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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Agricultural Extension
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Dec 1999
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Jun 1999
Selecting the target year
National Tasks and Agricultural Extension Education in the 21st-Century.
Kim, Sung-Soo ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 6, issue 2, 1999, Pages 1~1
New Paradigm for Agricultural Extention Service in the 21st-Century
Kim, Jae-Ho ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 6, issue 2, 1999, Pages 3~15
The objectives of this study were 1) to review the developmental process of agricultural extension services since 1960 in Korea, and 2) to suggest new paradigm of agricultural extension education in the 21st century. The study suggested major objectives of agricultural extension service in Korea should be focused on; 1) Agricultural technology transfer for environmentally friendly food production, 2) Diffusion of energy saving and safe farming technologies and upbringing export oriented agriculture, 3) Education and training of capable farmers for competitive world, and 4) Technological support for home improvement considering harmony of human, environment and life. To achieve major objectives of extension services the following strategies should be employed; 1) National administration and financing. 2) Farmer oriented services should be performed since extension education is originally two-way communication process to help farmers in better decision making, 3) Human resource development for extension educators to meet increasing demands of target population, and policy measures should be implemented to increase morale of extension educators, and 4) Role of public extension should be strengthened to meet needs of majority farmers and public interests in the knowledge based information society in the 21st century.
A Study on the Way of Development for Rural Extension Work in Korea under the Period of Localization
Lee, Yong-Hwan ; Kang, Kwon-Young ; Kim, Hyun-Jin ; Lee, Jong-Bum ; Song, Yong-Syub ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 6, issue 2, 1999, Pages 17~38
Rural extension work in Korea has been carried out as a national government project by the Rural Development Administration since 1962. But almost all of the extension workers transferred to local government employ in 1997 and the 7,480 extension workers in 1997 decreased to 5,082 by the end of 1999 through restructuring of the government system. Traditionally, the extension worker has carried out educational jobs but many extension workers was to carry out the administrative responsibility in addition to the educational job as the rural extension system was changed. This study was to evaluate the rural extension system under the localization, extension activities, methods, extension worker's morale, and so forth. Most of extension workers are embarrassed about the changing of the extension system and their duty.
Agricultural Extension in Information Age
Choe, Young-Chan ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 6, issue 2, 1999, Pages 39~51
For the last 10 years, many institutions have tried to build more effective rural information system. They have devoted most effort to build DB/NWs for agribusiness, farmers, and rural community. However, their information system has not satisfied the demands on farm. To meet the farmer's demands, rural information system should be a farm-oriented, educational, democratic, realistic, and comprehensive information system. Few suggestions are raised to build successful information based agriculture and rural community. First, we should focus more on developing a farm based MIS SWs rather than the DB/NWs. Second, we should emphasize education and AS of information system more than development of the system. Third, governments should invest more to build better information infrastructure for rural community including information super highways.
Directions for Revision of Rural Development Law
Lee, Min ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 6, issue 2, 1999, Pages 53~74
This study aimed at exploring new directions for revision of the Rural Development Law. Research and development for environmentally friendly agricultural technologies and localization of the extension offices and staffs were some of the important challenges to agricultural extension services in Korea. The study suggested new directions for revision of the Rural Development Law should consider new development and environmental concerns of agricultural sciences, and needs of farmers, local and central government. Some of major focus of the revised Rural Development Law should include the following; 1) Rural development programs should cover extended areas of newly developed concerns and target groups, 2) County and city administration should provide proper administrative and financial support for local agricultural extension center. 3) Areas for agricultural research and development should be extended to meet the needs of newly developed technologies and sustainable environment system at local level, 4) Monitoring and evaluation of extension efforts should be performed annually to support financially and to strengthen proper systematic linkage between national and local extension services.
Directions for More Effective County Extension Committees
Martens, Daniel C. ; Kim, Sung-Soo ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 6, issue 2, 1999, Pages 75~84
Minnesota state law requires County Extension Committees (CECs). The County Board of Commissioners appoints committee members. Extension Educators are responsible for using CECs to assure the value of Extension work in the County. This paper will explore underlying values, principles and practices that can effect the utilization of CECs in ways that benefit the work of Extension and make the process a good experience for CEC members and Extension Educator. The paper is based primarily on readings in the Journal of Extension, interviews with two Extension Educator, and information provided by the University of Minnesota Extension Service for CEC members.
