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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Rural Planning
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Dec 2009
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Sep 2009
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Jun 2009
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Mar 2009
Selecting the target year
The Demand and Usability Survey for Using Rural Amenity Resource Map
Oh, Yun-Gyeong ; Choi, Jin-Yong ; Lee, Ji-Min ; Bae, Seung-Jong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 15, issue 4, 2009, Pages 1~10
Rural amenity is regarded as a breakthrough that can revitalize the rural communities. The demand for rural amenity development is also increasing since the urban people have growing incomes and leisure time. This study was implemented to survey the needs and application directions of rural amenity database. The survey questionnaires were collected from various related groups including industry, universities, administration and research institute. Two kinds of analysis of variance (ANOVA) were carried out in order to prioritize the building rural amenity resource map among four user groups and ten rural amenity resources. The result of survey showed that most of respondents had been aware of amenity resources and the industry group had the highest level of utilization in making decisions for rural development. Although the significant difference among groups was not shown in the priority, the priority in the construction of information map was shown the significant difference among 10 kinds of amenity resources. Landscape's map and traditional resource map were relatively higher priority than the other resource map.
A study on design trend in rural amenity planing shown in Rural Amenity Design Competition
Kim, Eun-Ja ; Kim, Sang-Bum ; Yun, Hee-Jeong ; Kang, Bang-Hun ; Lee, Jeung-Won ; Lim, Chang-Su ; Lee, Seung-Yeon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 15, issue 4, 2009, Pages 11~17
Rural Amenity Design Competition is opened every year since 2003 having an intention of improving spatial design and planning of rural area through developing values of rural amenity resources and applying in that area. The subject of this competition is broad and there's no limit in locations so that various solutions and original ideas could be proposed. This research examined 165 prizewinning works of the competition and analyzed the locations and areas, aims, main resources, spatial planning contents and experience programs to find out trends of rural spatial design. According to the study, the prizewinning works tends to 1) include spatial plan for an existing village planning, 2) aim rural tourism for citizens and increasement of resident's incomes, 3) develop vegetation and agricultural resources, 4) plan for natural landscape, commercialization of local special productions and agriculture, and 5) propose ecological experience programs. The same theme of the competition repeated every year had led to advanced design skills but also a stagnant of design contents. A subject and a main goal of the Rural Amenity Design Competition should be departmentalized each time hereafter to make for the weak points and propose progressive direction for the rural spatial design.
The Type Classification and Characteristic Analysis of Biotope in Rural Areas
Cho, Hyun-Ju ; Ra, Jung-Hwa ; SaGong, Jung-Hee ; Ryu, Yeon-Su ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 15, issue 4, 2009, Pages 19~32
This research has a significant meaning to break from the urban ecology-oriented biotope research and realize the importance of rural landscape as a reserve area for systemizing the types of rural biotope. The results are as follows. First of all, items for classification of 16 rural biotope areas are designed and total 9 itmes in slope from spatial structural point of view and 7 items in minute-variety from functional point of view. Also, as the result of on-site research on case areas based on classified items, there are 46 types of rural biotope such as coniferous forest, hedgerow and so on. For example, it is proven that uncultivated stripe showed the most frequent emergence. As a result of cluster analysis of average linkage method between clusters, 12 clusters are classified as a clusters and 13 biotope types are re-corrected and complemented through brainstorming process and then total 12 clusters are selected as final rural biotope type groups. As a rural biotope type cluster and character analysis according to types based on on-site research and documentary survey, for example, it is analyzed that the ratio of transmissible covering ratio is 100%, the ratio of green coverage is 90% in 'woodland in cultivated area biotope type cluster'.
