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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Agricultural Extension
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Dec 2005
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Jun 2005
Selecting the target year
Developing a Diary Designed for Woman Farmer's Time Use to Prove Farm Work
Lee, Jin-Young ; Gim, Gyung-Mee ; Choi, Yoon-Ji ; Kim, Jeong-Seop ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 12, issue 2, 2005, Pages 137~150
Although the rate of women farmer's participation in agricultural activities have been increased upto 52.7 % as of year 2003, Korean society has not fully recognized their roles in rural society. According to the agricultural basic law, most of rural women were engaged in agriculture as full time job, however, only about 11% of them could have supporting evidence of themselves as farmer having legal right. If women farmers faced some unexpected things such as a traffic accident, insurance company would not reward them as farmers unless they provide written proof of their job as farm worker or farm owner. Based on lawyer's legal advice, the authors developed a diary called "Saenghwalilji", a daily diary based on their time use and bookkeeping to prove the fact of their contribution to income generation of the farm. After examination of the diary, 18 persons out of 29 volunteers kept two types of dairy for the period of two weeks, and they reported it was very useful. Finally the better one of two was selected after reflecting the suggestions from the respondents. The "Saenghwalilji", will be very useful proof of women farmer's contribution to income, at the same time improving their farm management through better use of daily life time.
A Study on the Agricultural Education Conditions and Lifelong Learning Policies by Role Types of Woman Farmers
Gim, Gyung-Mee ; Choe, Yoon-Ji ; Lee, Jin-Young ; Koh, Woon-Mee ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 12, issue 2, 2005, Pages 151~161
The objectives of this study were: a) to classify rural women's roles according to apicultural activity, and b) to find out the needs for education system related to women's roles in agricultural technology and the participation in decision making of farming activities, and c) to put forward the programs in agricultural educational system for supporting rural women according to their role types. This study was based on a literature review, empirical analysis including women in rural Korea. Based on the empirical findings, the following suggestions could be of offered for helping the rural women according to the types of their roles. 1) Family cultural reform, farming helper system, relief of housework allotment, supporting educational expenses, equal opportunity and easier places for participations should be strengthened in education programs of women farmers in Korea. 2) Government should provide diverse incentive programs, appropriate information and educational supports for women farmers' agricultural education including equipment and facilities for easy farm management. 3) Automation and mechanization of farm works, computer education, eco-friendly agricultural production skills, family consciousness and group action, importance and the future prospects of agriculture and farming, leadership role should be strengthened in agricultural education programs for rural women.
Policy Suggestions to the Urban-rural Form City Governments' Policy for Small and Medium-size Firms;Based on the Entrepreneurs' Perceptions in Hwaseong City, Kyonggi-do Province
Yoon, Eui-Young ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 12, issue 2, 2005, Pages 163~172
Since the financial turmoil in 1997, both the national and local governments have initiated a variety of policy measures to support small and medium-size firms to strengthen the national and regional economies. It is no doubt that such policies contributed to establish better business environment for them. However, many analytical reports and academic studies in recent years diagnose that the economy conditions for the small and medium-size firms are in crisis because many policy measures are made based on the supply-side approach rather than demand-side consideration. In order for the governments' efforts to be more realistic and effective, it is necessary to see what the policy target groups(that is. the small and medium-size entrepreneurs) want. This study surveyed entrepreneurs in Hwaseung city, Kyonggi-do, which has more than three-thousands of small and medium-size firms. It finds that in spite of locational advantages and a variety of policy supports from the provincial and local governments, they need more financial supports, more effective mass transportation system for commuting workers. less bureaucratic barriers, and so on.
A Study on the Quality Perceptions of Red Pepper Growers
Kim, Jeong-Seop ; Hwang, Jeong-Im ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 12, issue 2, 2005, Pages 173~185
This article indicates that the perceptions on the quality of agro-food are socially constructed. Farmers who were producing red pepper in Eumsung county had somewhat different perceptions on the quality of red pepper according to their own marketing channels. Farmers who were selling their red pepper to consumers by direct marketing tend to think the quality attributes more important as follows; information on producers, ingredients, taste and smell, amount of pesticides input, cleaning the harvested red pepper, quality certification by public authority, and brands. Consumers tend to think safety and production area more important, while farmers tend to think the quality attributes as follows; taste, color, variety, soil environment, and largeness. Based on these research findings, we can give some recommendations as follows; 1) the agricultural extension organization in the Eumsung county should change the strategy for local agriculture towards quality management of red peppers. and 2) the local government need to examine the feasibility of quality certifying on red pepper.
An Analysis of Upbringing Program for Informal Environmental Educator in Environmental NGOs
Koh, Woon-Mee ; Seo, Woo-Seok ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 12, issue 2, 2005, Pages 187~195
The objectives of this study were to analyze present status and to suggest for the future upbringing programs for informal environment educator of Environmental NGOs in Korea. Based on the findings from reviewing environmental educators’ certification systems in Environmental NGOs, the following suggestions should be considered for improving the certification systems. 1) Government and environmental NGOs should adopt a certification system by implementing qualifying examination for employing specification of informal environmental educator. 2) Applicants to obtain a certification of informal environmental educator in environmental NGOs should be qualified through standard processes including taking required curriculum and programs. They must be evaluated informal environmental educator’ ability accurately through their portfolio, teaching ability, professional responsibilities and so on. 3) Standardized curriculum and programs should be adopted by government for the initial preparation of environmental educators reflecting the guidelines from the KOSEE (The Korean Society for Environmental Education) and NAAEE (North American Association for Environmental Education) in the future.
