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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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Korean Association of Agricultural Extension
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Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 2 - Dec 1997
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Jun 1997
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An Hypothesical Exploration for the Occpuational Socialization Process of Rural Development Worker
Kang, Jae-Tae ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 4, issue 1, 1997, Pages 1~14
This research was carried out to provide the basic informations for the study of the occupational socialization process of rural development workers. Until now in a study of rural development workers, the study about the socialization process, which is to study the whole change during the life, has not been sufficient. The occupational socialization process of rural development workers may be considered both a process from life as a pre-rural development workers to life as a rural development worker and a process of retirement or resigination as a rural development worker. The socialization process of rural development workers in general is presumed as the five steps. Each theme word corresponding to the cultural characters in each step is as following. (1) Expectation toward Uncertainty: Step before Life of Employing (2) Extra-Passion and Trial and Error: Step for Adapting the Working Life (3) Swimming: Step of Dissension and Desperation (4) Sinking or Avoiding Dissension: Step of Stability and Stagnation (5) Emptying a Lonely Mind: Step of Professional Inactivity and Retirement The five steps appear mixedly and irregularly. At each step, rural development workers can feel the sense of fruitage and dignity (a naive compensatory mind) despite appearance intermittent and unclear.
A study on the Social Consciousness Education Approach to Rural Community Development movement
Kim, Tae-Ho ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 4, issue 1, 1997, Pages 15~27
This paper reviews the concept and limits of rural community development, examines the relation between consciousness education and movement, and suggests the model of social consciousness education to rural community movement. Since consciousness education is closely related to social movement methodologically, organizational and systematic community development movements for re-structuring the urban-oreiented policies and education which back up them be followed as natural consequence. Based upon the results of this study, the new paradigm is suggested. As shown in the model, new understanding of urban-rural continuum theory, new roles and concept of social consciousness education should be emphasized to solve the contemporary rural community problems. The organizational community development movement for the rural-oriented policy should be an essential process, and peoples' re-orientation, such as 'breaking stereotype', 'assumming a critical thinking toward social reality' etc., is the indispensible background of successful movement.
An Analysis of the Autonomous Regional Development
Kim, Soo-Suk ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 4, issue 1, 1997, Pages 29~40
This study aims to analyze the model of 'autonomous regional development', which was initiated in 1980s in Austria, then introduced into Germany and Switzerland. The basic ideas of autonomous regional development are constructed of the peculiarity, the autonomy, the integrity, and the project promotion. The subjects of the development-four poles of the model 'autonomous regional development' -are designed of the land residents, the regional advisers, the regional associations and the state. The concret measures to realize the autonomous regional development are the realization of independent regional economic structures, the autonomy of political decision-makings, and the development of peculiar rural cultures. The autonomous regional development is a new development model, which is founded on the right basic principles. In this model the initiative of the residents is emphasized, and the real autonomy of regional development is required. The principle of autonomy leads to the development of peculiar rural cultures, which keep the peculiarity of the region. The development of rural culture contributes in turn to restoring the identity of residents, which may become a driving force of the rural development.
Development of Agro-Industry in the Republic of Korea;With Special Reference to the Development of Rural Industrial Parks and Touristic Farms
Im, Sang-Bong ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 4, issue 1, 1997, Pages 41~56
Localization of the Rural Development Policy
Choi, Chan-Ho ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 4, issue 1, 1997, Pages 57~72
Korean agriculture and rural sector has undergone a wide range of reform after the Uruguay Round. Major policy measure is to put finances of huge budget from tax payers since 1994 in preparation of the Rural Development Strategy and Reform Program. Both in the total amount and individual size of the subsidy and loan for eligible farmers and farmers group are large and drastically enormous than any other programs in the past. The strategy adopted was a bottom-up approach, Particularly in selecting the project with local autonomy. However, it has been still criticized as the form of centralized control of budget and decsion. In terms of the program effectiveness too, it is doubtful to judge that Korean agriculture is in a road to getting the international competetiveness as targeted. Since the local autonomy was started in 1995, the political structure has been settling in a way to be more locally institutionalized. Rural development policy, as the key point of economic and industrial dimension of local autonomy, should be initiated and practiced in real term by the local government. This paper, in this concern, in reviewing the past rural development prolicy and programs, discussed the necessary issues relevant to legal bases of land uses in Korea. Further, the direction of increasing local automous power of local government was discussed in the senses of budgetary control and decision. The power and budget should be allocated more to the rural development plans of local government in order to fulfilize integrated rural spatial development in this new era of globalization.
