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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Agricultural Extension
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Jun 2007
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Jun 2007
Selecting the target year
The Factors Influencing Exercise Behaviors of Elderly Living at the Seniors Well-being Villages in Korea
Park, Gong-Ju ; Yoon, Soon-Duck ; Kang, Hyun-Jung ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 14, issue 2, 2007, Pages 257~278
The purpose of this study is to explore factors influencing them and properties of exercise behaviors among rural elderly in Korea. To implementing it, data were gathered from a total of 356 elderly aged 65 and over living at the Seniors Well-being Villages being developed by the Rural Development Administration in Korea, using the structured questionnaires. also, data were analyzed by the SPSS / windows program. Results show that the exercise behavior of rural elderly was medium level as the average of 3.06 score(
score) and 44.2 percent among them didn't exercise regularly and 66.8% didn't participate in sports groups. Second, there were the difference in exercise behavior according to sex and age. Specifically, elderly men exercised more regularly and were aware of proper exercise methods than elderly women. However, there were no difference in exercise behavior according to age. Third, when we analyzed the difference in exercise behavior with the regularity of execution, the elderly who exercise regularly showed higher preference, awareness of necessity, regularity of execution, execution of stretching, participation in sports gatherings and awareness of proper methods than the counterparts. Fourth, we found that unhealthy elderly were more aware of necessity of exercise, exercised regularly, and participated in sports groups frequently than healthy elderly. Also, there was a positive influence of regularity of execution on exercise behavior. These results suggested that regular exercising is very important in health of rural elderly. Therefore, to improve their health, above all, exercise program must be developed
A Study on the Policies and Facilities for Seniors in the Southeast Asian Countries
Ahn, Ok-Sun ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 14, issue 2, 2007, Pages 279~299
In order to get the practical suggestions concerning the development of the domestic senior facilities in the rural area, a survey was made in the Philippines and Thailand to grip the policies and programs for senior, by visiting the government institute and senior village facilities. As for the Philippines, Philippine Retirement Authority was attracting investment of foreigners and individuals having Philippine citizenship, by issuing SRRV(the Special Resident Retiree's Visa), and as for Thailand, the Thai Longstay Management Company Limited was providing membership system for the abode of foreigners. In case of the domestic residence for seniors, it is suggested that the development of the senior housing community be designed in accordance with the diversified purposes of residence; that is, the prime concern of the community should be reflected on the characteristics of the retiree group (such as the lifestyle, health situation, etc), and at the same time, special concern also be showed on managing the community club house facilities, and keeping the amicable relations between the retiree residents and the local villagers.
Classification of Silver Farming Types and Investigation of Proper Crop for Silver Farmers
Kang, Kyeong-Ha ; Yoon, Soon-Duck ; Kang, Jin-Ku ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 14, issue 2, 2007, Pages 301~328
The purposes of this study were to classify the silver farming types and to investigate proper crops for silver farmers. Data were collected from 408 farmers returned from the urban area. Descriptive statistics were employed using SPSS/PC windows program. After then, researchers discussed the silver farming patterns and their proper crops, and tried to analyze the silver farming model. Major results were as follows: The farming aims of retirees, urban residents as well as farmers returned from the urban area were various from hobby/ leisure to income generating activities. Fourteen types of silver farming were classified by farming aim and residential area of retirees. Retirees in the hobby/leisure-oriented silver farming type can select and enjoy the various plants, animals, and insects as well as crops due to their small scale. Silver farmers in the self-sufficiency type may select crops for their food. Income-oriented silver farmers may have difficulties in choosing the proper crop. They must consider their income needs, health status and field location. Profit-oriented silver farmers with venture mind can have some business opportunities in the agricultural sectors in spite of severe competition. As the aged silver farmers have poor health, they must keep work safety rules, use the proper work-aids, and utilize the labor-saving farming system.
Present Status of Upbringing Young Farmers and Directions for Improvement
Choe, Yeong-Chang ; Park, Eun-Shik ; Ko, Jeong-Sook ; Cho, Young-Sook ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 14, issue 2, 2007, Pages 351~371
The objectives of this study were to analyze the present status of upbringing young farmers and to suggest directions for the future improvement for upbringing the young farmers' workforce in rural Korea. This study was conducted through review of literature related to agricultural workforce and young farmers. Opinions were collected from agricultural workforce staff of city and county extension center about role, development strategy of young farmers' workers. The total of 145 extension educators in charge of workforce section at Agricultural Extension Centers at city and county level participated in the study and 137 data were used for final analysis. The major findings from this study were as follows: 1) The strategy for the upbringing young farmers should be established by national and local governments. 2) The status for the young farmers' policy must be placed high er than present situation. 3) The systems and rules should be deregulated for the secure agricultural production base. 4) Agricultural income sources should be developed extensively by national and local governments.
