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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Agricultural Extension
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Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Dec 2006
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Jun 2006
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Challenges of Diffusion of Innovation Theory on Agricultural Extension and Its Implications
Park, Duk-Byeong ; Lee, Min-Soo ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 13, issue 1, 2006, Pages 1~14
The diffusion of innovation theory provided the basis for a model of agricultural development that the extension service continues to use today. This study aims to examine the history, influence, and impacts of innovation diffusion theory on the extension service. It reviews some of the major developments in the literature related to the theory, examines its criticisms, and discusses the implications for extension. As such, innovators are younger, more cosmopolitan, have higher incomes than later adopters, and have the largest operations of all adopter categories. There are two critiques on diffusion of innovation theory in which are the method and inequity recurring from diffusion.
A Study on Rural Adults' Awareness of Marriage
Yoon, Soon-Duck ; Park, Eun-Shik ; Kim, Eun-Ja ; Cho, Young-Sook ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 13, issue 1, 2006, Pages 15~27
The objective of this study were to explore rural adults' awareness of marriage. The data were collected from 369 adults 20 aged and over living in the rural and analysed by marital status and sex, using SPSS/win program. The major finding of this study were as follows; 1) In the mate selection, rural adults valued personality(41.9%) above everything else without difference in sex or marital status. However, while most of unmarried women preferred white collar worker, educated in the college and over, and
older than them, most of married and unmarried men preferred housewives, educated in the high school, and
younger than them. Also, women wanted to live in the urban after the marriage. 2) In connection with wedding ceremony, most of rural adults preferred modern wedding ceremony, appropriately within their circumstance, and general ceremony hall except the unmarried women. 3) Only 45.9% of unmarried women agreed to marriage compared to 74.5% of unmarried men. The unmarried, especially unmarried women, liked more than the married to love marriage. 4) Rural women have more modern attitude toward the marriage than rural men.
Residential Satisfaction of the Rural Elderly and Its Related Variables
Ko, Soon-Chul ; Lee, Jae-Ruong ; Choi, Mi-Yong ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 13, issue 1, 2006, Pages 29~47
The objectives of this study were to explore rural elderly's perception on rural area as a proper place to live for the elders and to find out their residential satisfaction and its related variables. The data were gathered through the questionnaire survey from 241 rural elderly over 70 aged living in Gyeonggi province during July 2005. The major findings of this study were as follows: 1) Those who are men, having experience living in urban area, and favorable perception to social relation with other residences prefer the rural area to urban area as living place for the elderly ; 2) Those who are subjectively perceived healthy and favorable perception to social relation with other residences tend to be in higher residential satisfaction than other groups ; 3) Such variables as age, educational background, living term in community and urban area were not significant to rural elderly's perception on rural area as a proper place to live for the elders and residential satisfaction; 4) Such variables as identification as community residences, people-oriented personality, sex and having experience living in urban area explained 26.4% of variance in rural elderly's perception on rural area as a proper place to live for the elders ; 5) Such three variables as identification as community residences, relationship with the primary group and age explained 55.2% of variances in residential satisfaction; 6) In shortly, the most influential factor to rural elderly's perception on rural area as a proper place to live for the elder and residential satisfaction was their identification as community residences.
