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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Agricultural Extension
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Jun 2016
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Mar 2016
Selecting the target year
Supporting Policy Scheme for the Youth`s Entrance to Farming in Japanese
Kim, Jongin ; Kim, Jeongseop ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 23, issue 2, 2016, Pages 115~122
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2016.23.2.0115
For 20 years, Japanese government have been pushed forward supporting policy measures for youths who wanted to start farming. These measures made up a systematized scheme and brought out some effects. In this paper, those scheme are introduced and analyzed. Those are composed of several measeurs as following: vocational edcucation and training, internship program, direct payment for livelihood, and governmental subsidies for investment. Japanese scheme can be evaluated as a good policy in the view of Korean situation. There is no systematic policy program for youth`s entrance to farming in Korea.
Analyzing Optimal Farming System Using Linear Programming - Case of Rice Farm in Seosan County, Chungnam -
Kim, Chang Hwan ; Kim, Sung Rok ; Kim, So Yun ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 23, issue 2, 2016, Pages 123~133
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2016.23.2.0123
According to increasing the number of rice farm households, it is important to find optimal farm scale, farm crops, and labour constraints depending on growth time. The study aims to analyze the optimal farming system using the linear programming in Seosan county, Chungnam. The survey was conducted in-depth interview to collect data from one farm household. Results show that farmers change their some crops in dry filed into ginger and hire farm labours in April. The findings should be of interest to rice farmers and policy makers to manage their farm effectively and to support them.
The Effects of Consumers` Characteristics on their Selection of Coffee and Tea
Nam, Kuk-Hyun ; Choe, Young-Chan ; Kim, Jong-Cheol ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 23, issue 2, 2016, Pages 135~144
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2016.23.2.0135
This paper estimated how demographic characteristics, food selection preferences, daily physical activities, and food purchasing patterns of consumers affect the consumer choice to buy coffee and tea by analyzing the Consumer Panel data in 2014 using Multinomial logit model. The results are summarized as follows. First, factors such as age, income, employment status, and educational level were found to be statistically significant upon the impact analysis of consumers` demographic characteristics. Second, the study showed that the first group of consumers drinking less coffee and tea had the highest interest in health, followed by the third group drinking less coffee and more tea, the second group more coffee and less tea, and the fourth group more coffee and tea. In addition, it was also found that the fourth group`s pattern to purchase more coffee and tea could be explained by consumers` food consumption patterns.
A Study on Management Performance and Efficiency of New Domestic Kiwi Fruit `Gold` Growers
Park, Jae-Hyoung ; Chae, Yong-Woo ; Park, Joo-Sub ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 23, issue 2, 2016, Pages 145~156
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2016.23.2.0145
The purpose of this study is to analyze the farms growing domestic kiwi fruit `Gold` on their management performance and efficiency in order to reduce the risks involved with introducing new kind of crops for growing, and suggest improvements. First, the result of analysis showed that domestic kiwi fruit `Gold` growers` income were higher than the average growers due to the fruit`s high unit price and productivity. Second, the analysis of management efficiency resulted in scale efficiency having greater impact on inefficiency rather than pure technical efficiency. As for the analysis of technical efficiency, the depreciation costs of agricultural facilities had the greatest influence on its inefficiency. Third, inefficient farms put in excessive inputs across the board, while labor costs(self labor cost + hired labor cost) were the largest factor of optimal inputs according to the models of technical efficiency and pure technical efficiency. Fourth, because of greater reliance on mechanical tools from rising labor costs, there`s a need for individual farms to avoid buying farming equipments and instead share the equipments of nearby farms and agricultural cooperatives, or start renting agricultural machines from companies.
