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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Agricultural Extension
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Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Dec 2001
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Identification of Job Competencies in Developing Human Resource;The Case of a Company which Provides a Preschool Education Program
Kim, Jin-Mo ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 159~177
This research aims to clarify what kind of competencies are the source of the competitiveness of an enterprise and the standards for the development of human resources. Its specific objectives are the following; First, to develop methods for examining competencies to carry out one’s job. Second, to draw out the competencies necessary for carrying out the jobs by jobs on the basis of the developed methods. Third, to clarify the competencies commonly needed to carry out all kinds of jobs. This study collected materials for drawing out the competencies needed to perform 21 jobs in six job groups. This was done with the help of a panel of professionals. The process for drawing out the competencies required to perform certain job was designed in six steps. These steps combine classical methods using particular reference groups as well as model methods for particular job competencies. The materials for the R&D job were gathered for three months starting from February 2001. Materials from 20 other jobs were also collected three times from the end of May to the end of October 2001. This was done through workshops with professional groups. The highlights of this study are as follows: 1) The results applying the methods developed for drawing out job competencies to the duties of investigation & research part in R&D job were presented as an example. 2) The job competencies of the company totaled 215 in 21 jobs irrespective of overlapping, which means each job has about 10 competencies on the average. 3) The common job competencies of the whole company totaled eight. namely: competency for collecting information/processing/analyzing, communication competency, presentation competency, competency for utilizing the web, competency for planning projects, competency for solving problems, competency for understanding organization/business/products of the company, and competency for satisfying customers.
A Study on the Evaluation of Web-based Cyber Education Program as a Tool for Self Directed Human Resources Development
Lee, Sung ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 179~190
The purpose of this study was to analysis the education effects of web-based on-line cyber program mesaured by Kirkpatrick’s evaluation process. The average score on satisfaction of the program was 4.28(.59), which was designed to evaluate the level 1, reaction. To test level 2, learning, the average score that students achieved was calculated and it was 86.87(std.=7.05) in the term examinations. The level 3, job months. It was reported that most employees who took the course are utilizing the knowledge that they acquired from the course(mean=3.80, std.=.77). To identify the level 4, business results, the mean score of the number of accidents and near misses that happened in their factories for 3 months before and after the course were compared. There was statistically significant difference between the number of accidents that happened 3 months before the course and 3 months after the course, at the significance level of .01, which was tested by Paired t-test.
A Study on the Concept, the Origin and History, and Classification of Amenity
Lim, Hyung-Baek ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 191~199
The objectives of this study was to explore the concept, the origin and history, and classification of amenity. Amenity is a new approach about nature, environment and the world. The concept, origin and classification of amenity was widely diversified, however, the concept of amenity was inclusive and abstract, so amenity was easier to recognize than to define. Even though many people were interested in amenity, however, the movement or practice of amenity in Korea was still in infancy stage. This paper was an exploratory study of amenity and more detailed further studies on amenity should conducted in Korea. It was suggested that we should not start on philosophical question of amenity. We should rather start on practical problems of how to put into practice to insure quality of life in the community, to conserve nature, to study practical dimensions of amenity, and to develop indicators to measure amenity.
A Review on Current Studies on Community Attachment and Its Related Variables
Park, Kyong-Cheol ; Kim, Sung-Soo ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 201~208
The purpose of this study was to review the current studies on community attachment and its related variables to suggest directions for community attachment studies in Korea. Specific objectives of the study were to search the current studies on community attachment, to search for the significant variables related to community attachment, and to draw implications for community development in Korea. The major findings of the study were as follows; 1) Current studies on community attachment used individual characteristic variables such as length of residence in the community, age, size of population and density as major independent variables. 2) Studies on community attachment used community participation, social and cultural environment as major dependent variables, however, both independent variables and dependent variables were used interchangeably in many cases. 3) Recent studied on community attachment employed community economic and cultural variables, however, studies on community attachment in Korea was relatively limited in terms of quantity as well as quality. 4) Further research on community attachment should be conducted by utilizing various independent and dependent variables in various communities to increase the community attachment in rural and urban communities to further strengthen community development in Korea.