A Study on the Leadership Style and Development of Agricultural Organization in Korea
Kim, Sung-Soo ; Choi, Min-Ho ; Cheong, Ji-Woong ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 4, issue 1, 1997, Pages 73~89
The purpose of this study was to investigate the leadership style and development of agricultural organization in Korea. Specific objectives of the study were to : 1) identify the leadership style of agricultural organization though literature review, 2) survey the members' opinions about their leadership style, 3) examine the leader's self-estimation of their leadership style, 4) identify the desirable leadership style items of the leaders and members, 5) suggest effective way to the development of leadership style. The study was carried out through literature review and questionnaire survey. Total of 715 farmers were surveyed to collect data, and 501 responded. The statistical techniques applied on the data are frequency, percentile, analysis of variance, multiple regression utilizing the SPSS/WIN, and the statistical significance was tested at .05 level. The major findings of the study were: 1) the leaders motivation and problem solving abilities of agricultural organizations were not enough to satisfy the members, 2) members believed the leaders make somewhat arbitrary decisions, 3) the leaders of the organizations had difficulties to coordinate the different opinions of the members, and 4) the leaders of the organizations felt the need of skills and information on leadership style and development of agricultural organization. For improvement of leadership for agricultural organization, this study suggests; 1) the more education programs should be made and practiced to make their leadership special, 2) all members should make much efforts to have channels for rational communication, 3) the leaders have to give members well-polished incentives for active participation, 4) more governmental support should be given to empower those organizations, and 5) the agricultural organizations, universities and government must establish a strong coordinating system to realize above suggestions.
Perspectives on Agricultural Concerns and Rural Community Development : A Qualitative Approach for Distribution Dimention
Shin, Yun-Ho ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 4, issue 1, 1997, Pages 91~96
Software Development for Pig Production and Management
Choe, Young-Chan ; Choe, Sang-Ho ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 4, issue 1, 1997, Pages 97~120
This study intends to develop a computer software for an efficient swineherd production and management. Current softwares are concerned on the sow management and ignore the actual farm environment. This study focuses on the farm environment in developing the software and covers the production management financial management, marketing management, and business planning for swineherd farm. The FSR(Farming Systems Research) analysis and interview survey aye applied to collect the data for the system planning, farmer's demand and analysis on the system, system design and program development. The systems are designed to meet the needs for the progressive swineherd farmers. Visual FoxPro 5.1 is used to develop the system. The developed system includes pig farm financial records keeping and management, pig farm production management program, pig farm marketing management program, and pig farm business diagnosis and planning program to meet the scope of the study. The weekly maintenance records and financial records are adopted for the input interface since most of farmers use their computer less than 5 hours a week. Pulldown Menu systems are adopted and designed for easy use by structuring to meet the pig farm and system demands. The manu system allocates the input-output screen based on the sectors, scopes, users, frequencies, importances, and the usages of the information. The GUI(Graphic User Interface) method is used to develop input-output screens for easy use. Backward Chaining mechanism fo the Expert System is used in the diagnosis of the pig farm management and the Systems Simulators Approach is used in the pig farm management planning.
Status and Tasks of Social Education Programs of Sunchon National University Farming Promotion Cente
Kim, Jae-Ki ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 4, issue 1, 1997, Pages 121~146
Sunchon National University Farming Promotion Center is a unique social education institution for the farmers. This study intends to analyze the educational and training programs for future farmer candidates with a expert technology, successors to the rural leaders of Saemaul Movements, expert farmers, the students of farming practice courses in the Department of Agricultural Education, and the citizens participating in the social education courses. It is an urgent problem to recruit the experts in social education, and in specialized and advanced farm management technology. A committee for the betterment of the social education program should be consisted of the social education experts, and alumni of the Farming Promotion Center to share their farming information with one another. In order to achieve the successful goal in the education program of the Farming Promotion Center, the well planned field trips and the supervised farming practices should be secured, and the follow-up management system for the people finishing the courses of the educational programs should be formulated.
