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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Agricultural Extension
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Dec 2015
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Sep 2015
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Jun 2015
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Mar 2015
Selecting the target year
Factors Influencing Decision Making of People Migrated to Rural Area for Farming - Case of Gyeongsangbuk-do -
Woo, Seong-Ho ; Lee, Seong-Keun ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 22, issue 2, 2015, Pages 101~116
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2015.22.2.0101
This study aims to identify the decision-making factors of people who have returned to rural areas for farming and residence according to personal characteristics and regions. The survey was conducted on 420 return farmers of six cities and counties in Gyeongsangbuk-Do from September 1st to October 11th 2013. For data analysis, researchers used 280 answered sheets and utilized two-way ANOVA and multinomial logistic regression analysis. Research results indicate three factors of returning to farm which are pull to rural area, push from city, and policy factor. The highest scores of factor is pull to rural area (2.93), the second one is push from city (2.31), and the lowest score is politic factor (2.18). In addition, these three factors of returning to farm are elucidated by environmental variable, economic variable, and information and opportunity provided by government. In other words, the factor of pull to rural area is related environmental variable and the factor of push from city is affected by economic variable. Lastly, politic factor pertains to information and opportunity provided by government.
A Qualitative Study on Husbands' Experience in Marital Conflict in Multicultural Families - Focused on Critical Incident, Development and Coping -
Jang, Eun-Kyung ; Ryu, Jin-A ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 22, issue 2, 2015, Pages 117~133
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2015.22.2.0117
This study explored at marital conflict in multicultural families, a type of families formed through international marriages, from husbands perspectives. For the purpose of this study, in-depth interviews were used with husbands in multicultural families to ask about marital conflict, and then, conducted a qualitative case analysis. In summary, results of this study are as follows; First, among the decisive events that husbands in multicultural families often experienced in marital conflict with their wives were disrespect toward husbands and parents-in-law, husbands with a low level of trust, feelings of pressure due to financial support for wives' families and children and lack of practical sense about marriage. Second, development of marital conflict that husbands often experienced included aggravated cultural conflict between a couple and between members of the family, difficulty in managing blame and anger, signs of separation or divorce and wives leaving home and limitations in conversation and communication. Third, as to how husbands tried to deal with marital conflict, they tried to be patient and comfort wives, engage in economic activities together, find something that they could focus on, turn to religion or gatherings, use service from government organizations, have trust and develop rules and limit the range of their wives activities.
Indicators of the Destination Competitiveness of Rural Tourism Township in Korea
Yoon, Jun-Sang ; Kim, So-Yun ; Park, Duk-Byeong ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 22, issue 2, 2015, Pages 135~144
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2015.22.2.0135
Competitiveness has been associated in the tourism literature as a crucial factor for the success of tourist destinations. This study is to develop indicators that measure destination competitiveness of rural tourism townships in Korea. It was conducted via a Delphi technique and the analytical hierarchy process method. After four rounds of discussions, the panel members reached consensus on a set of 27 indicators with three dimensions which are attractor (resource, infrastructure, and tourism products), assistance (tourism business assistance and value-added processing assistance), and planning and management (planning for development, capacity for management). This set of destination competitiveness indicators can serve as a starting point for devising a set of indicators at the local level in order to be useful rural tourism sector manager and administrators. The selected indicators are measurable, demand driven and practical to show the real performance in rural destination.
Hired Farm Labor and Policy Direction on Agricultural Labor Markets
Kim, Jeong-Seop ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 22, issue 2, 2015, Pages 145~158
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2015.22.2.0145
The purpose of this study is to analyze the current situation of farm labor and to propose directions to define government policies. First, present condition of family and employed agricultural workforce is analyzed. Second, characteristics in demand of agricultural workforce are analyzed in the consideration of distinctive types of each entity such as crop area. Third, currently existing agricultural workforce employment mechanism is researched and analyzed. Fourth, the policies and system related to agricultural labor market that have already been in practice are analyzed and tasks and direction in establishing those policies are proposed. This study will be helpful for policy makers to understand the agricultural labor markets and to build the institutional system for labor market services.
Disparity of Access to Neighborhood Facilities for the Elderly in Rural Areas - Focusing on Community Facilities -
Kim, Hyun-Joong ; Hwang, Jeong-Im ; Choi, Yoon-Ji ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 22, issue 2, 2015, Pages 159~173
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2015.22.2.0159
The purpose of this study was to identify the conditions of neighborhood facilities for the elderly, paying special attention to the accelerated aging phenomenon in rural areas of Korea. We contrived a new index to measure spatial accessibility for people aged over 65 years, and we analyzed spatial accessibility by focusing on community facilities: public bath facilities, beauty shops, rural public facilities, markets, big stores, and large-scale retail shops. The most outstanding spatial accessibility among community facilities was found with the rural public facilities thanks to governmental installing adequate facilities in the past, followed by the beauty shops and the public bath facilities. In contrast, spatial accessibility of the markets was in the lowest. Spatial accessibility of community facilities for the elderly exhibited high variability among the rural areas. We confirmed significant inequality of spatial accessibility in all facilities we studied. The areas that had better spatial accessibility diverse combinations of the facilities. The areas that had worse spatial accessibility were, on the whole, consistent with traditional undeveloped regions. In the near future rational planning of facilities will be needed to supply adequate accessibility in targeted areas which currently had low accessibility. In order to improve the spatial accessibility of neighborhood facilities, the most essential factor is to take into account the geographical distribution patterns of rural settlements.
