Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Agricultural Extension
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 2 - Dec 1996
Volume 3, Issue 1 - Jun 1996
Selecting the target year
Localization Process of Agricultural Extension Personnel and the Tasks for the Future
Kim, Sung-Soo ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 3, issue 2, 1996, Pages 167~176
Localization process of agricultural extension personnel in Korea were in progress with insufficient debates for effective personnel management. Although the members of the Korean Agricultural Extension Society were strongly opposed to the plan to decentralize agricultural extension personnel from central to local government status, the administrative action took place to localize as of January 1997. The Korean Agricultural Extension Society filed the petition against to the plan pinpointing lowered morale of extension personnel, the financial burden of local governments, jeopardizing stability, undermining efficiency, and people`s attitude towards central and local government. The dangers of decentralization of agricultural extension services may cause serious problems in varied areas. More extensive debates would be needed in deciding the future directions of agricultural extension services analyzing the basic characteristics of agricultural extension, linkages of research and extension, financial burden of local government, specialization of extension personnel, and unnecessary duplication of investment among local governments.
Demand for Agricultural Information;Situation and Implication
Choe, Young-Chan ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 3, issue 2, 1996, Pages 177~195
This study examines the demand for agricultural information at farm level, using Probit and Logit models. 646 farmers are surveyed with a questionnaire to attain the data and 441 of them have responded. The demand functions for computers, agricultural softwares, and agricultural databases at from level have been derived and used to project the demand for agricultural information in year
. Results find that only 5.89% of farmers have PCs at farm and rarely use the agricultural databases and softwares in 1994. The low demand figures are mostly due to the difficulty of using the PCs, databases, and softwares. The demand figures will increase in early 2000`s with 15.46% of farmers having PCs. User Friendly developed softwares and databases, and education for using agricultural information are necessary to increase the demand figures.
The Review of KDAB Agriculture Project for the Rural Development in Bangladesh
Kwon, Byung-Hee ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 3, issue 2, 1996, Pages 197~209
Bangladesh that is known as the poorest country of the world has the large land of fertile soil and very good environment to live, even though we think she may be very bad to live. People being habituated to that good environment, the population explosion made the people to be starven, but the treatment has been simple support without deep analysis of the root of poverty. As the result it is general that the poverty is severer and severer in spite of continuous support. For the last century Korea changed from the country of poverty and despair to that of development and hope, to be model mid vision of under development countries including Bangladesh. At this point it is necessary to look back the way of development to help them to solve their poverty problem. That is the goal of this project, and this thesis is the result of it. It is evaluated for the 1st 5 years work of the project to apply the result to the next 5 years plan. This project had been proceeded from 1. Jul. 1990 to 30. Jun. 1995 at Chilmari area of Bangladesh, with teaching and training to wake up the mentality of the people, demonstration farming and cooperative association. It was proceeded as the Agriculture project of KDAB(Korean Development Association in Bangladesh, an NGO registered to Bangladesh) supported by Good Neighbors, KOICA and many churches and individuals. Especially the teaching and training work was proceeded as the branch of the Canaan Farmer`s School of Korea with instruction and support. After the basic survey for project, the confirmation of working place and the preparation of training facility, 10 times of long term training(3 months worse, boarding) was completed, with many times of short term training, informal training, demonstration farm, various demonstrating works. The results of the work are understanding of the not of problem by participatory observation, making plan to solve it, getting the trust from the people and beginning the practical work with the trainees for development of economy and living situation. The biggest problem of Bangladesh is being understood losing the desire to solve the poverty problem and the self-confidence to be able to do it. It is the conclusion that after solving the problem of thought and mentality, the education, technology and money can be effective for development. So the 1st 5 year project is evaluated as the basic work to analyse the root of problem, to chance mentality of people and to search income source. The next goal is to promote practical living level of people. For that it is necessary to develope die mentality of people including responsibility and self-confidence by teaching and training, to educate cooperative association and technology for economical development, to proceed integrated rural development work with economical development, educational improvement and reformation of environment. It is very important result that they decided to grow poultry for main economical source of Chilmari area, to do economical development work by joint operation of poultry through cooperative association.
Directions for the Soil Revitalization Movement in Agriculture
Chung, Jin-Seok ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 3, issue 2, 1996, Pages 211~218
The soil revitalization movement is the important approach to intensify the agricultural production and sustainable agriculture for the future. The soil have been polluted by abusing chemical fertilizer and inflow foul water from factories and houses during the last three decades. That`s not only farmer`s responsibility but all of us. The cooperative efforts are needed to preserve soil and environment.
The Roles of Crop Units and Agricultural Cooperatives in Korea
Lee, Sang-Young ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 3, issue 2, 1996, Pages 219~232
The Crop Units and Agricultural Cooperatives is experiencing many difficulties with national and international environmental changes. For the developing of Crop Units and Agricultural Cooperatives, Crop Units and Agricultural Cooperatives make endeavor to lead members` spontaneous participation and the efficient communication between members, and to offer the efficient extension services and support activities for improvement of members` economic and social status.
