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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Agricultural Extension
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Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Dec 1998
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Jun 1998
Selecting the target year
Community Development and Community Leadership
Lee, Sung ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 5, issue 1, 1998, Pages 1~10
Rural communities have been isolated from social and economic changes underway in the broader society. Trends towed an urbanized society have depopulated many rural areas (Flora, et al, 1992). The South Korean government has targeted efforts toward an urban centered economic development policy, which has neglected the rural areas. The South Korean government also has indoctrinated rural community development with a quick-fix approach. Self-directed economic organizations based in rural South Korea began to emerge in the late 1980s. Since the 1980s, South Korean agricultural sectors have been overshadowed by globalism. McMichael (1996) stated that rural communities have two options. A immunity should either End its niche (i.e. the commodities or products that can have advantages in the international trade market) or protest against globalism to survive if rural communities fail to find a niche under globalism. South Korean neat communities did not have enough natural resources nor enough money to invest for their rural community economic development programs. These limitations made it difficult for South Korean coral communities to compete in a global economic environment. Israel, Coleman, and Ilvento (1993) stated that local leadership is a critical component in the ability of communities to respond to lang-standing problems and emerging needs. Swinth and Alexander (1990) asserted that rural leaders are critical actors in rural community development. Whether rural communities succeed in finding their niche or not, the role of rural community leaders is important for rural communities to find ways to cope in the international agriculture market.
A Systems Approach on the Lingkages in Agricultural Technology System
Song, Song-Sup ; Kim, Sung-Soo ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 5, issue 1, 1998, Pages 11~30
The lack of close working relationship between agricultural research, extension organizations and farmers, is one of the most difficult problems confronting agricultural technology system. Systems approach is an effective method to use in indentifying lingkage problems in agricultural technology system, and it is a problem-solving methodology. There are two basic types of linkage mechanisms; organizational and managerial. Organizational mechanisms involve the structural modification of the research and extension organizations involved in an agricultural technology system. The other major type of lingkage mechanisms involves a range of managerial interventions such as joint planning and review activities, collaborative program activities, and resource allocation procedures, etc.
Viewpoints and Limits of Anthropocentrism and Ecocentrism to the Environmental Problem
Lim, Hyung-Baek ; Oh, Hae-Sub ; Kim, Dae-Hee ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 5, issue 1, 1998, Pages 31~44
An environmental problem is the important issue of mankind. It should be treated main discourse in our period. There are many assertions related to environment but they are not to be clearly classified because of miscellaneous paradigm. It is possible to classify into two category on the basis of human attitude toward nature and environmental problem. One of them is anthropocentrism and the other is ecocentrism. This classification is helpful to understand various environmental discourses. Owing to different paradigm approach, anthropocentrism and ecocentrism have different concept for environmental problem. Anthropocentrism is powerful to the real life in behalf of economic rationalism. But ecocentrism is important for the only settlement of environmental problem in ecocentric perspectives. Therefore a new scheme for environmental problem solving is necessary through combining the merits of anthropocentrism and ecocentrism.
Agrarian System Approach in the Regional Agricultural Development;systematical analysis on the structure and function of the rural area
Oh, Hyun-Seok ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 5, issue 1, 1998, Pages 45~59
Regional agricultural research has been activated since the mid of 1980s by the government`s integrated rural development policy based on regional unit(kun). It is called upon to meet the challenges which the agriculture confronts in the general evolution of the society. However, regretfully it seems this new approach has not succeeded in developing its own theoretical tools for the diagnostic analysis of regional agriculture. So, this study would introduce the french agrarian system theory which has been developed by the interdisciplinary research groups of the France`s National Agricultural Research Institute, which is now filtering outside the country to various parts of the world. It attempts also to apply the above theory to analyse one of agricultural regions located in the province Cheollabukdo, so as to see its theoretical pertinency and efficiency in the regional agricultural development planning which constitute the main part of the regional planning.
