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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Agricultural Extension
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Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Dec 2006
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Jun 2006
Selecting the target year
A Preliminary Study on Measuring of Development Level of Rural Women's Association: Case of Rural Women Leaders Federation
Kim, Won-Suok ; Ko, Soon-Chul ; Kang, Han-Jin ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 13, issue 2, 2006, Pages 235~249
The objective of this study was to investigate the developmental level of Rural Women Leaders Federation(RWLF) which is one of the major rural women`s association in Korea. The writers designed organization measurement tool based on the reviews on the related studies and gather data from 191 memberships of RWLF through the mail questionnaire and interviews. The major findings were as follows; First, the findings shows us this organization as transition period from identification stage to expanded growth stage in developmental stage of rural women's organizations. Second, this organization focus on share of members decision making and leadership style rather than organization`s vision, strategy or organization level. In other words, this organization focus on human relations aspect rather than internal aspect of organization system. Third, this organization has high level of social evaluation of the organization, even if it has low level of personal compensation or individua's social performance. In conclusion, as long-term view-point, it is needed to help them to promote their self-control of survival ability to improve organization's vision, strategy, differentiation for achieving organizational goals. And it also needed to prepare educational programs to increase Rural Women's leadership capability understanding of organizational characteristics and its operation abilities.
A Study on the Vocational Competencies of Rural Youths
Lee, Chae-Shik ; Park, Eun-Shik ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 13, issue 2, 2006, Pages 251~263
The purpose of this study was to analyze vocational competencies of rural youths. The study was carried out by focus group interview and questionnaire. The data were collected from 200 rural youths by stratified random sampling. The SPSSWIN / ver13 was used for analyzing data with t-test, ANOVA, and factor analysis. The major findings of this study were as follows; Firstly, rural youths showed higher competencies in handling and fixing machines, selecting seeds, where as rural youths showed lower competencies in goal setting, envisioning, acquiring agricultural policy information, management evaluation. Secondly, rural youths predicted optimistic future of their own farming even though the future of national farming should get smaller. Lastly, rural youths who are higher education, extending farming size, establishing farm had higher vocational competencies than other youths. Conclusionally, the study suggests adult-farmers give rural youths an opportunity to participate in decision making and farming.
A Longitudinal Study on Farm Householder's Perception of Economic Problem
Cho, Young-Sook ; Lee, Duk-Jae ; Hwang, Dae-Yong ; Park, Eun-Shik ; Ko, Jeong-Sook ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 13, issue 2, 2006, Pages 265~276
This study focused on the trends in recognising an economic concern as the most difficult problem in the farm household that was categorised as a full-time farm household or a part-time household according to income structure from agricultural activity. Log-linear models were suggested to compare the change of recognising an economic problem between year 2003 and 2005. As a result, there was no significant difference in recognising an economic problem between full-time farm household and part-time farm household both in 2003 (
＝0.04;p＝0.84) and in 2005 (
＝1.08; p＝0.30). It was revealed, however, that full-time farm household had increasingly recognised an economic problem over years. Log-linear models showed that full-time farm households tended to recognise the economic problem 1.11 times as much as part-time farm households in 2005, compared to 0.97 times in 2003.
Challenge of Leading Farms Business Program (LFBP) in the Rural Development Administration
Kim, Sa-Gyun ; Lee, Du-Won ; Choe, Young-Chan ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 13, issue 2, 2006, Pages 277~286
The study aims at analysing the practical effects of "blended learning system" and participatory research methodology. The business programs are running by RDA. Even though many leading farms have been tried on binding technology and agribusiness, however business of farms in Korea are still in the beginning stage. The business program for leading farms of RDA is not only education program but also participatory research program. This program consist of on-line and off line, seminar and business homework etc. The main results of this paper are as follows: 1) to make organization of farms to accomplish business goals 2) to find out solution for urgent problems and subjects of farm management 3) to construct system for leading farms and on-line communities 4) to practice profitable business model for leading farms. Farms needs are not only technology transference, but business model for success of farm management.
A Longitudinal Analysis on Farm and House Work of Farm Couples;1964-2005
Choi, Yoon-Ji ; Gim, Gyung-Mee ; Lee, Jin-Young ; Kang, Kyung-Ha ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 13, issue 2, 2006, Pages 287~298
The purpose of this study were to analyze the agricultural work and household work of farm couples. Time use survey are vital towards understanding social obligations and also an important input policy analysis. Rural farm work divided into the peak and the off-peak farming seasons was analysed to study the allocation of daily time use among farm couples. The major results are as follow: Farm work time is longer in the peak than in the off-peak. Especially, women farmer's farming work time in the off-peak is still longer than man farmer's that. The gender difference in total work time in this study shows that the women farmers work more. During both seasons, the time allocation of the women farmer were unbalanced because of the differences in the level of workload by gender.
Gender Inequality in Compensation for Accident of Female Farmer
Lee, Jin-Young ; Kim, Gyung-Mee ; Choi, Yoon-Ji ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 13, issue 2, 2006, Pages 299~312
This study reported on the cases about gender inequality in agriculture. Generally women have experienced something in vague situation as unequal to men in rural and agriculture. Despite of some women's have been complaining about this problem, it is not easy why and how many times they have been suffering. In this report, to get the information of gender unequality in agricultural laws and policies, the data was gathered by two steps. The first step, 175 cases into nine types was collected from leaders of several women farmer's associations, and after that, 60 cases selected to be interviewed by a specialist panel. The second step, it was analyzed the interviewed 60 cases based on real conditions compared with laws of items of policies. Among the cases, it was analyzed 8 rural women's who had been experienced to receive the inappropriate compensation in an unexpected accidents. From these cases, it was drew up some suggestions as follows; to make a rule to certify of the identity of woman farmer, and to build in a monitoring system of gender equality in agriculture.
