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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Agricultural Extension
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Dec 2004
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Jun 2004
Selecting the target year
Towards an Ideology of Agricultural Extension as a Philosophy of Lifelong Education
Lee, Jong-Man ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 11, issue 1, 2004, Pages 1~19
The objective of this study was to find a linkage of ideological background between agricultural extension education and lifelong education. This study was conducted by analyzing the studies related to agricultural extension and lifelong education. Review of literature and documents was main methods of this study. The study reviewed and analyzed the concepts, characteristics and ideology of lifelong education, and presented some general characteristics of lifelong education in the context of educational ideology. As a result of the study, the following five characteristics of lifelong education in the context of educational ideology were presented; 1) lifelong education is the supreme concept of education and includes all kinds of education, 2) lifelong education is the future direction of educational ideology and philosophy rather than a kind of educational practice, 3) lifelong education means the security for a right of learning through the entire life-span of an individual, 4) lifelong education has the innovative function of the existing situation of education; viewpoint, contents, and methodology of learning, 5) Lifelong education runs ultimately towards a 'learning society'. Agricultural extension and lifelong education shared the similar ideological background in general, and have the similar basic philosophy. The ideology and philosophy of lifelong education should be reflected into the ideology of agricultural extension to broaden the perspectives of agricultural extension in the future.
A Theoretical Exploration on Agricultural Extension Workers' Role Conflict
Kim, Jin-Mo ; Lee, Taek-Seon ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 11, issue 1, 2004, Pages 21~36
The objectives of this study were to explore theoretically the factors that were associated with role conflict of rural extension educators, to investigate the consequences of this conflict, and to suggest possible solutions to the role conflict. This study was carried out through literature review. The findings from this study were as follows : 1) The causes of role conflict were divided into individual characteristics and social or organizational characteristics. Existing research papers examining the cause of rural extension educators' role conflict had focused mainly on individual characteristics. Therefore, social characteristics of the role conflict should be included in future research activities. 2) The consequences of role conflict were made up of individual dimensions and organizational dimensions. However, pervious researches on rural extension educators' role conflict had dealt with the individual dimensions only. Therefore, the consequences of organizational dimensions should be added to future researches. 3) Revision of roles and job specifications, developing professional competencies, and raising achievement motivation were some of the possible solutions to rural extension educators' role conflict. These solutions, if managed effectively, may improve the performance of extension organizations, as well as that of the individuals by solving the role conflict of rural extension educators.
Current Status and Perspectives for the 21st Century of Rural Living Improvement Program in Japan
Lee, Geum-Ok ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 11, issue 1, 2004, Pages 37~52
The rural living improvement in Japan operates in considerations of socio-eoonomic circumstances of rural community as in Korea. After 1945 the program emphasized the improvement of living conditions such as poverty alienation improvement of house and toilet nutrition after war, From 1955, health programs including better cooking and nutrition, house modification and improved living conditions corresponding to the goal of the developed country were carried out. In 1965. the goal of the rural home economics was focused on the harmonized production and living, improvement of the levels of rural living, health and building rural community. From 1975, the goals of the program were to organize the farming in the better ways and improvement of rural women's role. In 1985, making agreeable living conditions was emphasized under the goal of vital rural society. From the period of Heysey(1989
), for better living of rural people the government is emphasizing the programs including farm labor management, utilization of farm products, farm management and rural environments. Recognizing the important influencing resources of agents in extension services, on the job and education was implemented step by step from basic to planning to upgrade competencies. The government is trying to construct better with infrastructures, encouraging direct selling the value-added processed food from local farm products with rural people's real name and other countryside resources. Major programs in the 21st centuries are building better rural society with men and women together and considering elders as well as new farmers.
Direction of Program Development for Supporting U-turn Farmers' Rural Settlement
Kim, Sung-Soo ; Cheong, Ji-Woong ; Lim, Hyung-Baek ; Koh, Woon-Mee ; Kim, Jung-Tae ; Lee, Sung ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 11, issue 1, 2004, Pages 53~65
The purposes for this study was to provide information for developing educational programs for U-turn farmers' based on their needs on rural settlement. Special objectives of the study were; 1) to survey the general characteristics of U-turn farmers including motives. preparation, and education, 2) to investigate problems and difficulties of the U-turn farmers in rural settlement 3) to identify the reasons for success and failure in U-turn filming, and 4) to provide information in developing programs for U-turn farmers. Data for the study were collected from 526 U-turn farmers throughout the country, and after data cleaning, 494 questionnaires were used for data analysis. Based on the results of this study, the following were recommended for further development of U-turn farming programs; 1) to facilitate and expand continuous surveys on the motives. preparation, education and information for U-turn farmers will be neceassary to update the important and current information on U-turn farming. 2) Further examination of the problems and difficulties of U-turn farmers would be necessary to develop appropriate policies and educational programs for U-turn farming. 3) continuous investigations on the reasons for success and failure of U-turn farming would be necessary to develop appropriate apicultural policies. 4) for more effective educational programs for U-turn farmers. selection of educators, institution, curricular and timing etc. Should be carefully designed to meet the practical needs of the U-turn farmers. 5) more research activities should be encouraged to improve program development and implementation of U-turn farming.
