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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Rural Planning
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Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Dec 2015
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Sep 2015
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Jun 2015
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Mar 2015
Selecting the target year
Appraising the Worth of Ecosystem Services of Rice-fields in Chungcheongnam-do Region
Sagong, Jung-Hee ; Jung, Ok-Sik ; Yeo, Hyoung-Beom ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 21, issue 3, 2015, Pages 1~17
DOI : 10.7851/ksrp.2015.21.3.001
The value of rice-fields is being graded down in Korea because it has been estimated only from the size. The purpose of this study is to suggest a management plan in which the location and the size of valuable rice-fields for conservation are based on the results of appraising the worth of ecosystem services of rice-fields in Chungcheongnam-do region. The study is as follows; (1)selecting the indicators for evaluating the ecosystem services of rice-fields considering both general functions and special functions in the regional environment conditions, (2)classifying the grades of rice-fields in ecosystem service values, (3)suggesting the location and the size of valuable rice-fields for conservation, (4)calculating the total economic value of the ecosystem services of rice-fields. The results of this study are that the valuable rice-fields' locations for conservation are the grade I rice-fields and their total area is 100,000ha. Also, the value of the ecosystem services of rice-fields in Chungcheongnam-do region was equivalent to 32.8 trillion won. This amount is over 18 trillion won more than the amount obtained if the total rice-fields in Chungcheongnam-do region were to be transformed to other land-use types. The value of ecosystem services should be considered in the future when appraising the worth of rice-fields, and methods of estimating the ecosystem services of rice-fields need to be developed with a more objective and suitable index.
A Connection Planning of the Village Festivals with the 24 Seasonal Divisions of the Year
Song, Yi ; Hwang, Sungki ; Kim, Sukjong ; Rhee, Shinho ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 21, issue 3, 2015, Pages 19~31
DOI : 10.7851/ksrp.2015.21.3.019
In this study, seasonal customs are analyze the appropriate festival for each 24 seasonal divisions of the year. Recover the intrinsic value of the festival and selected the target villages and each village should investigate elements of the festival. The village were sought activation of a rural village by setting the festive season. (1) 24 seasonal divisions of the year festival is a small town festival, the festival's program is based on the experience-oriented. Based on period seasonal customs and season plays are set up 24 seasonal divisions of the year festival's program. (2) Survey area is the rural tourism village carried seven villages at Cheongju-si in Chungcheongbuk-do. (3) 24 seasonal divisions of the year festival establish as possible to the festival program is based on 24 seasonal divisions of the yearfestival seasonal customs, seven villages were set on the festival. on the season sesipung through the festive season as possible to the festival program was set up, seven villages were set on the festival. The first standard, festivals and events that are currently made. Second,now ongoing in the village is experience program and a 24 seasonal divisions of the year seasonal customs resource. (4) As a result, each period of the festival was set in the village. (5) By festival setting recover intrinsic value of the festival by taking advantage of 24 seasonal divisions of the year. The common interests of the rural town of experience, the rising interest in each town and village festivals activation of the network can be achieved.
Information system design based on crowdsourcing for export expansion of Agrifood
Eun, Sangkyu ; Bae, Yeonjoung ; Bae, Seungjong ; Kim, Soojin ; Bae, Wongil ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 21, issue 3, 2015, Pages 33~45
DOI : 10.7851/ksrp.2015.21.3.033
The oversea export of agricultural-product about item and quantity has not increased recently; especially the fresh-product has a tough issue because of period of production, price large fluctuations, customs clearance, quarantine, and uncertainty about actual locality, we need the information based construction to exchange information quickly about whole range of export and to focus capacity of participation subject for increasing the export. In this study we design the agricultural-product transaction information system based on crowdsourcing to transact the agricultural-product and the information of influencing benefit directly, and the information offering about export-procedure from participation of customs clearance, finance, distribution, buyer, and producer's guild, etc. We expect the producer's guild about agriculture that has not participate the trade to be able to export the agricultural-product and the stabilization of price to transact the product of collapsed or boomed through the agricultural-product information system based on crowdsourcing.
