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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Agricultural Extension
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Dec 2014
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Sep 2014
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Jun 2014
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Mar 2014
Selecting the target year
Trends of Cooperatives Establishment in Rural Korea and Improvement of Legislation
Kim, Jeong-Seop ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 21, issue 1, 2014, Pages 1~34
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2014.21.1.0001
In urban as well as rural areas, there is a vigorous movement to establish cooperatives which are based on the Framework Act On Cooperatives. Eight months after the enforcement of the law, more than 600 cooperatives reported their articles of association to the competent Mayor/Governor in rural areas. Considering the population distribution in urban and rural areas, this is not a small number. Though recently established rural cooperatives are acting throughout diverse business sectors, cooperatives in agricultural sector, which engage in agricultural production, processing and sales, occupy the largest portion of all the rural cooperatives. There are two types of juridical person that are allowed to engage in the agricultural production, processing and sales by the laws. They are Farm Association and Agricultural Business Corporation. Now in rural Korea, farmers tend to establish cooperatives by the Framwork Act On Cooperatives which are in the same business sector with Farm Association or Agricultural Business Corporation. There are many needs to improve legislation regarding cooperatives. Above all, the laws about Farm Association and Agricultural Business Corporation are in urgent need of improvement for the emerging rural cooperatives to be treated fairly.
Participant Characteristic and Educational Effects for Cyber Agricultural Technology Training Courses
Kang, Dae-Koo ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 21, issue 1, 2014, Pages 35~82
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2014.21.1.0035
It was main objectives to find the learners characteristics and educational effects of cyber agricultural technology courses in RDA. For the research, it was followed by literature reviews and internet based survey methods. In internet based survey, two staged stratified sampling method was adopted from cyber training members database in RDA along with some key word as open course or certificate course, and enrollment years. Instrument was composed through literature reviews about cyber education effects and educational effect factors. And learner characteristics items were added in survey documents. It was sent to sampled persons by e-mail and 316 data was returned via google survey systems. Through the data cleaning, 303 data were analysed by chi-square, t-test and F-test. It's significance level was .05. The results of the research were as followed; First, the respondent was composed of mainly man(77.9%), and monthly income group was mainly 2,000,000 or 3,000,000 won(24%), bachelor degree(48%), fifty or forty age group was shared to 75%, and their job was changed after learning(12.2%). So major respondents' job was not changed. Their major was not mainly agriculture. Learners' learning style were composed of two or more types as concrete-sequential, mixing, abstract-random, so e-learning course should be developed for the students' type. Second, it was attended at 3.2 days a week, 53.53 minutes a class, totally 172.63 minutes a week. They were very eager or generally eager to study, and attended two or more subjects. The cyber education motives was for farming knowledge, personal competency development, job performance enlarging. They selected subjects along with their interest. A subject person couldn't choose more subjects for little time, others, non interesting subject, but more subject persons were for job performance benefits and previous subjects effectiveness. Most learner was finished their subject, but a fourth was not finished for busy (26.7%). And their entrying behavior was not enough to learn e-course and computer or internet using ability was middle level as software using. And they thought RDA cyber course was comfort in non time or space limit, knowledge acquisition, and personal competency development. Cyber learning group was composed of open course only (12.5%), certificate only(25.7%), both(36.3%). Third, satisfaction and academic achievement of e-learning learners were good, and educational service offering for doing job in learning application category was good, but effect of cyber education was not good, especially, agricultural income increasing was not good because major learner group was not farmer, so they couldn't apply their knowledge to farming. And content structure and design, content comprehension, content amount were good. The more learning subject group responded to good in effects, and both open course and certificate course group satisfied more than open course only group. Based on the results, recommendation was offered as cyber course specialization before main course in RDA training system, support staff and faculty enlargement, building blended learning system with local RDA office, introducing cyber tutor system.
The Effects of the Levels of Perception about the PB Apples in the Major Supermarkets on the Purchase Intention
Kim, Deok-Hyeon ; Ha, Ji-Young ; Lee, Seung Hyun ; Park, Jeong Woon ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 21, issue 1, 2014, Pages 83~115
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2014.21.1.0083
The current study aimed to explore the levels of consumers' perception for the PB apples which mainly sold in the large retailers, and then suggest the efficient marketing strategies for activating sales of the PB apples among the farm produce. The findings of the study revealed that the levels of the consumers' perception of value for the PB apples were influential on the brand credibility. In addition, the levels of the quality, perception of value, and brand credibility significantly affected the purchase intention. The image of the brand, however, did not show the effects on the brand credibility and purchase intention. Based on the study, in order to activate the brand for the local farm produce, the analysis results could suggest the four alternatives. Firstly, it is needed for the NB apples to be standardized and improved in terms of the qualities. Secondly, the more efficient ways to facilitate the purchases for the NB apples should be reconsidered in the emotional package. Thirdly, the levels of customers' perceptions for NB apples need to increase by providing them with convenient ways of purchases. Lastly, connecting consumers' groups with producers' groups could eventually enhance the brand credibility.