Agribusiness Areas on the Employment Sector of Graduates of Agricultural Science college
Kim, Jung-Tae ; Lee, Jong-Sang ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 22, issue 2, 2015, Pages 175~190
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2015.22.2.0175
Most studies examining the sub-categories of agro-industry used to access an inter-industry analysis. However, These are some limitations that researchers set sub-categories differently according to their needs. Thus, This study aims to empirically explore the agro-industry sub-categories by area of academic research on agricultural science. The National Standard Science and Technology Classification(NSSTC) codes were used to classify academic research on agricultural science. This codes were examined the sub-categories using Korean input-output statistics industry and product classification by hiring 220 departments of 37 agricultural colleges. Results showed that studies using an inter-industry analysis coincided in terms of agricultural production, but showed differences in forward and backward linkage industries and services. Forward linkages industry were clearly limited to industries in which agricultural products are inputted as raw materials. Then, in terms of services related to agriculture, Previous studies represent fields such as transport and real estate, which are not included. Moreover, Research institutions overlooked by previous studies occupy an important position.
Significance and Limitations of Chinese Rural Villages Reconstruction - Focusing on the Critical Study on'Farmers' Upstairs(農民上樓)' Phenomenon -
Park, Kyong-Cheol ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 22, issue 2, 2015, Pages 191~203
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2015.22.2.0191
The purposes of this study are to explain the background and significance of the 'Farmers' upstairs'(農民上樓) phenomenon which has been currently promoted as part of the "New Socialist Countryside Construction" in contemporary China, and its positive and negative aspects, and analyze the limitations of 'Farmers' upstairs'phenomenon. 'Farmers' upstairs'means the building of concentrated farmhouses by means of reconstruction of scattered farmhouses here and there, simultaneously by installing cultural, social welfare, and environmental facilities where rural farmer also could enjoy the convenience of urban living. It brings, however, the positive effects such as the improvement of living conditions of rural farmers, the simultaneously expanding of urban construction land and agricultural land, and the new influx of population from urban areas, whiles the negative effectives such as the forced demolition of farmhouses by governments or real estate developers with very lower compensation costs for the demolition of farmhouses, the gap from the standard of living, and above all, the inconvenience caused by the living in a multi-stories building in the rural villages. As a result, it is pointed out that the ongoing 'Farmers' upstairs', promoted as a kind of rural movement beyond a phenomenon, has similarities with the Rural Cooperative Movement(農村合作化運動) of Mao Zedong era(1953-61), namely the People's Commune Movement(人民公社運動) finally failed.
A Study on Developing the Participatory Educational Program of Agricultural Safety and Health for Farmers
Kim, Jin-Mo ; Hwang, Young-Hun ; Sohn, Kyu-Tae ; Cai, Li ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 22, issue 2, 2015, Pages 205~219
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2015.22.2.0205
The purpose of this study was to develop a participatory education program of farmer's safety and health. After investigating the concept and status of agricultural safety and health to identify the problem of farmer's safety and health, we made the model in 3 steps, consist of analysis, design, and development, based on the instructional system design and the participatory instructional method. We also applied the participatory instructional method to the program to facilitate a change in practice by making farmers understand the contents. The findings of this study revealed the followings: 1) we developed the education program focused on characteristics of farmers as learners; 2) the education program was developed based on the model for developing education programs and the specific procedures that we made up; 3) we designed the program in modules to increase the availability; 4) we raised the content validity of the learning contents in the safety and health education program targeting farmers; 5) manuals and supplementaries for teachers were developed from learner's textbooks.
Factors Influencing the National Agricultural Advisory Service in Uganda: Domestic and International Context
Cho, Gyoung-Rae ; Kang, Youn-Hwa ; Koh, Young-Kon ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 22, issue 2, 2015, Pages 221~232
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2015.22.2.0221
In Uganda, the National Agricultural Advisory Service (NAADS) is responsible for agricultural advisory and extension services of the country. NAADS is a semi-autonomous public agency under the Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries (MAAIF) accounted for 45% of the MAAIF total budget. It aims to have a decentralized farmer owned/controlled agricultural advisory service system with increasing participation of the private sector. NAADS is greatly influenced by the extension framework of Neuchatel Group comprising representatives from the cooperation agencies and Official Development Assistance (ODA) donor countries. At the initial stage of the program, only 7 districts promoted the initiative and eventually spread out all over the country afterwards. These initiatives greatly contribute to the agricultural development and increase the farmers' income by 42-53%. However, due to the political intervention, the original goal was manipulated and criticized with briberies and corruption. Recently, the government of Uganda is considering a way to unify the agricultural advisory and extension services under the government programs.
The Influence of the Presence Perceived by Learners and Participation Motivation on Satisfaction in Distance Education
Lee, Jae-Eun ; Yu, Byeong-Min ; Park, Hye-Jin ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 22, issue 2, 2015, Pages 233~243
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2015.22.2.0233
This study is for understanding differences of satisfaction followed by learning and teaching presence perceived by learners and participation motivation on learning in a distance education. General characteristics of learner are classified as an entrance type, sex, age, new/transfer of distance university learners. Perceived presence is classified with learning presence and teaching presence. Participation motivation on learning is classified with the directivity of activity, goal, and study based on the reason of participating in classes in a distance university. And this research tried out to find the effects of learner's characteristics, perceived presence, and participation motivation on learning satisfaction. The results are as follows. First, there was no meaningful difference of general characteristic on satisfaction. It means sex, age, and entrance type did not have an effect on satisfaction. Second, with the level of presence perceived by learner, satisfaction has meaningful differences. It means that students who had higher learning presence perceived of distance university showed higher satisfaction, and so as in teaching presence perceived on satisfaction. Third, factors effecting satisfaction based on participation motivation on learning differ with types of motivation. There was no meaningful difference of the level of activity directivity study participant on satisfaction, but was a meaningful difference of goal directivity and of study directivity in participation motivation on learning satisfaction. It was the learning presence that had a significant effect on learning satisfaction of adult learning.