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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Rural Planning
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Dec 2014
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Sep 2014
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Jun 2014
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Mar 2014
Selecting the target year
The Set of Performance Evaluation Index of Remodeling in Rural Housing for Residential Environments Improvement
Kim, Hye-Lan ; Lim, Chang-Su ; Kim, Eun-Ja ; Hong, Kwang-Woo ; Moon, Ho-Gyeong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 20, issue 1, 2014, Pages 1~12
DOI : 10.7851/ksrp.2014.20.1.001
Living environments in rural area have become deteriorated rapidly. Increase of aging population, decline in agricultural income, polarization of wealth in rural community due to rural returners have caused severe decline and imbalance of living environments in rural area. Responding to this circumstances, governments currently develop projects for improving living environments focusing on individual housing which were excluded from governmental supports because those had been regarded as private property. Nevertheless, there are still some gaps and problems in evaluating the quality of living environment and suggesting effective solutions. It would be because standards and guidelines of the projects have been based on urban housing system. In order to support the implementation of the projects, this research has developed an index for evaluating and monitoring the quality of living environments in rural area. By applying Delphi method, the index has been created in four categories of `security`, `convenience`, `comfortability`, and `durability` `Security` consists of structural safety, crime, disaster, accident prevention. `Convenience` includes three divisions of living, traffic, farm working. `Comfortability` is divided into sanitation, indoor environments, and aesthetic appreciation. Lastly, `durability` has four divisions of energy conservation, environmental friendliness, efficiency, and economics. Each sub-division also has different items from three to twelves. In the case of an index for performance evaluation, items have been derived from energy conservation(6-items), and environmental friendliness(7-items). Items developed as an index for evaluating rural living environments in this research might be good background information for remodeling project in rural housing development.
Landscape changes in suburban villages resulting from plant locations
Son, Yong-Hoon ; Lee, Cha-Hee ; Saito, Yukihiko ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 20, issue 1, 2014, Pages 13~26
DOI : 10.7851/ksrp.2014.20.1.013
The purpose of this study is to identify characteristics of the landscape changes in Gwangjyu city and Icheon city, the suburban areas on the outskirts of the Seoul metropolitan area, by focusing on the causes of the urban sprawl and the resultant morphological characteristics of landscape degradation. Particular attention has been given to the `advantages for developing suburb including geographical proximity and land price`, `institutional regulation such as land-use regulation` and `community solidarity` as drivers for possible introduction of external factors. The types of landscape change were divided into three, after having on-the-ground research on eleven chosen towns and interviews with head of a village: Overwhelming Change, Separated and Small-Scale Change. It was found that, in general, the quality of landscape was best for the small-scale change type, followed by separated and overwhelming change types. While the types of landscape change are correlated with the geographical proximity, its relevance with land regulation is relatively weak. The study found that imposing a land-use regulation as a means to prevent changes in suburban village landscape may not be fully effective. Also it analyzed that villages could better manage with keen interest the surrounding landscape if there is a high degree of solidarity within the village community. Therefore, the sense of community could play an important complementary role to land-use regulation which does not suffice in itself to manage suburban landscape.
A Study on Analysis of Importance Weights of Riverfront Assessment Items Using Analytic Hierarchy Process - Focused on the Gyeong-An Stream in Gyeonggi Province -
Lee, Hyung-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 20, issue 1, 2014, Pages 27~36
DOI : 10.7851/ksrp.2014.20.1.027
The purposes of this study are to identify assessment items to evaluate riverfront for amenity and recreation and to analyze the relative importance of the items using Analytic Hierarchy Process(AHP). Total 15 items of 5 categories were identified through literature review and panel discussion. Based on the AHP analysis results, a weighted value was set for each of the layers in the hierachy. `Ecological Characteristics` (0.333) was rated with the highest weighted value. followed by `Landscape Characteristics`(0.190) and `Physical Characteristics`(0.166). Among the assessment items, `Water Quality` (0.152) and `River Naturality`(0.118) had higher weighted values. With the set of assessment items field assessments were carried out for Gyung-An Stream of Gyeonggi-Do to exam its applicability. Total 6 segments and 31 reaches out of the 22.5 km long river were evaluated and the mean scores of the five categories were converted into a percentile score for comparison. Overall, the segments which had higher scores were located close to neighborhood areas and had better connections with other historical and cultural amenities. Also, existing facilities was an important factor and needs to be considered for waterfront development.