Effect and Development Strategies of a Village Development Project Using It's Traditional Specific Items in Hwaseong City
Suh, Gyu-Sun ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 13, issue 1, 2006, Pages 49~67
The purpose of this study was to suggest development strategies of a village of Hwaseong-si where several programs using it's traditional items have been operated since 2003 according to the policy of Rural Traditional Thema Village Development implemented by Rural Development Administration(RDA). The village is located in Yodang-ri, Yanggam-myun, hwaseong-si in Gyounggi province. The village is called as 'Eunheng Namu Maeul' which means 'ginkgo tree village' since the tree is almost 350 years old and beautifully huge. Including this big tree there are much more traditional items such as organic dairy farming, hand-made cheese, legends and traditional plays. Using this items and government subsidies, the village has managed various tour programs and other income increasing projects. This study analyzed the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of the current situation of the village with the related materials and data to find out development strategies for the village-based programs and projects. This study recommended the followings as a major result of this study. The huge ginkgo tree at the village could be a better traditional attractive item when paths and wood of ginkgo trees will be built up especially utilizing the original huge one around the village. Like this, the item of hand made cheese could be a much more valuable traditional item when there will be an advanced facility for the people's working together. The social actives of the village have been weakened because of few young dwellers living there, therefore there needs a special subsidizing project for the village to hire a young manager having some social skills and knowledges. The situation being urbanized in front of the village needs precisely checking and implementing the Hwaseong-si's urbanization policy so that the urbanization could be harmonized with the maintenance and development of the traditional items of the village.
Development of a Program to Promote Economics Activities of Rural Elderly
Park, Gong-Ju ; Yoon, Soon-Duck ; Park, Jeong-Yoon ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 13, issue 1, 2006, Pages 69~83
This study aims to develop useful programs, which would promote the economic activities of rural elderly and their living standard as the silver population is growing in the society, to present the direction of policy related to the elderly for governmental agencies, and make it available as data that can be accessed by civil servants, in charge of elderly-related matters and currently serving at city office and municipal and county agricultural technique center, so that they can provide education to the elderly. For this, first, the economic condition of the rural elderly and their requirements have to be diagnosed. Second, we developed a program that specially aimed at improving their economic activities. To develop of program, a survey questionnaire was administered with the 881 elderly over 60 years old who live in 110 rural villages. Face to face interview was carried out by professional interviewer. The result was once posted in the 2nd issue of volume 14th of this journal in 2004 with the title of "Study of the rural elderly's activities and needs of economics." Based on such result of study, we developed the program to provide jobs to the rural elderly that are suitable for them. 2 types programs, which differ from each other depending on the subject of implementing the welfare of the elderly, were developed: first, "program to create jobs for rural elderly at the policy supporting level, which requires the government to drive forward, and second, 'program to provide education to rural elderly at the social level' to foster them as competent human resources."
Analysis on Life Conditions and Welfare Needs for Rural Youth
Oh, Hae-Sub ; Kim, Jin-Mo ; Kim, Kyung-Jun ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 13, issue 1, 2006, Pages 85~97
The purpose of this study was to analyze the current life conditions and welfare needs of rural youth. A questionnaire was developed from the review of literature. The instrument consisted of five separate sections according to the objectives of the study. Data(391) were collected through a questionnaire mailed to 4-H members selected in the sample(580). The rate of analyzed data(387) was 98% using the SPSS. Based on the findings of this study, the following recommendations were made. (1) The various education programs need to be enlarged to rural area. (2) The job getting opportunities and career guidance programs are needed to strengthen for rural youth. (3) The problem-counselling programs and centers should be provided for rural youth. (4) The more leisure and culture facilities should to establish in rural area.
A Study on the News Scheme of the Agricultural Broadcasting News
Rho, Gwang-June ; Kim, Sung-Soo ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 13, issue 1, 2006, Pages 99~121
The purpose of the study was to analyze agricultural and rural news in mass media reporting. This study analyzed the representation of agricultural and rural news of Korean Broadcasting System (KBS), established in 1947 as a public service broadcaster and the Seoul Broadcasting System (SBS), established in 1990 as a private service broadcaster in Korea. There has been criticisms of isolated and anecdotal reporting of agricultural and rural issues, thus, leading to negative public perception mainly influenced by mass media even though there has been increases in the publicity activities regards agricultural policies in the KBS and SBS broadcasting news. This study was designed to reveal the merits of the preceding criticisms. For this purpose, a total of 437 news items issued between September 2004 and August 2005 were analyzed via content and framing analysis research methodologies. The major findings and conclusions of the study were as follows: 1. Content analysis of agricultural and rural news revealed that the lack of relative quantity and 'in-depth analysis' in agricultural reporting and the thematic concentration on negative news and flash events were the most prominent characteristics of Korean broadcasting news. 2. The quantity of agricultural news was relatively insufficient and qualitatively superficial and stereotyped lacking in comprehensive understanding of agricultural and rural issues and inclined toward flash events and crisis-oriented. Based on the findings and conclusions, following recommendations are offered; 1) Agricultural institutions should consider changing the images of rural society and farmers implementing agricultural and rural policies in the future, and perception of the general public should be considered in reporting agricultural and rural news. 2) Further research should be conducted to provide practical implications for the broadcast media on the agricultural information system.