A Study on the Balance of Regional Development and Policy Tasks for Rural community Development
Kim, Tae-Ho ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 3, issue 2, 1996, Pages 233~246
Reviewing the meaning aid task of balance of regional development, this papa examines the causes of the underdevelopment of rural areas in relation to the urbanization process, probes the concept, principle and necessity of rural community development, and suggests the policy tasks for rural community development in the perspective of regionally balanced development. Since 1960's, Korea has pursued a growth-oriented economic policy. The focus on the aggregated growth, however, has resulted bo invite some regional disparity problems. In the process of development, regional disparity problems were quite a large rural areas compared with urban areas relatively. The under-development of rural areas is deeply correlated with the overcrowding (or overconcentration) phenomena of urban(or metropolitan) areas. The urban-biased policy is the primary cause of the deepening regional imbalance structure between urban and rural areas. The inter-regions equitable and well-balanced development is one of the national policy issues by which the government is confronted, since the issue is closely related with national quality of life. Main three policy tasks for rural community development were 'the new paradigm of development policy' , 'local-oriented policy' and 'human-oriented policy'.
A Hermeneutical Analysis of the Program Development for Extension Education in Korea
Kim, Jin-Hwa ; Joeng, Ji-Woong ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 3, issue 2, 1996, Pages 247~264
The objective of this study was to analyze the reality of the program development process in detail accomplished by the organizations of extension education in through the hermeneutical approach. To achieve this purpose, this study tried to find answers to the following three questions : (1) how the organization of extension education develop their programs for farmers? (2) what is the programmers' awareness to the process of program development? and what is the reason for their thought and action to do so. (3) can be discussed integrally the findings for drawing some implications? The qualitative data were mainly gathered through participation observation and unstructured interview. And the qualitative data were analyzed by (1) noting pattern and themes, (2) seeing plausibility, (3) clustering, (4) making metaphors, (5) factoring, and (6) building a logical chain of evidence which hermeneutical techniques far drawing the meaning from the gathered data. The findings of this study were as follows: The programmers of this organization carried out the developing program in the technical training division at the national level and the section of fostering farm manager at the county level for the purpose of delivering the agricultural new technology and the agricultural policy. The term used formly in this organization was `curriculum development for former', and the reality of program was `instruction profile` which signified the set of the educational manin contents. At county level, Educational planning was stressed on the implement of educational administration.
A Study on the Locus of Control and Environmental Behavior of Undergraduate Students
Oh, Hae-Sub ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 3, issue 2, 1996, Pages 265~271
Locals of Control is considered one of the main imporment factors on responsible environmental behaviors(REB). It is defined as an individual's perception of his or ha ability to bring about change through his a her behavior. This psychological construct is divided in two, external and internal. Internal locus of control(ILOC) is imporment as predictor for responsible environmental behaviors. This study was conducted to investigate the Locus of Control and relations with REB in Undergraduate Students. The data were collected mainly through questionnaires and a total of 157 responded questionnaires was analyzed for the study. The statistical methods used in this study were frequency, percentile and correlation. The major findings of this study were (1) Most of undergraduate students had internal locus of control(75.2%). (2) According to region, rural students showed high levels in ILOC and REB.
The Rural People's Level of Value and Morality In Korea and its Implication for Rural Adult Education
Cheong, Deuk-Jin ; Cheong, Ji-Woong ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 3, issue 2, 1996, Pages 273~284
This study aimed at measuring the rural people's level of value and morality, identifying its related variables, and drawing some implications for rural adult education. To measure their value and moral levels, 141 Yoncheon county adults were interviewed or asked to answer the questionnaires based on the Braithwaite and Law's(value) and Rest's(morality) instruments. The data were analyzed mainly by ANOVA, Chi square test and Pearson product-moment correlation. The major findings were: (1) The rural people mainly remained in vital feeling value(fourth) level out of five levels(religious holiness, spiritual, mind, vital feeling and sensible feeling value in order), (2) They remained in harmonious interpersonal expectations stage(fourth mortality level) out of six stage(universal ethical principles, social contract, social conscience maintenance, harmonious interpersonal expectation, instrumental purpose, and punishment/obedience in order), (3) Religion, the number of participation in adult education, and the length of such participation were three variables related to the level of value, and age, schooling years, and the number of family wane three variable related to their morality level, and (4) The relationship between value and morality levels was not significantly identified. Rural adult education needs to be more strengthened for improving their spiritual quality of life.
Modernization Theory and Rural Environmental Problem;From 'Progressive Social Change Theory' toward 'Circular Social Change Theory'
Kang, Jae-Tae ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 3, issue 2, 1996, Pages 285~297
One of the characteristics of the last four decades after 'World War II', was the 'discovery of famine' in the underdeveloped country, like Korea. A flurry of activities followed this sad discovery. Countless organizations and programs were set up to fight poverty and to combat famine in rural sector. In these days, the dominant development theory was 'modernization theory' which have gratuitously assumed that third world countries are like western countries are, and respond to the same stimuli as western countries do, although third world countries have completely different cultures, traditions, and mentality from western countries. Among the many problems caused by 'modernization theory', this research focused on the noel environmental problems. In the West the discovery of nature and its progressive control by means of science and technology are phenomena. Modem progress born in the West and carried to the rest of the world is not integrally positive and therefore can't be identified with the internal development of man and nature. As a result, the so-called modernization of Korea and other countries is contributing to the degradation of the nature and environment. It is important to give up the illusion that the fight against famine is a simple matter that could be solved through the imitation of western countries. It is also necessary to abandon the belief that the earth as a reservoir of unlimited resources, there to be exploited ad hoc for mankind's survival. Man-environment relationship must, essentially, be one of mutualism and not a case of survival of the fittest: In other words, man's survival is directly related to the survival of the earth and its resources.
농촌지도직의 지방화는 졸속 행위;농촌지도사 지방직은 시기상조
Seo, Deok-Gil ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 3, issue 2, 1996, Pages 299~300