Development of Evaluation Indicators System by Rural Village Types
Kim, Young-Taek ; Choi, Soo-Myung ; Kim, Hong-Gyun ; Im, Sang-Bong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 20, issue 1, 2014, Pages 37~49
DOI : 10.7851/ksrp.2014.20.1.037
With the globalized coming of the knowledge-based society following the post-industrial period, both the crises and opportunities have been occurring together as non-special affairs, which is the same situation in Rural Korea. A crucial key for maximization of potentialities of emerging opportunities is to mobilize the multi-valuedness embedded in rural areas as one of new growth powers. In order to realize a variety of multi-valuedness of rurality, it should be needed to re-discover and re-evaluate rural resources by paradigm shift and to identify the multi-valuedness of resources systematically and scientifically. On the basis of this understanding, this study aimed at setting up the evaluation indicators system by rural village types to identify systematically the multi-valuedness embedded in rural villages in the initial step. Integrated evaluation indicators system was made with 4-level hierarchies; high-leveled one with 3 fields(society, environment, regional economy); middle-leveled one with 8 areas; lower-leveled one with 19 sub-areas; detailed indicators totally with 39 items. These indicators were divided into 12 basic indicators applied to all types and 27 specialized indicators determining the characteristics of village types.
High Utilization of Photovoltaic Power System in Rural Green Village Location Analysis and Evaluation using GIS - With Chubumyeon, Keumsan, Chungnam province -
Doh, Jae-Heung ; Kim, Dae-Sik ; Koo, Hee-Dong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 20, issue 1, 2014, Pages 51~62
DOI : 10.7851/ksrp.2014.20.1.051
The composition of rural Green Village requires higher utilization of renewable energy in those selected rural villages. The purpose of this study is to select the best results of rural green villages when using photovoltaic power system(PV system). 10 different rural villages in Chubumyeon, Keumsan, Chungnam province, were selected as study villages. This study shows measured solar radiation data, a 20-year time series data, and GIS spatial analysis; and whose were used to predict the photovoltaic power generation. PV system is used as a form with capacity of 3kWp to use for personal and public houses. Generation data was calculated by the town, where the economics of the Green Village location analysis was performed; and the solar radiation`s correction factor was calculated by the 20-year time series data and measured data by study villages. By applying to the data of DEM, slope and aspect of the study villages were found, therefore performed. Spatial analysis tools were performed by using solar radiation map`s tools. Those data found were used to calculate the average needed energy every months. When used the properly calculated data, towns performed economical energy consumption in rural Green Village. Every study villages have showed very high potential for PV system. Sungdangri ranked at the first (7,401kWp/year), Jangdaeri follows behind to the second (7,203kWp/year) and Yogwangri at third (7,89kWp/year) which shows higher developed energy than other study villages. The areas covered of these three towns are as follows: Sungdangri at
, Jangdaeri covers
and Yogwangri shows
. With these results, analyzing the potentials using GIS spatial analysis before installation of PV system was possible. Also different villages and topography in study villages have showed various results by the area. For convenience and to shorten research time, it is possible and enough to use solar radiation tools when studying spatial analysis of solar radiation.
The Study on Community Formation Effect from Urban Garden Management by Different Operators
Lee, Cha-Hee ; Son, Yong-Hoon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 20, issue 1, 2014, Pages 63~76
DOI : 10.7851/ksrp.2014.20.1.063
The purpose of this study is to identify effect in how urban garden is run by different operators in Korea, and consequently how it determines the level of community formation among urban garden users. Based on this analysis, the study is intended to present some points as to how to better manage urban garden. The operators are divided into three types: public, public-private partnership and private. The study interviewed each operating entity and surveyed garden users to gauge the extent to which communities are developed. After the ANOVA analysis and Scheffe post-hoc analysis, it was found that the levels of community formation among users of public and public-private partnership urban gardens were similar (so can be grouped together), whereas that of private urban garden users was higher (separated as another group). However, this study found no meaningful differences in the level of community formation among all types of urban garden in a local community. Some key suggestions are made as a result. First, as for the public and public-private partnership types of urban garden, it is necessary to foster leaders to build a community. Next, it is worth noting the potential of public-private partnership in realizing community revival through urban garden. The last suggestion is that, generally, the urban garden has only little influence on community formation in a local area so far, thus more practical consideration needs to be given to enhance the role of urban garden in a local community.