A Study on the Establishment of Effective Model for Community;Centered Youth Development Policy
Oh, Hae-Sub ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 13, issue 1, 2006, Pages 123~134
The purpose of this study was to establish the effective model for community-centered youth development in Korea. The research methods used the extensive review of related literatures and consultation with a panel of experts in this field. Based on the major results, the implications and suggestions were as follows. First, community youth development will need to provide the opportunities of competencies and a full complement of positive connections to youth activities. Second, communities promote to engage youth as partners with adults in the process of positive youth development. Third, youth development organizations operate to support the programs to prevent or treat specific problems in terms of community youth contexts. Finally, collaboration and network are necessarily required among youth, adults, home, school, organizations within the community.
A Study on Youth Leadership Skill of Community Youth
Lee, Chae-Shik ; Park, Eun-Shik ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 13, issue 1, 2006, Pages 135~147
The purpose of this study were to analyze youth leadership skill of rural youth and to suggest implication for rural youth development. The study was carried out questionnaire. To analyze youth leadership skill of rural youth, the data were collected from 196 rural youth by stratified random sampling. The SPSSWIN / ver12.0 was used for analyzing data with t-test, ANOVA, and factor analysis. The major findings of this study were as follows; 1) Average of youth leadership skill is 91.42, minimum is was 61, maximum is 130, 2)When it comes to youth leadership skill, it is higher in highly educated youth and higher economic status, 3)When it comes to youth leadership skill, it is higher in farming size, extending in three years, promise of farming successor. Conclusionally, the study suggests community youth should be offered more educational experience for developing youth leadership.
A Pilot Study of Rural Women Leader's Psychological Trap for Getting Some Informations to Reinvent One's Life
Kim, Gyung-Mee ; Lee, Jin-Young ; Choi, Yoon-Ji ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 13, issue 1, 2006, Pages 149~171
This is a pilot study on rural women's psychological trap to define some obstacles to self directed learning. During few decades, according to major crop of each farm household has shifted from rice to other crops like as vegetables, fruits, horticultures, livestock, etc., women's role or labor sharing of women in farming has been also increased. Although women are important human resources, till now, there is no a research or an approach to rural woman on the view of individual human being. Therefore this study will contribute to understand woman's behavior or attitudes based on psychological description at each person's experiences. For this study, the data was collected from 23 women leaders who participated in a training course in 2005, through the scale of Jeffrey E. Young & Janet S. Klosko which was developed to improvement of one's repetitious behavior based on cognitive psychological care. It was categorized into 11types of psychological trap of one person, named as follows; (1) trap of being deserted by someone (2) trap of disbelief and being ill-treated (3) trap of weakness (4) trap of dependence (5) trap of emotional deprivation (6) trap of feelings of alienation among society (7) trap of deficiency (8) trap of anxiety to failure (9) trap of subordination (10) trap of the merciless standard by self-estimation (11) trap of the sense of privilege. From the data, the average age of subjects was 52.8years old, and the educational back of subjects was higher than general rural women. In both of the trap of weakness and the trap of the merciless standard by self-estimation, the ratio of over and 4 point score of 6 points was 71.4% and 76.2%. It means most of subjects have experienced fear of unexpected calamity(trap of weakness), and mental press hard for efforts to meet one's ideal standard(trap of the merciless standard by self-estimation). Especially the trap of the merciless standard by self-estimation may have relation with rural women's over burden from farming and local society activities.
