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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Agricultural Extension
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 2, Issue 2 - Dec 1995
Volume 2, Issue 1 - Jun 1995
Selecting the target year
Returns to Investment on Extension Service in Korea;Implications for the Structural Change
Choi, Min-Ho ; Choe, Young-Chan ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 2, issue 1, 1995, Pages 1~21
This study examines the socioeconomic returns to agricultural research and extension services in Korea, using multivariate time series technique and Akino-Hyami formula. Results find that the socioeconomic returns are quite competitive in case of agricultural research with 44.82% internal rate of return and very high in case of extension services with 207.82% internal rate of return. Agricultural production responds to the agricultural research shock about four years after the shock. The magnitudes of the impacts increase until a peak is reached nine years after the initial expenditures and the impacts declines to a zero level after about twenty years. This lag lengths are consistent to the usual literature on research, which finds lags of seven to thirty years. Agricultural production responds to an agricultural extension shock immediately and declines to a zero level after about four years. Thus, the lag lengths are much shorter than those by research shock.
A Study on the Development Paradigm of Cooperative Unit
Kim, Sung-Soo ; Kim, Hyun-Soo ; Choi, Chang-Wook ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 2, issue 1, 1995, Pages 23~39
The purpose of this study was to explore a paradigm for the development agricultural cooperative unit in Korea. To fulfill the purpose of the study, both a review of literature and case studies was used. The agricultural cooperative units selected for the survey were Doduram Swine, Songtan Cooperative Organization, Okyung Cooperative Farms, and Harim Poultry Company. To identify major factors and limitations associated with effective management of agricultural cooperative units, selected cooperative units for production, processing and marking were surveyed and analyzed. This study identified four major factors to be included in a development paradigm of effective agricultural cooperative units which were: 1) active participation of farmers, 2) techniques end attitude of participants, 3) horizontal integration of a high technology enterprise with agricultural production, and 4) increasing cooperative work on production and marking within the unit. Based on the results of the study, the following recommendations were made for further improvement and development of agricultural cooperative units : First, farmers should be encouraged and motivated to participate actively in agricultural cooperative units. Second, participants of the agricultural cooperative units should be equipped with both technical knowledge and skills on agricultural production, processing and marking. Third, a national net-work system should be established for the agricultural cooperative units throughout the country. Fourth, agricultural cooperative units should be expanded to various agricultural sectors covering wider area. Finally, agricultural cooperative units should be supported by farmers, agricultural organizations and the government for more effective management and further development.
A Study on the Basic Needs of Rural People for the Better Rural Human Settlement
Kim, Soo-Wook ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 2, issue 1, 1995, Pages 41~54
The purposes of the study were to find out the basic needs of rural people and to get some implications for the integrated rural regional development. The data were gathered from 376 local government officers and change agents in 8 Provinces. Major results of study were as follows ; (1) Average income of rural households meet
present of average income of urban households. (2) Most of respondents replied that average labor inputs should not exceed
hours per a day. (3) Basic requirement of school career for the rural life was high school graduate. (4) Education expenditure should be less then 6 percent of total consumption expenditure. (5) Rural people should be able to access to basic public facilities such as school, hospital and drag store within thirty minitues. (6) Desirable housing space for rural life was
. (7) Rural people should enjoy
times of cultural activities and
times of tours in a year.
Designing Inservice Computer Training Based on Extension Personnel's Job Position
Park, Sung-Youl ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 2, issue 1, 1995, Pages 55~60
Decentralization of Extension Services;Impact of the Law on Extension Work
Yoon, Yeo-Hak ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 2, issue 1, 1995, Pages 61~70
The decentralization of local extension authority is due to several aspect of improper law on extension. First, extension authority has not treated the extension law properly though it has many local office in province, counties, villages. Second, the authority concentrated too much on the service ignoring the local offices are under the improper law. Third, the authority lost their dignity when other institutions argue for their work on the extension services, Extension Institution should change, but the change should come with proper law environment.
The Roles of Rural Extension for the Structural Adjustment of Rural Korea
Im, Sang-Bong ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 2, issue 1, 1995, Pages 71~79
The rural extension in Korea faces transient period since Green Revolution. The urban-centered rapid industrialization policies have initiated the changes in rural and agricultural sector. Nowadays, the World Trade Organization (WTO), newly established by the agreement of the Uruguay Round (UR), is accelerating the changes in rural areas. The rural structural adjustment program established in 1990, in order to cope with the internal and external changes encompassing rural Korea. The rural structure adjustment program is a political responses to reduce the development gaps among industries and regions within the country and to reinforce the price competitiveness of agricultural products toward trade liberalization. This study aims to apply the contents and principles of the rural structural adjustment program for the extension education. It argues that the rural extension should play a pivotal role to gather, process, and deliver the information related to the rural structural adjustment initiating rapid rural social changes. It suggests that the rural extension services should deal with the development of industries through introducing business management techniques and linking relevant laborers, and the education and employment guidance of potential employees as well as the technological assistance on farm management to farmers.
The Study on the Cooperative Directions of Extension Services Between Rural Development Administration and National Agricultural Cooperative Federation
Choi, Min-Ho ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 2, issue 1, 1995, Pages 81~86
The objectives of this study is to explore the cooperative directions of extension services between Rural Development Administration and National Agricultural Cooperative Federation. Both organizations should share their extension roles and functions in order to increase the effectiveness and adaptability of their services, and activity. It is desirable that the R.D.A. takes responsibility for technological of the services and the N.A.C.F. takes responsibility for management aspects.
새로운 농촌지도사업(農村指導事業) 방향(方向)
Hyeon, Jae-Won ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 2, issue 1, 1995, Pages 87~89