A Study on Promoting Participation of Residents in Rural Downtown Regeneration Project - on the Obuse Town Case -
Oh, Hyung-Eun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 21, issue 3, 2015, Pages 47~58
DOI : 10.7851/ksrp.2015.21.3.047
This study aimed to explore how to lead locals to join rural downtown regeneration projects on the basis of the downtown of Obuse Town located in Nagano Prefecture in Japan. What well depicts the outcome of Obuse Town Project joined by residents are revitalized downtown districts and open gardens. Actors that facilitated residents' participation are administration, "a-la Obuse Co. Ltd. and "Machizukuri Institude of TUS and Obuse Town". "a-la- Obuse Co. Ltd." is a middle support organization in the form of community business and "Machizukuri Institute of TUS and Obuse Town" is a professional research institute set by Tokyo University of Science and Obuse Town. This study presented activities, types and roles of residents' participation in the rural town activation project that started in 2015 by researching the activities of residents, shop owners and students with regard to Obuse Town Project, administrative actions for their participation and activities of middle-level supportive institutions, which are exports' research groups.
Use of Neighborhood Facilities and Perception of Walking Environment in Older Rural Women - Focused on the Chungnam Province -
Lee, Hyung-Sook ; Park, Eun-Yeong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 21, issue 3, 2015, Pages 59~66
DOI : 10.7851/ksrp.2015.21.3.059
The objective of this study was to investigate the perception of walking environment and use of neighborhood facilities of rural female elderly, who are the most susceptible to ambulatory problems. The study showed that parks, senior centers and hospitals were among the most frequently used neighborhood facilities by rural female elderly, while bus stations and senior centers were recognized as the closest facilities. Frequency of use was higher for paid sports facilities rather than parks. Hospitals and health centers were facilities that were desired to be in close proximity. Social support, self-efficacy, and attitude were the factors that affected walking environment. Street trees, accessibility to parks, and street lights were factors that showed a positive relationship with total time of walking activity while perceived crime rate and slopes were perceived as environmental challenges for groups that walked under 150 minutes per week. One factor that negatively affected walking was the lack of sidewalks on streets. Providing parks and walking trails within neighborhood, pleasant walking environments, and safe sidewalks would contribute to improved perception of neighborhood and walking of older rural women.
Analysis of the Bottom-up Rural Development Project viewed from the New Institutionalism in Korea
Kim, Jungtae ; Yoo, Byungwook ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 21, issue 3, 2015, Pages 67~84
DOI : 10.7851/ksrp.2015.21.3.067
Although the bottom-up rural area development project was conceived with great expectations, the general evaluation of the project so far reveals that it does not significantly differ from projects carried out in a top-down manner. This paper examines the nature of the bottom-up rural area development project with a focus on its background, including the roles of authority and project participants. Results revealed that the project was designed to be implemented in line with the state affairs ideology of the leader in a negative position of bureaucratic society. Though the form of implementation for the project seemed bottom-up as seen in the process of the roles and authorities in supporting organizations the top-down method of implementation can be seen in the authorities and roles of the central government. It was also noticed that the private sector, designed to elicit participation of various experts, looked to be managed and controlled by public organizations. The abovementioned signifies that the Korea rural area development project has been implemented not in a bottom-up manner but rather in an ever-strong top-down manner, which means that the central government holds more responsibility for the project's results, evaluation, and discussions. Furthermore, as seen in the background of the project, policies have been implemented in a top-down manner without the confidence of the bureaucratic society. Therefore, in order to implement a proper bottom-up rural area development project, there is a need for the bureaucratic society to have confidence in the rural societies.
