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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Agricultural Extension
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Dec 2014
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Sep 2014
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Jun 2014
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Mar 2014
Selecting the target year
The Mediating Effect of Hope between Acculturative Stress and Depression of Immigrant Women for Marriage
Yu, Hyun Hee ; Lee, Chang Seek ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 21, issue 3, 2014, Pages 1~23
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2014.21.3.0001
This study aimed to verify the mediating effect of hope between acculturative stress and depression of immigrant women for marriage in Chungcheongnam-do, Korea. The data were collected from 580 immigrant women for marriage and were analysed by using descriptive statistics, correlation analysis and structural equation. The main results were as follows. There was a positively direct effect between acculturative stress and depression. But hope had negatively direct effect on acculturative stress and depression. Also, the study verified that there was the mediating effect of hope between acculturative stress and depression of immigrant women. Implications for the suggestions to enhance the hope level of immigrant women and future research were discussed.
Segmenting Ecotourism Village Visitors by Motivation
Kim, Kyung Hee ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 21, issue 3, 2014, Pages 25~52
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2014.21.3.0025
The purpose of this study was to examine the motives of tourists who visited ecotourism villages in Korea. A self-administered survey was obtained from 254 visitors in six ecotourism villages. As for the motivations of ecotourism village visitors, four factors (`relaxation`, `adventure`, `experience natural` and `family togetherness`) were extracted. Three distinct segments were identified based on the motivation : multipurpose seekers (45.3%), relaxation seekers (34.6%), family togetherness seekers (20.1%). Socio-demographic characteristics and tourism behaviors of each segmentation were also analyzed. The findings should be of interest to practitioners of ecotourism village marketing and operation.
A Qualitative Inquiry on the Social and Economic Activities by Immigrant Farm Households
Kim, Jeong-Seop ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 21, issue 3, 2014, Pages 53~89
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2014.21.3.0053
Immigrant farmers work in various social and economic fields of activity, settling in their rural community. In this study, I inquired into the way of acting of immigrant farmers, based on the texts which were made in the precedent studies. The texts were transcriptions that were made by interviews with immigrant farmers. I classified immigrant farmers` activities into 8 groups that were related to; farming, nonfarm business, off-farm business, volunteering, participating in community organization, lifelong learning, leisure and social interaction in everyday life. And, I tried to capture the characteristics and meanings of those activities. The implications from this analysis are as followings: 1) most of immigrant farmers have small family farm so that they need nonfarm or off-farm jobs, 2) pluri-acivities of immigrant farm households can contribute to their community`s economic viability, 3) their economic activities should be observed carefully in the perspective of self-help approach in community development as well as farm households` livelihood strategy, 4) immigrant farmers have many difficulties to participate in community, nevertheless community participation will improve the social capital, 5) gender-sensitive policy should be developed.
Feasibility Exploration of Social Cooperatives as a Community Social Work Practice Model
Cho, Mihyoung ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 21, issue 3, 2014, Pages 91~119
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2014.21.3.0091
This study explored feasibility of social cooperatives as a strategy of struggle to social exclusion in the social services area based on the relationships between people. Is social cooperatives on the Fundamental Act on Cooperatives a new type of social welfare service providers comparing the social welfare foundations and social enterprises? Would be expected as social inclusion processes effects arising from the properties of cooperative in social welfare sector? If social welfare institutions function as an intermediate medium between government and users, social cooperatives can be performed function in the community in a variety of cooperative relationships with Multiple stakeholders, e.g. various service providers, care-givers, social workers, and users, etc., conflicting the interests. In this perspective, looked the possibility of social cooperatives as community welfare practice model.
A Study on Standardization Plan to Foster Hanji Industry
Jang, Se Gil ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 21, issue 3, 2014, Pages 121~154
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2014.21.3.0121
This study explores standardization plans concerning industrialization of Hanjii which is traditional culture resources of rural community. Hanji is very useful in many ways, and its usefulness is not confined to only paper. In other words, it comes to have architectural uses, agricultural uses, clothing uses, and medical uses through fusion and convergence. However, the expansion of Hanji market dose not lead to profits for related stake holders because its standardization is not nurtured yet. For standardization, this paper argues, first, a industrial definition of Hanji is needed in which Hanji`s own characteristics is involved. Besides maintaining traditional characteristics, the definition and quality standards of Hanji needs to be established by considering a given condition of Hanji industy. Second, a satisfactory method to measure Hanji`s own material characteristics(i.g., mulberry paper content and long-term sustainability), which affects Hanji`s quality, needs to be developed and standardized. Third, a government standard is urgently needed in order to keep consumers from being confused when they select Hanji products. The standardization of Hanji products and technology needs to be established in both case of current Hanji market and newly developed products and technology.