A Study on Present Status and Directions for Improvement of Rural Youth Education in Korea
Choi, Min-Ho ; Kwon, Il-Nam ; Lee, Jong-Man ; Kim, Jin-Hwa ; Kim, Sung-Soo ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 4, issue 1, 1997, Pages 147~164
The objectives of this study were to investigate the present status and problems of rural youth education, and to recommend desirable directions for improvement of rural youth education in Korea. The major findings of the study were: 1) programs of activities and financial supports for rural youth education were insufficient, 2) linkages of formal education with non-formal education were rather weak, 3) programs for humane characteristics and affective domain development were rare, and 4) opportunities for recreation and leisure, and career guidance were limited. For better rural youth education in the future, this study suggests; 1) the more programs should be made available for rural youths considering their developmental stages, 2) to strengthen the linkages between school education and non-formal education, 3) to give more opportunities for recreation and leisure, 4) to emphasize career guidance opportunities for the rural youths, 5) to develop programs for improving affective and character development, and 6) more governmental support should be given to empower rural youth educations.
Legal Characteristics of Agricultural Extension Organization
Yoon, Yeo-Hak ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 4, issue 1, 1997, Pages 165~173
This paper reviewed the legal bases and characteristics of agricultural extension services and organizational changes during the last fifty years in Korea. It was found that the legal bases extension services were rather weak are very important factors affecting agricultural extension services and organizational structures of agricultural extension institutions. It would be necessary to take legal steps to strengthen agricultural extension services by institute legal proceedings the characteristics of extension organization including the relationships among central, provincial and county level extension services, missions and objectives, personnel and facility management.
A Study on Some Issues of Rural Environment Degradation
Kim, Soo-Wook ; Park, Eun-Hee ; Park, Ji-Hang ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 4, issue 1, 1997, Pages 175~193
The agricultural development of Korea has occurred at the expense of natural resources and environmental quality, and, today, one of the most urgent problem in the practices of intensive livestock farming is disposing of the animal wastewater. As a result, soil and water degradation and other environmental deterioration become apparent and they cause long-term loss in agricultural production. This paper attempted to summarize the environmental problems associated with agricultural activities, and to get some implications to minimize agricultural environment problems. It is proposed that sustainable agricultural is one of desirable directions for future Korean agriculture. The goal of the sustainable agricultural effort is to utilize the potential environmental quality problem. Agricultural operations may be more dependent upon the production practices and waste management techniques utilized by farmers than the size of the operation, the number of animal fed, or amount of waste involved. Also low-input farming technology can be suggested one of them, and disposing system of agricultural residues and animal waste should be developed with intensive concerns and financial supports.
Agricultural Development Strategy in Bong-Wha County
Lee, Soo-Cheul ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 4, issue 1, 1997, Pages 195~199
Under the WTO, Bang-Wha country's agriculture is experiencing many difficulties and environmental changes. For overcoming this situation, some agricultural development strategy should be established in Bong-Wha county. First, special agricultural products adapt to local condition should be produced. Second, innovation technics should be developed in local agriculture. Third, marketing activities should be improved in local agricultural products. Finally, organic agricultural products' development should be activated.
