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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Rural Planning
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Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 2 - Aug 1998
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Mar 1998
Selecting the target year
Spatial Delineation of Planning Unit for Rural Village Improvement
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 4, issue 1, 1998, Pages 15~21
The purpose of the study is to identify a basic spatial unit for rural village redevelopment plan. An ideal spatial unit need to satisfy three basic premises: to be homogeneous as rural community, to be appropriate to implement the project, and to be compatible with regional planning systems. A spatial unit could, empirically, be defined based on the homogeneity at first, and then appropriateness and compatibility could be used to adjust its boundary. Mitan-Myun(13 villages), Pyungchang County, Dochuck-Myun(15 villages), Kwangju County, and Chuksan-Myun(28 villages), Kimje City in Korea were selected as case study areas. The degree of interrelationship between all possible pairs in each Myun was measured using spatial, socio-cultural, and economic indicators. Multidimensional Scaling(MDS) was used to identify a homogeneous spatial unit, and then indicators representing appropriateness and compatibility were used to adjust the identified boundary. New districts which have two or three villages were suggested as a reasonable spatial unit for rural village redevelopment, and its boundary roughly overlaps with Bup-Jeong-Ri(法定里: a legally defined village).
A Study on the Planning Alternatives for the Residential Environment Improvement of the New Rural Village(the YoungMoon Project Site)
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 4, issue 1, 1998, Pages 22~31
For the improvement of the cultural rural village(new rural village project), it is very important to find the various planning alternatives. The purpose of this study is to suggest the ideas which are able to be applied to the rural site planning. The YoungMoon project site located in Kyunggi province was selected case study, The followings are suggestions developed in the process of preparing an alternative plan for the case study. 1) The preparing of the rural site plan is the organizing process of the planning ideas responsive to the condition of both a project site and the project directions. 2) In developing the schematic plan, it is very useful to introduce the cluster madang (small public open space) including 25 houses as a basic planning unit. 3) In comparison with the project plan, the alternative plan presented by this study has advantages of amenity and public space of the residential environment of the new rural village. It is properly said that we have to more and more discuss the best solution to take in planning the rural site, and this efforts contribute the improvement of the quality of the new village project.
A Study on the Inducement of Private Investment to the Rural Village Improvement
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 4, issue 1, 1998, Pages 32~39
In Korea, rural village improvement has mainly been led by goverment investment. This approach, however, has its own limit since there are so many village to be improved while the budgetary sources are restricted, As an alternative, inducement of private investments to these area is considered in order to promote rural village improvement. The possibility of inducing private investments to the rural village improvement depends on the location of the village. The possibility may be highest in the sub-urban area since expected benefits from land development is usually high. One desirable approach to induce private investment to these area is the cooperative development system. Residents, private investors and governments plays its own role, independently and cooperatively, But benifits from the investment to improve rural village in general plain area are so low that it is difficult to induce the private investments to these area. In that case, indirect development system will be a proper strategy which maintaining government-led development method as usual, expanding the participation of private developers such as the construction companies. In general, rate of returns from investment to the rural sectors is lower than that to the other sectors, therefore financial support such as the long- term, low loan rate and a partial value-added tax exemption should be given to the investors to the rural village improvement projects.
A Study on Increasing Farmers'Income through Direct Trade of Agricultural Products between Urban and Rural
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 4, issue 1, 1998, Pages 40~55
The objectives of this study are to 1)research the importance of direct trade of agricultural products between farmers and consummers, 2)invest the trade process of agricultural products, 3)survey the patterns of direct trade of agricultural products, 4)find out the situations of direct trade of agricultural products, 5)suggest the directions to improve the direct trade of agricultural products. The data were collected from Taegu city, Taechun city and Kyungsang poop do for this study. The major findings of this study to improve the direct trade of agricultural products between urban and rural are as follows; First, it is very important that producers and consummers have common sense to the direct trade between urban and rural. Second, local government related the trade of agricultural products should positively take parts in the direct trade of agricltural products between producers and consummers in administration and finance. Thirth, non-profit organizations above other organizations in urban and rural must lead the direct trade of agricultural products between urban and rural. Fourth, the markets for direct trade of agricultural products are to be opened according to basing on consummers'needs to agricultural products. Fifth, the engaged farmings between producers and consummers are to be more positive by significant relationship( promised brothers and sisters) between rural and urban. Sixth, people who moved to urban from rural should be finked out in each community(in rural), they can buy the agricultural products in the community that they were born. Seventh, The communities in rural must produce the specific agricultural products in each community.
The Effect of Local Activation Given by Sissinghurst Castle Garden in England
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 4, issue 1, 1998, Pages 56~62
This study makes a general view of human-, natural environment, actual condition of use, management and administration of Sissinghurst castle garden and proposes the following directions for our model of herb industry, herb garden plan with the analysed results. 1) The location of herb garden should be selected at a place where Is close to scenic spots, sight-seeing place or big city and conveniently situated, 2) For the basic design of herb garden, the ecological features, human -, natural environment should be analysed and for the implementation of the plan, it should have variety and coordination to give the pleasure and appreciation to the users. 3) For the plan of herb garden, time limit system and number limit admission have to be introduced by calculating carrying capacity so that the user can have a comfortable atmosphere and the garden should be environment - friendly.
