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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Agricultural Extension
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Dec 2014
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Sep 2014
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Jun 2014
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Mar 2014
Selecting the target year
Effects of Ecotourism Village Attributes on Tourists' Satisfaction -Focused on Comparison of Adults and Children-
Kim, Kyung Hee ; Lee, Sun Min ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 21, issue 4, 2014, Pages 909~937
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2014.21.4.0909
Ecotourism activity is a rapidly growing proportion of the tourism industry as a growing awareness of the natural environment. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of ecotourism village attributes on tourists' satisfaction focused on comparison of adults and children. For this study, an onsite survey was conducted to tourists of eight ecotourism villages. A total of 506 samples were collected and analyzed using SPSS 20.0. Through factor analysis, three dimensions of selection attribute were identified from 13 variables: 'program service', 'facility' and 'environment'. The multiple regression analysis was conducted to identify the factors effects of ecotourism village attributes on tourists' satisfaction. Whereas 'program service', 'facility' factors among ecotourism village attributes had positive effects on satisfaction in the adults group, 'program service', 'facility' and 'environment' were important factors for children. The study suggested that it was important for ecotourism village managers to develop effective marketing techniques that could have a lasting impact on customer retention.
An Implication of Policies for Farm Succession in Foreign Countries
Hwang, Jeong Im ; Choi, Yoon Ji ; Youn, Min Hye ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 21, issue 4, 2014, Pages 939~965
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2014.21.4.0939
Farm succession in the next generation has profound implications for the future structure of the agricultural industry and the procurement of agricultural human resources. Therefore, this study sought to suggest the policy directions for farm succession through investigating the foreign policies and comparing it with Korean policies. The followings were derived from the comparison analysis. First, support is required in establishing master plans for farm succession from operators to successors. Second, it is needed to develop and disseminate effective model for farm succession. Third, an assistance policy for farm households without successors should be initiated. Fourth, the fragmentation of farmland ownership should be counteracted.
Status and Characteristics of the Newly Established Cooperatives in Agricultural Sector
Choi, Kyung Sik ; Nam, Gi Pou ; Hwang, Dae Yong ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 21, issue 4, 2014, Pages 967~1006
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2014.21.4.0967
This study attempted to provide policy recommendations in promoting new cooperatives established in agriculture based on the 2012 Cooperative Act. A questionnaire survey was conducted with 195 newly established cooperatives as the policy target of this study. The new cooperatives were classified as three kinds namely as 'Business' Cooperatives', 'Consumers' Cooperatives', 'Social Cooperatives' based on their member attributes and objectives. Interesting to note that, all of these new cooperatives born by the new Act has taken the marketing business as their main stream business. Among the three types, 'Business Cooperatives' are ranked the highest amount of capital shares per person in average, having about 30 members in size. In categorization, 'Business Cooperatives' include farmer cooperatives as majority and employee cooperatives. They are usually involved in both production and marketing and even in processing activities, and have tried to secure their business performance by e-commerce and stable business contracts. Their diverse activities are highly associated with their local community. Consumers' Cooperatives include consumer cooperatives and stakeholder cooperatives in achieving welfare of members. This type has lower share in capital but has over 30 members in a cooperative, taking marketing (distribution) business as main and often take advantage of their social network and physical store. Regional relationships are less than producer cooperatives. 'Social Cooperatives' are established by public interest and have around 10 members and lowest per capital. their business and community activity is similar to the consumer cooperatives. This study recommends the needs of designing suitable business models by these three types of cooperatives in the future, while appropriating their membership size for their tangible business operations. The government policy direction should aim to develop their new business opportunities and its management stabilization, especially in conjunction with the existing agricultural cooperatives (Nonghyup). It must be rather than to provide simply policy supports for establishment. An in-depth study is recommended in this regard.
Research on Farmers' Occupational Health Services in Finland
Lee, Kyung Suk ; Rasanen, Kimmo ; Kim, Hyo Cher ; Chae, Hye Seon ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 21, issue 4, 2014, Pages 1007~1028
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2014.21.4.1007
This study aimed to explore the direction of development of agricultural safety and health system in Korea based on experience on Farmers' Occupational Health Services (FOHS) of Finland. In Finland additional and specialized Occupational Health Services (OHS) for self-employed farmers were developed and have been conducted by municipal primary health care centers with cooperation of National Centre for Agricultural Health (NCAH) of Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Social Insurance Institute (SII) and Farmers' Social Insurance Institution (FSII). Based on the study, in order to activate the FOHS in Korea, the analysis results could suggest the development of four prerequisites. Firstly, center for farmers' safety and health like NCAH, which conducts surveillance on health and safety status, standardization of intervention contents and epidemiological research is needed in national institution. Secondly, development of evaluation tools with lower cost and difficulty like walk-through survey for checking status of systems of safety in the farms is needed. Thirdly, farmers' occupational health insurance which will be initiated on near future should be connected to preventive intervention programs like FOHS. Lastly, training and qualification of more local occupational health experts and units is needed.