A Study on Revising the Program for Enhancing Rural Living Environment in Korea
Joh, Young-Kug ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 12, issue 2, 2005, Pages 197~217
Since 1990, the Korean Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry(MAF) has implemented the program for enhancing rural living environment (Jungjookunkaebal program) to stabilize rural population and community. The program has focused on providing rural areas with various social infrastructure facilities. But, because the program has been done without appropriate consideration on rural settlement system and the unevenness of rurality, people has discredit its necessity and efficacy. This paper discussed desirable strategies and tools to overcome criticism on the program.
A Study on the Farm Helper System for Rural Women
Choi, Yoon-Ji ; Kim, Gyung-Mee ; Lee, Han-Gi ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 12, issue 2, 2005, Pages 219~230
The objectives of this study were 1) to evaluate level of satisfaction of the farm helper system which has been executed by Ministry of Agriculture & Forestry from the year 2000 as one of the welfare policies for assisting production activities of woman farmers. and 2) to suggest some measures for improving farm helper system. The data were collected from selected 729 women farmers who utilized the farm helper system. The major findings and suggestions from this study were as follows: 1) Women farmers responded that they had positive attitudes toward utilizing farm helper system by answering 'obtaining mental stability'(34.6%). 'reducing a burden of child birth'(29.2%), 'continuing to work on farm activities'(24.4%) and 'trust in national policies'(10.7%). 2) In addition, women farmers wanted to use the helpers for two months, before and after having a child birth. 3) They suggested that farm helpers system should be extended to other areas such as farming(21.5%), nursing(18.6%), and child-caring(16.1%).
Participation and Needs Analysis on Leadership Program of Rural Leaders
Park, Eun-Shik ; Lee, Chae-Shik ; Ko, Jeong-Sook ; Jo, Young-Sook ; Hwang, Dae-Yong ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 12, issue 2, 2005, Pages 231~241
The objectives of this study were to explore leadership program participation of rural leaders and to analyze needs assessment for leadership program. The data were collected from 273 rural leaders by stratified random sampling. The SPSSWIN/ver.10 program was used for analyzing data with frequency and cross-tab analysis. The major findings of this study were as follows; 1) Rural leaders should effectively use leadership competency after leadership program. 2) Major problems of leadership program were lecturers' speciality and rather vague educational purpose. 3) Rural leaders wanted to learn more about rural and agricultural policies, conflict resolution among residents, specific and specialized leadership skills, and organizational activities. 4) Rural leaders responded that they need more programs on developing logical thinking, organizational competency, creative thinking, and positive attitude. 5) Characteristics of rural leaders should be considered in developing and implementing leadership programs.
Proposed Strategy to Enhance Support and Promotion of Leading Farms
Kim, Sa-Gyun ; Choe, Young-Chan ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 12, issue 2, 2005, Pages 243~255
The "leading farms" or "superior management farms" were relatively capable to overcome various limitations in rapidly changing agricultural environment and economic conditions, and quick to adopt agricultural management innovations and accomplish more compared to the other farms in shorter durations. The farmers from these "leading farms" were innovative and dynamic, and endowed with potentials to be the core leaders in rural society. Their adaptability created a difference and worthy of emulations. The purpose of this research was to propose a policy to develop, promote and sustain these leading farms. There were some problems in communication structures and in implementing agricultural policies for upbringing leading farmers. In coordination with the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry(MAF) and Rural Development Administration (RDA), this article attempted to come up with workable strategies to solve these problems affecting the leading farms.
A Study on Vocational Decision Making of Rural Youth
Lee, Chae-Shik ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 12, issue 2, 2005, Pages 257~270
The purposes of this study were to explore the differences of decision making in farming settlement and to analyze attributes for vocational decision making of rural youth. The study was carried out by literature review and questionnaire. To analyze vocational decision making of rural youth, the data were collected from 196 rural youth by stratified random sampling. The SPSSWIN/ver10 was used for analyzing data with frequency, percentage, t-test ANOVA and factor analysis. The major findings of this study were as follows; 1) Rural youth decided to become farmers at the middle and high school stage for farming succession and eco-friendly life orientation. 2) Youth parents were the major source of influence on their rural youth to settle in farming. 3) Rural youth with high economic status, upper academic achievement and university graduation showed higher autonomous decision making and lower heteronomous decision making. 4) Rural youth with low economic status and low academic achievement showed unstable vocational decision making. 5) The study suggested that rural youth with unstable decision making should get more educational opportunities and supports.
Community Development Movement and Sharing Experiences
Kim, Sung-Soo ; Kwon, Do-Ha ; Lee, Chae-Shik ; Choe, Yeong-Chang ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 12, issue 2, 2005, Pages 271~286