A Study on the Meaning and the Factors of Formation of the Prototypal Landscape
Kang, Young-Eun ; Choi, Dong-Wook ; Hong, Sung-Hee ; Jung, Yun-Hee ; Kim, Sang-Bum ; Im, Seung-Bin ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 15, issue 4, 2009, Pages 33~42
This study is aimed at the necessity application in 'Prototype' general concept on discovering cultural identity landscape of our national characteristics landscape research. Accordingly, It is considered landscape, fundamental concept, the prototypal landscape concept from previously researches that have been used. At the same time, the concept of prototypal landscape has been established by commenting a point of view which is defining previous researches that controverted prototypal landscape, then establish concept of prototypal landscape and derive attribute by comparing and considering similar terminology of prototypal landscape. Previously, research prototypal landscape in depth by applying defined concept of prototypal landscape and considering inherence ideological and environmental background prototypal figure and structure. Formation pattern of the prototypal landscape is classified in both philosophical formative primary factor from philosophy, religion and environmental formative factor of human that accumulated cultural life from a region and life. Examples of forming the prototypal landscape by philosophical formative factor are classified as 'Feng-Shui(the theory of divination based on topography)', 'Yin-Yang theory', 'Confucian idea theory' 'Philosophical Taoism', 'Buddhism theory' and 'Nature theory' then environmental formative factor are interpreted by 'Taekliji(determining of advantageous land)', 'Imwon(forest) economical geography', 'land use', 'topography' and 'terrain' as examples. This study is anticipating a new point of view and an establishment of reliable preservation to our characteristic of the prototypal landscape by considering concept of prototypal landscape and formative factor as studying limits of prototypal landscape and researching concentrated origination of the prototype.
A Study on Conservative Value Evaluation for the Ethnic Villages by Contingent Valuation Method
Kang, Young-Eun ; Ahn, Tong-Mahn ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 15, issue 4, 2009, Pages 43~50
The Ethnic Villages which are designated as a cultural property in Korea are important factors to recognize how the living environment was and to represent uniqueness should be preserved in Korea. For these reasons, this study investigates the Ethnic Villages in Korea and evaluates the economic values of the Ethnic Villages using CVM(contingent valuation method) which has been knows as one of the practical methods in the field of environmental economics. The results of this study indicate that the economic value of the Ethnic Villages for conservation and maintenance is 27,430 won per household/month, and this can be converted into 19,398 hundred million won per one year. This results proves validity of this study compared to the maintenance cost conserving the Ethnic Village of the Cultural Heritage Administration. It can be used as a policy basis to raise finances for conserving the Ethnic Village needed additional support.
A Study on the 'Theme Cluster Method' for the Development of Regional Specialization Under the Block Grants System
Lee, Seok-Ju ; Yun, Sang-Hun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 15, issue 4, 2009, Pages 51~57
The regional development methods, which had carried out in the rural area had many legal and systematic problems in establishing plans for the region itself, and in finding and practicing various business. Recently, new government revised the budget system and introduced the block grants system to overcome this limitation. Due to this, plans and enforcements of subsequent rural development projects are expected be a significant change. The study suggests the 'theme cluster development' method for accomplishing the regional specialization and competitiveness and examines the procedure of application in practice through the regional development plan of Sunchang-gun, Jeonbuk province.
Success Factors for Web-based Agricultural Information Systems
Yoo, Chul-Woo ; Park, Soo-Min ; Choe, Young-Chan ; Shim, Gun-Seop ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 15, issue 4, 2009, Pages 59~74
This study reviews and modifies general IS success models to find success factors of WIS(Web-based Information Systems) and to confirm the relationship between WIS success and user's satisfaction of web use. A WISSM(Web-based Information Success Model extended to include EQ(E-Quality) is developed to anticipate user's intention to use Web-based Agricultural Information System and fit into the survey data from 252 WIS users of RDA(Rural Development Administration). PLS is applied to estimate a structural model based on EQ-WISSM to test hypotheses including 1) users reach a high level of intention to use Web-based Information Systems when they feel a high level of interactivity among an 'E-Quality', 'Decision Making Support Satisfaction' and 'Task Support Satisfaction', and E-Quality boosts intention to use Web-based Information Systems. The results show high path coefficients and
values and find followings; First, the EQ-WISSM explains the user's intention to use WAIS quite well. Second, E-Quality can be used well in web-based IS environment to predict IS Success. Finally, this research finds the importance of 'Task Support Satisfaction' as a mediator between 'Decision Making Support Satisfaction', 'E-Quality' and 'Intention to Use'.
