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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Agricultural Extension
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Dec 2011
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Sep 2011
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Jun 2011
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Mar 2011
Selecting the target year
A Scheme of Compensation System for Farmers' Accidents through the Example of Germany
Min, Byeong-Wook ; Kim, Hyo-Chel ; Lee, Kyung-Suk ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 18, issue 3, 2011, Pages 351~384
The purpose of this study is to look at the case of the German compensation system for farmers' accidents and to build a basic scheme in our country's compensation system for farmers' accidents. When you view examples of Germany, the social insurance scheme for farmers accidents in korea should be design as an independent institution from the existing industrial accident insurance, and it comes to relationships with other social insurance system, preferably with complementary personalities. A general rule of the compensation system applies to all farmers in principle but the coverage limits part-time farmers. Financial burden consists of the mix of insurance premium and state aid. The type and level of benefits is similar to the current industrial accident insurance, which give priority to places on economic security for keeping farmworks, such as cost for using temporary farmers, rather than income loss. In terms of financial system, pay-as-you-go system would be better because of immediate payment with the introduction of the compensation system. The compensation system might be managed and administrated by the existing nationwide organization. Of course, for operating of system review and further research on the technical details such as premium issues and funding problems of government support, the exact classification of the target coverage, premiums based on estimated income for the farmers' estimation, the exact statistical data on the accumulation of agricultural disaster is needed.
Aspects of the Community Sense and the Effects of Variables on It in Rural Married Immigrant Women
Yang, Soon-Mi ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 18, issue 3, 2011, Pages 385~408
This study aimed at identifying the effect of the variables that influence the community sense in rural married immigrant women and investing it's aspects. The following is the findings of this study. First, the women in religion or with higher life satisfaction in rural regions have a high probability of belongs to the group developed a strong sense of community. Second, the regression analysis showed that the consciousness of community participation(
=.55) was the most significant factor influencing on the level of community sense in rural married immigrant women, followed by the women's self-esteem(
=.24), and the positivity in agricultural participation (
=.09). Third, the consciousness of community participation highly correlated with the positivity in local society participation(r=.36). Based on these research results, self-esteem and local society participation are important to improve the women's community sense in rural areas. Therefore we should be focused to develop the plans improving the women's self-esteem and social participation.
A Study on the Effect Analysis of Servicescape on the Post Evaluation: Centered Plan to Improve Business of Hospitality Industry in Gyeongnam
Goo, Jung-Dae ; Cheon, Yong-Soo ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 18, issue 3, 2011, Pages 409~434
The main purpose of this study was to examine the effects of servicescape on post evaluation of hospitality industry in Gyeongnam. Customers of deluxe hotels in Gyeongnam were selected for a questionnaire survey. To achieve the study objective, 253 valid questionnaires were statistically analyzed, using frequency analysis, factor, reliability analysis and regression analysis. The results of the multiple regression analysis indicated that five of servicescape factors had significant impact on customer satisfaction and customer retention. The servicescape factors partially exerted a positive influence on word-of-mouth intention. The result of the simple regression analysis also indicated that the customer satisfaction had very significant impact on customer retention and word-of-mouth intention.
An Ethnography on Educational Activities of Three Middle Schools in Rural Area
Lee, Doo-Hyoo ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 18, issue 3, 2011, Pages 435~483
This paper was to study characteristics of school types based on classification of rural areas. This study tried to provide basic data for implementing the development of rural education policy for the community unit by classifying and analyzing administrative districts. For the purpose, the researcher carried out literature reviews and selected three schools considering the gaps in size and location of rural community. The researcher interviewed teachers and parents, to gather information about rural education, and conducted participant observation on educational activities. As a result, this study showed each rural school has its own distinct characteristics by the school types corresponding to each rural community. Characteristics with school types were influenced by school location, possible migration into the cities, possible opportunities of private tutoring, school size, social class distribution, socio-economic status, dwelling pattern of school teachers. In conclusion, it is important that the educational policies for rural area consider the different characteristics of rural schools.