A Theoretical Study on the Measurement of User Information Satisfaction on the Information System
Ahn, Sang-Keun ; Choi, Min-Ho ; Kim, Sung-Soo ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 4, issue 1, 1997, Pages 201~209
The objective of this study were 1) to review concepts of user information satisfaction (UIS), 2) to analyze tools for measuring user information satisfaction, 3) to identify factors affecting information satisfaction. The study was carried out by the analysis of literatures related to information system. The construct of UIS has been operationalized in many different ways. Several studies employed single-item rating scales; such scales have been criticized as unreliable. Single-item scales also provide little information as to what the user finds dissatisfying(satisfying) and are thus of limited utility outside a research setting. Multiple-item UIS measures have become increasingly common. Generally, they are of two types. The first focuses on the information system product. With such diverse names as "system acceptance", "output quality", and "appreciation", these scales focus on the content of the information system and the manner in which the information is presented. The second type of multiple-item scale includes the organizational support for developing and maintaining the system as well as the system product itself. This type of instrument contains items concerned with training, documentation, development procedures, systems maintenance, etc., as well as items related to system content. Thus it provides an indicator of the overall quality of information services provided by an information service function. Generally, UIS measures have not been carefully validated. Recently, however, several rigorous attempts have been made to develop valid and reliable UIS measure.
Principles and Directions of Eco-friendly Development for Settlement of Environmental Problems
Kim, Dae-Hee ; Kim, Hyun-Soo ; Kang, Jeong-Ok ; Choe, Young-Chang ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 4, issue 1, 1997, Pages 211~229
An environmental problem is the greatest barrier to pursuit of mankinds existence and development. The major traits of this problem are totality and complexity, therefore the finding of environmental problem's solutions is very difficult. The eco-friendly development that pursuing the ecological principles is the direction of environmental problem's solutions. Environmentally sound and sustainable development, deep ecological thought or environmentalism, the following of god's creation order and the old oriental thought are patterns and principles of eco-friendly development. Every creature has one ecological niche from the ecological principles of adoption, competition, evolution, variety, circulation, harmony and equilibrium. Ecological niche means that every creature has ecological status and duty. Therefore finding the mankinds ecological niche is important because it is desirable directions for eco-friendly development to solve environmental problems.
The Characteristics and meanings of the Agricultural Extension Work during the Period of Japanese Rule
Lee, Han-Ki ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 4, issue 1, 1997, Pages 231~243
Objective of the study was to investigate characteristics and meanings of the agricultural extension work during the period of Japanese
through historical review on the work. The agricultural extension work during the period of Japanese rule was categorized into six patterns such as agricultural extension work by (1) government agricultural administration system, (2) agricultural experiment/research institute, (3) public school, (4) through the movement of rural development(Nong-chon-Jinheung Undong), (5) pro-government private organization, and (6) pure private organization. In conclusion, the characteristics of the extension work were defined; 1) a tool and/or method for colonial rule, 2) non-democratic and top-down extension work by administration, 3) authoritative and coercive work initiated by governmental system, 4) nation wide work of cooperation with public and private organization, 5) extension work focused on production increasing food and industrial materials, and 6) extension work initiated by government system without participation of pure private organization. The meanings of the extension work were reviewed in two ways. Firstly, in macro point of view, the work has negative meaning that was utilized as a tool and/or method for Japanese colonial rule, since the extension work was implemented under the direction of agricultural policy and was also directly related to the policy of Japanese colonial government. Secondly, in micro point of view, the work has significant meaning either negative or positive such as 1) beginning of modernized extension work based on experiment and research, 2) introduction of forcible agricultural extension work, 3) inducement of distrust tendency to agricultural policy and agricultural extension work, 4) establishment of basis in hardware of agricultural extension work, 5) production of experience in software of agricultural extension work, and 6) improvement of recognition toward scientific farming and improvement of level in agricultural techniques.