The Economic Impact Analysis of Rural Tourism Development Projects
Son, Eun-Ho ; Park, Duk-Byeong ; Yoon, Jun-Sang ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 21, issue 3, 2014, Pages 155~179
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2014.21.3.0155
Input-output(I-O) analysis is now widely used to examine the economic impact of tourism. The study aims to demonstrate the impact of agri-tourism development project on local development in terms of income and employment. Based on the I-O transactions tables developed by Bank of Korea (2011), rural tourism related sectoral multipliers were derived with respect to output, income, employment, and value-added tax. The results of the I-O model indicate that in 2011, rural tourism development generated 1,387 billion Won of output impact, 287 billion Won of income impact, 275 billion Won of value-added impact, and 41,127 full-time jobs, respectively throughout direct, indirect, and induced effects. In particular, the restaurant sector had relative higher output and employment multipliers as compared to other industries, whereas they had lower multipliers of income and value-added than any other industries. The findings imply that the restaurant sector was relatively labor-intensive industry, generating high impact of employment effects.
A Study on the Approach Method for the Excavation of the Outstanding Projects in the Agricultural Sector
Ji, Seong Tae ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 21, issue 3, 2014, Pages 181~213
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2014.21.3.0181
This study analyzes the approach method for the excavation of the outstanding projects in order to improve the ODA quality in the agricultural sector in a situation of the recent quantitative expansion of the Korea`s ODA. This analysis is based on the ODA development paradigm of the international society, Korea`s ODA development trends, the problems of system, procedure and contents. The analysis drew five approaches, such as an approach based on the strategies, an approach based on the comparative advantage, an approach based on the partnership, an approach based on the networking, an approach of modeling. If each approach method is applied to the excavation of project closely linked to other approach methods, it would be easier to excavate outstanding project. And it could lead to enhancement of project effectiveness. This study introduced the KAPEX program which excavate the customized ODA projects through the application of these approach methods.
A study on the development of the Customer-Based Rice Brand Equity Model
Kim, Deok-Hyeon ; Ha, Ji-Young ; Lee, Seung-Hyun ; An, Wook-Hyun ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 21, issue 3, 2014, Pages 215~241
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2014.21.3.0215
As brand has increasingly influenced on marketing activities, local government, agricultural enterprises, and individual farmhouses autonomously develop and promote their own brands in the field of agrifood. Among developed brands, however, it could be possible for products with having no competitiveness and continuous control to lapse in the marketing. This study aimed to try develop to brand equity model in order for agri-food brands to evaluate and complement in the agricultural company. For doing this, ERRC were administered to interview the brands experts to discuss rice. The results of the analyses indicated that the areas with attribute weight of assets may consider bonding with customers for enhancing the value in the brand equity.
The Study on Evaluating Value for Developing Traditional Agriculture Technology
Rhee, Sang Young ; Kim, Mi Heui ; Choi, Jai Ung ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 21, issue 3, 2014, Pages 243~269
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2014.21.3.0243
Traditional agriculture technology is absolutely valuable not only to preserve biological diversity but construct an eco-friendly agricultural system. As the awareness of food safety has been growing, traditional technologies in the past agriculture literatures have obtained more attention sine chemical or synthesized fertilizer and agricultural pesticide were not used in these traditional agriculture ways. This study aims to evaluate development values on six kinds of agriculture literatures published before initial 1970s using Delphi technique and Correspondence analysis. The domains of assesment are include livestock sanitation, breeding management, feeding program and an extra part which 261 traditional agriculture technologies were first extracted from. From these technologies, livestock experts deducted 228 items and selected items more than 3.0 from all three areas including usefulness, scientific characteristic and economical efficiency utilizing Delphi technique.: 35 items from usefulness, 31 items from scientific characteristic, and 18 items from economical efficiency. The 23 technology items were finalized after adding five modern feasibility items recommended by experts to 18 items gaining more than 3.0 in at least three areas. The agriculture technologies were categorized into four areas where were analyzed using Correspondence analysis. The results revealed that `sustainable farming technology`, `scientific character verification`, ` modernized technology development`, and `intellectual property right` were placed closely one another except `economy efficiency`. The result implicated that scientific verification and economy efficiency should be considered in order to sustain traditional agriculture technology into a modernized way and to protect intellectual property right of these technologies.
EU Rural Development Evaluation System and Implication for Rural Development in Korea
Lee, Minsoo ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 21, issue 3, 2014, Pages 271~305
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2014.21.3.0271
There is an inescapable requirement in public policy to provide evidence. For the evaluation of the EU Rural Development Policy, the European Commission has designed a Common Monitoring and Evaluation Framework(CMEF). The principal objectives of evaluations are to improve decision-making, resource allocation and accountability. In Korea, howerver, the opinion-based policy by expert is still rural development evaluation system. It does not provide the objective quantitative indicators for impact of rural development project. According to this, the budget-making body (parliament, government, etc.) have questioned the effectiveness of rural development projects, rural development projects often reduced or changed. To improve the accountability of rural development policy, it is necessary to build a reliable monitoring and evaluation system based on the evidence. First, rural development evaluation indicators should be considered the multipul goal of rural development, namely economic development, social development. Second, the purpose of the evaluation is necessary to be designed for the learning rather than reward. Third, the participation by local residents should be strengthened in evaluation process. Finally, it is necessary to establish rural development monitoring and evaluation system, such as CMEF of the EU (CMEF).