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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Agricultural Extension
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Dec 2000
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Jun 2000
Selecting the target year
Returns to Investment on Research and Extension in Korean Horticulture
Kang, Kyeong-Ha ; Lee, Min-Soo ; Choe, Young-Chan ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 7, issue 2, 2000, Pages 257~277
The objectives of this study are to investigate the relationship between the growth of the horticultural sector and horticultural research and extension and to examine the socioeconomic returns to investment on research and extension in Korean horticulture. Data for horticultural production values, producer price indices and research and extension budgets for horticultural sector from 1965 to 1998 are collected from various sources. Multi-variate time series analysis technique with vector auto-regression model and Akino-Hayami Formula were employed for the analysis. This study finds (1) horticultural production responds about seven years later to the horticultural research investment shock. the magnitude of the impacts increases to a peak in seventeen years from the initial expenditures and then declines slowly thereafter until twenty years. and this peak gives a tip that horticultural research impact lasts much longer than grain's or agriculture's: (2) the social surplus from research investment benefits more to the consumer rather than to the horticultural producer: (3) B/C ratios in horticultural research are quite high with the range of 9 to 55 from 1965 to 1998. but these have been decreased since the early 1990s: (4) the socioeconomic returns to horticultural research is quite high with 56 percents of internal rate of return. It remains to be analyzed returns to investment on extension in horticulture because of no statistic significance in this study.
Paradigm Shift for the 21st Century of Knowledge Information Era and Measures for Activating Agricultural Extension Services
Kim, Jin-Goon ; Park, Sung-Joon ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 7, issue 2, 2000, Pages 279~288
Agricultural extension services in Korea are faced with increasing demands for more efficient production and managerial technology according to globalization and free trade system. At the same time, three steps of organizational restructuring in 1998 and 1999 resulted in decreased number of organization and manpower, thus, resulting confusion in implementing extension services. To cope with the international and national challenges, Korean agricultural extension services should try paradigm shift including the followings; 1. To establish identity of agricultural extension services in Korea through making laws and regulations in terms of concept, roles, principles. implementation and methods. 2. To implement vitalizations plan through enhancement of national extension service such as food production. raising local specialty products for domestic consumption and producing strategic agricultural products for export. expanding capability of rural women, increasing opportunity for management consultation, supporting digital technology information, and promoting morale and capability of extension educators. 3. To reform agricultural extension system through adjusting the functions of extension service of the Rural Development Administration, regionalizing city and county extension center to provincial level, and changing the status of directors of extension centers from city /county to national government.
Measures for Activating Cyber Agricultural Consulting
Oh, Dae-Min ; Choi, Young-Chang ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 7, issue 2, 2000, Pages 289~293
The way society works in the 21st century differs from that of 20th century, since the people are brought-up to speed regarding current technologies. The www.aflos.pe.kr site and direct e-mailing system were very useful in delivering floricultural information to extension educators, producers, and variety of individuals. The author’s one year experience indicated that extension educators and farmers are receptive to internet technologies, and extension educators have increased the knowledge base of their clientele by responding through direct e-mails. The internet and direct e-mailing systems were popular and powerful way of transferring floricultural information, especially agricultural extension manpower were limited because of localization of extension educators by changing national status to local governments and decreased number of extension educators through government restructuring. The direct e-mailing to approximately 503 individuals resulted about
responses and the number of phone calls, however virus protection software for e-mail, internet, file servers and desktops to provide the integrated real-time detection of viruses were needed. For more effective operation of direct e-mailing in the future, more specified target groups and specialized organization such as perennials, bulbs, flowering potted plants. and cut flowers. At the same time, things that have worked for last century should not be replaced with new technology, specifically, the value in one-on-one meetings should not be replaced, but rather serve as a supplement.