A Study on Managing of Educational Progress of Homehelper Training Center
Chae, Hye-Seon ; Yoon, Soon-Duck ; Park, Gong-Ju ; Park, Jeong-Yun ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 13, issue 1, 2006, Pages 173~184
This study was diagnosed the managing of educational progress of homehelper training center proceeded with a goal to improve the proper direction to grasp of the contentment of education programs. In order to attain a research objective, I surveyed 18 charge of education person in homehelper training center. Through the problem of the mananging of homehelper education, I try to show the point for growth of homehelper training. First, the course of the education and training for home helper should be classified in the field of the service activity for home helper. Second, the education centers need to establish the weekend lecture or the night lecture for volunteer with an occupation. Third, the education centers need to division the educational course according a characteristic of student. Fourth, when the course is opened, the number of persons is suitable thirty. Fifth, it needs to add the education contents to establish an attitude with volunteer for elderly people.
A Survey on the Farmer's Life in Yanbian, China
Choi, Yoon-Ji ; Gim, Gyung-Mee ; Lee, Jin-Young ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 13, issue 1, 2006, Pages 185~193
The study is designed to understand on the farmer's life in Yanbian, China. The major findings are: 1) The people in farmhouse use wood as a fuel for cooking and the method of cooking is traditional style using their iron pots. The floor heating of the house and cooking food can be carried out simultaneously. Most of the farmer use pump system. 2) Korean traditional foods should be inherited and they usually eat rice. Kimchi, Soy-sauce, and Hot-pepper paste are mostly made at home. 3) Housewives do actively participate in income management. Results indicated that overall Korean immigrants in China maintain their ethnic identity, ethnic language and culture.
A Study on Working Conditions and Job Satisfaction of Foreigner Agricultural Trainee
Hwang, Dae-Yong ; Kang, Kyeong-Ha ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 13, issue 1, 2006, Pages 195~208
This study was carried out to analyze the working conditions and Job Satisfaction of foreigner agricultural trainees. Foreigner training program is governmental project to decrease the shortage of labor resources in farm household and increase of income for trainees, to transfer the agricultural technology to sending country. For this purpose, data were gathered from 110 foreigner agricultural trainees consisted of 91 Uzbekistanian and 19 Mongolian by interview with questionnaire. The results are as follows: 1) the trainee answered to increase the income and technical training regardless of nationality, age, wedding, and types of agriculture. 2) the trainee felt crucial difficulties in language usage and homesick during the training program, 3) Training program should be concretized in working schedule.
A Study on Rural Women Leader's Action in Pattern and Doing in Style Based on Self Motivation Control
Gim, Gyung-Mee ; Lee, Jin-Young ; Choi, Yoon-Ji ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 13, issue 1, 2006, Pages 209~225
According to shift of the political focus from agricultural productivity to social development, it has been increased importance of local leader in rural society. Especially rural women leader's role has been increased not only in agricultural business but also in social activity of locality. Although a lot of leadership study related to rural community development, it has been very scarcely study about leader's action in pattern or doing in style based on psychological scale. Therefore this a kind of pilot study on that. For this data, it was gathered from 24 female farmer leaders of a federation group in 2005. In this study, to define the action in pattern or doing in style of leader, it was adopted to Ozasz Yoshihisa's scale which is consisted of 40 items into 8 types. From analysis of female farmer leader's action in pattern or doing in style, most of them were belong to volunteer type, generalist type, farmer type. This menas most of them were head toward maintenance of the present status, keeping one's balance, adaptation oneself to new environment, or acceptance the logic of events, not trying to innovate. But it was not clear that any variable has a relation in the action in pattern or the doing in style, for definition of variables, it should be more detailed study.
A Review of Emerging Issues on Community Forest Management in Vietnam
Hai, Nguyen-Dinh ; Kim, Sung-Soo ; Youn, Yeo-Chang ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 13, issue 1, 2006, Pages 227~234