A study on the Survey System of a Rural Housing through the Integrated Approaching on Rural Village and Housing
Bae, Woong-Kyoo ; Kim, Owen ; Jeong, Dong-Seop ; Yun, Yong-Woo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 20, issue 1, 2014, Pages 77~89
DOI : 10.7851/ksrp.2014.20.1.077
This study intends to establish a system to investigate and analyze various impacting factors to Rural Housings such as the relationship of characteristics of Rural Housings located in a Rural Village to the Village and a Unit Housing, to the External and Internal Spaces inside the Unit Housing and the Village, and to Living Characteristics of the Residents and Space from an integrated point of view. The results of this study are largely summarized as following four kinds. Rural Housing Survey System can be largely classified into three stages, and they are a Preliminary Survey, Basic Survey and In-depth Survey. Along with these, the scope of the survey contents can be divided into a survey result by a unit of village, of land, of housing, and of resident`s opinion survey. Secondly, the surveys by village unit are on location properties, Village Identity, Street Network, Land Use, Landscape Features and Public Facilities, and consist of Literature, Discussion and Field Survey. Thirdly, the land Unit Surveys are on a Driveway, Gate Location, Housing Placement, Outer Space Design in a Yard and Outer Space Use Characteristics, and consist of Questionnaire and Field Surveys. For the fourth, the Housing Unit Surveys are on an Internal Space Design and Placement, and consist of Questionnaire and Field Surveys. Finally, the Resident Questionnaire Survey consisted of Entire Discussion Survey and a Household one, and then the Entire Survey was on the Village`s History, Village`s Characteristics, Cultivation Characteristics and Community Activities while an individual one was on Main Living Characteristics, Satisfaction and Utilization Characteristics.
Development of Policies and Business Models of Utilizing Idle Farmlands
Kim, Kyoung-Chan ; Park, Chang-Won ; Cho, Seok-Ho ; Jeon, Young-Mi ; Koo, Seung-Mo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 20, issue 1, 2014, Pages 91~104
DOI : 10.7851/ksrp.2014.20.1.091
Self-sufficiency rate of food in South Korea is almost at the lowest level among OECD countries, and the decrease tend of farmland is expected to be continued. In this situation, Korea experienced a rapid change in the international price of grain due to changes in amount of grain production and food weaponization. It also started to reinforce the appropriateness of maintenance of farmland above certain standard. As one of policy means for this situation, this study selected "the use of idle farmland" as a subject, and started to consider the way to suggest the policy projects using idle farmland. The result of this study is summarized as follows. Firstly, this study defined the meaning of idle farmland, and set up the scope of idle farmland needed to this study. Secondly, this study analyzed the domestic major policy projects with prevention function of idle farmland as well as the policy projects related to idle farmland. It also investigated "recycling measures of idle farmland" that is recently promoted in Japan, and deducted the direction for developing a new model. Lastly, It suggested 9 policy project models that are finally able to use idle farmland. Suggested models are designed to access from various directions. This study suggested contents, entity, target and characteristics of projects in order to set up proper directions in promoting policy projects using idle farmland.
An Analysis of Settlement Motivation and Life Satisfaction of Return Farmers On Mountain Village
Kim, Seong-Hak ; Seo, Jeong-Weon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 20, issue 1, 2014, Pages 105~113
DOI : 10.7851/ksrp.2014.20.1.105
This study analyzed settlement motivation, life satisfaction factors, policy requirement targeting return farmers on mountain village. 8 target villages where return farmers live at least 10 people were selected according as cooperation of the local governments through literature by considering the area of the whole country. The return farmers in target villages were conducted a face to face survey with village headman`s pre-coordination from February to September 2013. A total of 94 surveys were performed and 87 copies were used in the analysis. According to the results, the most important factor influenced the decision to be a return farmer was "my family health(3.97)". The correlation analysis was performed to examine factors related with satisfaction of "return farmer life in general". The result showed that "change of physical health" was the most important correlativity with 0.544 correlation coefficient and 0.05 significant level and "family relationship" was followed with 0.424 correlation coefficient and 0.05 significant level. According to the "important factor for the successful return-farmer life", 42.7% of respondents chose "harmonious relationships with local residents" and "stable source of income" was chosen by 29.3% of residents. A questionnaire for the analysis of policy requirements showed that "education system related Forestry(Agriculture)" was the highest demand with 4.oo points. The result can be used as a basis for establishing policies with activation of mountain villages to attract to constantly increasing population of return farmers.
