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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Agricultural Extension
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Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Dec 2012
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Sep 2012
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Jun 2012
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Mar 2012
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Cultural Propensity of Married Immigrant Women in a Korean Rural Area: Comparison of Individualism vs. Collectivism in Vertical and Horizontal Dimension
Yang, Soon Mi ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 19, issue 3, 2012, Pages 527~550
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2012.19.3.527
This study is aimed to compare individualism and collectivism propensity of married immigrant women in a Korean rural area. By result of comparison on nationality, the level of collectivism was higher than it of individualism in every country, but the level of collectivism among the countries was no significant difference. The level of individualism among the countries was difference significantly, and the level of individualism of Chinese is most high but it of Japanese is most low. By logistic regression analysis the probability to be involved in the group that level of individualism is high was heightened as respondent have no religion or their`s satisfaction on rural life increase. The level of horizontal propensity was higher than it of vertical propensity both individualism and collectivism. But the result of comparison on nationality, difference between horizontal and vertical propensity was no significant. Besides of these results, practical implications were discussed.
Case Study on Dynamics of RDA PLA Model with Agri-SMEs
Kim, Sa Gyun ; Lee, Mi Hwa ; Park, Heun Dong ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 19, issue 3, 2012, Pages 551~579
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2012.19.3.551
This case study aims to explore how RDA PLA model affects the agri-SMEs` empowerment. As an agri-business management renovation program from main workshop it was conducted on March to December 2011 with agri-SMEs and extension officials nationwide by RDA. Especially, as a packaged action learning process in the model used participatory action research. This study collected data with participants observation, interviews, situational analysis and systematic review of discourse in qualitative method. For the validity and identifying empirical results, this study used statistic analysis as a mixed method. Further including various pedagogic methods and business coaching skills, this model was conducted from workshop in RDA, in turn, on-farm business coaching as follow-up, CoPs` activities, and local ATCs extension services by each actors. The dynamic process and effects of each process led some change for farmers` innovative knowledge, skills, attitude, practice and aspiration on their farm business. RDA PLA model development based on the previous practices and research, which provided a configurated picture in the holistic action learning process. In statistic research, this study focused on 279 farmers as respondents who had participated in the program. It shows that their income and benefits increased from their renovative practices on farm business. Following the sampling group, it was surveyed by four indicators - products, customer, quality and cost. The level of contribution of education on economic impact 15% is quoted from previous paper. Even in some limitations of public sector, RDA PLA model actively suggests the paradigm shift of agricultural HRD and development of alternative extension-service system.
Impact of Family Support and Social Support on Hopelessness among Rural Elderly People
Kim, Sun An ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 19, issue 3, 2012, Pages 581~616
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2012.19.3.581
The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of family support and social support on the hopelessness of rural elderly people in an effort to provide some information on the improvement of elderly people`s quality of life. The rural elderly people investigated didn`t think that they were given lots of support from their families and society, and they didn`t feel hopeless a lot, either. The hopelessness of the elderly people was under the negative influence of emotional support and instrumental support among the subfactors of family support, and that was affected in a negative way by affective support among the subfactors of social support. Therefore it could be said that the rural elderly people felt hopeless less when they were provided with more emotional support, more instrumental support and more affective support. Overall, social support had a negative impact on the hopelessness of the rural elderly people. The findings of the study suggest that in order to step up the improvement of rural elderly people`s quality of life, a well-functioning model should be developed and applied in collaboration with local community, and the construction of a social support network is required as well.
Predictors of Suicide Ideation in Rural Residents: Based on Comparison Predictors of Suicide Ideation in Urban Residents
Kim, Yun Jeong ; Kang, Hyun Jeong ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 19, issue 3, 2012, Pages 617~647
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2012.19.3.617
The purpose of this study was to identify the predictors of suicidal ideation of rural residents. This study was based on predictors of suicidal ideation of urban residents. The participants were adolescents, adults, and seniors sampled from 10 provinces all over the country, from May to Aug, 2010. The data for the study were analysed as decision tree analysis. The major results of the study were as follows. First, a main predictor of suicidal ideation for rural residents was high depression. Unlike rural residents, urban residents reporting high depression and influence of mass media showed high suicidal ideation. Second, interaction of depression and family solidarity was important predictor of suicide ideation both rural and urban residents, but a condition that effects the situation differed between rural and urban residents. Rural residents reporting high depression and high family solidarity showed high suicidal ideation, urban residents reporting low depression and high family solidarity showed low suicidal ideation. Stress was also operate differently. Rural residents reporting moderate depression, low family solidarity and high stress showed high suicidal ideation, but stress of urban resident was not a important predictors of suicidal ideation. And rural residents reporting low depression and low stress showed the lowest level of suicidal ideation, urban residents reporting low family solidarity and low depression showed the lowest level of suicidal ideation.