A Study on the Vocation Education for Women in Rural Areas;Ilgam Gatgi Project
Chung, Kum-Ju ; Kim, Gyung-Mee ; Koh, Woon-Mee ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 11, issue 1, 2004, Pages 67~81
The objectives of this study were; a) to review the Ilgam Gatgi or a job project of the rural women b) to relate the vocational educational strategies for human resources development and c) to suggest appropriate vocational education programs for rural women in Korea. The study was carried out through literature reviews, and the results of the study were as follows : First, government should provide appropriate information and educational programs to support rural women for facilitating them to have a sound understanding of the Ilgam Gatgi project. Second, government should provide diverse vocational education programs to facilitate participation in the tasks such activities as for upbringing management mindness, counting and marketing abilities. Research and development works should be emphasized to develop further the traditional foods as well as new products. Third, national support activities should be reinforced to let the people recognize the Ilgam Gatgi projects and its products. and governmental supports should be made to establish cyber business transactions system for the products from the Ilgam Gatgi projects. Fourth education for the laws and regulations on manufacturing and marketing of processed foods would be necessary for rural women, since the majority of the products from the Ilgam Gatgi projects were processed foods.
A Study on the Characteristics of Population Movement in South West Area of Kyonggi-do
Choi, Sik-In ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 11, issue 1, 2004, Pages 83~93
This paper investigated the characteristics of population structure and the determinants of population movement in the south west area of Kyonggi-do by grouping 9 cities in 3 categories and using Panel data of
. The major findings of this paper were identified as follows : 1) The population structure of regions was different to the stages of urbanization. The ratio of child and elder dependency was high in the rural regions and low in the urbanized regions. It was due to the movement of economically active population of
aged groups, from rural regions to urban regions. This means that more productive segments of the rural population leave the country to the city. In addition. The ratio of male to female was higher in
aged groups for rural regions. This suggested that young females moved from rural regions to urban regions more than young males in the process of industrialization. 2) Based in pooling regression, income was the most significant determinant that could explain the inter-regional and intra-regional movement of population for south west area studied, The next one was educational opportunity variable. The coefficients of income and education were 0.5, 0,7 for intra-regional migration and 0.01, 0.02 for interregional migration indicating that Todaro's hypothesis could be tested well rather than Tiebout' model for this area.
Rural Youth's Leisure Activity and Measures for Activation
Choi, Chang-Wook ; Lee, Chae-Shik ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 11, issue 1, 2004, Pages 95~110
The purposes of this study were to analyze rural youth's leisure activity and to suggest measures for activation. This study was conducted by review of literature and questionnaire, The data was collected from 1,209 stratified cluster random sampled rural youth who are in middle school and high school. To analyze the data, SPSS/WIN program was employed. The major finding of the study were as follows: 1) About 30% of rural youths had less than 1-2 hours for leisure activity in daily life and more than 8 hours for leisure activity during the weekend, and over 40% of rural youths had no plan for leisure activity. 1) They recognized that leisure activity made them enjoy common life, decrease their stress, and get new experience far self-development, 3) participation in sports, organized-activity and self-directed activity of the middle schools youths were higher compare to youths in high schools, 4) to activate leisure life, rural youths expected to get a) direct support for participating leisure activity expenses(27%), b) develop and diffusion of diverse and interesting leisure programs(23%), and c) securing appropriate leisure facilities(22%).
Directions and Tasks of Rural Planning System in Korea
Yoon, Won-Keun ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 11, issue 1, 2004, Pages 111~123
The directions and tasks of rural planning system can be accessed by the three view points of planning theory that are value formation, mean identification and effectuation. The concept of rural planning in Korea have been confronted with many problems and need to make new paradigm being able to develop depressed rural area. The highest valve in rural planning have been changed from economic development oriented to environmentally sound and sustainable development oriented. Also, the strategy of rural development have been changed rapidly. The growth pole theory and agricultural economic development strategy have been replaced by the urban-rural linkage theory and multi-sectoral development strategy including economic. social and spatial development. In recent, The implementation instruments for rural development focus on the participation of residence in rural area.