A Study on the Purpose, Definition, Role, and Competency of Human Resource Development in the 21st Century
Kim, Jin-Mo ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 209~221
The nature of work which is changing has increased the importance of HRD within organization. Also, these changes are making HRD shift its paradigm : from the segregated, closed, operational & administrative, dependent, utilitarian view to the integrative, open, strategic & facilitative, interdependent, generative view. The shifts of the perspective on HRD cause HRD professionals rethink the purpose and definition of HRD, and the role & competency needed to HRD in 21st century. The findings which are drawn through literature review and researcher’s intuition based on a long field experience are as follows. First, The function of HRD has recently been much more important then that of the past. Second, There is no consensus over the conceptual identity of HRD. Nonetheless, it is apparent that the preferred activities of the HRD function is performance improvement. Third, It is too difficult that we should define clearly the role & competency of HRD because of diverse perspectives on them. But we find much evidence converging to support the fact that the role & competency of HRD should be extended from the sole focus on training & development to adding the additional role & competency of change agent, who includes planning, implementing, and managing change.
The Community Consciousness and Social Capital in Rural Korea
Lee, Geum-Ok ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 223~234
The community consciousness used to be the core of the social capital in rural Korea, and there used to be a long tradition of mutual trust and cooperation in rural village community in Korea. However, recent trends in rapid urbanization or de-ruralization may affected community consciousness and social capital in rural society in Korea. The social capital has been existed in terms of mutual trust, commonly shared norms, and cooperative behavior in farm work and daily life of rural people. Commonly shared norms and networks have accelerated social effectiveness and promoted cooperative work as well as moral and spiritual aspects of rural society. Social capital in terms of community consciousness, participation of village work, visit and invitation of the neighborhood, and participation in various village group and networks were suveyed in JanggogRi, Jori Myun, Paju city, Gyeonggi province. The data collected from 65 persons, and the major findings of the study were as follow; The respondents responded that the community consciousness of de-rural area decreased in general with a few exception in the groups of alumni, family, religion and voluntary society. Social capital in terms of participation of village work, visiting the neighbors and voting increased slightly. Further research on social capital should be conducted to strengthen community consciousness, and various measures to increase the social capital should be adopted for livable community development.
An Inquiry on the Theories Associated with Youth Leadership Development
Kim, Jung-Dae ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 235~244
The objectives of this study were to inquire the theories associated with YLD (Youth Leadership Development), and to draw implications for improving youth leadership abilities, The results of the inquiry revealed the theories associated with YLD as follows; 1. All youth have leadership potential and abilities, but there were few programs to improve it. 2. Activity-Observation-Reflection model of Hughes, Ginnett & Curphy(1993) and Awareness-Interaction-Mastery model of Linden & Fertman(1998) were the best effective YLD models. 3. Situational contingency approach was very appropriate theory associated with YLD. 4. The learning of leadership skills had occurred within an educational context known as experiential learning, so it was the best method of YLD.
Performances of Farm Management Consulting Project
Kang, Kyeong-Ha ; Jung, Ho-Gun ; Park, Heung-Gyu ; Lee, Min-Soo ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 245~261
The consulting industry had enjoyed growth rates over the past 20 years which show no signs of slowing in their momentum. Since 1995, it began to discuss institutionalization of consulting in the agricultural sector in Korea. Rural Development Adminstration has launched farm management consulting project by means of benchmarking for farming innovation in 1988, which consists of establishing consulting team, developing standard diagnosis form of sixty crops and materials, training consultants, having various public relations, and making information systems. Until October, 2001, sixty seven thousands of farmers have benefited on this project. It is now appreciated as a alternative for new agricultural extension approach. Analyzing the changes of farm management practice level through consulting shows improvement, which data have been stored in web database. It is expected that farm management consulting project be main stream of agricultural extension in this country.