A Comparative Study on the Case of Wide-area Autonomous Communities`s Special Accounts Operation for Distressed Region Development
Lee, Sung Jae ; Kim, Hyeong O ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 19, issue 3, 2012, Pages 649~672
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2012.19.3.649
The government established Special Accounts for Balanced National Development in 2005, and the Metropolitan Council has enacted and executed ordinance relevant to special accounts to relieve regional unbalanced growth and to promote regional balanced growth. This study derived a political implication through the comparison analysis of the background of establishment and its purpose, the selection criteria of support target, finance scale and tax revenue finance, appropriation target and finance distribution, etc. on the basis of Chungcheongnam-do Special Accounts for Balanced Development and Jeollabuk-do Eastern part Special Accounts among the special accounts implemented in metropolitan council. The major conclusions of this study are as follows. First, the transition from the concept of balanced development to specialized development is necessary for the development of distressed region. Second, the pure wastefulness ratio of the local government`s tax revenue finance of special accounts designed concentrating upon special accounts for Wide-area Autonomous Communities development should be gradually expanded. Third, Special Accounting budget should be supported to promote specialized development through the selection and concentration centering around comparatively advantageous resource within the region. Fourth, the strategic special accounts budget application system of cities and counties to utilize the projects of the government and the province to achieve the goal of cities and counties should be prepared.
A Study of the Employment Policies and Outlooks of the Forest and Green Jobs Area
Shinn, Yun Ho ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 19, issue 3, 2012, Pages 673~697
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2012.19.3.673
The purpose of this study was to describe the policies and outlooks of the green jobs including the forest area. The Methodology of the study was mainly on literature review and second data used and analyzed to get the result. The findings of the study was the manpower of Green Jobs was 2.5% in 2009, it should be expected to 2.9 percent in 2016, and overall of the green jobs and forest area of the outlooks should be increased from 46 percent to 56 percent in each sector of green and forest area. The climate changes and environmental pollutions would push the conditions of new green jobs in forest area as well as waste-based industry. The suggestions were made based on the study of which one is policy-making should be prepared for creating Green Jobs and the forest area.
Analysis of Sucess Factors on Crop Switching Management: Applying the HERO Model
Ahn, Kyeong Ah ; Park, Sung Hee ; Jo, Hea Bin ; Choe, Young Chan ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 19, issue 3, 2012, Pages 699~727
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2012.19.3.699
Conditions of farm crop switching are affected by several important external factors such as agricultural products import opening, policy support, and climate change. Farming environment is always changing; barriers to imports are becoming lower and lower because of FTA and others, and climate change affects a boundary line of cultivation. Those situations give farmers motivation to change crops in order to cope with them. In addition, crop switching has been done in response to the local government measures about purchase of local agricultural products according to the local food and the expansion of organic agricultural products in school meal. Even though the favorable environment toward crop switching has been created, there are not many researches or outcomes regarding crop switching. Only few studies focus on the list of decision-making in crop switching, and locally suitable crop selection is not treated. In order to utilize crop switching as a farm management strategy, the proper frame should be studied and practical researches on application possibility also need. Therefore, study on crop switching is in a timely, proactive manner because farms catch the chance of expansion of school meal by changing crops. This paper applies HERO model used for venture foundation process to crop switching process. Success factors of HERO model are comprised of Habitate, Entrepreneurship, Resource, and Opportunity, and these phased application factors are applied to crop switching process. By doing so, each phase success factor of crop switching can be uncovered. Three farm organizations supplying organic agricultural products to schools are studied in Gyeonggi province. As a result, the stabilization stage cannot be achieved because of the habitate conditions and social conditions with low risk bearing of crop switching and current school meal systems are the main problems to block the diversification of risks. In order to succeed in crop switching, constructing the habitate in local districts or in systems of school meal is more effective than supporting each farm.
A Case Study on the Development of Farm Branding for Value-added Agricultural Products
Kim, Kyung Hee ; Park, Duk Byeong ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 19, issue 3, 2012, Pages 729~755
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2012.19.3.729
The role of branding has been to differentiate products, but brands have been increasingly applied to organizational image too. The brand image holds a key position by the marketing system in this era. The main purpose of this research is to analyze the case for the development of farm brand. A in-depth interview was conducted to analyze the case for development of farm brand in connection with agricultural products and their business operation. The farms used various stories in the process of develop brand including farm history, cultivation process, product, management, relationship with consumers. The study present the findings divide into brand naming, image, positioning. The farms built trust by consumer relationship with the farm brand. The results of the study provide insights for agricultural marketers who intend to design brand stories that align with their produce.