Cost-Benefit Analysis of the Farmer's Health Center Project (FHCP) in Rural Korea
Hwang, Dae-Yong ; Kang, Kyeong-Ha ; Lee, Soon-Sung ; Ko, Jeong-Sook ; Oh, Seung-Young ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 13, issue 2, 2006, Pages 313~327
This study aims to examine the operating status of the Farmer's Health Center Project and the validity of its business using the benefit-cost analysis. As the pilot project of the Rural Development Adminstration from 1996, a total of 884 Farmer's Health Centers were established until 2004. Internal information of the RDA management unit was used for the analysis. A questionnaire with an interview was also performed with 70 over 468 Centers that had been established from 2001 to 2004. Results were as follows. 1) The Center was mainly used by elderly over 60 years, which took 71.4%. Winter was the most popular season for visiting. 2) Approximately 71% of the manager of the Center pointed out the deficiency of fuel cost as the most difficulty in operating the Center. 3) Users were moderately satisfied with facility and the effect of its use, which took 3.5 point over 5 scale. 4) For the cost-benefit analysis on the Centers, both 5% of social discount rate and 15 years of use term were assumed. Subsequently, the Net Present Value was 3,134 million won, which certified the validity of the business.
Economic Life of Rural Residents
Ko, Jeong-Sook ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 13, issue 2, 2006, Pages 329~340
This study was carried out to analyze on the economic life and financial state of rural inhabitants in case study 4 villages by questionnaire interview. To analyze the economic life of rural inhabitants, the data were collected from 191households and the SPSSWIN / ver12.0 was used for analyzing them. The major findings of this study are as follows; 1) Most of them earned living expenditure themselves, over 15% inhabitants lived with their children supports. 2) Over 70% of them couldn't save at all, over 40% of them had debts except inhabitants in plain area. 3) The financial condition of rural inhabitants is very unstable, for the small and irregular agricultural income. Moreover, the ratio of national pensioner and payer are very low. 4) The present economic life compared with 10year ago and future prospect are pessimistic. And the elder household have much financial problems, they live in poor and inferior surroundings. According to the results of research, the policy on support and assistance for economic life of rural inhabitants must be enlarged and enforced, and the financial program and education for them must be carried out nationwide and systematically.
A Case Study on the Rural Zoning System of Local Government in Japan
Yoon, Won-Keun ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 13, issue 2, 2006, Pages 341~355
The purpose of this study is to introduce the case of advancement of rural zoning system in a local government of Japan. The Matzgawa county, one of the local governments in Japan, sets up a new zoning system which advanced in using rural resources. In order to develop and revitalize rural region, it is necessary to use all kinds of rural resources, including agricultural as well as non-agricultural resources comprehensively. Also, the classification of agricultural land use should be reformed. The zoning on rural land should be changed to include not only agricultural use but also non-agricultural use, so as to manage comprehensively agricultural land use and its conversions. Furthermore, the land use regulation should be applied to each zone of the agricultural land.
Direct Payment Policy in Less-favored Areas and Its Challenges in Rural Japan
Park, Duk-Byeong ; Jang, Myun-Ju ; Lee, Min-Soo ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 13, issue 2, 2006, Pages 357~373
The study aims to explore the individual and group agreement of the direct payment of less-favored areas in Japan. This study was conducted by literature review, specialist interview and field visiting. The results of this study were as follows. First, direct payment policy in Japan was consisted of three components which were to maintaining multiple functions, to reorient agriculture sector, and to revitalizing the community activities. Second, the purposes of direct payments with conversion program is to reorient agriculture and revitalize the community activities which were changed from sustaining existing agriculture. Third, the conditions of group agreement is to make a agreement that a group of farmers should make a five-year agreement stipulating activities necessary to prevent the abandonment of farmland and to be more than one hector, and good agricultural practice or other activities favorable or friendly to environment should be implemented. As individual and group agreement, the land area of direct payment was 662,000 ha in less favored areas. In conclusion after direct payment in less favored areas, the abandonment of farmland was mitigated, and the agricultural production activities and community activities had become more vigorous through the discussion for planning their own land in the village.
Agro-and Community Forestry Policy in Vietnam with Emphasis on Constraints Limiting Success
Hai, Nguyen Dinh ; Youn, Yeo-Chang ; Kim, Sung-Soo ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 13, issue 2, 2006, Pages 375~384
Extension Specialist's Role and Capacity of Knowledge Management
Jolh, Rok-Hwan ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 13, issue 2, 2006, Pages 385~400
The study aims to explore the rural extension specialist's role and capacity of knowledge management (KM) extension service in the knowledge based society. According to major findings through previous study and literature review, the followings were concluded. Rural extension educator's role and ability of knowledge management composed four processes by the stage of knowledge process: knowledge creation-knowledge storage-knowledge utilization-knowledge share. As a adoption of the knowledge management in rural extension service, at the knowledge creation the rural extension educator's role of KM are four roles which needed fourteen abilities to carry out them successfully. For at the knowledge storage the rural extension educator's role of KM are eight roles which needed eight abilities to carry out them successfully. For at the knowledge utilization the rural extension educator's role of KM are eight roles which needed ten abilities to carry out them successfully. Lastly for at the knowledge sharing the rural extension educator's role of KM are nine roles which needed 8 abilities to carry out them successfully.