College Sense of Community in Relations to College-Related Characteristics - Focused on Pyeongtaek University -
Lim, Kwang-Myeong ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 23, issue 2, 2016, Pages 157~167
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2016.23.2.0157
Nowadays a sense of community based on our community further weakens due to globalization, industrialization, the development of transportation and communication, etc and the community as cultural and psychological units is focused on. In other words, the concept that emphasizes the aspect of `we` sharing the unique value and goal of community is used. In this current situation, school as an important community organization has been in the spotlight. In particular, college compared with other communities has a special influence on the community. Therefore it is regarded as an important community organization and its importance as part of our efforts to decrease the college students wastage rates continues to grow. The study about school as an important community organization has been conducted actively. However the people in most studies are elementary, middle, and high school students, so there are limitations to what these study findings apply to college. Therefore, this study conducted factor analysis of college sense of community for local college students, categorized it, analyzed the factors having influence on each factor and then looked for suggestions of ways to strengthen college sense of community. According to study, sense of community is categorized into three factors such as `sense of belonging`, `sense of solidarity`, and `sense of emotional closeness`. After analyzing the factors influencing types of sense of community, factors relevant to them are grades, intimate friends, subjective well-being, community volunteer work, college service satisfaction, and so on.
Can Informal Traditional Institutions Mediate Risk Preferences among Smallholder Farmers? - Evidence from Rural Ethiopia -
Jang, Dooseok ; Atkinson, Joel ; Park, Kihong ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 23, issue 2, 2016, Pages 169~180
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2016.23.2.0169
This paper assesses the role of informal institutions in determining risk preference among smallholders in Tigray, Ethiopia. We use data from a household survey conducted by the Institute of Poverty Alleviation and International Development (IPAID). We find that households which participate in Debo, an informal labor-sharing institution, or have a friend from whom they can receive help are less likely to be risk-averse. However, participation in Iddir, a traditional form of insurance, is not significantly associated with risk preference. Hence, the existence of social institutions that provide assistance and social connections through reciprocity may be affording security against risk beyond that brought by more monetary forms of insurance. Given the importance of risk attitude in mediating the adoption of improved agricultural production, a policy suggestion is to provide selected aid to households which are less risk-averse agricultural investors. Also, Debo as a labor-sharing institution may serve as a nexus for managing aid and knowledge sharing.
Linkage of Agricultural Research and Extension in Paraguay - Interview to Key Actors -
Park, Duk-Byeong ; Ma, Sang-Jin ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 23, issue 2, 2016, Pages 181~193
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2016.23.2.0181
The linkages between agricultural research and extension are important to enhance farmers` competence. The objectives of the study were to explore the linkage between research and extension for the family farm. Data including quantitative and qualitative were obtained from the key actors about the public management regarding linkage which were the method, the topic of the agricultural technology dissemination, and the agricultural research topics. Results show that the main structural problems of the agricultural technology dissemination were technical support services, credit services, and farm planning and infrastructure deficit. Furthermore, as for the topics or content of agricultural technology dissemination, organic agriculture, soil management and conservation, agricultural credit, organizational strengthening, marketing, participatory research, dissemination of technology, equipment, infrastructure and agricultural mechanization were preferred.
Development of Agricultural Cooperative in Cambodia - Lessons from South Korea -
Syden, Reach ; Lee, Misook ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 23, issue 2, 2016, Pages 195~210
DOI : 10.12653/jecd.2016.23.2.0195
The study Development of the Agricultural Cooperative in Cambodia seek to explore the progress of agricultural cooperative( AC) development in Cambodia and South Korea. The experiences of Korea AC development are used to improve the Cambodian ACs. The results of study gave a lessons that the Korea ACs, which were multipurpose cooperatives were formed and owned by the government and had been considered as a successful development strategy for rural and agricultural development. As the government directly managed the businesses and other operations, available budgets, close with monitoring, and active member`s participation the AC in Korea progressed rapidly for both the members and business scopes and it hugely contributed to rural development of Korea. For the future development of AC in Cambodia recommendations based on lessons from Korea AC will give a message to government and NGO. Rural Development always related with farmer`s life. To live well in rural area provide effective mechanism to income increase. To development of AC in Cambodia is future of rural development.