Social Capital and Residents' Perception in Rural Tourism Development: Influence on Quality of life and Residents' attitude as a Collective Aspects
Park, Yong-Soon ; Je, Sang-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 21, issue 3, 2015, Pages 85~99
DOI : 10.7851/ksrp.2015.21.3.085
This study explores influences of the relationship between social capital and residents' perception in a collective aspects, and also explores the differences of influence between two groups in 10 rural communities. This study conducts regression analysis with residents questionnaires, and analyzes the relationship of influence among the latent factors, and differences between the two groups. As a results, associational network and social trust factors of social capital are identified as the most important factor in the quality of life and residents' attitudes. In addition, the differences in socio-cultural factor of quality of life and residents' attitude between two groups are identified by comparison with the relationship between two groups, although the explanatory power of both groups is not high. To achieve a successful rural tourism based on the result of this study, rural tourism should consider the regional and demographic characteristics, such as age, occupations and education and so on. The major contribution of this study is to confirm that the impact of social capital on the residents' perception would be different by regions in comparison with two groups, and it will be able to provide useful implication for the rural tourism development in the future.
Prioritizing subwatersheds for non-point source pollution management in Saemangeum watershed using AHP technique
Woo, Hye-Jin ; Jang, Taeil ; Choi, Jin-Kyu ; Son, Jae-Kwon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 21, issue 3, 2015, Pages 101~112
DOI : 10.7851/ksrp.2015.21.3.101
The objective of this study was to investigate non-point sources (NPS) pollution and prioritize management areas affected by NPS pollution in the Saemangeum Watershed. AHP (Analytical Hierarchy Process) technique was selected to prioritize sub-watersheds for effectively managing NPS pollution in this study areas. Generation properties of NPS pollution, discharge properties of NPS pollution, and runoff properties of NPS pollution were selected and set for AHP. Weighted descriptors including indicators like numbers of livestock, land- and livestock-system loads, rainfall, and impervious area ratio were generalized from 0 to 1 and multiply each index based on screened 17 survey data. The results were visualized as maps which enable resource managers to identify sub-watersheds for effective improving water quality. The sub-watersheds located in Gongdeok-Myeon, Yongji-Myeon, Hwangsan-Myeon of Gimje-Si were selected for managing NPS pollution control areas. This result presented that these sub-watershed are more affected by the pollution from livestock-system than from land-system. The finding from this study can be used to screen sub-watersheds that need further assessment by managers and decision-makers within the study area.
Activation Measures for Rural Education Farms in Korea - focusing on IPA -
Son, Jindong ; Kim, Seonhee ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 21, issue 3, 2015, Pages 113~120
DOI : 10.7851/ksrp.2015.21.3.113
The Purpose of this study is to analyze the importance and satisfaction on the items related to rural education farm management. The survey was carried out on the operators of rural education farm from October 6th, 2014 to April 30th, 2015, and 144 questionnaires were used for the final analysis. According to the analysis result, In the first quadrant, the environment of the farms(safety of the education farms, accessibility to the farms) and the existing customer management(dealing actively with the customer complaints, consulting with schools regarding the hands-on education and the feedbacks) were included. In the second quadrant, fourteen items were included. To mention these items in detail, the environment of the farms(lounge area for the guiding teachers), customer management(diversification of the publicity for the education farms, efforts to secure loyal customers, efforts to create new customers), campaigns of publicity and contents of publicity management(diversification of the publicity channels for education farms, off-line contents management, on-line contents management), ensuring professionalism(worksheet development and utilization, periodical supplemental education for operators), hands-on education programs(new program development, customized program development, distinguished program development), costs(efforts for cost reduction, fees for hands-on education) were included. In the third quadrant, the environment of the farms(size of the education farms), publicity activities and publicity contents management(enthusiastic publicity activities), strengthening professionalism(participation in the training programs related to rural education farm management) and in the fourth quadrant, the environment of the farms(environmentally-friendly and aesthetic natural landscape, convenient facilities such as powder rooms and washstands, parking lots) were included.