Communication Strategies for Agricultural Technology Center in the Digital Age
Lee, Chae-Shik ; Suh, Gyu-Sun ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 7, issue 2, 2000, Pages 295~306
The objectives of this paper were to review the difference between the analog and digital age, and to suggest new communication strategies for Agricultural Extension Service Centers in the digital age. Literature review and discussion on the information age and its supporting technologies, such as the Internet and other digital tools, has enabled communication to occur during time periods and in locations based upon individual needs. With increasing number of internet subscribers using email and the world wide web, the internet is now considered a new mass media for communication, and may soon consider such electronic connectivity as essential in agricultural extension services. Communication strategies in the future should recognize and adapt to the changing needs farmers and extension educators in the information age. Utilization of internet technology and digital tools in communication may attract and retain farmers and extension educators in the future, thus. some of new strategies for communication in agricultural extension services should include the following; 1) traditional linear model should be change into interactive model in communication. 2) Agricultural extension service should include creative role with diffusion process. 3) Agricultural extension service should establish new receiver paradigm and form new partnership with farmer.
Planning for Efficiency of Agricultural Extension in the Digital Age
Sung, Jong-Hwan ; Chung, Han-Mo ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 7, issue 2, 2000, Pages 307~320
Agricultural extension services in Korea need to build new extension system to cope with the digital age and especially with shortage of extension educators which has been originated from the changing status from central to local government. The new trends including development of multi-media, wide-spreading of internet, and advent of internet broadcasting are offering the opportunities for new agricultural extension service. Utilization of agricultural internet broadcasting could be a new alternative for enhancing the efficiency of agricultural extension services. Agricultural internet broadcasting could support decision making of farmers by forwarding unique agricultural data which have been collected, compiled and processed by the Rural Development Administration. Farmers will be able to search useful agricultural data through agricultural internet broadcasting for more efficient farm management and marketing farm products. Agricultural internet broadcasting could utilize more prompt and abundant agricultural technology and management data compiled by the Rural Development Administration, and through this process, agricultural internet broadcasting could compensate the shortage of extension manpower. Through feedback process of agricultural internet broadcasting. farmers will be able to communicate more efficiently with extension educators to increase agricultural production and income. Agricultural Internet broadcasting could be an alternative to prevent farmers from being shunned in the information-based society.
A Case of Implementation of Agricultural Information System and the Role of Extension Educator
Kim, Yeong- Sig ; Chun, Eun-Kyung ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 7, issue 2, 2000, Pages 321~325
There are many opportunities for Agricultural Technology Centers and for local communities to benefit from the computer and internet and compete in the information age. However, many rural communities appeared to lack human and financial resources required to enable access to the computer and internet. A case of implementation process of establishing agricultural information system at Asan Agricultural Technology Center during the last 10 years were presented. Extension educators took leadership role in facilitating the educational needs of farmers in terms of related resources for the computer and internet extension. To better prepare communities for the information age, community access was critical for promoting the technology and improving proficiency of local community members in its use, extension educators need to take leadership role in assessing community ability to provide internet access points for people without computers. Extension educators at city/county Agricultural Technology Centers may initiate to attract people with internet needs. computer resources, technological experience, and know-how for setting up internet access points in community locations.
Achievement and New Directions of the Korea Agricultural Extension Specialist Association
Choi, Hyo-Yeol ; Park, Kyung-Chul ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 7, issue 2, 2000, Pages 327~331
The purposes of this study were to analyze achievement of the Korea Agricultural Extension Specialist Association and suggest new directions for further development. The Korea Agricultural Extension Specialist Association was organized to develop competencies in specialized field for extension educators in 1996. About 47% of extension educators joined academy during the 5 year period, even though there were many difficulty in organizing extension educators, the Korea Agricultural Extension Specialist Association has achieved to increase independent learning activity, to share new information and improve agent’s competency. New directions for the future development of the Korea Agricultural Extension Specialist Association activities should include the following measures; 1) Academy manages to help member’s competency, 2) Every member of the Association tries to make a concrete goal of activity, 3) The Association members should find ways to enable farmers to remain informed on agricultural extension services to people.