A Study on the Spatial Structure of the rural Dwelling Houses of China's Korean Ethnic - Based on Investigating and analyzing each District's rural Dwelling houses of China's Three Northeastern Provinces -
Jin, Ri-Xue ; Park, Yong-Hwan ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 15, issue 4, 2009, Pages 75~87
This paper tries to explore the local uniqueness and evolutionary characteristics of the spatial structure of the rural dwelling houses of China's Korean Ethnic. For this purpose, the paper selected 51 typical samples in each district, analyzing their ancestral home, building age, size, construction method, family composition etc. Moreover, the paper classified the pattern of the samples and analyzed the characteristic and evolutionary process of each pattern. Conclusions based on the analysis of the ancestral homes are as follows: 1.The house pattern of these China's Korean ethnics who are originally from the Hamkyung province is mainly jeongji- access type (A-type). A-type is mainly distributed along the Tumen River and Yalu River, in the Sino-Russian borders and the inland areas of Heilongjiang province. With the migration of the China's Korean ethnics, in Sino-Russian borders and the inland areas of Heilongjiang province, A-type with the 'badang' space, vestibule-access type (C-type) and living-centered type (D-type) appeared. 2. House patterns of Korean ethnics who are originally from the Pyongan province include three types: A-type, kitchen type (B-type) and C-type. A-type is mainly distributed along the Yalu River while B-type and C-type are mainly in the inland areas of these three Northeast provinces. With the decrease of population, the merger of rooms happened in A-type; while in the B-type and C-type, bathroom and storage came to exist in the north of the room. 3. The house pattern of Korean ethnics who are originally from the Gyeongsang province is mainly B-type, which is distributed in the inland areas of Heilongjiang and Jilin provinces. Besides, C-type and D-type also exist. They are in Jilin and Liaoning provinces. In the process of evolution, storage was set in the north part of the room or the window was cancelled in order to defend the coldness in Heilongjiang area, while in Jilin and Liaoning provinces, living room came into existence, which is gradually developing to D-type.
Determinants and Regional Patterns of Parent-child Coresidence among Older Korean Parents, 1985-2005
Kim, Mi-Young ; Lee, Seong-Woo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 15, issue 4, 2009, Pages 89~107
The main objective of the present study is to find out which factors affect coresidence between older Korean parents and their adult children and to examine the regional patterns of the phenomenon. The 1980, 1995 and 2005 Korea census data are used to investigate the determinants of two types of parent-child coresidence. The two types are coresidence with married adult children and one with unmarried adult children. The study takes advantage of the multilevel mltinomial logit model, allowing the model to capture regional differences. Findings from the study are: (1) Korean parents' coresidence with their married adult children and one with their unmarried adult children are distinctive in their determinants; (2) variables related to wealth or economic status are positively related with possibilities of both types of coresidence; and (3) considerable regional differences in the possibility of coresidence do exist among regions in Korea.
Performance and Problem Analysis of Comprehensive Rural Village Development Project - Case Study of the Income Project in Gurye Banggwang Villages
Cho, Jin-Sang ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 15, issue 4, 2009, Pages 109~124
The purpose of this thesis is to analyze and evaluate issues and performance of development projects of Gurye Banggwang villages' key projects, especially directly or indirectly related to resident income augmentation. The agricultural products processing factory, the valley resting, the urban and rural exchange center, and the village festival have been closely selected as directly or indirectly related to the resident income. Analysis of survey of resident and two agriculture unions' members led the performance and problem of Banggwang villages' development projects. The income project has the difficulties of recruiting members, lack of professionalism of people in production and marketing of processed products, and conflict between members etc. For this reason, income projects being adopted as the comprehensive rural village development project is often negative. Compare to the other cases, Banggwang village has more reflection of the income project, and has lot of interest by policy makers whether it be pursued successfully. It is too early to evaluate a performance properly because it is the beginning of income projects and the experience are not yet being sufficient. However, the performance is appearing gradually from various sides. For example, dividend of business profits, employment opportunities and sales of agricultural products are developing increasingly. Income projects have strengthens the residents' participation and interest in comprehensive rural village development project and with securing stable funding it will help to maintain the facilities.
An Analysis on Consumer's Attitude to Central Functions in Center Villages of Hub-myun
Cho, Eun-Jung ; Choi, Soo-Myoung ; Kim, Young-Taek ; Go, Young-Bae ; Lim, Chang-Su ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 15, issue 4, 2009, Pages 125~134
This study aimed at analysing on consumer's behaviour to central functions in center villages of Hub-myun. Consumers in the center villages were classified as follows; residents in the center village and in the hinterland area, visitors. Through the interview works on the customers in 8-pilot project sites and differential analysis works of answered results, consumers' attitude in the center villages were grouped into two types; self-sufficient one and higher center-dependent one.