Analysis of Energy Use of Rural Village and Utilization of Community Facilities - Focusing on Community Facilities of Rural Amenity Resources -
Choi, Young-Wan ; Kim, Young-Joo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 20, issue 1, 2014, Pages 115~125
DOI : 10.7851/ksrp.2014.20.1.115
Rural villages have many problems such as the collapse of rural village communities with continued over-depopulation and aging, reduced functions of towns and villages, deteriorated services with changes in the structure of settlement class and decreased use of the facilities. they also have difficulties in maintenance in spite of the increase of the roles of rural village community facilities. Various plans for the utilization of community facilities to promote the vitality of rural villages and the revitalization of communities have been needed. Thus, this study aimed to offer basic data to seek for future plans to utilize community facilities and reconstruct communities through an analysis of the current uses of energy and community facilities in rural villages. The results indicated that the consumption of petroleum was highest in mountain villages at an average of 187,475 won/month(
), followed by fishing villages at an average of 144,142 won/month(
) and rural villages at an average of 126,070 won/month(
). The rate of utilization of community facilities was reversely highest in rural villages at 84.3%, followed by fishing villages at 61.1% and mountain villages at 40.7%. This research also found that households saved energy when they used community facilities and areas with a high rate of utilization of community facilities at a lower average temperature in winter. It saved approximately 33% energy compared to other areas. Finally, efficient and economical methods for community facilities in villages to be newly developed and the remodeling of existing facilities should been needed in the future to contribute to reconstructing rural village communities that face a crisis of maintenance or abolition.
A Study on Characteristics of Industrial Structure by Shift-Share Analysis : The Case of Chungnam Geumgang Area
Kim, Sung-Rok ; Lee, Jong-Sang ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 20, issue 1, 2014, Pages 127~134
DOI : 10.7851/ksrp.2014.20.1.127
This study, in order to complement instability of analysis result stemming from the choice between reference point and comparison point which is pointed out as the defect of shift-share analysis, conducted shift-share analysis using Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP) trend of Geumgang area, Chungcheongnam-do for the period from 2000 to 2011. As a result of the analysis, (1) industries that had both the positive Regional Share Effect (RSE) and Industrial Mixed Effect (IME) were service industries such as manufacturing industry, electricity gas, transportation industry, art, etc., which are positively influencing the regional industry. (2) industries that had both the negative RSE and IME were other service industries such as wholesale and retail businesses, lodging industry, food industry, real estate business and leasing service, business service industry, public administration, etc., which provide basic livelihood services for the residents. (3) industries that had the positive RSE and negative IME were agriculture, forestry and fishery industry, mining industry, construction industry, and educational service industry. (4) industries that had the negative RSE and positive IME were info-communications industry, financial and insurance businesses, health industry, etc.
An Empirical Analysis on the Selection Attributes for Rural Experience of City Dwellers
Yu, Chan-Ju ; Jang, Dong-Heon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 20, issue 1, 2014, Pages 135~145
DOI : 10.7851/ksrp.2014.20.1.135
This research analyzed the effects of satisfaction factors of rural experience of city dwellers. The main research results are summarized as follows. The selection attributes for the rural experience of urbanites were divided into their interests into the programs, variety of the programs and convenience of the facilities. According to the multiple regression analysis, interests into the programs had impacts on the level of satisfaction. The types of rural tourism had statistical relevance with people`s interests into the programs, convenience of the facilities and variety of the programs. In addition, those at the age of 40 to 50 reported higher satisfaction in their interests of the programs and convenience of the facilities among the general attributes of the respondents. In occupation, office workers had higher satisfaction in their interests into the programs while homemakers were more satisfied than others in convenience of the facilities and variety of the programs. When it comes to the monthly family income, those in the group who earn 2 to 3 million won a month had higher satisfaction in terms of convenience of the facilities and variety of the programs.