A Study on the Korean Rice Farmer's KAP of the Integrated Pest Management Project for Sustainable Agriculture in Korea
Kim, Sang-Nam ; Cheong, Ji-Woong ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 4, issue 1, 1997, Pages 245~255
The objectives of this study were (1) to analyze the degree of rice farmers' knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of the Integrated Pest Management (IPM), (2) to determine the related variables for decisions on pest control, and (3) to indicate desirable direction for IPM farmers' field training. The study was carried out through a questionnaire method and sane interviewing survey of 300 rice farmers by the IPM trainers who participated in IPM training in 1994 or 1995. The data were collected from 268 respondents to the questionnaire consisted of KAP and related variables. The major findings of the study were as follows: 1. The KAP score of the farmers concerning IPM were 71 for knowledge, 76.2 for attitude and 74 for practice on average. 2. The KAP score was higher for farmers cultivating larger land size and for those with more participation in IPM training. Also the KAP was higher for the members of the Rural Leaders Association and Future Farmers Association than any other groups. 3. The IPM farmers had strong positive attitudes towards the resistant rice varieties. However, the practical pest control rate of the IPM farmers was low for conservation of natural enemies, timely control following occurrence and plant compensation what few pest were presence in the paddy field. 4. The KAP Score on the economic threshold level and safe pesticide use was relatively low for elder farmers and for those with lower educational background. Most farmers preferred calendar spraying methods for preventive pest control to any other method of pest control. Knowledge was relatively low on pesticide and environmental contamination. 5. Decision making on pest control depends on the extension officer and rural leader's opinion. The survey method for pest occurrence by directly counting pest in the field was only 22.9% among the farmers of this study. 6. Most farmers used pesticide for preventive pest occurrence even when pest didn't occur in their field. The average number of pesticide applications per cropping season in rice field was 3.7 times, and the number of mixed pesticides per application was 4.3 kinds of pesticides. Also 6 recommendations were made in this study for improvement of IPM farmer's training.
The Curriculum Development Model for Farmers Education
Kim, Jin-Goon ; Choi, Min-Ho ; Kim, Jae-Ho ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 4, issue 1, 1997, Pages 257~268
The objectives of this study were 1) to investigate the curriculum development process in formal education, 2) to estimate the percent situation of planning and implementation of farmers education and 3) to establish the curriculum development model for farmers education. The major results were as follows; 1) It was regarded as the important issue that the participation of learners/farmers should be more increased in planning and implementing process of education program. 2) The farmers education curriculum/program was defined as the whole learning activities planned to achieve the educational goal efficiently. 3) The curriculum development model with the nine steps containing the educational procedure, methods and duties was established.
A Comparison of Rural Development Programs between China and Thailand
Song, Yong-Sup ; Kim, Sung-Soo ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 4, issue 1, 1997, Pages 269~281
This study intended to compare rural development programs between China and Thailand, focused on research and extension activities. In China, Agricultural Science Administration(ASC) took charges in agricultural research, and under the ASC there were 39 agricultural organizations throughout the country. There were distinctive differences as to condition of agricultural areas, under-developed area at middle and developing area by sea and river. To improve agricultural production in China, diffusion of new agricultural technology would be important along with supplying equipment such as soil test kits, plant nutrition analysis sets and vehcles for extension educators. In Thailand, under the Ministry of Agriculture & Cooperatives, there were five departments, seven divisions and eight national enterprises. Among them, Department of Agriculture was in charge of agricultural research while the Department of Agricultural Extension for extension services. Each department had sub-division and provincial organization including personnel management and budget. However, the relationships and consistency between the Department of Agriculture and the Department of Agricultural Extension needed to be improved for better cooperation of research and extension.
Present Status and Development Directions for Upbringing Full-time Young Farmers
Yang, Seung-Choon ; Choi, Min-Ho ; Kim, Sung-Il ; Cheong, Ki-San ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 4, issue 1, 1997, Pages 283~292
The objectives of this study were to identify present status of services for upbringing young farmers, and to suggest development directions for upbringing full-time young farmers in Korea. The present status of services for upbringing full-time young was not sufficient, and needed to be improved. The future development directions suggested by the researchers were : 1) to build integrated upbringing service policy ; 2) to systematize upbringing services ; 3) to share the roles of institutions that concerned with the service ; and 4) to reinforce and coordinate activities of various organizations for upbringing full-time young farmers.