Contemporary Problems and Directions for Development of Rural Welfare
Choi, Yeong-Chang ; Kim, Sung-Soo ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 263~271
The purpose of this study were to review the current problems of rural welfare and to suggest desirable direction for development of welfare in rural Korea. Specific objectives of the study were to investigate the current status and problems of rural welfare and to search for the desirable directions for rural welfare development in Korea. The major findings of the study were as follows ; 1. Some of the current problems of rural welfare were; (1) difficulty in getting a job for stable income, (2) seriousness of medical care and aging of rural population, (3) decrease in number of rural school children and unfavorable educational environment, and (4) insufficiency in facility, manpower and program for recreation and cultural activities in rural area. 2. Problems of rural welfare were not independent in rural Korea, but the most of the problems were interrelated to each other. Integrated and comprehensive approach would be necessary to solve the problems of rural welfare. 3. Clean environment, stable and rewarding life, pride and self esteem of rural occupation should be the goals of better integrated rural welfare development, and healthfulness and quality of life should be ensured in rural society. 4. Urban oriented national policy based on urban centered political power was one of the causes of under development in rural welfare by creating rapid decrease in rural population and aging. Various problems in economic, educational, cultural and medical aspects of rural society should be solved. Further research on rural welfare should be conducted to increase and to strengthen rural welfare development in Korea.
A Study on the Rural Youth Programs of Foreign Countries
Kim, Jeong-Joo ; Oh, Hae-Sub ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 273~283
The purposes of this study were to review the rural youth programs of selected foreign countries and to draw some implications to the rural youth programs in Korea. The youth development programs reviewed were 4-H Youth Development Program of U.S.A, Rural Youth Information Service of Australia, Rural Youth Job Strategy of Canada, The Urban-Rural Youth Program of U.S.A, and Expert Consultation on Extension Rural Youth Programmes and Sustainable Development of FAO. After reviewing the rural youth programs of selected foreign countries, the authors suggested the following implications for further development of rural youth programs in Korea; 1. The target group of rural youth programs should include urban youth as well as rural youth, and the programs should be focused on enlarging their awareness of the rural community and agriculture. 2. Rural youth programs should be extended beyond agricultural sectors, such as leadership, career development, leisure activity, and cultural life. 3. We should develop some programs to support academic achievement, career development, employment, cultural needs including some strategies to prevent problematic behaviors of rural youth. 4. Rural youth should be supported more opportunities to join the community life to experience and learn various life skills through active participation such as interpersonal skill, leadership skill, and problem-solving skill.
The Present Conditions of Rural Youth Welfare Facilities and Policy Measures for Development
Kim, Kyeong-Joon ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 285~298
Rural youth welfare was defined to provide the preventive services as well as the protective and curative services such as education, job training, youth activity, delinquency prevention, etc. for rural youth who live in rural society, including who go out to metropolitan city for study. Based on this concept, the rural youth related facilities and problems were investigated in the area of education, culture and leisure, career, and problematic behavior. The results were identified that the efforts of government and rural related institutions were in sufficient to establish and improve the facilities for rural youth, and the gap between rural and urban youth facilities was extended increasingly, in spite of seriousness of those rural youth problems. Some of policies and programs were proposed in order to improve rural youth welfare; 1) To establish at least one activity facility in every Eup ; 2) To convert the public culture facilities such as museums, fine art museums, exhibition facilities, etc. into the culture and art facilities for rural youth; 3) To establish rural youth job information center in the agricultural technology and extension center; 4) To convert school to rural youth education and cultural center; 5) To establish the comprehensive welfare facilities for rural youth in metropolitan city.
Localization of Extension Educators in Korea
Kim, Sung-Soo ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 299~314