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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Rural Planning
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Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Sep 2000
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
Selecting the target year
Analysis of Salinity during the Growing Period in the Unripened Tidal Reclaimed Paddy Fields
Son, Jae-Gwon ; Koo, Ja-Woong ; Choi, Jin-Kyu ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 6, issue 2, 2000, Pages 3~11
The high salt concentration of reclaimed tidelands in the beginning of reclamation interferes with the growth of most crops. Although the crops are cultivated in the unripened tidal reclaimed paddy fields after desalinization to be arable, they we apt to be injured from salt by the resalinization through accumulated salts in the root zone during the growing period. In oder to make the reasonable irrigation plan in the unripened tidal reclaimed paddy fields, the preventive water requirements of resalinization as well as leaching requirements have to be included in irrigation water requirements. The critical salinity for the normal growth of crops should be determined to estimate the preventive water requirements of resalinization, and the changes of salinity in soil and water should be analyzed during the growing period, In this study, the growth tests of crops were conducted by soil textures and water management methods in the experimental field with lysimeters, using the samples of good drainage soils and poor drainage soils. And the changes of salinity in soil and water during the growing period, were analyzed to obtain the basic data for determining the critical salinity and making the estimation criteria of the preventive water requirements of resalinization. As the results obtained from analyzing the changes of salinity during the growing period in the unripened tidal reclaimed paddy fields, the exchanging interval of water for the prevention of resalinization was estimated to be within two weeks in good drainage soils and a week in poor drainage soils. And the total exchanging requirements of water for the prevention of resalinization during the growing period was estimated to be over 280mm in good drainage soils and 540mm in poor drainage soils.
Optimal Layout for Irrigation Pipeline Networks using Graph Theory
Im, Sang-Jun ; Park, Seung-Woo ; Cho, Jae-Pil ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 6, issue 2, 2000, Pages 12~19
Irrigation pipeline networks consist mainly of buried pipes and are therefore relatively free from topographic constraints. Installation of irrigation pipeline systems is increasing since the systems have several advantages compared to open channel systems. To achieve economic design of pipeline networks, the layout should meet several conditions such as shortest path, maximum flow, and least cost. Graph theory is mathematical tool which enable to find out optimum layout for complicated network systems. In this study, applicability of graph theory to figure out optimum layout of irrigation pipeline networks was evaluated.
Study on the reasonable management of the lacquer in Wonju through the agricultural system approach
Oh, Hyun-Seok ; Kim, Jeong-Seop ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 6, issue 2, 2000, Pages 20~33
The lacquer is one of the most important resources for endogenous development and cultural reproduction in Wonju. However traditional and social network, which had been formed by lacquer farmers, group of lacquer-pickers, refineries, and lacquer-ware craftsmen, is being collapsed. It is due to the recent imports of raw lacquer from China and refined lacquer from Japan. Public sectors including Wonju city have continuously improved the potential of lacquer production by planting lacquers. However, the potential of lacquer production isn't under enough condition to realize its value. In this study, it is suggested that the efforts of public sectors to raise lacquer industry, focused on the improvements of lacquer production potential until now, should be concentrated on realization of the production potential by reconstructing social productive system which is composed of diverse groups involved in lacquer ware production.
A Case Study of Urbanization of Yongin Community from 1970 to 2000
Lim, Hyung-Baek ; Cheong, Ji-Woong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 6, issue 2, 2000, Pages 34~42
The Korea urbanization has been accelerated without regard to regional traits and the environment. Most of rural areas have been overurbanized with proper and long term plan. Especially the case of Yongin-community which is located 50km south of Seoul reveals a typical wrong urbanization policy. Evidence of such wrong policy is proved by this study for last three decades(1970-2000) in political economic approach with special reference to the Manuel Castells' theory. The study concludes that urbanization with no proper development plan is mostly vulnerable and wasteful. And the environment is once spoiled, it is almost impossible to recover, so it is necessary for us long term and proper plan before development.
Watershed Scale Management Techniques of the Pollutants from Small Scale Livestock Ranches - Buffer Zone Selection for Natural Purification -
Kim, Seong-Joon ; Lee, Nam-Ho ; Yoon, Kwang-Sik ; Hong, Seong-Gu ; Lee, Yun-Ah ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 6, issue 2, 2000, Pages 43~49
Buffer zone selection technique for natural purification of livestock wastewater within a small agricultural watershed was developed using Geographic Information Systems. The technique was applied to
watershed located in Gosan-myun, Ansung-gun which have 20 livestock farmhouses. As a necessary data for selecting process, feedlot site map, digital Elevation Model (DEM), stream network, soil and land use map were prepared. By using these data, wastewater moving-path tracing program from each feedlot to the stream was developed to get the basic topographic factors; average slope through the paths, distance to the nearest stream and watershed outlet. To identify the vulnerable feedlots for storm event, the grid-based storm runoff model (Kim, 1998; Kim et al., 1998) was adopted. The result helps to narrow down the suitable area of buffer zone, and finally by using subjective but persuasive conditions related to elevation, slope and land use, the suitable buffer zones were selected.