Measurement of Customers Satisfaction in Agricultural E-Commerce
Lee, Taek-Seon ; Choe, Young-Chan ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 11, issue 1, 2004, Pages 125~137
The objectives of this investigation were 1) to measure the level of customers satisfaction in agricultural E-Commerce, 2) to identify the variables affecting customer satisfaction, and 3) to suggest ways to improve the level of user satisfaction in agricultural E-Commerce. The major findings of the research can be summarized as follows: 1) The result of ANOVA showed that there is no significant difference in the degree of customer satisfaction among groups of demographic characteristics such as gender. age, marriage, job, the level of education and the level of income. 2) The results of multiple regression analysis showed that four variables had significant effects on the degree of customer satisfaction: internet environment, product information, security, and price. Moreover, the six variables included in this study explained 61.5% of the degree of customer satisfaction.
Changing Rurality of the Countryside in Seoul Metropolitan Area
Joh, Young-Kug ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 11, issue 1, 2004, Pages 139~159
Since 1990s, the countrysides in Seoul Metropolitan Area have been exposed to the unprecedented forces like developing telecommunication technology, the boom of exurban housing, increasing concern about food quality. While these new forces are restructuring the social and spatial pattern of countryside, a legal regulation can be assumed as exerting an overarching moulding power. This paper shows how the legal regulation works in the restructuring rurality.
Community Ecological Approach for Sustainable Society
Kim, Dae-Hee ; Lee, Chae-Shik ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 11, issue 1, 2004, Pages 161~174
This paper discussed community ecological approach for Environmentally Sound and Sustainable Development(ESSD) and Sustainable Society(SS). Community ecology is composed of nature, environment and diverse species and is dynamic and sustainable system by interaction among those components. It is required long-term, integrating and eco-centric stances to achieve ESSD and SS such as eco-city and eco-village movements. This is integrated and complicated perspective beyond traditional dichotomy between human and environment. Community ecological perspective directs people toward ecological society system which creates and maintains adaptable life style under ecological situation in community. Building up eco-parts, eco-cites, eco-villages are crucial movements for promoting human's environmental living standards. These sustainable community movements require people to change their values and life styles suitable for their SS. It is required integrated and balanced perspective and participating endeavor of residents to maintain SS.
Societal Implications of Biotechnology and GMOs in Agriculture
Lim, Hyung-Baek ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 11, issue 1, 2004, Pages 175~189
There are many assertions related to biotechnology and genetically modified organisms(GMOs). Some experts have asserted that GM foods could be dangerous and that there is no reliable evidence that have been demonstrated safe through appropriate tests, and the others asserted these foods are as safe and nutritions as their conventional counterparts. The objectives of this study was to study an societal implications of biotechnology and GMOs in agriculture. To keep the balance in mind the researcher examined not only usefulness but also harmfulness of GMOs, along with the developmental process of biotechnology industry. It was observed that basically, multinational corporations developed GMOs to maximize their profit, and strengthened their control on agriculture and food through GMOs, as observed in alliance among big multinational corporations' food chain cluster and systems. Under the situation, farmers were losing their status as independent producer and were becoming propertied labor for multinational corporation through contract farming. If these trends continuous in the future, multinational corporations will have the control of genetic resources, these may bring about reduction of bio-diversity, thus may lead the opposite direction to eco-friendly agriculture. If multinational corporations' tendency to suppress the latent harmfulness for the profit continuous further, this may lead the degradation phase of farming and agriculture, thus leading negative socio-economic effects as well as culture and religion.
A Study on the Development of Greenhouse Management System Based on Internet
Shim, Keun-Seop ; Kang, Jeong-Ok ; Lee, Hee-Ju ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 11, issue 1, 2004, Pages 191~207
This study was focused on the development of greenhouse management and environmental control system using internet. The essence of this system were remote automatic control unit connected with greenhouse environmental control according to the growth stages of crops, The specific objectives of the study were; 1) to analyze need of greenhouse environmental remote control system, 2) to investigate the important functions related to greenhouse management program, 3) to explore the possibility of diffusing the system using internet.The study was carried out through review of related literature and need assessment from the research and extension workers in charge of greenhouse management using questionnaire survey, interview and field study. The results of the study were summarized as fallows: 1) About 89% of respondents responded positively on the need to establish automatic control system using internet. 2) The greenhouse management and environmental control system using internet was possible to control the greenhouse in remote, automatic, and simultaneous manner, and additionally by cellular phone in emergent situation. 3) The system was possible to precisely control the greenhouse environment, and it was able to connect the environmental control data with information on growth of crops. 4) By networking the farmer, extension educator of agricultural technology center and researcher, web based farm consulting was possible through the system. Based on the results of the study recommendations were suggested as follows: 1) Thorough spot inspections and field trials should be performed before the diffusion of this system. 2) The costs of the system installation and maintenance should be moderate. 3) The operation of the system should be simple and easy for tamers to adopt. 4) National support should be made to build better internet infrastructure in rural areas.
Situation of Community Forest Resource Management in Vietnam
Bui, The-Hung ; Nguyen, Quang-Dung ; Kim, Sung-Soo ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 11, issue 1, 2004, Pages 209~216