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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Agricultural Extension
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Dec 2013
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Sep 2013
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Jun 2013
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Mar 2013
Selecting the target year
Enactment of the Fundamental Act on Cooperatives and Its Implications for Rural Development Policy
Kim, Jeong Seop ; Ma, Sang Jin ; Kim, Mee Bok ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 20, issue 1, 2013, Pages 1~39
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2013.20.1.0001
The Cooperatives Act was enacted. This enabled people to establish easily cooperatives at various fields. A cooperative is an important vehicle for rural community development. Therefore, the enactment of the Cooperatives Act can be a significant chance for rural policy. The Cooperatives Act have made three significant changes. First, cooperatives can start businesses at all the fields except for financial and insurance business. Second, requisites for people to establish cooperatives have been alleviated exceptionaly. Third, the Cooperatives Act introduced a new cooperative organization, social cooperative which aims to serve the socially excluded class. The self-help approach places rural community members at the core of a development process with two goals: to improve the quality of life within the community and to facilitate the community`s capacity building. Community cooperatives contribute to accomplish those goals. One of the roles for cooperatives is to provide products and services at competitive prices. Providing a good or service at a competitive price bcomes increasingly important in some rural communities declines. Cooperative development processes have bic impacts on the ablility of community members to increase human asset and social capital. We conducted a survey targeting rural community businesses to grasp inclinations toward establishing cooperatives. The Cooperatives Act has gained low level of recognition. But so many community businesses wanted to establish cooperatives. This means there is a possibility for many community businesses to establish cooperatives without sufficient understanding. We suggested some policy issues for coping with this situation, as followings. First, the governments should provides rural community residents with opportunities to learn about cooperatives. Second, the current legal systems and regulations about business and social service should be reviewed to do away with the possible discrimination between the new cooperatives and the other forms of incoporation. Third, the cooperation of cooperatives should be encouraged and facilitated in rural communities.
The Impact of Job Satisfaction of Vocational Rehabilitation Professionals on the Quality of Life
Nam, Hee Soo ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 20, issue 1, 2013, Pages 41~69
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2013.20.1.0041
The analytical result indicates that their sociological variables including education background, age and marital status, and job satisfaction factors including employment term, job title, compensation, organization, promotion, colleague, job transfer have a significant impact on the quality of their life. This means that their job satisfaction affects the quality of life. In other words, it is necessary to create an environment which can offset their complaints about job environment and conditions and furthermore, generate a sense of pride and a rewarding experience. The study suggests transparent, fair HR system and continuous training and management in consideration of employees` qualification, experience and interest to boost a sense of pride and social recognition and increase the level of job satisfaction as a result. In line with this approach, their dedication to bringing positive changes in local communities is also essential.
Awareness to the Experience of Rural Married Migrant Women`s Life in Korea
Lee, Hyun Sim ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 20, issue 1, 2013, Pages 71~103
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2013.20.1.0071
The purpose of this study is the awareness about the experiences of immigrant women residing in rural areas of life in Korea. Immigrant women residing in Gyeonggi Province and Incheon was a self-reported survey. Data collected by utilizing the SAS(Statistical Analysis System), percentage, mean, standard deviation, frequency analysis, including descriptive statistics were used. Findings, more than half of the migrant women are satisfied with their lives, and showed a high level of satisfaction with the husband. Learning map awareness in the education of their children in the most difficult and the necessary support to the children the basic curriculum map, Children`s education as a way to solve the problem of after-school and school education activated and was the language barrier. Hard life in Korea, the language is a problem, Place discrimination received was a public place. Adapt to Korean society, language communication, child education, community adjustment problems with the same level of help was most needed. Meetings or activities often involve religious organizations, their home country, and meeting friends. His native Koreans, when it is difficult to discuss in order. Based on the results of such, Korea and community well adapted to the social framework that can nurture children married immigrant women in rural areas communities and Korean society and institutional as well prepared, and In addition, the foundation will need to activate the program.
The Causal Relationship among Vision-sharing, Communication, Management Competences and Performance of Agricultural Product Unit in Rural Village Level
Park, Un Sun ; Park, Joo Sub ; Jo, Hyung Rae ; Lee, Sang Young ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 20, issue 1, 2013, Pages 105~141
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2013.20.1.0105
This study focuses on the vision-sharing practices, actual management capabilities and marketing competence for management which are supposed to be associated with the performance of village-based agricultural production sector. For this, vast literatures related to this issues were reviewed and analyzed. and which were used to establishment of research model. And then questionnaire were developed along the research model, survey were implemented using the questionnaire. In survey both of questionnaire and interview were used to obtain proper opinion. Total of 51 completed questionnaires were obtained and used to empirical analysis. The correlation method was used to investigate the relationships between factors affecting performance of agricultural production unit and performance. Major findings are as follows: (1) in overall, factors related to the vision-sharing or communication are not so important or even negative effects on the performance (2) in overall, factors of management competences are relatively associated with the performances positively (3) in overall, general management capabilities like planning or analyzing were positively related to the performance (4)significant factors which were related to the positive effects on the performances were alternatives considering risk of depreciation, securing stable customers, retention of professional personnels.