Planning System on Conservation and Improvement of Urban Forest - A Case Study in Daejon City, Korea -
Chung, Soon-Oh ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 15, issue 4, 2009, Pages 135~146
Urban forest area in South Korea has been increased up to 20.8% of national land as of 2007 by the mergence of municipalities and counties. The rate of park and green tract among urban forest averages out to about 4% nationally but the Capital, Seoul, almost 105% level, not easy to split the two. Park and green has positive management system because of its infrastructure attribute and relevant security obligation standard while urban forest left alone with no such concerns. The most important reason of the negligence comes from institutional inertia although it is possible to be managed functionally by forest laws as like forests of park, landscape, wind and noise protection, and timber product. As a results, it reaches below than 92.64% of the national average level of the timber stockpile especially in the metropolitan areas and loses broad acres rapidly due to the easy conversion system to the urban land usage. Therefore, there must be required some alternative methodologies to conserve and foster it. The paper proposes the four urban forest management types and their control methods. The four types divide into conservation, foster, development, and reservation ones. Also it suggests the five furtherance tract types with the combination among the four earlier types, optionally having one of the six aim climaxes and recommends the standardization of operation design. The total green quantity index of urban forest also suggested by the weight method according to location and DBH class. The case study of the suggested model was executed on the Daejon Metropolitan area and its index calculated as 110.4% level compared with the acreage.
Review on Rural Development Project in the United States and Its Application to Korea : Main Street Program
Hwang, Han-Cheol ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 15, issue 4, 2009, Pages 147~160
In 1977, the Main Street Program(MSP) of the United States was founded by the National Trust for Historic Preservation to revitalize downtowns which suffered major declines in their economy and population. This study analyzed the methodology of MSP such as the Four-Point Approach and the Eight Principles, history of MSP, local program organizational structure, local program budgets and funding, official designation and so on. Three successful cases were discussed the background of an introduction to MSP, implementations, results and revitalization statistics. To be able to apply rural development projects in Korea, this study showed the implications such as the need for a program's ethic and methodology, a strong public-private partnership, a dedicated organization, a full-time professional program manager, a commitment to good design and comprehensive work plan, and an educational program of ongoing training for staff, volunteers and other residents.
Visual Landscape Plan for Conservation and Management in Rural Landscape Character Area
Kim, Sang-Bum ; Lee, Seung-Yeon ; Kim, Eun-Ja ; Lee, Seung-Joo ; Rhee, Sang-Young ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 15, issue 4, 2009, Pages 161~172
This study focuses on the application of landscape planning(i.e. including rural landscape character area designation and rural landscape planning etc.). That application of landscape planning provides the probably most operable and comprehensive version of what is generally accepted by the discipline. According to the planning discipline the schemes of planning are to; Firstly, we derived the improvement of landscape and the methods of landscape characterization subsequent to analyze the present condition and grasp the landscape resources in Yesan via reviewing the current study and field survey. Secondly, in order to achieve environmentally friendly rural landscape plan and characteristic rural landscape creation, we planed the draft landscape area such as woodland, hydrology area, urbanized area, rural communities, etc. which was classified by sphere of life moreover, we planed partly outdoor facilities, road and colour suchlike. Thirdly, we tried to seek the programme of conservation and utilization for scenic and characteristic rural landscape area via rural landscape character area designation. Lastly, it is proposed that rural landscape planning lead to inhabitant participation, system improvement, subject performance for carrying out efficient rural landscape planning.
Master Plan for Jeju Sanghyo Botanical Garden using local landscape resources
Park, Eun-Yeong ; Yoo, Byung-Rim ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 15, issue 4, 2009, Pages 173~182
This study is a plan for the Jeju Sanghyo Botanical Garden construction, and it is prepared to maintain the identity of the local landscape by composing the garden using the local landscape resources. The goals of becoming one of world's best, garden centered botanical garden and at the same time one that represents culture of Jeju. Unusual species are included in the collection and with the general collection, special collection and exhibition by different kinds are planned to be offered to the public. The garden will demonstrate the world's various types of gardens in a compressed way. It is our endeavor to become center of culture beyond plant education and exhibition, drawing a large number of people to our garden. Moreover, conservation of Jeju's unique botanic resources will be carried out and the garden will show the garden culture. Due to the size of the site, different themes will be exhibited in one zone in a parallel. Unique combination of each local landscape resource will create own theme. The display will be divided into three different stages: the 1st stage is an educational exhibition, assisting more understanding of distinguishing different locations, the second is exhibition by various species and the final stage will show an ideal way to develop a garden with harmony of various plant species.