A Study on the Present Situations and Educational Needs of Agricultural Environment for Rural Changes Agents
Kim, Soo-Wook ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 6, issue 2, 1999, Pages 85~103
The objectives of the study were to review the agricultural environment education program for nasal change agents, to find out their recognition on agricultural environment and to get sorn implications for better educational program of rural environment. The data were gathered from 177 rural change agents in 11 agricultural technology centers in Kyongi-Do province by mailing survey with questionnaire. The major findings of the study were ; (1) Agricultural environment education for rural extention workers initiated in 1996. From 1999 diversified programs were served for them. (2) Rural change agents perceived that water contamination and degradation of life environment were the most serious problem. (3) Educational program on organic farming should be prepared for farmers and rural changes agents. (4) Concrete educational programs for adequate use of agricultural chemicals should be prepared for farmers. (5) Educational program on agricultural environment policies should be reorganized in terms of the level of target group. (6) RDA should prepare synthetical education program for the conservation of rural eco-system.
A Comparison between Two Viewpoints of Agricultural Extension;A comparison between economic and non-economic method
Lim, Hyung-Baek ; Yoon, Jun-Sang ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 6, issue 2, 1999, Pages 105~118
There are two viewpoints in agricultural extension. One is economics(econometrics) the is non-econometric social sciences. In Korea economic means mainstream economics. Most mainstream economists have tried to solve the social and economic problems of Korea using their basic principles and econometrics. This mainstream economics have been supported by the Korean government and many people due to its convenience, effectiveness, and clearness. However, Agriculture and agricultural extension should be studied through multidisciplinary approaches after considering their specific social structures. Especially, Korean agriculture and agricultural extension have many aspects that can not be easily explained by main stream economics. In this study, the researchers will; 1)identify the origin, growth, and limitation of mainstream economics, i.e. econometrics 2)identify the paradigm and the view of social sciences and out-of-mainstream economics to make up for the limitation of main stream economics in explain the agriculture and agricultural extension in Korea, and 3)suggest to use multidisciplinary approaches to solve the agriculture and agricultural extension in Korea.
A Study on the Integrated Social Adaptation Assistance Program of Israel for Large Scale Immigrants
Lee, Pung-Kil ; Kim, Soo-Wook ; Lim, Byung-Woo ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 6, issue 2, 1999, Pages 119~139
While many factors could be mentioned to the rapid development of Israel for the last 50 years, it could not be overemphasized the critical role of large scale influx of Jewish immigrants not only in the process of achieving national independence but to the development of modernization. It is well known that mass influx of people in a relatively short period of time may cause serious social problems in various areas such as housing shortage, increasing crime rate, etc. Nontheless, Israel is avidly recognized as a country that successfully overcome such problems by means of creating systematic social integration systems and practicing various adaptation assistance programs for new immigrants. This study was concerned with such a successful social adaptation-assistance programs of Israel for large scale immigrants those who came from all over the world with different socio-economic background. In order to answer the research questions, following two areas of topics were researcher`s main concern. First, organizational structure and functions of the Ministry of Immigrant Absorption of Israel and Jewish Agency that are primarily responsible for the economic, occupational, social, and cultural integration of immigrants during their first three years (five years for housing-aid) in Israel. Second practical adaptation assistance programs such as direct absorption basket, Ulpan, Aliyah 2000, special projects of Keren Hayesod and two of Aliyah Absorption Centers are examined. And lastly some of implications and suggestions are provided in the conclusion section in relation with social adaptation-assistance and integration of reunified Korea, especially from the point of North Koreans.
Effect of Soil Media in Mushroom Mycelial Incubation
Chang, Hyun-You ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 6, issue 2, 1999, Pages 141~147
This experiments were carried out to development low-priced mushroom culture media, and the results were as follows : Mycerial growth and density of Pleurotus ostreatus in the culture media of 40% of yellow soil, upland soil and lowland soil(each and all) added 60% sawdust and rice bran(80:20, %, v/v) were 89, 88, 68mm/10days in that order. Lentinus edodes were in the media of
of that added 60% sawdust and rice bran(80:20, %, v/v) were 74, 71, 68mm/10days. Ganoderma lucidum were in the media of
of that added 60% sawdust and rice bran(80:20, %, v/v) were 98, 94, 89mm/10days in that order.
The Organization of Rural Development and Local Administration in Self Governing Administration
Yoon, Yeo-Hak ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 6, issue 2, 1999, Pages 149~155
A Farmer's View on Localization of Extension Services
Kim, Jung-Yun ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 6, issue 2, 1999, Pages 157~158