The Social Networks of Rural Community Leaders;comparison study between more and less viable rural communities
Lee, Sung ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 5, issue 1, 1998, Pages 61~70
Search Conference in Community Development Planning
Kim, Jung-Keun ; Lee, Sung ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 5, issue 1, 1998, Pages 71~77
A Study on the Organization and Activity of Peasant Movement in Western chungnam , Korea
Bae, Sung-Eui ; Lee, Dae-Yol ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 5, issue 1, 1998, Pages 79~91
This study investigated and summarized the history of peasant movement which had been done by various peasant associations Yesan, Hongsong, and Tangjin from the beginning of Korean Catholic Peasant Movement from 1970 to 1995. First of all, we classified all the peasant movements(Yesan ; 120 times, Hongsong; 113 times and Tangjin; 107 times / total; 340 times) into 5 categories composed of movement time, movement type, movement method, the number of participators, and the movement subjects(issues). The frequency of peasant movement from 1990 to 1995, occupied 65.6%, which shows that the peasant movement was the most active during the time. The frequency of movement type, were we could find out, self-dependence type(62.9%), resistance type(15.6%) and request type(21.5%). The active way like congregation, demonstration, sit-in, rice file up struggle occupied 28.8% and it got the first place in movement way. In the movement subject category, the construction of organizations and solidarity activity amounted to 37.8% and democratization item(the union democratization and the social democratization related peasant) covered 16.8%. The 98 times of peasant movement were done in the active ways such as congregation and demonstration. However we cannot find these active ways in 1970s. In 1980s, the frequency of each item (congregation, demonstration, publicity and propaganda) was 28 times. But in 1990s, the frequency of congregation, or demonstration was higher than the others. The number of participators in peasant movement increased during 1980s∼1990s. The movement of which participators were 100∼499 was 32 times in 1980s and 70 times in 1990s each time. Such large scale movement amounted to over 30%. Furthermore, the large scale movement in which over 500 people participated amounted to 12 times in 1990s.
A Study on the Reasonable Standard of Location;allocation for a new administrative center in provincial area
Yoon, Jun-Sang ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 5, issue 1, 1998, Pages 93~102
The objectives of the study were 1) to make the reasonable standard, 2) to select the objective and scientific method and process for the location-allocation of a new provincial capital city. The Main standard of location-allocation were suggested as follows ; 1) Integration of province 2) Convenience of Administration service 3) Accomodations of new provincial capital city 4) Balanced development by region. The validity of location-allocation were reviewed the population potentials and nodal accessibilities. The population potential was examined to find the maximum point of administrative demand, and the locationallocation model was examined to find the minimum point of the aggregated travel-cost to a proposed provincial government office. The nodal accessibilities measured in travel-time distance and actual values. Two major concerns in locating public facilities are efficiency and equity.
A Critical view on the Agricultural Extension System's reorganization
Yang, Seung-Choon ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 5, issue 1, 1998, Pages 103~112
This research was carried out to provide the information for the reorganization of County Extension system. In order to develop the extension system, basically we must understand the various characteristics of the extension organization such as farmer`s needs, community environments and its releated organizations. In respose to localization, county extension organization will be changed by the consderation its unique characteristics.
Community Attachment of Residents and Its Related Variables
Yoon, Jun-Sang ; Choi, Chang-Wook ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 5, issue 1, 1998, Pages 113~122
Community Attachment variables(specially, system model variables : gender, age, education, income, number of children, marital status, length of residence, and job) have been tested. The data for this study were collected from 295 residents of Yesan in Chungnam. The SPSSWIN package was utilized for data analysis. Frequency, percent, t-test, and ANOVA were utilized for statistical analysis. Each hypothesis was tested at .01, .05, and 01 level. The major findings of this study were: 1) the range of community attachment score was
. The mean score of community attachment was 29.8 with a standard deviation of 5.34. 2) t-test showed that job was statistically significant at .05 level among gender, marital status, and job. 3) length of residence, age, and numbers of children were statistically significant at .05, .10, and .01, respectively.
Tasks of Agricultural Extension in Korea;with special reference to cooperative agricultural extension services in the united states and it's implication
Choe, Yeong-Chang ; Kim, Sung-Soo ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 5, issue 1, 1998, Pages 123~132
After late 1980s, new approach is needed for satisfying with people's various information needs and better quality of life on Korean extension service. The United States began modern extension service at first and has influenced many countries. Cooperative extension service has helped people practically by searching into people's problem and developing various channel to diffuse. Cooperative extension adopts changes in extension service environment and puts them to use. Based on the extension service in the United States, following recommendations were suggested; 1) carrying out extension service to meet the changing needs of people, 2) strengthening the extension function of agricultural Colleges, 3) review of cooperative agricultural research and extension, 4) developing programs and management, 5) accumulation agricultural information and utilizing them.