Factors Influencing Successful Businesses Using Local Resources
Kim, Mi-Heui ; Rhee, Sang-Young ; Park, Duk-Byeng ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 18, issue 3, 2011, Pages 485~509
This study aims to identify the factors influencing successful businesses using local resources. Completed questionnaires were obtained from 156 specialists for rural development. Results indicated that the utilities for use affected successful businesses for local resources. The Recognition of local resources was important factor for market size, profits, local revitalization on successful businesses. Finally, this study will be helpful for policy markers and business operators to understand local business while theoretical and managerial implications were discussed.
Needs Assessment for Urban Agricultural Program
Jang, Bo-Gyung ; Choi, Yoon-Ji ; Hwang, Jeong-Im ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 18, issue 3, 2011, Pages 511~529
The purpose of the study was to identify the needs assessment for urban agricultural program. The findings were as follows; Citizens at urban cities said that educational program of 'shortage of farming technology education' should be developed, and wanted to be given 'farming technology' of urban agriculture education area more than other education areas. The citizens asked for urban agricultural program with both theories and practice education than existing urban agricultural program that relied upon basic theory education. And, they wanted urban agricultural program that was based on 'farming technology' to consist of practice education and theory education at the ratio of 80 and 20 and to be professional and differentiated. The citizens preferred 3 to 6 months of education period the most, and more than 95 percent of them wanted to join the program when it is developed.
The Effect of Rural Tourism Village Visitors' Selection Attributes toward Satisfaction and Revisit Intention
Kim, Bo-Kyun ; Son, Ho-Gi ; Lee, Myung-Suk ; Park, In-Hwan ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 18, issue 3, 2011, Pages 531~550
This study aims to examine the Visitor's selection attributes and types of preference regarding Rural Theme Village, and gather useful information for establishing differentiated marketing strategies suitable for market segments by the Visitor's selection attributes. In addition, it will contribute to securing competitiveness in providing Visitors with better service by extracting differentiating factors of Rural Theme Villages, and exploring the right direction of Rural Tourism. For the empirical analysis, the attributes were extracted based on the preliminary studies, and a survey was conducted among Visitors and users of Rural Theme Village to examine such factors as importance of selection attributes status, motives of using such Rural Theme Villages, demographic characteristics, and general features of the Rural Theme Villages.
The Analysis of Indicators for Low Carbon Rural Village Planning by AHP
Kim, Eun-Ja ; Ko, Ah-La ; Lee, Jeung-Won ; Kim, Sang-Bum ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 18, issue 3, 2011, Pages 551~567
The Purpose of this study is to calculate the importance of the indicators for low carbon rural village planning. We made two kinds of indicators for inland area and waterside area to consider regional disparities. To develop indicators, a draft of the indicators was estimated with collected research materials and 42 experts reviewed this draft three times with modified delphi technique to check the validity and revise the draft. As a result, the inland indicators were settled with 4 domains 8 items 20 indicators and the waterside indicators were 4 domains 8 items 22 indicators. And next, calculating the importance of each indicators is progressed by AHP, analytic hierarchy process. So 42 experts chose the best important indicator related to air conditioning and heating or agricultural spin off in two kinds of indicators. The final indicators will be used to realize low carbon rural village planning in future which the government is pushing forward with construction of six-hundred low carbon green village.
A Study on the Local Farmers' Perceptions toward the Use of Local Food for School Meals
Kim, Young ; Kim, Yang-Suk ; Hyun, Yong-Ho ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 18, issue 3, 2011, Pages 569~590
The purpose of this study is to examine the local farmers' perceptions toward the use of local food for school meals from the suppliers' perspectives. Data was collected from 12 school-meal management centers which provide the name list of local farmers. from the provided list, 167 people were selected, who were asked to answer the self-administerd questionnaires by post. 87 responses were returned, having shown the response rate was 50.1%. The data were analyzed by using SPSS 15.0 for descriptive analysis. The findings from this study are as follows: First, the local farmers has a positive attitude toward certified and supply methods for local food whereas price and selling quantity of local food were dissatisfying; Second, local farmers prefer to use public supplying chains such as school-meal support centers rather than private ones. Furthermore, they like to directly contact with a school in terms of supplying local food. To establish self-selling systems, computer programs like ERP should be adopted to effectively manage the production process of local food. On conclusion, implications and limitations were discussed.