A Study on Economy of Agricultural Investment Business to the Ukraine
Yoon, Jun Sang ; Lee, Eun-Kyu ; Park, Young Soon ; Kim, Sung Rok ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 21, issue 1, 2014, Pages 117~142
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2014.21.1.0117
This study aims to analyzing economy of agricultural investment to the Ukraine based on survey and analysis of environment of agricultural investment to the Ukraine. The Ukraine had been used as a grain belt for Russia for some 60 years among CIS nations so that agricultural environment is excellent and capital investment on agricultural field is on the rise every year. Accordingly, agricultural investment to the Ukraine should be approached not only in economy but also in the dimension of diversification of foreign agricultural investment area and food security. And it is necessary to seek measures for both government and private body to make inroads into the country together.
A Qualitative Study on Multicultural Families Female Marriage Immigrants Difficulties Life in Korea
Lee, Hyun Sim ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 21, issue 1, 2014, Pages 143~176
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2014.21.1.0143
In this study, the multicultural families female marriage immigrants experience life in Korea to evaluate the difficulty. To this end, a multi-cultural families living in Gyeonggi Province accomplished female marriage immigrants choose eight people to consensual conduct in-depth interviews with qualitative analysis methods(CQR) were analyzed using. The findings in the three categories and therefore the region of 49 to 12 depending on the frequency analysis. Female marriage immigrants living in Korea psychological and emotional difficulties experienced in the relationship with your spouse, in-laws and relations, communication problems, difficulties in expressing emotional difficulties, respectively. Social and economic difficulties experienced discriminatory gaze, economic hardship, as a multicultural families become psychological atrophy, life, customs, and cultural differences, respectively. The process of coping with these experiences self-help meetings, participate in cultural programs, and community systems were used. By the results of this study multicultural families immigrant women to help overcome difficulties in the practical help and social services to the community through the ongoing support system was required to suggestions.
The Relation between Program Satisfactions and Leadership -Types of Who Participating in the Programs of Village Lifelong Education Leaders-
Kim, Nam Sun ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 21, issue 1, 2014, Pages 177~217
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2014.21.1.0177
The purpose of this study is to examine the relation between Program Satisfaction and the leadership types of who participating in the program of village lifelong education leader. The detail goals of this study are to (1) understand the concepts about the training program of village lifelong education leader. (2) study the theory related to the leadership of village lifelong education leader. (3) examine the relation between program satisfaction and leadership types by personal characteristics. The results of this study are as follows: First, there is the significant difference between the transactional leadership and the exceptive management leadership which is the transactional leadership's sub-type in age. Second, there is the significant difference between the exceptive management leadership which transactional leadership's sub-type and charisma leadership that is transformational leadership's sub-type by participated in or not the lifelong education program before. Third, the average value of the transformational leadership is more higher than the transactional leader's average value. Fourth. the ranking of the transformational leaders' activities are as follows; (1) individual relationship (2) spiritual motivation (3) intelligence stimulus (4) charisma. Fifth, the ranking of the transactional leader's activities are as follows; (1) reward to achievement (2) exceptional management.
Ehtiopiam Agricultural Extension System -The Past Experience, Present Status and Future Direction-
Besha, Dagnachew Bekele ; Park, Duk-Byeong ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 21, issue 1, 2014, Pages 219~244
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2014.21.1.0219
Agricultural extension service in Ethiopia was started in early 1950s with mandate of transferring local research outputs and technologies to farmers, and importing technologies and improved practices from abroad. Extension service provided in this early time was limited to areas surrounding the experiment stations. Since then, Ethiopian Agricultural extension service has passed through at least five stages: the land grant extension system, the Comprehensive Package Programs, the Minimum Package Projects, the Peasant Agricultural Development Program, and the Participatory Demonstration and Training Extension System (PADETS). The comprehensive package extension program was initially implemented in selected pilot areas and eventually to be scaled up to cover about 90% of the farming community within 15-20 years time. The program used demonstration plots managed by development agents and used to train farmers organized through various field days. However, since all of these programs were operational in only small areas, the vast majority of the country was out of their reach. Through Participatory Demonstration and Training Extension System, the extension service in Ethiopia has come under the spotlight and government debates and external reviews are putting additional scrutiny on the system. Despite this long history, the system is still in its infancy in terms of coverage, communication and institutional pluralism. Currently in Ethiopia the Agricultural extension is provided primarily by the public sector, operating in a decentralized manner through which extension is implemented at the district level. Therefore, the main focus of this paper is to scrutinize the past, the present and the future Agricultural extension system in Ethiopia.
Present and Future of Agricultural Extension System in Uganda
Oumo, Florence Imaikorit ; Cho, Gyoung-Rae ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 21, issue 1, 2014, Pages 245~272
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2014.21.1.0245
This study aims to explore the present and future of agricultural extension system in Uganda. Though Uganda has used many approaches in its agricultural extension, very little has been registered in farm productivity and profitability. Too many reforms some of them some are top-down while others are bottom - up. In most cases these reforms may not be given a chance to develop to show their impact. Future success of agricultural extension and rural development efforts in Uganda will depend not only on the presence of technical expertise and availability of resources but also on each government's willingness to redefine the role of its institutions and to allow the active participation of rural people in formulating and implementing and agricultural extension and rural development programs. As result the public extension systems in Uganda needs to be demand-driven so to make it relevant and important to the beneficiary.