Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Agricultural Extension
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Dec 2004
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Jun 2004
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Issues and Alternatives of Rural Youth Education
Oh, Hae-Sub ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 225~240
This study sought to search for the new alternatives and direction to develop and strengthening rural youth education in Korea. The study was conducted through literature review on articles, proceedings and other sources relevant to the pending issues and difficulties of rural youth education in Korea. Some of the critical needs for improving rural youth education in Korea included the following aspects or alternatives; 1) Strengthening the partnership between rural adult and youth would be necessary to gain broader support and to establish the increased awareness of adults for rural youth education. 2) Better coordination and cooperative efforts should be emphasized among various programs and institutions in implementing rural youth education policies and programs. 3) Developing a strong link between the agribusiness sector and the rural youth education system should be strengthened to produce the effective results. Further activities to develop and implement diverse programs and projects to cope with new trends In farming and agriculture as well as changing trends in marketing sector of agribusiness and rural communities in Korea. The rural leadership and community networks should be established for improving the effectiveness of rural youth educational activities.
A Study on Institution Strengthening for International Youth Exchange in Rural Area
Kim, Jin-Sook ; Kim, Myung-Hee ; Choe, Pyeong-Ik ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 241~250
This study was carried out to strengthen institution of international youth change in rural area. References, in the field of international cooperation international youth exchange and youth's volunteer service were reviewed. Considering rural situation, poor human resources in terms of foreign languages and globalization are major problems for international youth exchange. Such problems as poor network among relevant organizations for international youth change, low level of rural internationalization and lacking of development plan for exchange program were pointed out. For effective international youth exchange, the following strategies were suggested : 1) networking among youth, local government, industries and community, 2) youth education for global citizenship, 3) globalization of local industries, local government, and rural community, et.c.
A Study on Policy Alternatives for Major Changes in the Korea's Agricultural Energy System
Jung, In-Whan ; Ko, Soon-Chul ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 251~265
The agricultural sector's economic structure in Korea is regarded to encounter major barriers on the way toward revitalizing its economic prosperity. Among many, the energy-related problem is one of prime nuclei embedded in the country's agricultural sector. The ought-to-come structural changes in the country's agricultural energy system hinge upon the central government's policy direction as well as efforts of local governments and local farming community members. The indirect aids via 'cross subsidy' of electricity tariff rate and 'tax-exempt price' of oil fuels are two notable causes of the unsustainable energy consumption pattern in the country's agricultural sector. As measures, demand-side management(DSM) and energy-efficiency promotions are regarded to be the most attractive methods for energy conservation and economic productivity as well. Development of renewable energy sources are also receiving a great deal of attention for the long-term alternatives to the country's existing oil-based agricultural production mode. This study examines the contributive potential of DSM approaches and renewables-based technologies. With the critical evaluation on the concurrent adversities of the country's agricultural energy system, various sources of renewable energy-solar power, wind power, biomass, etc.-are examined for the purpose of technological and economical viability. As sufficient potentials of renewable energy sources are being estimated, both the system production cost and the installation cost for the county's rural areas are expected to lower in the long term. DSM options are also evaluated to be fruitful even in the short term. Both the public and civil arenas must galvanise each side's effort in order to promote these policy options and community potentials.
A Study on the Development Strategy of Animal Resources Industry in Chungnam Province
Choe, Pyeong-Ik ; Kim, Gye-Woong ; Kim, Seok-Eun ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 267~277
This study was carried out to set up the effective development strategy for resources industry of Chungnam Province. Data were gathered from relevant organizations and several times of brain storming was conducted by specialists in the field of animal science. The results obtained were as follows; 1) It was found by SWOT analysis that pig, cow, poultry, pets and selected fishes were desirable items as promising animal resources(Table 9). 2) According to the road map of animal resources industry for Chungnam Province, the principles and strategies were needed for the implementation of the industry(Fig. 3). 3) It was recommended that each city and county should develop their major animal resources industry(Fig. 4). 4) For synergy effect of development strategy as animal resources industry, networking among universities, industries, and government organizations, etc. is needed.
Extension Educator's Role with Farmers' Markets in Rural America
Park, Duk-Byeong ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 279~290
This study aims to explore the benefits and extension's role with farmers' markets in USA. This study was conducted by literature review and case study. They help establish connections between consumers and food producers, provide an additional income source for farmers. and in general, serve as a tool for community development. First, from education to advocacy, from research to advising, extension educators have multiple roles to play in promoting the growth of farmers' markets. Second, it is essential that extension engage others who are interested in seeing the markets succeed and create opportunities for such groups to make the market unique in their given communities. Third, extension promotes farmers' markets through the creation and dissemination of how-to publications. These publications typically include tips about having a market establishing a prominent and easily accessible market location, and offering a sufficient product variety to ensure consumer satisfaction. Fourth, efforts by extension offices are already paying off for consumers, vendors, and communities. Involving those who will purchase as well as produce the foods sold at who will purchase as well as produce the foods sold at farmers' markets should diversify the audience extension educators reach. Fifth, extension educators can aid in this effort by encouraging farmers' market vendors to diversify their of offerings and to produce and sell value-added products. Sixth, many extension offices offer guides to the direct marketing venues in their counties, such as farmers' markets, pick your own operations, roadside stands, and community supported apiculture farms. Once such a guide is produced. extension educators can distribute it at workshops and inform local media about the guide so that they can publicize it. Seventh, extension educators should seek to involve those groups who can collaborators could include community economic development organizations, consumer groups, churches, food banks, land preservation organizations, school, farmers' organizations, and other community groups. Eighth, extension educators can also contribute to the improvement of existing markets by offering workshops for vendors in business management, advertizing, marketing, bookkeeping, personnel management, and food preservation. Ninth, farmer's market also provide an opportunity for extension to have face-to face communication with farmers. Tenth, if farmers' markets are well managed, these markets can provide economic, nutritive, educational, social and psychological benefits to venders and the community.