An Impact Analysis of Famer`s Individual Competency on Agricultural Organization`s Performance
Kim, Yoon Doo ; Kim, Sa Gyun ; Kim, Hyo Mi ; Chae, Sue Ho ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 20, issue 1, 2013, Pages 143~172
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2013.20.1.0143
This study aimed at learning the effect of farmers` individual competency on the performance of agricultural organization, and providing the preliminary data about strengthening the competitiveness of agriculture of the country by showing the effect of farmers` individual competency on the performance of agricultural organization. According to the results of our study, among 11 individual competencies, the ability to manage, customer satisfaction, marketing, and getting information have the positive relationship with the performance of agricultural organization, but strategic thinking has the negative relationship with the performance. The relationship between the performance and abstract competencies like teamwork, creativity, innovation, feasibility, and flexibility is not statistically significant. However, the abstract competencies are the core competencies within farmers, so farmers should be educated continuously in the long run in order to raise the performance.
The Potential Possibility and Practical Policy Implements for Attracting Enterprises in Rural Areas
Lee, Byung Ki ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 20, issue 1, 2013, Pages 173~203
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2013.20.1.0173
This study aims to find the effective policy devices for attracting enterprises in rural areas. In the first place, the result of this study suggest two directions fundamentally as follows: Firstly, the government works on more positive lines and from more integrated viewpoint. Secondly, it give the first consideration to the big-enterprises for attracting enterprises in rural areas. Next, the study suggest three practical policy implements also. First, the government put an emphasis on construction favorable infra structure to enterprises`s activity. Second, it is necessary to strengthen the economic supports for location of enterprises in rural areas. Third, the rural self-government make effort strongly to develop the activity to attract enterprises.
A Study on the Awareness about Agriculture and Rural Community of Youths
Choe, Yeong Chang ; Lee, Chae Shik ; Lee, Eun Young ; Kim, Young Ae ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 20, issue 1, 2013, Pages 205~233
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2013.20.1.0205
The purpose of this study were to analyze the awareness about agriculture and rural community of youths and suggest the implications. The data were collected from 291 youths who are participated the agriculture-understanding programs conducted by Korea 4-H Association. For the comparing with 182 non-participants survey were together. The following conclusions were drawn from this study, (1) the program participants were aware of importance and multifunctionality roles of agriculture. (2) on the other hand, non-participants did not recognize or had little interest of the agricultural issues. (3) youths participated programs were have positive consensus of agriculture and rural community compared to non-participants. Based on the conclusion of this study, some implications were summarized as followings: (1) some programs need to motivate youths to complete course, (2) establish network system for the better activities, (3) support to extension teachers` expertise, (4) the programs need to expended to non-4H members.
An Analysis of the Relationship between Career Barrier and Career Maturity of the Adolescents
Song, Byeong Kug ; Jeon, Ju Yeon ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 20, issue 1, 2013, Pages 235~264
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2013.20.1.0235
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between career barrier and career maturity of the adolescents who were concretely worried about their career and occupation. 672 middle school students were participated to analyze the Pearson Correlation and Multiple Regression Analyses with data collected by the questionnaire. This study revealed the following results. First, the correlational analysis showed that career barrier associated negatively with career maturity. Second, the multiple regression analysis revealed that sub-elements of career barrier which the adolescents conceived, such as the shortage of self-understanding, the shortage of self-reliance, gender-role conflict and gender discrimination, and the shortage of career and occupational information were significantly effecting their career maturity. Third, as a result of multiple regression analysis to estimate the explanability of career barrier on career maturity, career barrier among various independent factors which were correlated statistically with career maturity showed most effects on it. Also, school academic achievement was confirmed as a significant factor effecting the career maturity. Above these results imply that the perception on the career barrier of the adolescent should be reduced for increasing the career maturity. For this, career education and counselling should be positively intervened and reinforced through the school curriculum and activities.
Phenomenological Study on Husband`s Role in Rural Multicultural Family
Cho, Hae Sun ; Ryu, Jin A ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 20, issue 1, 2013, Pages 265~297
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2013.20.1.0265
This study performed quality study to examine cognition and experience as it is about husband role of wife`s perception in rural multicultural family. Specifically the results of in-depth interviews with 13 females in rural multicultural family was analyzed through phenomenological method. The results were as followings: first, wife`s cognition about husband role in rural multicultural family, they were `nice and warm man`, `no special thought`, `clean and cool looking man`, `man without straitening wife`, `husband taking care of housekeeping`, `having independent family` and `strong responsibility to children`. Females in rural multicultural family did not deeply think about husband`s role at international marriage, but it could be known that vague longing for rich country, Korea by Korean wave and its expectation continued to expectation on husband. Second, they were `good-tempered and nice to me`, `adjust to me`, `irresponsibility and apathy`, `cannot lean to him`, `no housekeeping`, `intermediate role between his family`, `more taking care of children, parents and relatives`, `drink, gambling and violence`. The experience of husband role was little different from cognition of husband role by females in rural mulitcultural family.