Analysis of Research Trends about Rural Landscape Published in Korean Academic Journals
An, Duk-cho ; Oh, hyung-eun ; Park, Ji-hoon ; Kang, Eun-ji ; Kim, Yong-geun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 21, issue 3, 2015, Pages 121~129
DOI : 10.7851/ksrp.2015.21.3.121
This article centers on 'rural landscape' in terms of subjects and subject-words among journals that are registered or would be registered in Korea Education and Research Information Service from 1995 up to 2014 to group 109 theses by subject that include planning, projects, residents' participation, that are fit for the purpose of this study so that research trends by journal, change in subjects by year and change in detailed subjects may be analyzed. Its detailed outcome is as follows. First, current situations of carrying theses by academic society shows that a total of 23 societies have conducted research, among which, International Society for Rural Plan In Korea has contributed 57 theses followed by Korean Science of Landscape Architecture with 10 theses and Korean Rural Society with 8 theses. Among them, Korean Rural Society is the only one continually contributing theses up until now, positioning itself at the center of rural landscape research. Second, a look into years shows that there was meager researches made; 6 from 1995 ~ 1999, 9 from 2000 to 2004 while there was a leap up to 55 from 2005 to 2009. There was a decrease down to 39 theses from 2010 to 2014 but research activities went on.
A Study on the Maintenance Plan of Common Farming Facility Using Space Syntax
Lim, Chang-Su ; Oh, Yun-Kyung ; Kwon, Soon-Chan ; Yoon, Gi-Eun ; Kim, Eun-Ja ; Park, Mi-Jung ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 21, issue 3, 2015, Pages 131~144
DOI : 10.7851/ksrp.2015.21.3.131
With a view to creating beautiful farm villages, this study aims to exploit space syntax and thereby establish a systematic plan for refurbishing common farming facilities in farm villages by expanding a remodeling plan that has so far been focused on farm houses to cover different villages as well as in spatial scope. For this purpose, the study has extracted a system of categories for common ownership facilities in farm villages and applicable elements needed for collaboration in the space of joint production by performing a comprehensive analysis of related literature for the purpose of researching the distribution of common farming facilities. Based on such categorization of applicable elements, the study conducted a field survey of the four types of farm villages such as suburban area (Hwaseong), inland farming-centered area (Jeungpyeong), coastal & plain area (Goheung), and mid-mountain area (Gangneung), through group discussions by participating researchers and field pilot surveys. Also, space analysis has come up with measurements based on the five criteria of integration, local integration, control, connectivity, and spatial depth. And a plan for type-specific remodelling of common farming facilities has been drawn up through standardization based on the values in integration for different villages and spatial depth for common farming facilities. The significance of the current study consists in identifying how the location of common farming facilities influences the characteristics of different villages in terms of spatial structure and then drawing up guidelines for planning their placement.
Suitability Assessment of Rural Public Spaces and Facilities - A Case Study of Okgwa-myeon(Myeon Unit, Region Unit, Village Unit), Gokseong-gun, Jeollanam-do -
Suh, Joo-Hwan ; Kim, Jin-Oh ; Song, Byeong-Hwa ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 21, issue 3, 2015, Pages 145~154
DOI : 10.7851/ksrp.2015.21.3.145
With the rapid change of rural communities and increasing desire for social welfare, the demand for the quality of public spaces and facilities is increasing. However, inefficient location of rural public space and facility has caused problems such as economic inefficiency, inconvenient accessibility, environmental pollution, unsustainable energy use, and disturbance of visual landscape. This study aims to evaluate suitability of public spaces and facilities in three types of rural village: rural downtown village, rural clustered village, and individual village. As a way to measure the suitability of public spaces and facilities, we assessed indicators of suitability in terms of accessibility, usability, biophysical environment, and sustainable management. To evaluate the accessibility, we applied indicators such as distance from residential areas, public transit, market and public facilities. For the evaluation of biophysical environment, we applied indicators such as slope, elevation, aspect, and occurrence of natural disasters. We analyzed digital maps representing the indicators listed above using GIS. We also conducted a survey and face-to-face interviews to evaluate usability and sustainability of management which are not possible to understand through maps. As a result, we identified that suitability of public spaces and facilities in downtown villages is higher than clustered and individual villages. In particular, suitability of infrastructure facilities, social welfare facilities, and income generation facilities in downtown village are higher than those in clustered and individual villages. The suitability of tourism facilities is generally lower than other types of public facility across the three types of villages. Tourism facilities in clustered village have been identified especially unsuitable compared to other types of villages. We expect the outcome of the research is helpful to improve allocation of public spaces and facilities in rural villages.