A Research on Improving Leisure Activities for Elders in Rural Areas: Based on Using Village Community Centers
Hong, Sung-Hui ; Ryu, Jin-A ; Lim, Seung-Hee ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 18, issue 3, 2011, Pages 591~629
The purpose of this research is to examine how the village community centers are being used and find how to improve leisure activities of elders in rural areas by using them. In order to achieve the purpose of this research, we did convenience sampling from elders using 92 village community centers in one of the counties in Gyeong-gi province, and did field survey to 343 persons. The collected data was analyzed by SPSS 18 program, and the results are as follows: The survey on population sociological peculiarity of elders using village community centers shows that most of elders are over 70 years old. As for health conditions, there are more elders who are physically weaker than healthy elders. And the survey shows that most of the elders are suffering from illness such as hypertension, arthritis, neuralgia, and indigestion so such programs related to health are critically required. First, the survey on using village community centers by elders in rural areas shows that they think the village community centers are important for them and use them often. Most of respondents said that they use the village community center so as to meet friends, to enjoy leisure, and to spend time in rural areas where they have difficulty enjoying cultural facilities. Meanwhile, some people dislike to use the village community centers mainly because there is few programs for leisure or each one has a different personality or they don't have enough money to pay for the membership fee. Second, according to the survey on leisure for the elders in village community centers, there are few leisure programs. For men, they spend time by playing Baduk, Janggi, Hwatu and drinking. Meanwhile, women spend time by meeting with friends, listening to radio and TV watching. There are almost nothing to improve leisure activities such as hobby, recreation and health etc. Male elders using centers are suffering from health problems, economic difficulty, and lack of leisure activities, meanwhile, female elders are suffering from loneliness, health problems, and economic difficulty. Third, according to the survey on improving the leisure program of village community center, elders preferred health related programs to improve leisure activities. The most necessary leisure activities in village community center are hobby classrooms, health programs and group travelling. They preferred health related programs for leisure in village community center. Based upon the reality described above, improving the village community centers as leisure facilities is considered to be important for the welfare well of elders in rural areas.
Strategies for Risk Management of Agricultural Business in Agricultural Companies
Kim, Cheol-Ho ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 18, issue 3, 2011, Pages 631~664
As agricultural companies encounter number of risks in their business, it is very important to control the risks for their stable management. So we examine the agricultural business risks and propose the risk management strategies for the agricultural companies. For these purpose, we analyze the agricultural business risks with which agricultural companies are confronted, and propose the agricultural companies' the risk management strategies. The results of this study are as follows : First, Changing the risk environment of agricultural business, we have to realize the importance of the agricultural risks and risk management in it. Second, When we choose the risk management strategies which are risk retention, risk avoidance, risk control, risk transfer and insurance, etc., we should always consider the frequency of loss and the severity of loss. Third, If we don't control the agricultural risks, we will be in a position to very difficult situation. So, Agricultural companies should lead to stronger effort to manage the risks for their stable business.
The Existing Types of Public and Private Actors for Managing The Rural Development Programs & Facilities in Japan
Yoon, Won-Keun ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 18, issue 3, 2011, Pages 665~691
The implementation of an place-based rural policy requires changes in the intra-governmental relations and between the public and private sectors and civil society. Over the past decades, Japan has been increasingly devolving and decentralizing public responsibilities and resources to sub-national government levels. There is assumption that such transfers produce more efficiency in terms of public management and create better conditions for economic development. At the same time, these transfer respond to new expectations of citizens and civil society to participate more closely in the democratic decision-making process. Coordination is also needed at the local level to integrate sectoral approaches, to involve private partners and to achieve the appropriate geographic scale. Local public and private actors join a partnership and pool knowledge and resources. This type of local partnership is characterized by the participation of different actors, including municipalities, sub-regional government institution and development agencies. The participation of private actors(private firms, cooperatives, associations, non-profit organizations, farm organizations, other categories organizations, etc,) is also important.