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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Rural Planning
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Dec 2009
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Sep 2009
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Jun 2009
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Mar 2009
Selecting the target year
Rural Area planning Law of Taiwan (Draft)
Chung, Hoi-Hoon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 15, issue 3, 2009, Pages 1~10
A Study on the Improvement of the Rural Landscape Planning in Rural Village Development Projects
Kim, Choong-Sik ; Yu, Joo-Eun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 15, issue 3, 2009, Pages 11~22
The purpose of this study is to analyze the present condition of the landscape plans(LPs) established in the Rural Village Development Projects(RVDPs) and to propose the ways to improve the LP. Toward this end, the legal system related to rural landscape and the RVDP were examined. Also, the current condition of the LPs was diagnosed through making researches on the RVDP and LP of the 10 regions. The results of examining the legal system showed that the suitable types of the LPs is 'the Specific Landscape Plan' in Rural Area. Of the development projects that have been in operation, RVDP was found to have been equipped with the system. Because the LPs can be established and the contents of formation and readjustment of rural landscape elements were broadly dealt with in RVDP. And the RVDPs consisted mostly of scenery facilities, rural village sightseeing, and income-growth. The results of examining the plan establishment procedures showed that the LPs were set up as subordinate plans of the RVDP, so structural problems such as the positions of the plans, inadequacy in the procedures of approval and collecting opinions were identified. Such problems were pointed out as the cause of the LP to deal with the contents of the basic designs of the RVDP. The schemes to resolve the problems are to give equal positions to the LPs and to the basic plans of the RVDP. When the results of this study are reflected on the policies, the LP will effectively carry out the functions of formation and management of continued scenery preservation of rural villages.
Analysis on Different Ideas of Rural Housing Environmental Results : - Focused on Opinion of Public Officials and Inhabitants in Cheongwon-gun -
Ko, Hye-Jin ; Lee, Geun-Bok ; Hwang, Hee-Yun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 15, issue 3, 2009, Pages 23~32
The purpose of this research was to evaluate rural housing environment through evaluation of the two parties, public officials, the interest group and residents, the beneficiaries surveying general understanding and measuring difference in understanding between public officials and residents. Through the difference in understanding, this study was to propose effective promotion method and desirable direction of rural housing environment. For progress hereafter, by seeking active involvement of residents, this study proposed possible renewal plan of residential environment. Process of this study was first, research documents to examine several rural housing environment related promotions, and several analysis techniques like principal component analysis, multiple regression analysis used to understand different ideas Opinion of Public Officials and Inhabitants. Then take surveys of residents living in renewal zone, and surveys of public officials of borough, which already performed renewal projects to evaluate comprehensively as either residents' or administrators' view.
An Analysis on Spatial Characteristics in the Center Villages of Hub-Myun Site
Lim, Chang-Su ; Choi, Soo-Myung ; Sim, Hwan-Hwi ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 15, issue 3, 2009, Pages 33~45
This study tried to establish a tentative renewal guideline on spatial structure of the Hub-myun's center villages which would be positioned as sub-centers in the rural settlement hierarchy in Korea. Space Syntax Method was used to analyze the locational characteristics of community facilities in the center villages of 8 pilot project areas which were selected in the nationwide scale. The base-maps for spatial analysis works were prepared firstly from satellite pictures and adjusted through field check. Generally, connectivity and global integration values of center villages were calculated as higher than hinterland villages, which would mean better accessible spatial characteristics in the center villages. And a tentative renewal guideline was proposed for road route improvement and relocation of community facilities in the Hub-myun's center villages.
Epistemological Understandings of Urbanism and Rurality
Kim, Jung-Tae ; Kang, Dong-Woo ; Lee, Seong-Woo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 15, issue 3, 2009, Pages 47~60
The discussion of this paper is concerned with the epistemology of urbanism and rurality, that is, the justification of certain knowledge claims about how to intervene in understanding of urban and rural way of life and their implications to space. It is not concerned with the search for "truth" as such, but rather with the construction and presentation of knowledge as truth that subsequently lead to interpretation in the form of scholarly arguments. Rural areas vary considerably, and we define it as of a socially constructed category and so does urban as a comparative construction. As with community, rurality has been defined in widely different ways so has urbanism. In identifying and interconnecting these two concepts, we incorporate diverse western epistemologies such as empiricism and pragmatism. In addition, we heed particular attention to the intellectual history of Silhak, a philosophical ideology of Korea, to identify the relationships and it's effect on social way of life encompassing the realm of rural and urban spaces. We found that Silhak is particularly useful in that it deals with substantive issues of the relationship between rurality and urbanism arising from the discordance between values and perceive conditions of the rural and urban way of lives. This paper argues that the epistemology of Silhak is particularly superior to those of western ideologies since it accentuates unity of spaces rather than differentiating urban and rural way of life. We concludes with demanding more studies in the field of urban and rural analyses incorporating more diverse concepts of Korean orthodox epistemology.