A Study on Effectiveness and Preference of e-Learning Contents Delivery Types in Learning Domains
Yu, Byeong-Min ; Lee, Byoung-Joon ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 21, issue 4, 2014, Pages 1029~1060
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2014.21.4.1029
The purpose of this study are to figure out whether there are the meaningful differences between learner's learning achievements and contents preference in accordance with the delivery strategies (instructor-focused model, learner-focused model) of learning materials suggested by Bloom in web-based instruction, and to suggest the various options on the contents delivery strategies to improve the learner's learning achievements of each learning domains. Learning domains were divided by the cognitive domain, the affective domain, and the psychomotor domain. The result of research with 182 learners showed that learner-focused model in the cognitive domain caused higher learning achievements and preference than instructor-focused model. And instructor-focused model in the psychomotor domain compared with learner-focused model caused higher learning achievements and preference. However, there were less meaningful differences in the affective domain. In other words, learner-focused model is appropriate to the feature of the cognitive domain while instructor-focused model is appropriate to the feature of the psychomotor domain. The results suggest that delivery strategies should be chosen by domains of learning contents in order to improve learner's learning achievements in web-based instruction. Learner-focused delivery strategies in the cognitive domain and instructor-focused delivery strategies in the psychomotor domain need to be considered positively. Delivery strategies should be studied and developed in order to lead higher learning achievements and preference.
Effect of the Level of Proficiency in Korean Language and Experience in Local Society Activity Influencing Community Sense of Married Immigrant Women in Korean Rural Areas
Yang, Soon Mi ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 21, issue 4, 2014, Pages 1061~1091
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2014.21.4.1061
Language is connected with culture, and have a function of social and cultural integration. Also social participation is known to conduct an important role in promoting identity of immigrants. This study aimed to investigate the effect of variables such as the level of proficiency in Korean language, and experience in local society activity on community sense of married immigrant women in Korean rural areas. The result showed that the level of proficiency in Korean language had the greatest effect on their sense of community, and experience in local society activity seemed to have intermediation effect on it. In conclusion, based on results of this study, plans improving proficiency of Korean language of the immigrants and participation in local society activities were suggested.
Employment Rate of Graduates of Agricultural Science Colleges in the Fields of Agro-industry
Kim, Jung Tae ; Bae, Sung Eui ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 21, issue 4, 2014, Pages 1093~1124
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2014.21.4.1093
Studies on the role of agricultural science colleges are mostly divided into agricultural production, which is the primary function of agriculture, and other functions, which have recently begun to be emphasized as a result of social needs. With the green revolution and the aging of the farming population, there is a strong view that the role of agricultural science colleges should remain as it is. However, agriculture is expanding in terms of concept and content by converging with other industries not traditionally associated with agricultural production. Thus, the fields that now need to form part of agricultural science knowledge are becoming more detailed and expansive. The government's perception remains at the level of merely fostering farmers. This was evident in a survey on the employment rate, a factor used to evaluate colleges, in which the role of agricultural science colleges was limited to fostering farmers. Agro- industry fields, other than agriculturalists, include general industries in which the academic fields of agricultural science are combined with other academic fields. Thus, even when someone is employed in an industry that requires background knowledge of agricultural science, there is often a perception that he or she is employed in a field that is irrelevant to the major. This study examines the role of agricultural science colleges in agriculture and farm villages by focusing on the employment of graduates of these colleges within agro-industry. We categorize academic research on agricultural science into 16 fields, based on the medium level of the National Standard Science and Technology Classification Codes. Then, we categorize the employment fields into 168 fields, based on the small classification level of the inter-industry relations classification. Thus, we investigate 220 departments of 37 colleges, nationwide. Our findings show that the average employment rate of graduates of agricultural science colleges is 69.0%. Furthermore, 33.0% of all employees work in agro-industry fields that require background knowledge in agricultural science, which is one out of three job seekers. Then, 3.6% of employees work in business startups in agro-industry. The aforementioned government survey showed that only 0.1% of all college graduates in Korea were employed as agriculturalists in 2013. However, our results showed that 13.3% of graduates were working as agriculturalists, which is significantly different to the results of the government survey. These results confirm that agricultural science colleges contribute greatly to the employment of graduates, including farmers, agro-industry, and business startups in agro-industry fields.
The Development of Evaluation Indicator for Eco-experience in Rural Village
Lee, Sang-Young ; Kim, Mi-Heui ; Kang, Banghun ; Son, Jin-Kwan ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 21, issue 4, 2014, Pages 1125~1147
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2014.21.4.1125
This study was conducted to develop the health evaluation indicator of pond wetland in order to enhance the quality of eco-experience in rural area. The methods for development of evaluation indicator were consisted of 3 stages; 1st, the precedent assessment protocol was applied to 10 pond wetlands in farm villages, and eco-experience expert survey was conducted to selection the evaluation item and criteria at 2nd and 3rd stages. In the results of applying the precedent assessment protocol, we found out two problems; 1) the evaluation result of value determination and conservation value were too simple, and 2) the score by evaluation items were nearly the same, because evaluation criteria in not precisely for application in rural area. These results were reflected to expert survey. According to the 1st survey results, they suggested that 4 items should be maintained, and 3 items should be deleted, and 2 items should be modified among a total of 9 times. Therefore, it was modified into the evaluation protocol having a total of 8 items. According to the 2nd survey results, the selected evaluation items were generally proper. With regard to items for assessing the health condition of pond wetland, we selected a total of 8 items; (1) Connectivity to forest, (2) Connectivity between water body and wetland connection, (3) Number of Vegetation, (4) Surround land use, (5) Interspersion of Vegetation, (6) Crossing Structure, (7) Wetland size, and (8) Outlet structure. In addition, it was suggested that accessibility, visibility, and trash were need for utilization of pond wetland as a place for eco-experience. It is expected that the selected evaluation indicator can help to utilize the pond wetland as an eco-experience space in rural area, and maintain the pond wetland as a space for conservation of biodiversity.
