaning of rural landscape is defined, and the legislative framework and several legal processes are surveyed, including the deliberation system for natural landscape impacts and the Landscape Law recently legislated. Through literature studies and analysis, the rural landscape planning criteria are proposed, which have step-by-step processes; goals and objectives, analysis and estimation for present conditions, basic planning concept, landscape planning for different visual landscape types, landscape designing for visual elements, and practical action plans. Each processes are designed considering the existing legislative framework, so it can be well-matched to current systems. But, because there are few rural landscape plans so far, comparing to the urban landscape plans, the validity of this criteria should be verified in the future studies.
A Proposal of Rural Landscape Policy for Preservation, Formation and Management
Joo, Shin-Ha ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 14, issue 4, 2008, Pages 77~86
The purpose of this study is to propose the policies for preservation, formation and management of Korean rural landscape. For this, the current rural landscape policies are examined and recent legislative changes are also surveyed. The Landscape Law and the Comprehensive Countermeasures for Rural Landscape Improvement are the most significant changes. The proposed issues are as follows: 1. the establishment of rural landscape planning system, 2. the arrangement of the criteria and guideline for rural landscape planning and design, 3. the re-arrangement of the rural landscape index and landscape map, 4. the survey and management of the rural landscape amenity, 5. the revitalization of the landscape projects for rural area, 6. the pragmatic connection with other law and system(especially the Landscape Law), 7. the education and cultivation of the rural landscape expert groups.
Preferences for Experiencing activities of Daegu City Residents towards Green Tourism
Eom, Boong-Hoon ; Oh, Seung-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 14, issue 4, 2008, Pages 87~95
The purpose of this study is to analyze city residents' preference to experiencing activities for Green Tourism. A Questionnaire survey was conducted in fall, 2006. The sum of 515 copies was analyzed. Residents of Daegu city preferred 'health/leports experience' and 'traditional food experience', among theme experiential activities. While present providing experience programs are rural-life experiences, which are convenient for provider aspect. By the result of cross-table analysis, there are many differences between groups by gender & age. Men preferred 'health/leports experience', while women preferred 'traditional food experience'. The mean values of preference by 14 experiencing activities showed high at 'health experience', 'traditional food experience', 'leports experience', which represents health & wellbeing trends. By the result of t-test & ANOVA, there also are many differences between groups by gender & age. Especially significant differences were shown by age group. Three factors were categorized. 'traditional/wellbeing/health experience', 'nature-play experience' and 'life-culture experience' were those.
Quantitative Approaches for Agricultural and Rural Policy Evaluation
Lee, Seong-Woo ; Yun, Seong-Do ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 14, issue 4, 2008, Pages 97~108
The present study construct a new technique that can evaluate diverse rural policies, which have been applied to the rural development programs at the village level. The method incorporates spatial econometrics models with a decomposition method that has little been utilized before. We applies the technique to evaluate the rural development programs that have been carried out by the Korea Forest Service and. Korea Rural Development Agency. The technique proved to be quite useful in that the technique efficiently separate the direct effect caused by the government policy from the effect explained by the endowment effect such as regional or area characteristics, and residual effect that cannot be identified by the models. The present study concludes with suggesting more quantitative methods need to be developed to evaluate diverse government policy programs, which enables us to discern correct policy effects.
Development of Green-Tourism Potential Evaluation Method Considering Rural Amenity and Demand of Citizen
Bae, Seung-Jong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 14, issue 4, 2008, Pages 109~119
The objectives of this study are to develop a green tourism potential evaluation method with rural amenity and demand of citizen. The new index which was named GPD(green tourism potential degree) is designed to propose the green tourism potential of rural areas using spatial analysis of geographic information system and spatial interaction of gravity model. And in order to evaluate the green tourism potential with supply side and demand side, two indices were defined; One is green tourism demand degree(GDD) which is developed to quantify a demand side potential by the analysis of urban population and urbanization index, and the other is green tourism attraction degree(GAD) which is developed to quantify a supply side potential by the analysis of rural amenity values using AHP algorithm, based on opinion of related experts. The developed method was applied to a part of Kyounggi province, Seoul and Incheon. All the study area's GAD, GDD and GPD were assessed and the proposed green tourism potential evaluation method could be used in developing rural development plans and green tourism policies considering spatial interaction with citizen and green tourism resources.
Contents Analysis on the Rural Village Development Projects: With Focus on Project Regions during 2004-2007
Park, Han-Sik ; Hwang, Gil-Sik ; Kim, Young-Taek ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 14, issue 4, 2008, Pages 121~128
The purpose of this study is to identify the trend of the contents of the plan that was implemented through contents analysis on the master plan project of rural village development projects that began in 2004. Contents analysis is based on the classification of business in the detailed enforcement regulations of rural village development project. Analysis on the project contents was conducted for 30 days from June 20 to July 20 for the 132 regions established in the master plan during the period from 2004 to 2007. The results of the analysis showed the following. First, scenery facilities, rural tourism, cultural welfare and income basis projects accounted for 76.5% of the total projects. Second, with regard to investment costs depending on the contents of the projects, cultural welfare, rural tourism and income basis projects accounted for 66.3% of the total investment costs. Third, it was found out that, with regard to the trend of change in the project contents by year, income basis projects were sharply reduced whereas cultural welfare and scenery facilities projects were increased. Finally, with regard to the analysis on the projects by region, it was found that Gangwon, Gyeonggi and Chungnam gave high weight on rural tourism, whereas Gyeongbuk, Jeonnam and Jeonbuk gave low weight on rural tourism. Particularly, Gyeongnam was found to have given low weight on income basis project.
In-service Education Program Development on Multifunctionality of Agriculture and Rural Areas
Hwang, Jeong-Im ; Kim, Eun-Ja ; Lee, Sang-Young ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 14, issue 4, 2008, Pages 129~141
The purpose of this study was to develop an in-service education program on multifunctionality of agriculture and rural areas. The in-service education program for general agricultural education was developed by reviewing literature, analyzing domestic in-service education programs. The program consisted of 3 fields - understanding, experiencing multifunctionality, and applying it to classroom, and contents validity was evaluated by 3 experts. And the program was applied to 268 elementary and secondary school teachers. Before and after the in-service education program, the survey was conducted. The survey questions were about motivation of participation, satisfaction level of program, and so on. Based on the analysis of survey data, some recommendations were suggested.