Developing Ecological Trails and Route Alignment for Revitalizing Rural Traditional Theme Village in Naegok-ri
Lee, Seung-Joo ; Han, Bong-Ho ; Kang, Hyun-Kyung ; Lee, Soo-Dong ; Kim, Sang-Bum ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 15, issue 3, 2009, Pages 61~79
This study discusses developing ecological trails and route alignment in mountainous rural area. Through a process of ecological resources survey, ecological trails and route alignment has been established. Mainly, by focusing on ecological resources in rural areas, it was indifferent to their own ecological resource and charm to make it unique strengths. Based on survey the results, Natural ecology resources, there were the climate factor, surface, geological, terrain analysis. Furthermore, ecological resources were researched and analyzed the elements of it, distribution of resources, types, location, semantic analysis. The results are expressed on the map and recorded by taking pictures. Plant ecosystem, there were actual vegetation, land use, flora analysis. Wild animal ecosystem, it was checked and recorded on 1/1,000 map partition the emergence of wild birds, the number of species distributed by foraging guild, the emergence of amphibians, reptile, mammals and insect species. The site is chosen as rural theme village in 2007, base on their own rich ecological and landscape resources. Therefore, we carried out ecological trails and route alignment plan in accordance with analyzed the natural ecological resource and after setting up the basic goal, ecological trail has been composed and planting has done and direction.
Agricultural land use in less favored areas in Japan and Measures against Abandoned cultivated land
Takuya, Hashiguchi ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 15, issue 3, 2009, Pages 81~87
It may be said that a farmer's crisis deepens from the number of farm households and a trend of the number of cultivated land of the farmer attracting attention for the most fundamental numerical value of the Census of Agriculture 2005. A rate of decline of number of farm households seems to have been stopped, but expansion lasts a number of farm households rate of decline. I can, so to speak, watch weakening of flatland area and luck of mountainous areas and a situation to say if I look in that according to classification agricultural area. I can nominate the effect of a direct payment system for farmers in hilly and mountainous areas enforced in 2000 for the background. It is located in case of the policy introduced preceding it while the rural community and the community including the urban area being paid attention as the last resort of a regional reproduction now. In particular, the character as the village activation subsidy has been strengthened in case of the 2nd stage institutional revise.
Revitalization of Rural Community in Less Favored Area Through Rural-Urban Exchange - Focusing on Satoyama Management Activity -
Miyake, Yasunari ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 15, issue 3, 2009, Pages 89~97
In less favored areas, it is getting more difficult to manage Satoyama according to aging of rural residents and depopulation. Some support of urban residents are necessary for management of Satoyama. In this paper, the role of Satoyama management activities was clarified through the analysis of the feature of activities for managing Satoyama. The questionnaire and interview surveys were done in order to clarify the actual conditions for management of Satoyama and activities of urban residents who are participating in NPO in Hyogo Prefecture. The results of analysis are as follows. (1)The form of rural-urban exchange in Satoyama is different in each Satoyama. (2)The urban residents are contributing to the region very much on both sides of the manager and the visitor in Satoyama. (3)Many urban residents visit Satoyama for the purpose of enjoying the variety of nature and culture programs in rural area. (4)There are some urban residents who participate in activities for managing Satoyama even if Satoyama is far from their residence. So it is important for rural residents to arrange the condition that they can visit rural area without difficulty.
Problem and policy on reorganization of rural communities in less-favored areas
Morita, Hidenori ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 15, issue 3, 2009, Pages 99~106
In the rural communities in less-favored areas (mainly hilly and mountainous areas) in Japan, the number of settlements which cannot maintain the community functions by themselves has been increasing because of the progress of depopulation and aging, so the necessity for achieving mutual supplementation of the community function by the settlement reorganization has been increasing. This paper consists of the following three points. 1) General view of settlement reorganization policy in Japan. 2) Case study of the T district in Japan. 3) Possibility of the settlement reorganization by the policy measures which obligate community members to work together. Main results are as follows. 1) There are several settlement reorganization policy measures, but many are still the model project stage, and not yet spread, so it is necessary to wait and see how these measures will develop. 2) The number of the residents of small-scale aging settlements who do not hope for the reorganization, nor feel the necessity of reorganization shall not be few. This will make great difficulty in the settlement reorganization process. 3) A local area activity promotion conference which derives from a former administrative unit like a former village has many functions to the settlement reorganization. 4) In the rural communities in less-favored areas, the policy measures which obligate community members to work together have widely spread. These are expected to play the supplemental role for the settlement reorganization. It is necessary to discuss among residents the activation plan and the future vision of the community, as well as to discuss the settlement reorganization.
Current Issues and Rural Policies of Less-favored Areas in Japan
Nakashima, Yasuhiro ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 15, issue 3, 2009, Pages 107~112
In Japan, the direct payment scheme for mountainous areas was introduced in order to enhance multifunctionality of less-favored areas in 2000. A comprehensive ex post assessment showed that the scheme effectively contributed to prevention of abandoned cultivated lands, maintenance and enhancement of multifunctionality of agriculture, continuous assistance for agricultural production, and revitalization of community. In 2005 a second round of the scheme started and urged encouraging core farmers, improving productivity, and reinforcing inter-village coalition as to promote autonomous and sustainable rural economies. A new different scheme such as 'measures to conserve and improve land, water and environment' was launched for strengthening conservation and management of rural resources over all areas in 2007. It covers one third of paddy fields with regards to maintenance of water facilities and practice of group eco-farming beyond less-favored area. A lot of public programs have been developed for rural revitalization recently. Additionally some have a complementary role to enlarging cultural multifunctionality in rural societies. We could interpret the institutional progress as an evolutionary path of rural development and environmental schemes for the past decade. Much experience of community works through the direct payment scheme for mountainous areas may have resulted in accumulation of social competence for elaboration of rural management..