A Survey on Nutrition and Health Status of the Elderly in Rural Area
Bae, Sung-Eui ; Kim, Sun ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 4, issue 1, 1997, Pages 293~304
Studies about nutritional status, dietary behaviors and food preferrence as well as health status were performed to 110 homo-living elderly in rural area, Asan. The results obtained by questionnaires and interviews for 24-hr dietary recall were as follows. They were 68.6 years of average age. The weights were 53.8kg and 51.4kg of male and female, respectively and BMI 22.0 and 23.5. Their prevalence of obesity and high blood pressure were 65.5% and 60.5%, respectively, which seemed to be less than ones in large cities. More than 50% of the elderly thought their health as good or so-so. Physical health conditions by check list were indicated as 2.26 points, which meant the listed physical symptoms observed seldom(3pts) to sometimes(2pts). Evaluations on food frequency and seasoning tendency resulted in superior quality of female elderly's meals to that of male ones. Average daily intake of energy, protein, vitamin A, riboflavin and ascorbic acid of the elderly in rural area were lower than Korean RDA for the aged
and riboflavin was found to be the least sufficient nutrient. Their monthly expenditure, meal-accompany and skipped meals were significantly related to daily nutrient intake.
The Relationships between the Levels of Evaluation of the Training & Development for Job skills
Kim, Jin-Mo ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 4, issue 1, 1997, Pages 305~315
The propose of this study was to analyze the relationships among the levels of training & development evaluation (reaction, learning, transfer). The study has been conducted on 730 trainees who attended in the basic accounting program in L training and development institution through three incidents of tracked research such as reaction survey right after the conclusion of training, learning evaluation through test, and an evaluation of the transferability after 3 months of training. Questionnaires and test papers for analyses were used after their reliability, validity, difficulty, and discrimination have been verified on a pre-test. The research has been conducted for six months from 4 March 1996 to the end of August 1996, and data have been collected through direct research and survey through mail. The collected data have been worked on at SAS program for Windows with a statistical significance level of 5%. Statistical method that had been used was Pearson's correlation coefficient. The result and conclusion acquired from this study were as follows: Between reaction and learning, learning and transfer of training, only a weak positive correlation exists and explanation or prediction variance showing hierarchical relationship was quite weak with 1%. Thus, this research not only does not strongly support Kirkpatrick(1976)'s hierarchical model of
, but also indicates that the separate measurement on each levels of training evaluation needs to be done. On the other hand, there was a relatively strong positive correlation between reaction and transfer of training. Based on the result, the conclusion, and the restriction perceived through this study, the following suggestions were made. 1. There is a need to empirically analyze and verify the hierarchy of all levels of training evaluation including the evaluation of the fourth level (result) such as organizational productivity, organizational satisfaction, and separation rate. 2. A great deal of efforts will be needed to systematically analyze what the relationships are among the methods measuring the level of evaluation of the training and development, and to apply this result to the training field.
A Theoretical Review on the Community Attachment
Choi, Chang-Wook ; Kim, Sung-Soo ; Yoon, Joon-Sang ; Park, Duk-Byeung ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 4, issue 1, 1997, Pages 317~327
The objectives of this study were to review studies on the community attachment and to identify it's related variables. Community attachment variables were divided into linear development model variables and system model variables. The theoretical base for linear development model originated from Ferdinand Toennies(1957) and system model was from Kasarda and Janowitz(1974). Linear development model variables were population size and density. And system model variables were age, education, income, number of children, marital status, length of residence, sex, and job. Recent studies on the community attachment were being carried out through system model than linear development model.
The Critics on the Normative Career Development Theory
Song, Byeong-Kug ; Lee, Chae-Shik ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 4, issue 1, 1997, Pages 329~337
Normative models for explaning the career decision-making process are not sufficient to enable the career counselor to help a client understand and influence the factors affecting his career. Actually, the particular people and life events that are unpredictable and subject to chance often influence on career behavior. Therefore, it is needed the development of a models of career decision-making that recognizes both normative and chance influences. The focus in this article is on the development of career decision-making within various lift contexts and the recognition that individuals may prepare themselves to use unexpected opportunities in the career decision-making process.