The Land Cover Changes at the Small Watersheds Using the Multi-temporal Satelite Images
Kang, Moon-Seong ; Park, Seung-Woo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 6, issue 2, 2000, Pages 50~58
The purposes of the study were to detect and evaluate the historical land use and land cover changes on the Balan watersheds from three thematic mapper (TM) data, which were taken in 1985, 1993, and 1996. The supervised and unsupervised classification methods were adopted to classify five land cover categories: Paddy, upland, forest, residential, and water. The results indicated residential areas increased significantly during the past eleven years, Forest and paddy were converted to the urban areas. Future land cover patterns were forecasted using a Markov chain method, and the simulated land coiler change ratios presented.
A Study on the Rural Village Planning in North Korea
Kim, Shin-Won ; Heo, Jun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 6, issue 2, 2000, Pages 59~72
This study examines the rural village planning in North Korea after the Liberation of Korea in 1945. For conducting this study, the creation of rural villages in North Korea were investigated according to the following periods: from the Liberation of Korea to the outbreak of the Korean War, from the end of the Korean War to the 1950's, 1960's, 1970's and 1980's. In this study, major rural villages were also examined and common characteristics of rural village-making in North Korea were analyzed. The following are the findings from this study. In rural village planning, historic revolutionary sites and buildings, where revolutionary achievements of Kim, Ill-Sung and Kim, Jung-Ill were reached, are well preserved and actively created. (2) Rural villages are intended to be a place for ideological education, productive activities and cultural refreshment. (2) In rural village-making, inclined planes are utilized, in consideration of climatic and topographic conditions. (4) The construction of residential areas with modern private houses is considered to be important in the making of socialistic and communist rural communities in North Korea. (5) For economic reasons, existing villages, buildings and facilities are preserved and local building materials are broadly used.
Monitoring of Outlet Discharge and Water Quality from a Small Agricultural Reservoir
Choi, Jin-Kyu ; Son, Jae-Gwon ; Koo, Ja-Woong ; Yoon, Kwang-Sik ; Kim, Young-Ju ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 6, issue 2, 2000, Pages 73~81
This study was carried out to measure the amount of outlet discharge and analyse the water quality from an agricultural reservoir. Joongpyong reservoir was selected as the monitoring site. Daily discharge was determined by measured water level data of delivery canal and the stage-discharge relation curve. The measured water discharge through culvert outlet of Joongpyong reservoir was 593,200m3 which was equivalent to irrigation depth 1,186mm during irrigation period in 1999. And water samples were taken from the surface water of reservoir and delivery canal, periodically. Temporal variation of water quality constituents such as water temperature, pH, EC, total nitrogen, total phosphorus were investigated. The result showed that pH was ranged 6.9 7.8, total nitrogen 1.39 4.11mg/L, total phosphorus 0.007 0.036 mg/L, respectively.
A Study on the Development Directions for the Environmentally Friendly Rural House in Korea
Cho, Soon-Jae ; Park, Chang-Sug ; Im, Seung-Bin ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 6, issue 2, 2000, Pages 82~93
The concept of sustainable development in rural area, which is focused on both preservation of nature and human's amenity, has been common paradigm. The purpose of this study is to suggest the development directions for the environmentally friendly rural house. The planning items for developing sustainable rural house were selected through literature survey, case study, and their adaptation evaluation. The establishment of principles and the evaluation of planning items were analyzed by a survey to experts. The results are as follows : 1) It is showed that sustainability evaluation of rural village is rated as above the moderate degree, but rural house is rated as 3.4(average score). Especially, there were lowly evaluated the utility, material, structure and inner environment in rural house. 2) It is revealed that 76.7% of planning items are located in both the upper left and upper right hand quadrant of the action grid, which is drawn by the importance-performance analysis(IPA). And any item is not found in the lower right hand quadrant(Possible Overkill). 3) Two basic principles and eight optional principles we identified by analysis of factor and regression. The rural zone is identified as major effective element for applying planning items into the rural house development. So it is desirable to apply the items differently by the rural zone type. 4) In view of sustainable development, it is desirable for rural village to have about 50 houses, and for rural house to have
pyung(坪) as lot size, 30% as ratio of building, and 60% as building volume.
A Study on the Livestock Farmer's Consciousness on the Environmental Pollution
Lee, Myoung-Suk ; Lee, Nam-Ho ; Hong, Sung-Gu ; Yoon, Kwnag-Sik ; Kim, Sung-Jun ; Lee, Hoon-Sun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning, volume 6, issue 2, 2000, Pages 94~105
The purpose of this study were to make a comparison with the level of environmental consciousness between the livestock farmer and the reference groups( peasant, office worker, housewife and student) and to identify the variables which have an influence on the level of their role performance for environmental protection & preservation. Data for this study were collected from 822 cases including the livestock farmer(109), the peasant(67), the office worker(140), the housewife(119) and the student(356). The SPSS software program and statistics such as frequencies, x2, ANOVA, multiple regression analysis, Chronbach's
and factor analysis were used to analyze the data for this study. The major findings of this study were as follows: 1. The pro-environmental attitude score(environmental sensitivity and attitude of environmental protection & preservation) the groups of office worker and housewife is shown higher than the groups of livestock farmer, peasant and student. 2. The consciousness of environmental problem is relatively low to the group of the livestock farmer compared with the reference groups. 3. As a result of multiple regression analysis, four determinants such as locus of control, lifestyle, environmental sensitivity, and knowledge of environmental issues explained 38.8% of the livestock farmer's role performance for the environmental protection & preservation.