A Study on the Landscape Plan for the Sambaek Agricultural Theme Park
Kwon, Jin-Wook ; Park, Chan-Yong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 20, issue 1, 2014, Pages 147~159
DOI : 10.7851/ksrp.2014.20.1.147
This study aims to draw up a basic plan to construct an agricultural theme park in a farming city as a way of establishing its regional identity represented by "Three Whites". Sangju, Kyongsangbuk-do which is the subject area of the study has been well-known for "Three Whites (rice, silkworm cocoon and dried persimmon)." The purpose of the study is to take a closer look at the folk life and culture of Sangju and develop tourism resources to promote regional development and competitiveness of the city. This study was conducted in several phases in consideration of the characteristics of plan and design, on the basis of the theoretical review of agricultural tourism. In the first phase, planning conditions were analyzed as per development objectives. In the second phase, strategies and concepts were established for the theme park, based on which development methods were decided by phase and facility. Then, a preliminary review was conducted on functions and facilities to introduce to the theme park. In the third phase, a comprehensive plan was drawn up, which includes basic plans for respective parts. In consideration of the characteristics of the study, construction was not looked at in detail. The total size of land subject to the study is approx.
, which was divided into four separate zones--Sambaek Cultural Experience Zone, Natural Observation & Experience Zone, Agricultural Life Experience Zone and other facilities zone--in order to connect facilities, functions and experience with the physical characteristics of the city, and separate space planning was conducted for each zone. The outcome of the study carries significance as an example of alternative tourism which considers regional characteristics, develops local resources and makes use of obsolete rural facilities, in what is called the eco-friendly development where nature and eco-system, landscape and culture, and recreation and leisure come together as one.
A Study on the Adaptive Reuse Plan for 2013 Suncheon Bay Garden Expo Site
Cho, Nam Hun ; Choi, Jung-Min ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 20, issue 1, 2014, Pages 161~173
DOI : 10.7851/ksrp.2014.20.1.161
This study aimed to adaptive reuse plan a take advantage of Suncheon Bay Garden Expo 2013. Detailed objectives included: to identify and foster cultural and ecological resources in Suncheon Bay and Garden Expo Site; and to search and propose characterized program in the site for efficient utilization; and to revitalize a site for the vitalizations of the region where garden culture and garden industries for strengthening local competitiveness. The study was multi-phased. The first stage included basic surveys such as site status and environmental context analysis, and questionnaires and similar case studies, and the second stage was to review the direction of preliminary planning, develop associated industries and strategies for regional revitalization and review and incorporate project details. And the third stage aimed to develop a comprehensive plan from spatial plans and program plans and suggest plans to vitalize the operation of the site. The results of the study are as follows: First, the characterization strategy is `healing experience tourism`, `healing garden`, `healing herbal care` are suitable for the site and regional revitalization. Second, the dimension of 2013 Suncheon Bay Garden Expo which was distinguished into four areas, in consideration of the characteristics and contents of the garden expo site for efficient operation and maintenance. Four area are as follows: the park oriented area, the experiential tourism oriented area, the existing conservation oriented area, and the area for associated industries. Third, the practice of private and public partnerships is needed in order to efficiently manage and operations. The significance of this study is that it is seeking to take advantage of the Garden Expo site and set the plan by existing resources and in consideration of local characteristics, in conjunction with area to envision and proposed management plan. Some problems are remained which have not been able to deal with details program and organization and financial planning programs for the operation of the site. This is for further study.
A Study on the Slow-city Planning based on Resources in Cheongsong-gun
Hwang, Guk-Woong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 20, issue 1, 2014, Pages 175~188
DOI : 10.7851/ksrp.2014.20.1.175
This study is to achieve the slow-city planning based on resources in Cheongsong-gun. To this end, the natural landscape and old houses of the village set up potential of the core, and three complementary elements were traditional food and traditional crafts, nature trails. The vision and objectives were established, characterization plan by spacial areas was considered. The actionable items of the project by divisions such as; conservation and utilization of natural resources, old house villages, traditional crafts, traditional foods, landscape composition, social awareness training, to attract visitors, slow-city environmental policy, were proposed. And step-by-step implementation plan was proposed, Division of roles between public authorities and residents of the implementation process was considered.