Consulting Method and Its Applied Case to Improve Management Capability of Agricultural Firms Based on the Multi-contingency Organization Theory
Jang, Ikhoon ; Moon, Junghoon ; Choe, Young Chan ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 21, issue 4, 2014, Pages 1149~1189
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2014.21.4.1149
Nowadays, many farmers use online management diagnosis tool developed by Rural development agency(RDA) for the purpose of self-diagnosis of their farm management. Database(DB) was created using the diagnosis results and has been used for agri-firm management consulting. However, the amount of diagnosis data in the DB has been decreasing year by year. This means that the diagnosis tool of RDA did not reach farmers' expectation. Therefore it is necessary to develop a practical consulting tool which is applicable for various types of agri-firm management. This study introduces a management diagnosis tool and consulting method based on multi-contingency organization theory and value chain model for the purpose of improving existing tools and methods. The consulting method based on multi-contingency organization theory shows the core strategy of agri-firms by two different ways such as "efficiency-oriented" direction and "effectiveness-orientated" direction. Also, this method emphasizes that the performance of firm can be achieved when subelements of firm activities follow the same direction with the orientation of core strategy. The important thing is the right firm management activity fitted to its strategic direction. Through this action, limited firm resources can be optimized. In order to make itself understand, this study shows a practical example applied by this method from actual agri-firms.
Development of Evaluation Indicators for Maintenance and Preservation of Agriculture and Rural Heritage
Kim, Eun Ja ; Jeong, Won Ill ; Lee, Yoo Kyoung ; Lim, Chang Su ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 21, issue 4, 2014, Pages 1191~1226
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2014.21.4.1191
The purpose of this study is to develop the evaluation criteria for the maintenance preserve of agriculture and rural heritage. The major steps for this study are 1) drafting the evaluation criteria for maintenance preservation of agriculture and rural heritage 2) verifying the evaluation criteria, and 3) determining the weighting values of the confirmed evaluation criteria. First, to derive the evaluation criteria for maintenance preservation of agriculture and rural heritage, the researcher reviewed the literature on the evaluation of agriculture and rural heritage, including research on the indexes of agriculture and rural heritage, the degree of the maintain preservation of heritage. A total of 31 evaluation criteria were selected. Second, to verify the selected 5 evaluation items and 31 evaluation indexes, the Delphi Method was implemented. Using traditional 3-step Delphi Method consisting of close-ended forms, with a panel of 41 experts, the researchers verified 5 evaluation items 31 evaluation indexes, two for each evaluation area validity. The confirmed evaluation areas are 5 items of management plan, management support system, surroundings of heritage, local network, heritage utilization and 31 criteria were preservation maintenance, performance plan, resident community composition, monitoring, act of parliament fulfillment, ecosystem management, landscape harmony, restoration and transmission plan and enhancement of residents' capability, etc. in the order. Through maintenance preservation evaluation index of agriculture and rural heritage, it can be utilized as sustainable development of plural resources.
Present and Future Agricultural Extension System and International Agricultural Technology Cooperation of Sudan
Geberaldar, Sumaya Ahmed Hamid ; Park, Duk-Byeong ; Cho, Gyoung-Rae ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 21, issue 4, 2014, Pages 1227~1259
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2014.21.4.1227
This paper explores agricultural extension systems, extension challenges, research and extension models, governance structures of agricultural extension and advisory services in Sudan. Agricultural extension services in Sudan are provided by a variety of governmental department and corporation. The Technology Transfer and Extension Administration under the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation, had been launched during mid 2000's aims at making extension systems farmer driven and farmer accountable by way of new institutional arrangements for technology dissemination in the form of community participation approach at the state level, to make the extension reforms have the active participation of farmers/farmer groups. The main problem facing agricultural extension services in developing countries is poor link between extension organization and research. Both extension administration and Agricultural Research Corporation (ARC) are operating as departments of ministry of Agricultural and irrigation for very long time. There are three recommendations to achieve the effectiveness of the Agricultural Research Corporations (ARC) in reaching farmers. Firstly, extension staff members should be assigned to every ARC station. Secondly, the ARC might increase positions for Agricultural development specialist or Farming System Research (FSR) specialist. Their role would be to reflect the needed of farmer and translate them to the researchable topics. Thirdly, researcher should conduct more research on farmer's fields.