A Study on an Aspect of Society on GMO(Genetically Modified Organism) Viewed at Environmental Sociology
Lim, Hyung-Baek ; Lee, Jong-Man ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 7, issue 2, 2000, Pages 333~345
The objectives of this study were to review various aspects of society on Genetically Modified Organism(GMO) in the view point of environmental sociology. There were many assertions related to GMO, and application of biotechnology. Some people assert GMO as harmful to human health, and some people as not harmful, however, there were no proven evidences to report. Through the literature review, this study intended; 1) to identify the present condition of GMO, 2) to weigh the pros against cons of views on GMO, 3) to study an aspect of society on GMO, and 4) to assert its necessity to mark GMO or not, because citizens have a rights to know natural or GMO. Based on the conclusions of this study, following recommendations were offered: 1) To review continually the GMO in the view point of environmental sociology especially in the areas of food safety, biosafety, trade, and public research investment, and 2) further detailed studies of GMO may necessary to ensure safety to human health and environment.
The Role of Local Government in Development of Community Lifelong Education
Yoon, Jun-Sang ; Lim, Hyung-Baek ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 7, issue 2, 2000, Pages 347~358
The objectives of this study were to identify the roles of local government for developing community lifelong education, and to suggest desirable directions for upbringing human resource for the future in local community. The roles of local governments have become a more difficult challenge in the context of the ever increasing trends of rural population's moving toward urban areas mainly for the better education for their children. Even though there are regional differences in income level, educational environment, and budgetary constraints. local governments can play an important role in helping community people to build strong community in terms of economic development and enhancing the level of quality of life, and upbringing community leaders. Local governments' priority should be given to provide the better educational opportunities for students as well as community people through community lifelong educational programs.
Development Communication Approaches to Community Development and Adult Education
Chun, Eun-Kyung ; Kim, Sung-Soo ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 7, issue 2, 2000, Pages 359~376
The purposes of this exploratory study were to interrelate the scholastic discipline of the ‘development communication’ into ‘community development’ and ‘adult education’ in terms of interests, views and theoretical backgrounds of these fields of social sciences; and to draw some implications for developing scholastic interactions among these fields to pursue common social changes of human society. Development communications provide opportunities to set goals, to decide contents, and to utilize communication media in developmental efforts. Contemporary trends of development communication, community development and adult education are concerned with indigenous, two-way, bottom-up and people-centered communication from exogenous, one-way, top-down and institution-centered communication of the past. Multidisciplinary approaches to communication concepts and methodology may increase the potentials of community development and adult education in terms of efficiency and effectiveness. Some of the development communication approaches such as traditional and folk media approach. new media or ICT(information & communication technology) approach, participatory communication for development approach, communication support development approach and mass media approach may be applicable for community development and adult education. Better understanding on development communication approaches will be needed for the adult educators as well as community development practitioners.
Community Economic Development Policy of the USA Local Governments and its Implication to Korean Local Community Economic Development
Lee, Sung ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 7, issue 2, 2000, Pages 377~390
The purpose of this paper was to draw implications for community economic development policies of Korean local governments by investigating the community economic development policies of the USA local governments. Those policies can be segmented to first wave(1950s-1970s), second wave(1980s), and third wave(1990s) of development policy. First two policies entailed some expense to community residents by providing low tax rates, tax abatement, tax reliefs, industrial revenue bonds, and direct state loans for potential companies. These policies brought ‘clawback’ and ‘drawbacks’ to the local residents. The third wave of community economic development policy includes capital market programs(predominantly government-financed loan programs and government support for predominantly privately financed loan or equity programs), providing information and education for small business in the communities, supporting small business by providing high technology and research, and export assistance-providing information/training opportunity how to export, sending trade missions, and export financing. Local government authorities in Korea should learn the community economic development policies administrated by the USA local governments so that they can avoid the potential try-and-errors in establishing, planning, and administrating their economic development policies.
Reestablishing the National Status of Agricultural Extension Educators
Kim, Sung-Soo ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 7, issue 2, 2000, Pages 391~391