A Study on the Level of Value of Rural Adolescents
Cheong, Deuk-Jin ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 4, issue 1, 1997, Pages 339~351
This study intended to enhance the quality of life of rural adolescents through survey 185 young people in YeonChun County, in the course of measuring the level of life of adolescents and finding several variables related with the level and drawing some applications for enhancement. As a result of this study we had some findings 1) the most young people were belonging to the second (vital feeling value) level and third (mental value) level 2) Sex, religion, tendency oriented to other person were three related variables with the level. The more the people having other-oriented tendency the higher the level of value. Female, Christian is higher in the level. 3) Many adolescents showed little hearty satisfaction concering their own life 4) The level of act in their real life were corresponded with the level of value 5) Characteristics of high value-level adolescents against low value-level ones were that they had high level of value-recognition, less family member. The hit ratio was 83.7 percent. On the basis of this study the following suggestions for the improvement of quality of life for youth in the rural area in the future. First, we should make a great effort in value education in order to clearly get the goal of the true life. The quality improvement such as the education of mental life and religion for the young people by developing programs to continously improve the value of life. Second, the necessity of behavior guiding other oriented tendency should be emphasized. We should connect adolescents with value recognition through more interest in actions. And third, it is necessary to make a professional effort for the improvement of level of value, that is, an in depth study of the theoretical systemization.
The Institutional Refining of the Agricultural Extension system After the Localization
Cho, Yong-Cheol ; Song, Yong-Seop ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 4, issue 1, 1997, Pages 353~358
In January 1997, there was a change in agricultural extension system enrolling the provincial and county level extension personnel in local government. They were previously enrolled in central government. Even though the extension agents' status were secured, but there were some complaints from the extension personnels until now. The purpose of this study was to examine the possibility to improve the extension service after the change. Some of the tasks for improvements from the change were as follows; 1) Revision of the laws related to rural development to protect against side effects on the localization, 2) Revision of the provisions to interchange personnels between the central and local extension service, 3) Provisions for organizing county level agricultural extension committee, and 4) Central government's support for the personnel expenses of local extension agents. Though there were such several improvements, some extension personnel still raise objection to the change as following; (1) the right of personnel management mandated partially from the chief of local government to the chief of the extension office, (2) substantial raising of the extension agents' pay, and 3) promotion in rank of extension educators.
Present Status and Development Projects of Korea National Agricultural College
Suh, Gyu-Sun ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 4, issue 1, 1997, Pages 359~370
The Korea National Agricultural College (KNAC) was established as a special three academic years(six semesters) course by the Presidential Act in July 1995 and opened on March 20, 1997. According to the Act, the students of KNAC are granted free boarding in dormitory, full support of educational expenses, and, after completion, exception in military service and financial support for farming, which is their obligation to do for a double period of the total school year. With these institutional favors KNAC is hight expected to bring up promising young farm managers in Korea. However, actual competitive young farm managers are brought up by the well organized education with emphasis on learning by doing approach. With the relation to the education this study was performed to review and examine present situation of faculty organization, facilities and equipments, curriculum including field training in home land and oversea's counties. This study found out that there were undesirable aspects such as unbalanced faculty members among the departments, lack of practice farm land and limited budget in field training, which should be improved to achieve the objectives of KNAC.
A Study on the University Agricultural Extension Education in Korea
Kim, Jin-Hwa ; Kim, Sung-Soo ; Kwon, Il-Nam ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 4, issue 1, 1997, Pages 371~384
The objectives of this study were to investigate the present of agricultural extension education implemented in agricultural colleges since 1993 and to explore the development directions for strengthening the agricultural extension education in Korea. The Advanced Agricultural Management Program (AAMP), College of Agriculture & Life Sciences, Seoul National University is a rural adult education program for selected young farmers as a part of university extension education. The AAMP offers classes to farmers to improve their managerial skills in farming including high-technology agriculture, farm management, communication and information, and also offers various classes in the area of social, economic, and cultural affairs to improve leadership. Since the innovative AAMP started in March 1993 at the Seoul National University, 18 local national and private universities have adopted this model within six months to a year period. The AAMPs are integration of formal education with extension education, and expected develop understanding of the problems of rural areas and a strategic model for rural development. The programs are expected to contribute to develop human resources in agriculture and rural society, activate university extension, and lead the balanced development between urban and rural sectors in Korea.