A Study on the Direction of Forest Resort Development -Focusing on the Characteristics of Japan Shinrin Toshi and the Causes for its failure-
Park, Koo-Won ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 15, issue 4, 2009, Pages 183~197
The management aggravation of forests and the increase in the demand on resorts promote the urban use of forests, and the development of forests-using resorts is becoming an important political issue. Based on this understanding, this paper purports to examine the causes for the failure of the Shinrin Toshi policy (development of living space and resorts) which Japan promoted, and also examined the future direction of the development of forest resorts in Korea. As a result of the study, it was found that the Shinrin Toshi policy of Japan was promoted through the new changes of bubble economy and forest culture theory, and various strategies for the co-existence of human beings and nature were worked out. However, the policy took precedence without concrete plan production, which was found as the direct cause for the failure. The reasons for not having concrete plan production were: the target and the resort lifestyle (who will use it and what life will be developed) were not clear; the subject of the policy was restricted to state forests; and the dependence on civil capital in the promotion of the policy was too big. Therefore, in order to make the Shinrin Toshi policy successful, concrete lifestyle how the forest resort will be used and operated - needs to be set up and resources should be concretized. For this, the concrete demand on the forest resort life and the traditional community property of forest areas will have to be examined.
A Study on Surveying Techniques of Rural Amenity Resources Using Internet High-resolution Image Services - mainly on Google Earth -
Jang, Min-Won ; Chung, Hoi-Hoon ; Lee, Sang-Hyun ; Choi, Jin-Yong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 15, issue 4, 2009, Pages 199~211
The aim of this paper is to investigate the applicability of high spatial resolution remote sensing images for conducting the rural amenity resources survey. There are a large number of rural amenity resources and field reconnaissance without a sufficient preliminary survey involves a big amount of cost and time even if the data quality cannot always be satisfied with the advanced study. Therefore, a new approach should be considered like the state-of-the-art remote sensing technology to support field survey of rural amenity resources as well as to identify the spatial attributes including the geographical location, pathway, area, and shape. Generally high-resolution satellite or aerial photo images are too expensive to cover a large area and not free of meteorological conditions, but recently rapidly-advanced internet-based image services, such as Google Earth, Microsoft Bing maps, Bluebirds, Daum maps, and so on, are expected to overcome the handicaps. The review of the different services shows that Google Earth would be the most feasible alternative for the survey of rural amenity resources in that it provides powerful tools to build spatial features and the attributes and the data format is completely compatible with other GIS(Geographic information system) software. Hence, this study tried to apply the Google Earth service to interpret the amenity resources and proposed the reformed work process conjugating the internet-based high-resolution images like satellite and aerial photo data.
Construction of Farmlands Spatial Information for Reasonable Adjustment of Farmland Use
Chung, Hoi-Hoon ; Na, Sang-Il ; Lee, Sang-Hyun ; Choi, Jin-Yong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 15, issue 4, 2009, Pages 213~220
Farmland spatial data are needed as a basic information in conducting rational use of farmlands in regional scale. This study develops a method that can be used to make up such farmland spatial data in a simple way and to develop a technique to manage them in a unitary way, and examines the effectiveness of the technique by applying it to the case area. A method that Web-Service Raster Image and Digital Cadastal Map can be utilized as a base map was devised. It was designed applying the vector system, in which one lot of farmland is area unit. Raster image and field survey data were combined to increase the accuracy of data. The lot boundaries of the existing boundary map were adjusted to the shapes of actual farmlands using GIS edition function. A proper farmland use classification system to the area characteristics was established and data obtained from the field survey were coded. Usually it is very difficult to identify the size of one lot of actual farmland in the existing space data, based on the results of the case study, the result map showed actual topography very realistically. Also the frequently occurring lot divisions and the serious topographical modifications by natural disasters frequently have made it impossible to survey farmlands on the catastral map in the field. But the final map had a great usefulness in that it may solve such problems by expressing the filed survey results graphically.