Local Government's Response to Global Warming;Comparison of Seoul and Tokyo
Yoon, Eui-Young ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 291~301
As Russian government signs the Kyoto Protocol on November 2004, it will go into effect on Feb. 16 2004. Under the Protocol, 38 industrialized countries are to reduce their combined emissions of six major greenhouse gases, including carbon dioxide and methane, to below 1990 levels during the 2008-2012 period. Korea ratified the Protocol in 2002 and is currently exempt from the reduction measures. It is expected, however, that Korea will be pressured to join the reduction scheme from 2013. Although the Kyoto Protocol is national-level agreement each country's urban governments are expected and have to play important role to make it successful one. It is more so for such mesa cities as Seoul which has experienced rapidly worsening environment recent years. Statistics shows that the annual average temperature in Seoul has increased by
for the last century, which is much higher than the national average. 'Heat Island' effect is not unusual any more in Seoul. This study reviews the key points of the Kyoto Protocol, urban warming phenomena in Seoul and its policy responses. In doing so, this study evaluates Tokyo case as a comparative one. It is found that Seoul needs to develop more concrete and feasible policy measures to get current efforts more effective.
Exploring Methodologies for Facilitating Residents' Participation at Comprehensive Rural Village Development Projects in Korea
Ju, Dae-Jin ; Kim, Jin-Mo ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 303~320
Comprehensive rural village development projects were launched by MAF(Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry) and KARICO (Korea Agricultural and Rural Infrastructure Cooperation). Since 2004, they received much attention for rural development policy, such as the bottom-up approach, inducing participation of residents and enhancing regional capacity. However, there still remain several problems to be solved. The purpose of this study was to suggest methodologies to facilitate residents' participation in comprehensive rural village development projects by literature review. The core problems of comprehensive rural village development projects in the planning stage were the conflicts among residents and the lack of resident capacity for rural development. Based on the findings of this study, the following recommendations were made to facilitate the residents' participation. In order to reinforce the residents' participation, the mediating skills of conflicts among residents and the strategies for strengthening the residents' capacity should be introduced in comprehensive rural village development projects.
The Trends of Rural Leadership Research
Park, Eun-Shik ; Ko, Jeong-Sook ; Cho, Yeong-Sook ; Hwang, Dae-Yong ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 321~341
The purpose of this study was to examine leadership theory to develop leadership of rural leaders. Specific objectives of the study were 1) to examine the general development and trends of leadership theory. 2) to examine recent trends of leadership theory, 3) to examine leadership development of rural Korea. To pursue this purpose literature review was carried out. Based on the results of this study, the following were suggested. 1) Developing leadership of rural leaders was one of the essential factors for rural development. 2) There were differences in leadership according to situation and times. 3) New leadership will be required for future development of rural Korea.
The Actual Situation and Development Strategies for Community Based NGO Movement
Suh, Gyu-Sun ; Kim, Sung-Soo ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 343~358
The purposes of this study were to draw out the situational problems of the community based NGO (Non Governmental Organization) movement and to suggest development strategies for NGO movement in Korea. The study was conducted through extensive review of literature and analysis of the related data. The major findings of this study were as follows; As the development of democracy and localization process were in progress, the community based NGO movement was also developing quantitatively, however not yet qualitatively. The NGO Times Net, a internet newspaper for NGOs revealed that the number of community based NGO was 3,397 as in 2004, which was 5 times larger than 597 central based or Seoul located NGOs. However, some of the problems identified were lower participation of local people, quality of the movement compare to the original purposes of the movement, and the problems in local leadership, etc. In order to overcome various problems, this study suggested some strategies for development such as enhancement of civil education, expansion of voluntary spirits, financial support for NGOs, better mutual understanding among the GOs (Government Organizations), POs(Profit Organizations) and NGOs. Self evaluation and innovative strategies will be needed for further development of NGO movement in Korea.
A Study on the Support Policy for Woman Farmers by Role Types in Korea
Kim, Gyung-Mee ; Choe, Yoon-Ji ; Lee, Jin-Young ; Koh, Woon-Mee ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 359~369
The objectives of this study were: a) to classify the rural women's roles according to degree of participation in farming and decision making, b) to find out the needs for support policy considering the role types, and c) to put forward the programs for supporting rural women according to their role types. This study was based on a literature review, empirical analysis, and opinions from a panel of experts and professionals including rural women in Korea. Based on the findings from this study, the following suggestions should be considered for supporting the rural women according to the types of their roles: 1) Government should enhance the support system for rural women in terms of policy and social system. Careful considerations on the status of woman farmers according to their role types should be reflected in the policy and social system. 2) Family cultural reform, farming helper system, reducing the housework burden, supporting educational expenses, and providing more opportunities for closer contact to the community actions and educational programs should be included in the support system. 3) Rural women's participation in various community action and educational programs should be encouraged by providing diverse incentives, appropriate information and educational supports designed to support woman farmers.
The Hungarian Agriculture in the European Union
Gyorgy, Neszmelyi ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 371~388
An Analysis of Status Community Forest Management in Vietnam
Nguyen Din, Hai ; Kim, Sung-Soo ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 389~395