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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Agricultural Extension
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Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Dec 2005
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Jun 2005
Selecting the target year
A Study on Characteristics and Leadership Performance of Rural Leaders
Park, Eun-Shik ; Lee, Chae-Shik ; Ko, Jeong-Sook ; Hwang, Dae-Yong ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 12, issue 1, 2005, Pages 1~15
The objectives of this study were to analyze characteristics and role performances of rural leaders and to verify leadership difficulties in organizing rural society. The data were collected from 273 rural leaders selected by stratified random sampling, and the SPSSWIN 10 was used for analyzing data. The major findings of this study were as follows; 1) Leadership role performances of rural leaders were higher than the average scores of non-leaders. 2) Men's leadership role performances were higher than women's except in facilitator role. 3) Leaders in city/county level were more successful in doing leadership performances than community level leaders. 4) Rural leaders were seeking other leaders for discussing problems in leadership. 5) The most difficulties of rural leaders were unconcerns and disinterest of rural people for community development.
The New Direction of Rural and Agricultural Policy under the Economic Opening System
Choi, Sik-In ; Ko, Soon-Chul ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 12, issue 1, 2005, Pages 17~28
This study investigated structural changes of the Korea's agriculture and proposed the new direction of rural and agricultural policy in Korea after economic opening. The major results may be summarized as follows: Firstly, the study identified structural changes of the country's peasantry under the economic opening system. Korean agriculture has been deteriorated in population structure, arable land size, and income composition. Secondly, according to above analysis on these changes it suggested that the traditional rural communities were exposed to collapse and this unwanted disaster could result in serious adversities to the national economy. Thirdly, this study proposed preservation policies for small scale farming households and also administrative preparations of multi-dimensional approaches leading to successful rural and agricultural planning.
A Study on the Support Policy for Woman Farmers by Role Types in Korea
Kim, Gyung-Mee ; Choe, Yoon-Ji ; Lee, Jin-Young ; Koh, Woon-Mee ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 12, issue 1, 2005, Pages 29~44
The objectives of this study were: a) to analyze the upbringing policy for woman farmers in Korea, b) to find out the needs for the policy related to women's roles in decision making of farming activities, and c) to promote the programs in agricultural system for supporting rural women according to their role types and needs. This study was based on a literature review and discussions with the panel of experts witness and professionals including rural women. The major findings and conclusions from this study were as follows: 1 ) First of all, the policy for upbringing woman farmers had been improved. however, policy measures were still inadequate and were plenty of room for development. 2) Government policies were not focussed directly to meet the actual needs of rural women according to their various roles. 3) More government efforts should be enhanced to modify the policy and social system for rural women, and should be organized into the practical programs after careful considerations on the status of woman farmers according to their role types. 4) The five-year upbringing plan for woman farmers should be expanded to include strengthening economic power, widening woman farmers' influence. development of intellectual capacity and strengthening of self-enlightenment better health care and welfare services. and providing equal opportunities for women farmers.
A Study on the 4-H Camping Leader's Role in USA
Oh, Hae-Sub ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 12, issue 1, 2005, Pages 45~56
The 4-H camping programs in USA have been providing various resources so that members can achieve their physical, intellectual, social and spiritual potential. The camping programs have been carried out members to participate in programs as responsible citizens in their local, national and international communities. One of the key requirements of successful youth camping was the leadership role of leaders with more conscious and systematic for preparing, equipping, and carrying out programs. This paper was intended to explore the goals of 4-H camping and leaders' role in USA, and give implications to Korean outdoor activities. To perform the 4-H camping effectively, the camping leaders need to focus on the following steps: First of all, they need to recognize the specific purposes and missions of participation in the 4-H camping. Secondly, they should make sense of the site-based teaching skills and its application in the field. Thirdly. they should set up the principles of effective camping strategies and abide by the steps in the process of activities. In addition, they should be qualified to handle the risk management skills, research and survey technology, and environment conservation efforts throughout the camping.
A Study on the Local Ordinance for the Rural Development Planning
Yoon, Won-Keun ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 12, issue 1, 2005, Pages 57~68
Since about 2000. local government has started making ordinance related to the rural development planning which is revitalizing rural area through using rural resource. But, the ordinance of local government have not any contents relating to the land use planning system that is necessary in rural development planning. According to the present local autonomy act, ordinance can not have any regulations restricting basic human right without being allowed by law. In recent, central government is considering to hand power making land use planning system over local government. This paper is to study how to expand the legislative power of local government. This study discussed on logical bases through examining disputes on legal theories, the nature of local ordinance, range of local autonomy affairs and cases of local ordinance.