A Study of Decision-Making Structure of Rural Couples
Cho, Young-Sook ; Hwang, Dae-Yong ; Lee, Han-Ki ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 14, issue 2, 2007, Pages 373~394
The purposes of this study were to explore decision-making patterns of rural couples and to clarify the differences between socio-demographic variables related to the patterns. The data were gathered from 1,870 rural households through interviews with structured questionnaire in the 187 rural communities sampled by multi-staged cluster stratified sampling method in November 2005. A total of 1,106 farm households including householder and spouse participated in the interview. The results of this study were as follows: First, in general, mainly householder made decision-making in the areas of dealing with real estate and selling farm products, while spouse decided in the areas of choosing television channel and deciding living expenses. Second, there were no significant differences of patterns by age, education and income level. Third, decision-making patterns were significantly different by sex and family type. According to the results of the study, in farm household, 'pattern of mainly householder or husband decision-making' was high yet as regarding agricultural decision making. Therefore, researchers suggested that educational program could be helpful for rural couples to participate in practicing gender equity decision- making.
A Study on the Realities and Activation of Community Participation of Young Farmers
Lee, Chae-Shik ; Park, Eun-Shik ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 14, issue 2, 2007, Pages 395~415
The purposes of this study were to investigate the realities of community participation of young farmers and to suggest measures to activate community participation. The data were collected from 234 young farmers from rural Korea. With SPSS 13.0 program for Windows, Frequency, t-test, ANOVA, LSD for post-hoc interpretation and Factor Analysis were employed to analyze the data with statistical significance level of .05. The main results of the study and suggestions were as follows: 1) Young farmers were more likely to participate in watching television on community, discussion with others and internet search for community, while, rural youths were less likely to participate in contacting government and parliament. 2) Difficulties of community participations of young farmers were lack of time and insufficient information about participatory activities. The study suggested that young farmers should get more opportunities to participate in diverse types of active opportunities and practical information.
A Case Study of Rural House Remodelling with Traditional Residence Factors
Kim, Myo-Jung ; Kim, Sang Bum ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 14, issue 2, 2007, Pages 417~436
The purpose of this study was to prepare for developing rural house remodeling techniques utilizing the traditional residence factor. The study was carried out through both literature research and on-site research. The traditional residence space factors were identified through literature research and on-site research was carried out through analysis of the rural house remodeling cases. The results of this study was as follows ; 1) Traditional space factors were derived by literature research i. e. space arrangement (topography, direction, plane arrangement), exterior factors; walls, madang, interior factors; roofs, ondol, floors, colours. 2) The traditional residence factor utilizations of remodeling were applied a result through investigation case and analysis. Five rural houses in Namsa village, Danseong-myeon, Sangcheong-gun, Gyeongsangnam-Do were analyzed as remodeling cases including traditional residence factors. There were limitation of budget problems and material selection in the traditional residence factor utilizations of remodeling. The researchers have chosen target rural houses which applied for traditional residence factors to remodel the rural houses, and the most important factor to consider was harmony with rural unique characteristics. The researchers suggested considerations should be placed on development with energy savings and convenience in rural house remodelling.
A Study on the Change Features and Counter Measures of Rural Development Policy System in Korea
Lee, Byung-Ki ; Kwon, Oh-Park ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 14, issue 2, 2007, Pages 437~469
The objectives of this study were 1) to explore the change features of rural development policy system, and 2) to get some policy counter measures for construction of desirable rural development policy system. First, the change features of rural development policy system are 1) to expand the rural development organization of local government, 2) to strengthen the finance basis for rural development policy, 3) to attempt building the cooperation network between the various local groups. And the policy counter measures derived from this study are 1) to convert the rural development policy system to that of local leading system, 2) to expand the actual rural inhabitant participation in policy making & performance process, 3) to prepare the effective governance system in local level.
The Traits of International Marriage in Rural Korea
Lim, Hyung-Baek ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 14, issue 2, 2007, Pages 471~491
The purpose of this study were (1) to thumbnail sketch of present general condition of foreigners and international marriage in Korea, (2) to study special trend of international marriage in rural Korea, particularly immigration connected with poverty, and (3) to focus on prospect of the problem of mixed-bloods, especially half blood children in rural Korea. Many of foreigners were treated discriminatingly, for example racial discrimination and wage discrimination. And discrimination to mixed-blood children will be happen in future. They are in a disadvantageous position because of economic status and appearances. Half blood children have korean nationality because one of his parent is korean. When they grow up and reach their the age of puberty and the age of working, they will resist to discrimination in working and marriage. I had examined precedent studies, and class theory in general, and to suggest it is time to looking for way of reduce social cost and way of coexistence.