Qualitative Research on the Rural Farmers' Exporting Experience in Stage of Conducting Export
Yi, Hyangimi ; Goh, Jongtae ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 21, issue 3, 2015, Pages 155~169
DOI : 10.7851/ksrp.2015.21.3.155
As an essential means to the exploitation of new demands, the export of agri-food has the price-supporting effect on the domestic agri-food and its expansion can be a good way to increase farms' income. Of course, to enhance farms' income under the liberalization of the market, it is necessary to have countermeasures considering various factors. To this end, the study understood the experiences of farms doing exports and looked into ways to improve them by reviewing their motivations to export, difficulties, requirements, etc. In this context, the study conducted the purposive sampling among tomato export farmhouses in Jeongseon-gun in the export enforcement phase and executed the theme analysis. The research findings and suggestions are as follows. First, in order to enhance the level of commercialization of Jeongseon-gun tomatoes and reinforce the trade bargaining power, it is necessary to form the consensus on policy and make the scaling of the site based on the strong organization power. To this end, it requires the active role of agricultural cooperatives that take a big portion of distribution in the site and distribute its profits directly to farmhouses. Second, it is necessary to set clear target markets for Jeongseon-gun tomato export farms and set sales strategies for each target market. That is, in order to expand the export of Jeongseon-gun tomatoes, after clarifying local sales and export sales, export farmhouses should focus on quality management and secure the quantity for export. Third, to expand the export to Japan which already has the foundation for the export of Korean tomatoes, and to new export countries of China, Russia, etc., it is necessary to set the 'Two-Track Strategies for Export Market (particular item for focus and particular area for focus)' through the building of network of tomato export areas in Gangwon-do. In conclusion, to expand the export of Jeongseon-gun tomatoes, agricultural cooperatives and leaders together should build the strong organizational power with farmhouses and secure the quantities for export. And, according to the 'Two-Track Strategies for Export Market (particular item for focus and particular area for focus)', export infrastructure and export operational system should be built and to do so, the solidarity of tomato export farmhouses in Gangwon area should precede.
Development of an Integrated Forecasting and Warning System for Abrupt Natural Disaster using rainfall prediction data and Ubiquitous Sensor Network(USN)
Bae, Seung-Jong ; Bae, Won-Gil ; Bae, Yeon-Joung ; Kim, Seong-Pil ; Kim, Soo-Jin ; Seo, Il-Hwan ; Seo, Seung-Won ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 21, issue 3, 2015, Pages 171~179
DOI : 10.7851/ksrp.2015.21.3.171
The objectives of this research have been focussed on 1) developing prediction techniques for the flash flood and landslide based on rainfall prediction data in agricultural area and 2) developing an integrated forecasting system for the abrupt disasters using USN based real-time disaster sensing techniques. This study contains following steps to achieve the objective; 1) selecting rainfall prediction data, 2) constructing prediction techniques for flash flood and landslide, 3) developing USN and communication network protocol for detecting the abrupt disaster suitable for rural area, & 4) developing mobile application and SMS based early warning service system for local resident and tourist. Local prediction model (LDAPS, UM1.5km) supported by Korean meteorological administration was used for the rainfall prediction by considering spatial and temporal resolution. NRCS TR-20 and infinite slope stability analysis model were used to predict flash flood and landslide. There are limitations in terms of communication distance and cost using Zigbee and CDMA which have been used for existing disaster sensors. Rural suitable sensor-network module for water level and tilting gauge and gateway based on proprietary RF network were developed by consideration of low-cost, low-power, and long-distance for communication suitable for rural condition. SMS & mobile application forecasting & alarming system for local resident and tourist was set up for minimizing damage on the critical regions for abrupt disaster. The developed H/W & S/W for integrated abrupt disaster forecasting & alarming system was verified by field application.