A Study on Self-Efficacy and Role Conflict of 4-H Leaders
Lee, Chae-Shik ; Kim, Sung-Soo ; Choe, Yeong-Chang ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 12, issue 1, 2005, Pages 69~81
The objectives of this study were to measure role conflict of 4-H leaders and to verify the differences of role conflict and self-efficacy according to individual characteristics. The data were collected from 99 leaders who took charge of guiding 4-H youth organization in school as teacher advisor. The statistical techniques used for this study were frequency, t-test, one-way analysis of variance and correlation. The major findings of this study were as follows; 1) The 4-H leaders had some role conflict and role ambiguity in guiding youth activities in the school. 2) The leader advisor group with teaching experience of
years showed higher role conflict and lower role ambiguity. 3) The 4-H leaders with age over 45 felt higher role conflict and lower role ambiguity. 4)The leaders' self-efficacy was positively correlated with self esteem, and negatively associated with role ambiguity.
Review on Motive Types of Rural Residents' Participation in Environmental NGO Action Program
Shin, Yoon-Chul ; Bae, Sung-Eui ; Yoon, Jun-Sang ; Koh, Woon-Mee ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 12, issue 1, 2005, Pages 83~95
The objectives of this study were: a) to determine the motive types of residents' participation in environmental NGO action program, b) to identify factors related to their motive in the activities, and c) to provide strategic implications to satisfy their motive. For the purpose, the researchers reviewed related literatures on motivation studies and various theories related to residents' participation. Based on the findings of this study, the following suggestions could be offered for the environmental NGO program activities : 1) Environmental NGOs should offor motive-friendly programs which may help the residents' participation in the NGO activities. 2) Environmental NGOs should provide diverse activity programs to facilitate participation and to gratify their motive. 3) To satisfy the motive of participation, environmental action programs should be organized and conducted through a careful considerations of the motive type of the peoples' participation, the characteristics of residents, and so on.
A Study on the Operation Status of Rural Childcare Facilities for Better Care through Interviews with Principals
Chung, Duk-Hee ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 12, issue 1, 2005, Pages 97~107
The purpose of this study was to make a survey of the operation of childcare facilities in rural regions through in-depth interviews with 5 facility principals. Owing to regional disadvantages, rural childcare facilities have many problems as follows: uneven distribution of facilities, shortage of teachers, financial difficulties, unsuitable programs for rural regions, insufficient reeducation of principals and teachers, and poor operations and accessibility for handicapped or very young children. The principals proposed that many conditions might be made better as follows: evenly distributing facilities in step with needs and supply, raising the salary of teachers of rural facilities, supporting the facilities themselves side by side with supporting children, improving 'childcare fee supporting system' of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, developing and spreading programs suitable for rural regions, and promoting the reeducation of principals and teachers through online programs.
The Effects of Management and Technical Capabilities in the Performance of Plug Seedling Production
Kim, Sa-Gyun ; Lee, Min-Soo ; Choe, Young-Chan ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 12, issue 1, 2005, Pages 109~118
This study was carried out to identify the major characteristics of plug seedling farm's management. Thirty glasshouse farms were surveyed out of 42 farms that adopted plug seedling production technology in Korea. The major objectives of this survey were to determine the technical capability of the glasshouse farmers, and to analyze the significant differences in terms of production performance and management capabilities. The major results of the survey were as follows : 1) The production quantity of plug seedlings of the superior group was 43% higher than the inferior group. 2) The plug seedling loss rate of the superior roup was lower by 4% than the inferior group. 3) The income of superior group was 4.2 million Won per
, while the income of the inferior group was only 0.45 million Won. 4) The cause of low production of grafted plug seedlings was primarily due to the lack of technical knowledge and skills. 5) The results indicated that the technical knowledge level and production skills of grafting plug seedling should be improved.
Exploring e-Learning System for Agricultural Education and Extension in the Rural Development Administration (RDA), Korea
Park, Duk-Byeong ; Cho, Yong-Been ; Lee, Min-Soo ; Lee, Hae-Hyun ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 12, issue 1, 2005, Pages 119~127