A Study on the Method for Management and Assessment of Present State of the Coastal Wetlands
Lee, Dong-Geun ; Yun, So-Won ; Park, Tae-Yun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 4, issue 1, 1998, Pages 63~74
The objective of this study is the investigation and analysis of information on the conservation and the sustainable use of coastal wetlands based on the awareness of local residents in Kang-hwa island, Tae-an and Seo-chon. The results are summarized as follows: The degree of the satisfaction on the natural environment is in the order of Tae-an, Kang-hwa and Seo-chon. This order is accorded with the order of the goodness of natural environment. The order for the degree of the satisfaction on the living environment is same as the order for the satisfaction degree on the natural environment. Especially, residents of Seo-chon are not satisfied with the living environment. The residents of all regions are not satisfied with the socio
economic environment. The local resident of Kang-hwa and Tae-an, where natural environment is well-conserved, prefer conservation to development of the region. On the other hand, the local residents of Seo-chon have relatively low preference for conservation of the region. These results show the following consideration for the ideal method of management for the conservation and sustainable development of coastal wetlands. In case of Kang-hwa island, where the, condition the natural environment is well conserved, should be managed with the minimum development with maintenance of the current state must be driven.
Resources Evaluation System for Rural Planning Purposes(III) - Rating Tabulation for Rural Resources Evaluation Items-
Choe, Su-Myeong ; Han, Gyeong-Su ; Hwang, Han-Cheol ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 4, issue 1, 1998, Pages 75~85
This study, a sub-one of comprehensive research works titled under "Rural Resources Evaluation System", tried to propose a rational methodology for development of rating tabulation on evaluation items. Firstly, the database system for handling of original/processed data of each evaluation items was constructed, being mainly focussed on the possibilities of data acquisition and statistical treatment. The rating tabulation system developed in the study has the formalized evaluation classes as 2 or 5 for convenience/simplification of analysis works. For each evaluation item in lower step of the goal system, 5 types of rating technique were arranged, which were based on statistical analysis using mean and standard deviation values(Type I), its existence or not(Type II), relative significance of its holding volume(Type III), synthesized weighting scale of its quality and quantity(Type IV), and the others(Type V). And, standardized 4-steps procedure for rating tabulation was proposed. Finally, the rating tabulation system developed in the study was applied to each evaluation item of goal system, from which the numerically-valued ranking criteria was obtained.
Assessment of Spatial Characteristics of Protected Cultivation Facilities
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 4, issue 1, 1998, Pages 86~97
It is neceesary to evaluate the location suitability of protected cultivation facilities to guide reasonable protected cultivation. The evaluation system could help plan new protected cultivation facilities in rural areas. In this study, an assessment was made for the facilities located in three different selected regions: suburban, plain, and mountainous. The assessment was performed based on spatial characteristics of protected cultivation facilities such as land category, size of protected cultivation facilities, land shape, stoniness, land consolidation level, soil drainage, land slope, topography, effective soil depth, zoning or not of agricultural development area, irrigation and drainage condition, distance from roads, and so forth. The results showed that there were significant differences in locational characteristics among the three regions.
Optimum Allocation Modelling of Rural Facilities by Decision-Making Technique - With Special Reference to Agricultural-cum-Industrial Complex-
Choe, Su-Myeong ; Kim, Yeong-Ju ; Hwang, Han-Cheol ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 4, issue 1, 1998, Pages 98~107
For efficient development of rural facilities, choice of their optimum locations would be an important issue, however, existing research works concentrated much more an allocation policy of urban industrial complex and public facilities than rural ones. In this study, because agricultural-cum-industrial complex has been the most widely developed representative one of rural facilities, it was selected as a case study facility. As a pre-study to system development, existing governmental location-decision system was checked and interviewing survey carried out to find out on-spot problems. And, being based on literature review and survey analysis results, 4-step optimum locational decision model was developed , formulation of locational goal system, ranking tabulation on components, determination of significance values of components, calculation of component scores. Finally, through the case study works on 3 sites, system applicability was checked, Considering together the simplicity problem of existing guidelines and the interviewing survey results favoring the diversified viewpoints, it would be necessary to develop multifaceted support system for locational decision making. 3-tier classification steps from the higher, middle to lower one were used and their underpinning viewpoints were sorted as on regional development, entrepreneurship, spatial rationality, from which a tentative locational goal system was formulated. Through the expert group checking, final locational goal system was determined having 3 of the higher classification items, 7 of the middle ones, 23 of the lower ogles. For ranking tabulation, 3 types of ranking criteria were arranged which were based on statistical analysis using mean and standard deviation(Type I ), its existence or not 1 good or not(Type E ), and the others(Type E ). From the significance evaluation results, regional development and entrepreneurship aspects were valued much higher than spatial rationality aspect. And, in the middle step, items as spread effects of regional economy, accessibility and social potentialities were highly valued while infrastructural development level and natural condition being low. The application results of the system to 3 case study total. However, the detailed ones differed among study the influencing effects on regional economy, and contrast greater the infrastructural development level. Conclusively, final evaluation values well represented the characteristics of each area. If this system be complemented and applied comprehensively by the successive studies, it would be developed to a general model of locational decision supporting system for rural facilities.